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This Work is (by kind per- 
mission) gratefully dedicated. 

Colonel A. R. B. WARRAND, 

My dear Redmond, 

You and I have discussed these papers 
for many years, and I have always felt that with 
your very intimate knowledge of all things High- 
land you would have edited them in a far 
more interesting manner. As, however, you 
wished me to undertake the work, I have now 
made a beginning, and would ask you to accept 
the special dedication of this first volume, because 
it covers a period you know so well, and because 
I am 

Your affectionate Brother, 

D. W. 





VOL. I- 1626 TO 1704. 






THE Editor of the original " Gulloden Papers " 
described his work as the selection, from a 
chaotic mass of MSS., of " what was considered 
as best calculated to subserve the purpose of history." 
His great-grandson, who has devoted much time to the 
study of the whole collection, has found no reason to 
criticise his ancestor's powers of discrimination, and he 
recognises that the documents published for the first 
time in this volume, and in its successors, are " on the 
whole of greater local than of general importance." 
This admission seems to me to constitute no depreciation 
of their value, for local history, apart from its great 
immediate interest to those who love the neighbourhood 
of their birthplace or their home, is, as it were, a 
laboratory in which the student of national history may 
best acquire a real and understanding knowledge of the 
actual working of the general processes which it is his 
task to elucidate, to describe, and to place in their rela- 
tive importance in his narrative. We can never realise 
the effect of events and movements in national history, 
of customs and legislation, or of changes in social or 
political conditions, until we have traced their influence 
upon the lives of individual men and women. Narra- 
tives of victories and defeats, records of progress and 
of the catastrophes which hinder progress, rules and 
regulations, and Acts of Parliament, all fail to give us 
just this kind of information. We are accustomed to 
general and vague intimations that, in times of civil 
war, much suffering is caused not only by the ravages 
perpetrated by one side in a hostile district, but also by 
the billeting and provisioning of troops 1 sent for the 
defence of the same district; but no general statement 
can bring the conviction, or afford the illumination, 
yielded by the Inverness documents of the years 1646-7. 
The records of Parliament contain references to the 
difficulty of obtaining provisions for the garrison of 


Inverness, but the report on p. 37 shows what these diffi- 
culties were and the sources from which supplies were 
obtained, including 600 Scots ... for wine taken out 
of a cellar in Inverness "for the use of the officers," and a 
letter on p. 40 tells how the soldiers threatened that, as 
long as there was a peck of victual in the town, they 
would not want, and how the inhabitants feared that 
they would be " forced to leave and desert the town, 
man, wife, and bairn." Again, we have on pp. 43 to 
78, a catalogue of the losses suffered by the town of 
Inverness, l> occasioned partly by the cruelty and bar- 
barity of the common enemy [the Royalists], and partly 
occasioned by our own friends and by orders of the 
Governor and remanent officers of the town of Inver- 
ness and garrison thereof." These reparation claims 
have many other points of interest as valuable evidence 
for economic and social history. A widow lady whose 
two fair lodgings, each of three storeys, at the west end 
of the Bridge of Inverness, were burned for the safety 
of the garrison in time of siege, had possessed, before 
that unfortunate event, no fewer than fourteen standing 
beds and ample supplies of bedding, including feather 
beds and bolsters this and similar entries are treasure 
trove for the historian of manners and of trade. I am 
here concerned with the elucidation of general history 
which the documents supply, and with the insistence 
(p. 79) that the presence of a garrison put the town " in 
as evil case as when the enemy lay about " it. 

The incidence of taxation and its pressure upon the 
individual citizen cannot be appreciated from a mere 
recital of the acts by which it was levied, and the Inver- 
ness Stent Roll of 1671 (pp. 182-6) is valuable evidence 
of the apportionment among the burgesses of the sum 
required by Parliament from the town as a whole. Its 
importance is increased by the accompanying documents 
relating to the liability of feuars of the burgh to taxa- 
tion, and when the history of taxation in Scotland comes 
to be written, the historian will be very unwise if he 
neglects " More Culloden Papers." The last of the 
documents printed in this connection (p. 197) has an 


incidental value as providing an actual instance of the 
character of the close corporations which ruled Scottish 
burghs before the Burgh Reform Act of 1833. The 
Council was composed of relatives and connections of 
the Provost, and, in appointing the stentors or assessors 
of the tax, he had only to choose the nine " most 
related to himself." 

These are some illustrations of the way in which 
general history is rendered real and intelligible by this 
volume, and it must be remembered that, if Inverness 
history is " local," the locality is very wide, for the 
documents often concentrate the whole too much 
neglected history of the Highlands for the period to- 
whidh they relate. More direct contributions to the 
national history as a whole will be more abundant in 
later volumes, but the present volume is by no means 
devoid of them. The Rising in the Highlands (p. 90), 
which immediately followed the execution of Charles I., 
has been overlooked by recent writers, and it has an 
important bearing upon the action of the Government 
in putting to death the Marquis of Huntly. Our know- 
ledge of the negotiations if they can be called so for 
the Union under the Commonwealth, receives a valuable 
addition from the documents on pp. 117-121. It is 
interesting and significant that when the burgh of In- 
verness was invited to send a representative to the Con- 
vention or Conference at Dalkeith, which discussed the 
terms of union offered, or dictated, by England, the 
Town Council gave its representative, John Forbes of 
Culloden, a commission which was regarded as inade- 
quate by the Commissioners of the Parliament of the 
Commonwealth of England. The Council deliberately 
forbade Forbes to agree to anything " seemingly preju- 
dicial to the future good of this nation and this burgh " 
without referring to it for further instructions. This 
was an after-thought on the part of the Council, which 
had originally given him wider powers, and the English 
Commissioners insisted upon his being invested with 
" the power of the whole burgh," and he was author- 
ised "to do everything as he shall see fit." Again, in 


the warfare which followed the Revolution, the docu- 
ments here printed are a distinct contribution to our 

Space forbids my enlarging upon the value of these 
pages for economic and social history, to which I have 
already incidentally referred, and the Editor and Mr 
Barron have provided all the commentary that is 
necessary, but I should like to draw attention to the 
human interest of the correspondence between the third 
Culloden and his son, John Forbes, afterwards famous 
in Highland history as " Bumper John " (pp. 224-232). 
The boy was travelling abroad, and his father was 
anxious about both his manners and his morals. He 
urged him, in writing home, to send messages which 
his father could deliver to all the family friends, "from 
the greatest to the least," and added: " Though Monroe 
be a tailor,, you need not upbraid him with it upon the 
back of my letters." He desired that his son should 
learn to take care of his own finances, and resented any 
statement of expenditure. The boy knew what he had 
to spend, and if he could not keep within his income, 
he must come home the sooner. Books were so cheap 
as to be a poor excuse for extravagance: " You may 
drink as much at a doun-sitting, without being very 
much debaucht, as would compass all the necessary 
expense such books requyres." Young- Forbos had been 
idle in his youth, and his father did not wish him to 
repeat the experiment of the years " which you spent 
under pretence of the Latin at Edinburgh." His letter 
lacked a date, a crime which the old gentleman regarded 
with as much severity as Mr Osbaldistone, senior, 
himself would have shown. In another epistk:, 
the son is again reminded how he " shirked his 
schools " at home, and is urged to " get as 
much Latin and (if you could) French as would 
let you understand books, if ever your inclinations led 
you to use them." The paternal pen was sometimes 
dipped in gall. lie laid stress on dancing and fencing; 
a wise man would find Paris a good place for both, 
" but he had neid of some of Job's manners, to fear God 


and eschew evil, and yu see by this what I would be 
at." There is one letter from the boy, who, after an 
illness, confesses that both his money and his time have 
been misspent, " so that I cannot yet come home without 
making myself a reproach to you . . . when it 
would appear that, instead of improving myself, I had 
done nothing but misspent my time, I should certainly 
be hiss'd and laughed at by all, and give very good 
ground for the old proverb, Send a fool to France, he'll 
come a fool back again." He will restrict his expendi- 
ture to bread and water, and be content, if his father 
will let him remain abroad. How the prodigal's letter 
was received does not appear, but it is interesting to 
find that the eyes of his Inverness friends were as 
critical as he represents. We hear next of him on the 
eve of his marriage. 

The residue of the Culloden Papers, as illustrated 
by this book, and, perhaps, even more by such of the 
contents of later volumes as I have seen, is well worth 
printing, and should make an appeal far beyond the 
County of Inverness. The series will form a valuable 
source of Scottish history for the 17th and 18th 


The University, 
Glasgow, 4th December 1923. 


Introduction by Professor R. S. Rait, C.B.E., Historiographer 

Royal of Scotland ... ... ... ... ... vil_ 

Foreword 1 

I. From 1626 to 1660. 

(1) Concerning the Affair of Clan Chattan ... ... 10 

(2) Fragments 1633-1639 19 

(3) " The Time of the Troubles "1638-1650... 21 to 112 

Introduction by Evan M. Barren ... ... 21 

1643-1646 2# 

Losses of the Burgh of Inverness during the 

Campaign of Montrose (1645-46) ... ... 4S 

1647 78 

1648 85 

Pluscardine's Rising, February to May 1649... 90 

Do. Note by Evan M. Barren ... 92 

1649-1650 99 

(4) Inverness and the Commonwealth ... 113 to 143 

Note by Evan M. Barren ... ... ... 115 

1652-1654 117 

1655-1658 133 

(5) Letters from the Earl of Sutherland 1656-1658... 144 

II. From 1658 to 1688. 

(1) Fragments 1658-1665 151 

(2) Some Letters from France 1661-1664 155 

(3) Miscellaneous Documents 1664-1686 164 

(4) The Inverness Stent Roll of October 1671 ... 182 

(5) The Eve of the Revolution 1685-1688 199 

III. From 1689 to 1704. 

(1) Three Letters of 1689-1690 205 

(2) Letters from Colonel Sir John Hill and Lieut.- 

Colonel John Forbes 1690-1695 210 

(3) Culloden and his Son, John Forbes 1692-1693 ... 224 

(4) Some Local Events 1693-1697 ..'. ... ... 233 

(5) The Earls of Seaforth 1695-1701 244 

(6) Miscellaneous 1699-1702 258 

(7) Concerning Alastair Mor and Kindred Matters 

1699-1702 262 

(8) Miscellaneous 1702-1704 278 

Corrections to the Original "Culloden Papers" (1626-1704) 285 

Index 291 


Duncan Forbes, First of Culloden Frontispiece 

John Forbes, Second of Culloden 152 

Anna Dunbar, wife of John Forbes, Second of Culloden ... 177 

Inverness at the End of the 17th Century 187 

Duncan Forbes, Third of Culloden 205 

Colonel John Forbes of Pitnacrieff, son of John Forbes, 

Second of Culloden 210 

Mary Innes, Wife of Duncan Forbes, Third of Culloden ... 250 



N 1911 an article, "The CuU 
loclen Papers and the 
Forbes Family,'' appeared 
in "From a Northern Win- 
dow," issued by Messrs 
James Nisbet and Co., through whose kind- 
ness I am now permitted to re-publish it. 
Altered and considerably shortened, it may 
serve as am introduction to a new series of 
Culloden Papers, for which it was origin- 
ally intended, had not the war extinguished 
interest in everything except current 
events : 

The founder of the house of Forbes ot 
Culloden was Duncan Forbes " Grey 
Duncan." The account of the family given 
by his own grandson in the continuation ol 
Lumsden's " Genealogy," relates that 
"about the year 1567, John Forbes of Ba- 
denley married Elizabeth Keith, daughter 
of the laird of Tulloes, and had by her 
Duuican of Culloden, John, and Patrick." 
This John of Badenley, son to Alexander 
Forbes, and grandson of Tolquhoun,! died 
young, and "his wife having gone into an- 
other family," there was none to care for 
the three orphans. They seem, however, 
at first, to been brought up at Tol- 
quhoun, and when Duncan was about six- 
teen years of age "his aunt, the Lady Strei- 
chen, caused her second husband, the tutor 
of Lovatt, to carry him to this country." 
"I am told," his grandson further relates, 
"that when he was young he was ryotous ; 
cards and dyce were his exercises, and 

1. See "The Scots Peerage" IV. Page 46, where it 
is stated that Sir John Forbes, brother to Sir Alexander 
Forbes, first Lord Forbes (died 144S), was anctfstor of the 
families of Tolquhoun, Foveran, VTaterloun, Culloden, and 

More Culloden Papers. 

drinking and quarreling the concomitants 
of these. His daughter has told me that 
he has left his cloathes at cards, and layen 
abed till his aunt provided him anew. 
When he was about twenty or twenty-two 
he tecame manly, and strong, and agile, to 
that degree, that at all exercises he out- 
strip Duncan Bayne of Delny, Donald 
Bayne of Fairly, and Donald Fraser of the 
Leys, who were three of the most extra- 
ordinary men for strength and stature in 
the kingdom. As he became manly, BO he 
became dexterous in manadging of bussi- 
ness, which made the tutor employ him 
much in going about hie affairs, both in 
Buchan and in the Hylands." 

The birth and early connections of Grey 
Duncan are important factors in the subse- 
quent history and influence of the family, 
his descendants being often addressed as 
"cousin" by the Lords Forbes. In 1608 he 
married Janet, daughter of James Forbes 
of Corsindae, William Forbes of Tolquhoun 
being a party to the marriage contract. 
The bride and bridegroom each settled 1000 
merks, not a large sum on his part, when 
it is considered that some thirty years later 
he paid 19.500 merks for the lands and 
barony of Culloden. 

Through -ihe courtesy of their present 
owners, the writer has been permitted to 
make use of letters and documents con- 
cerning the family. Of these many 
have appeared in the "Oulloden Paperi," 
but the remainder, it is thought, will be of 
some interest to students of local and even 
of general history. 

In the year 1626, when the papers com- 
mence, Duncan Forbes was Provost of In- 
verness and Member of Parliament, and 
the part played by him and afterwards by 
his eldest son John, himself Provost and 
Member for the Burgh, was not inconsider- 
able, at any rate in the affairs of the 
neighbourhood. The grievances of Inver- 

More Culloden Papers. 

ness are amply set forth, but while the 
laird and his eon attended to these, they 
wore certainly not neglectful of their own 
interests. There were large dealings in 
several classes of merchandise, and an ac- 
count is extant of ' ' the sums of money 
payed be the Earle of Sutherland to John 
Forbes of Cullodine," the said sums being 
part of a debt settled in "salmond and 
grilses." Though they were sometimes at 
variance over the amount of the debt, their 
correspondence is of a most friendly nature, 
the former ending his letters "your werio 
reall friend." 

Duncan Forbes died at a great age in 
16o4, and lus son Joim, though appearing 
111 tne roll of persons excepted Iroru the 
Act ot Indemnity, eventually took the oath 
of allegiance and sullen Ded tho declara- 
tion in iob'o. During his time, a tact wmeu 
proves that the family was oy no means 
ruined, the additional estates of Fermtobh 
in .Ross-shire, and iiunchrew near Inver- 
ness, were acquired. The former became 
lanious lor its "aqua viUe," and the latter 
was 111 alter years the iavourite retreat of 
the Lord President Dorbes. 

Duncan, the first laird, had also two 
younger sons James, who married a 
dauguter ot Munro ot Pitlundie, and bet- 
tied in Caithness, and Duncan, who lived 
at Absyut in ltosswjhire>. Of his two daugh- 
ters one was married to Jiaiihe ot -Uuiiuiu, 
and the other to Macpherson of Lluny, 
and afterwards to Macliiutosh of Counage. 

John, the second laird, by his wife, Anna 
Dunbar, daughter of the laird of Grange, 
had besides his successor Duncan, several 
OODS, among whom were David, afterwards 
Sir David Foibes of Newhall, and Colonel 
John Forbes of Pittnacrietf, in Fife. Of his 
two daughters, one was Lady Munro of 
Foulis, and the other Mrs Dunbar of Bur- 


Duncan, the third laird, by his wife 
Mary, daughter of iSir Harry Innes of that 

More Culloden Papers. 

ilk, had only two sons John, who succeed- 
ed him, and Duncan, afterwards Lord Pre- 
sident of the Court of Session ; but he had 
seven daughters, married respectively to 
Innes of Innes, Forbes of Fhiline in Assynt, 
Urquhart of Burdsyards, Munro of Iview- 
more, Fraser of Achnagairn, Boss of Kin- 
deace, and Paterson, a doctor in Elgin. 
He took an active part in the politics of 
the day, and it is unfortunate that his 
"journal of events," mentioned by the edi- 
tor of the "Culloden Papers," is not now 
to be found. He was certainly in favour 
with King William, who " looked upon 
himself to be beholden" to the laird, as 
indeed he was. Thus Culloden obtained 
(July 1690), in consideration of the losses 
his lands had sustained in the troublous 
times before and after the revolution, " a 
perpetual grant of a liberty to distil into 
spirits the grain of the barony of Ferintosh, 
upon paying a small specific composition in 
lieu of excise" a privilege which the Go- 
vernment resumed in 1J84 after payment 
of a not too generous compensation. 

The elder son of the third laird is one of 
the most interesting personalities among 
all the writers of the "Culloden Papers." 
Though perhaps deserving of the name 
"Bumper John," he had a keen insight in- 
to politics, and his unpublished letters, 
written chiefly from London, when a mem- 
ber of Parliament, are full of political and 
court gossip. 

It might be expected that the new 
letters would throw fresh light on 
the early life of his brother, the Lord 
President Forbes, but there is little to add 
to what is already known, and nothing to 
show, as has been stated, that he at any 
time contemplated either a military or com- 
mercial career. 

It is his correspondence, however, which 
forms by far the larger part of the unpub- 
lished collection, and it may be divided into 
periods : 

More Culloden Papers. 

(1) Covering the years till he became 

Lord Advocate in 1725. 

(2) From 1725 till 1737, when he w<as ap- 

pointed Lord President of the 
Court of Session. 

(3) From 1737 till the commencement of 

the 'Forty-five. 

(4) During the years 1745 and 1746 and 

till his death in 1747. 

" No individual did more," writes Mr 
Mathieson in his "Scotland and the Union," 
"no individual did nearly so much to frus- 
trate the designs of Prince Charles." The 
situation of his estates, to which he had 
succeeded in 1734 on the death of his bro- 
ther, was admirable for the purpose. Cul- 
loden lay near the high road from Inver- 
ness to Aberdeen ; Bunchrew was on the 
threshold of the Fraser country, to the 
west of the town, while across the firth ro 
the north lay Ferintosh. in Ross-shire, and 
from these three centimes he could watch 
the progress of events. 

His correspondence at this period must 
have been immense, and the conveying of 
letters to and from the friends of the Go- 
vernment a dangerous task. In this re- 
spect a certain youthful messenger is 
worthy of notice, without whose courage 
and resource at least one important de- 
spatch would never have reached its desti- 
nation. This was Fergus Fergusson, whose 
first introduction to Culloden is narrated 
in a modern letter, written by the Rev. A. 
Macpherson, and dated from Bores Free 
Manse 14th September 1876. It runs as 
follows : 

My Dear Sir, I have to acknowledge 
the receipt of yours of the llth instant, 
and I have had very great pleasure in 
complying with your request. I have ac- 
cordingly this day visited Betsy Smith, 
alias Widow Macdonald. She says she 
is 102 years of age, and I have every rea- 
son to believe her statement is perfectly 

More Culloden Papers. 

correct. Her health, memory, and other 
faculties are in a wonderful state, con- 
sidering her extreme old age. 

Her statement in reference to her 
grandfather, Fergus Fergusson, was as 
follows: One day early in the year i/46 
the Duke of Athole took him to his li- 
brary and showed him a portrait (that of 
the President Forbes of Culloden), and 
asked him if he would recognise that man 
if he would see him. Fergus, who was 
then a boy of fifteen years old, replied 
that he would. His Grace then gave the 
boy a letter for the President, who was 
then at Culloden Castle, and put it in a 
hole at the end of the pedestrian's staff. 
A duplicate of it was put in one of his 
shoes between the soles, which were of 
course carefully sewn, and a triplicate in 
the collar of his jacket. The youtnful 
pedestrian was seven times searched, and 
his pockets rummaged on his way from 
Athole to Culloden. When he arrived 
at Culloden Castle the party at the castle 
were sitting down to dinner. The butler 
or valet was in the lobby in the act of 
taking dishes from the kitchen upstairs, 
wlien the Athole boy addressed him and 
told him he wanted to see a gentleman 
in the house. The butler asked him 
what gentleman. The messenger replied 
that he did not know the iiaoue of the 
gentleman, but he would know him if he 
saw him. The butler laughed most hear- 
tily, and went upstairs and told the party 
about the curious boy. The gentlemen 
laughed. There were three or four gen- 
tlemen in the room with the President 
Doctor Murdoch and one or two whose 
names he does not remember. One of 
the gentlemen went to the library to meet 
the strange boy, but he was not the man 
wanted. Then another, but the right 
one was not yet in the right place. 
Then the President made his appearance, 
and he was at once recognised. The boy 

More Culloden Papers. 

was then asked concerning his business, 
but he refused to divulge the affair till 
the room would be cleared. When the 
President and the boy were alone, the 
latter opened the stick and produced the 
letter. The Athole youth was of course 
treated to supper, bed, &c. The follow- 
ing morning, when he was ready to start 
for home, he was asked by the President 
if he felt inclined to remain altogether 
at Culloden, when he stated he was, pro- 
vided his Grace the Duke of Athole would 
give his sanction. Fergus remained in 
the service of the Culloden family till he 
died. Widow Maedonald recollects all 
about her grandfather. He died when 
she was near forty years of age. 
Duncan Forbes, the Lord President, left 
by his wife, a daughter of Hugh Rose of 
Kilravock, an only child, John, who suc- 
ceeded to estates heavily burdened because 
of his father's advances for the service of 
the Government, This John Forbes, a 
colonel in the army, had fought for that 
Government abroad, and though a heavy 
loser by the President's zeal, he remained 
till the end of his life a staunch Hano- 
verian. "A well-wisher to his country," 
he wrote in 1753, "and a Jacobite, I think 
a contradiction that cannot meet in the 
same person." It is true that his father's 
losses were never repaid, but it is satisfac- 
tory to note that in 1754 he received a pen- 
sion from George II. of 400 a year during 
pleasure, while in the next reign he had a 
pension of 600 a year settled upon him for 

From the time of the President's death 
till late in the century the family lived but 
little at Culloden. A fire had consumed 
part of the old Castle, and it is not sur- 
prising if many documents went amissing 
in the confusion of rebuilding. The editor 
of the " Culloden Papers " states that "but 
for an accident, the mention of which would 
be wholly uninteresting to the public, 

More Culloden Papers. 

they might still have remained in the ob- 
scurity land oblivion into which inadver- 
tence had thrown them." In concealing 
the story of their discovery, lie scarcely did 
himself justice, and the public never knew 
the obligation they were under to him un- 
til the publication of some of his own let- 
ters in 1902. "They were," he wrote, 
"gifted to me spontaneously, and were in- 
deed saved by my happening to be at Cul- 
loden from being used as loading paper by 
the gamekeeper, as my first acquaintance 
with them was from a parcel lying on the 
table for that purpose." The letter is 
signed "H. R. Duff" Major Hugh Robert 
Duff of Muirtovvn, near Inverness, who 
had married the only daughter of Arthur 
Forbes of Culloden ; and the letters were 
given to him by his brother-in-law, Duncan 
George Forbes of Culloden. The result of 
the discovery was the appearance of the 
"Culloden Papers" in 1815. 

Major Duff has received severe criticism 
for the arrangement of his material, but it 
would aiow appear that his publishers were 
as much to 'blame; and the addenda having 
been discovered " when the printing had 
been far advanced," were given to the pub- 
lic in that form to avoid reprinting t'.e 

That the "Culloden Papers" have been 
of historical value is sufficiently evident ; 
that the editor chose wise>ly appears from 
the fact that the residue is on the whole of 
greater local than of general importance. 
It is hoped, however, that there will be not 
a fe>v of wider interest amotng the many 
new documents now to be offered to the 
readers of the " Inverness Courier," whose 
editor has kindly offered me sufficient space 
to make publication possible. 

During the last hundred years the col- 
lections have been seen by many, and some 
extracts have appeared from time to 
time in various books and pamphlets, 
to which reference will be made if 

More Culloden Papers. 

necessary. Though it has been found 
impossible to contemplate a reissue of 
the " Oulloden Papers," it is hoiped that 
the list of corrections to that publication, 
given at the end of this volume and corre- 
sponding with the dates embraced therein, 
may be useful. 

No plan of arrangement in the present 
case seems perfect, but I have ventured, so 
far as possible, to group together kindred 
letters and documents with a few words 
of explanation. "Prefaces," my great- 
grandfather wrote in the original work, 
" have generally one of three objects : 
either to solicit favour, to apologise for de- 
fects, or to afford explanation " ; amd the 
second of these is in my mind. 

In conclusion, I have to tender my best 
thanks to the many friends who have assist- 
ed me with kindly help and advice, especi- 
ally to my brother, Colonel A. B. B. War- 
rand, and Professor B. S. Bait, C.B.E. 

To Hector Forbes of Culloden I am especi- 
ally indebted for giving me access to the 
charter chest of his family, and leave to 
publish such documents and letters contain- 
ed therein as might appear expedient. 


10 More Culloclen Papers. 

I. From 1626 to 1660. 


On the night of 7th February 1591-2 
James (Stewart), Earl of Moray, the " bon- 
nie Earl" was murdered under revolting 
circumstances, a crime for which George 
(Gordon), sixth Earl, afterwards first Mar- 
quess of liuntly, was directly responsible. 
The feud which followed between these two 
great families, in spite of a matrimonial al- 
liance at the King's instigation, made much 
local history, and the fortunes of Clan 
Chattan were interwoven therewith. So 
also were thosei of Inverness." 

Occasional adjustments of differences 
there might be, when the two great lords 
ravaged the lands of a common enemy in- 
stead of fighting each other; but the old 
jealousy became acute once more in the 
year 1624. A section of the Mackintoshes 
had, in revenge for their eviction by Moray 
two years before, laid waste the lordship of 
Petty, and Moray was strong enough to ob- 
tain an authority as Lieutenant in Forres, 
Nairn, Inverness, Elgin, Aberdeen, and 
Banff, armed with which he promptly took 
measures not only against the Clan Chattan 
but against all who had, or were supposed 
to have, assisted the rebels. Huntly was 
deeply offended at the commission given to 
his son-in-law, and when it was renewed in 
1626, he complained that Moray was ex- 
ceeding his powers. But it was too late; 
James VI. was dead, and at the Court of 
Charles I. Huntly was not so welcome; he 
had, moreover, alarmed the Government 
when his own influence was highest. 

In point of fact the commission was a 
very formidable document, and could hardly 
have bean wider in its scope. Moray was 
lieutenant, justiciar and commissioner 
with power against the whole of Clan 

More, Culloden Papers. 11 

tan, already denounced as rebels, and if they 
could not be brought to obedience they 
might be extirpated. Moreover, in the 
ratification of 24th March 1626 all the 
Earl's sentences, and indeed those of his 
deputies, were confirmed, and he, his heirs 
atnd assigns, were granted the gifts of the 
escheats. This was to others als well as to 
the Clan Chattan a very real and serious 
menace, because anyone might become sus- 
pect to the advantage of Moray's coffers. 

At this time Duncan Forbes was Provost 
of Inverness, and the town was, perhaps 
not unjustly, thought to be inimical to 
Moray's interests. It would appear from 
the "Culloden Papers" (II and III) that 
Duncan made his first journey to London 
in the spring of 1626. Patrick (Lindsay), 
Bishop of Ross, "quho being at Court for 
the tyme as commissioner for the Kirk of 
Scotland," writes of "greater favors and 
courtesye at my Lord the Earle of Morray's 
hands nor could be expected by any other 
kynd of dealing whatsoever " ; so that on 
this occasion no petition was presented. 
He had in fact drawn one up, but Sir 
William Alexander of Menstrie (then Secre- 
tary for Scotland at the English Court, 
whose letter is dated 18th and not 28th 
March as given in the ''Culloden Papers") 
relates that Forbes worked the same effects 
in a more fair and plausible manner in a 
word, in the presence of sundry exalted per- 
sonages the Earl of Moray took him by the 
hand, in name of the town of Inverness, and 
promised his best assistance on terms, 
"you doing your dutie in reason ais be- 
cometh you." Therein lay the difficulty. 

Soon after this the Provost departed aa 
appears by /'Culloden Papers" (IV). 
"Since your departing hence," wrote the 
Bishop on 22nd April, "I had two confer- 
ences with His Majestie," adding quaintly 
"and since that tyme I have been visited 
with ane grievous ague." But the Bishop 
like most had his price for these favours, 

12 More Culloden Papers. 

desiring a loan of "some ten or twelve -Thou- 
sand ipouuda Scots ... to satisfy 
some of my most urgent creditors." The 
superlative is illuminating. 

How the Earl of Moray kept his promise 
may be gathered from the draft petition, 
"Cullodeu Pampers" (No. 1), and the real 
petition (No. II), which the King saw at 
JSagshot on 16th August 1G26. Whether 
Forbes presented this in person is not of 
yeut importance, the chief point being that 
it was referred to the "Commissions for 
the Grievances." But what is of some inter- 
est is that negotiations were in progress in 
the spring of 1627 with the Marquess of 
Huntly as appears by two autograph let- 
ters from him, one dated from Leith 1st 
February, and the other from Inverness, 
i7th February, addressed "To my very as- 
sured friend, Duncan Forbes, Provost of 
Inverness." They are sealed with the 
arms of Gordon and the coronet of a 
Marquess, and though no year is given it 
seems sufficiently clear that 1627 is correct. 
They are as follows : 

Right Assured Friend, These are to 
show you that if you be further pressed 
in that business anent the Clanchattan, 
your best course wilbe to petitione the 
Lords of the Privy Councell, declaring 
his Majesties reference to the Comrnis- 
sione of Grievances, togither with the 
people's sufferings, and the unreason- 
ableness of the Commistiione in prejudice 
of the whole Lieges, I can assure you 
the best of your Neighboures have neid 
to look into the preventing of suche a 
preparative, and you shall doe weall for 
to sounde the myndes of them that lye 
aboutt you, als weill the gentrie as the 
burroughes, Avhither they will concurr 
as to a generall caus, and I shalbe readie 

More Cullodeik Papers. 13 

to joyne with them (whiche you may pro- 
mise for me as from yourself) and upon 
your advertisement I shall caus draw up 
the p-etitione and labour for the concur- 
rance of the other shy res, who I know 
will gett Reasone if they seeke it for 
that Commissione is .generallye evill 
taken by all men ; the councell have 
directed a letter to you for being neir 
against the first of Marche as a (Jom- 
misaionar for the revocation, and that 
wilbe a good tynie for all togither, com- 
municate this letter with none butt 
Alexander Bailzie, but what yow doe, 
lett it be as off your self, and as presum- 
ing only upon the knowledge of my dis- 
positione, and advertise me before yow 
come your self, what yow find amongst 
your neighbours, cheifl3 - e the Erie of 
Seafort and my Lord Lovatt. So till 1 
heare from yow I rest Your very as- 
sured friend, 


Right Assured Friend I have resaved 
your Letter, and seene those others, 
whiche wer sent to your townes people, 
they make you theyr owne answer, and 
I am still of the same opinione as betore, 
that our Soveraigne will refuse hearing 
to no faithful subject. if my endeav- 
ours can contribute any thing in your be- 
half upon your advertisement I will 
labour in it as your loving friend, 

G. Gordoune. 

So that there were to be more petitions, 
backed by Huntly himself. 

Two warrants are extant following on 
precepts, dated from Castle Stuart, "23rd 
May 1627, summoning Donald Macmillan 
and Alexander Gumming, both burgesses of 
Inverness, to appear within the Tolbooth 

More Culloden Papers. 

of Elgin at the instance of Moray. Their 
offence principally was that they had given 
to members of Clan Chattan 

meitt drink powder leid bows bow- 
stringis and durkis and sould to thaim 
clothes and furneist sundrie uther 
necessaryes to thaim and resetting of 
victuall hors, nolt, schep and uthers per- 
taining to ye said nobill lord and his 
tenantes and uthers in the monethes of 
Januarie Februarie Marche Apryll 
May June July August September Oc- 
tober November and December in the 
yeires of God 1624 aaid 1625 yeires at the 
leist in ane of the saidis monethes. 

Now this action of Moray had been one 
of the chief things complained of in the 
petition of 1626, Article 6 ("Culloden 
Papers" I.), and it would therefore appear 
that the said petition had borne little 
fruit up to the summer of 1627. What 
then happened is narrated in a document 
of 9th November 1629, being a special 
charge given in for Duncan Forbes, late 
Provost and Commissioner of the burgh of 
Inverness, in the suspension raised against 
him by the present Provost and others. It 
is endorsed "Speciall charge Duncan 
Forbeg and Town of Inverness anent the 
seoumd commission, '' and concerns- the 
payment of his expenses. Some light is 
thrown on the matter by a document un- 
dated, but subsequent to 1664, being a me- 
morandum concerning stenting, in which it 
is mentioned concerning "Duncan Forbes 
his expenses to London" in the year 1626 
(which would presumably be the first com- 
mission) that "the saiid Dumcane Forbes 
was forced to pursue the particular persones 
granters of his commissione and did re- 
cover decreet against them before the 
Lords of Comical] and Sessione. . . . 
and in the next year therafter 1627. . . . 
in the. , actione contra the E. of 

More Cuttoden Papers. 15 

Morray, every" individual! peraone within 
the Burgh did grant a volumtarie contri- 
bution for defence of the same." 

Here is the above-mentioned declaration 
of Duncan Forbes relative to the second 
commission. The first few lines are almost 
illegible, but it is evident that he departed 

July 1627 from Edinburgh, and raide post 
to Theobalds, his Majestie beand then at 
his progress, dureing the cowrs quhairof he 
preferred unto his Majestie sevin severall 
petitiounes in favor of the toun, quhilk 
wer all receavit, and sum of them in pre- 
sence of tfie earle of Murrey's partie, 
beaind ane pawerfull adversar aganis the 
said toun, be" quhais moyen he was forced 
to stay and depend opoun his Majesties 
leasour of woudhsifeing any answer to 
the saidia petitions quhill Allhallowmes or 
thairby, alt which time his Majestie callid 
for the said commissioner to the rowme 
next the bedohalmer at Hampton, in pre- 
sence of Sir William Alexander] ane of 
his Majesties secretaries, and Mr Alex- 
ander Guthrie, commissioner for the bor- 
rowes, beaind present for the tyme, quhair 
be his Majesties awin saored mouth he 
wes commanded to returne to Scotland 
and to the toun of Inverness with full as- 
surance that thei sould receave no wrong, 
injuirie nor oppressioun from the earl of 
Murrey in thaire persones nor estaites, 
and if any thei sould happin to receave, 
thei sould have opoun theire oomplemt 
and petitioun redres at his princelie hand 
Quhairby he wes compelled to returne 
hameward to Scotland, quhair he aryved 
about Mertimes, the said yeire of God 
1627, dureing which space from the dait 
of the oommissioun to the said time of 
Mertimes, he was enforced throw the 
urgent erpediencie of the convenient 
executeing of his said commissioun to be 
at greate charges and expensses, and 

16 More Culloden Papers. 

throw occasion thereof to deburs great 
soumes of money in attending upouai his 
Majestie's leassour, and in making of 
honorable friends, without whois credet 
and assistance he wes unable to have had 
aoess to his Majestde for preferring of 
the saidis petitions or effectuating any 
thing at his Majosty's handes, quhilk 
sonnies the said commissioner declaires 
upon his honestie and credete to have 
amounted to the sounie of foure thou- 
sand merkes, by and attour the 800 
merke*, quhilk wes the onlie soume that 
he receavit from the tou'ii the tyme of 
the granting of the commission. And as 
for the particulars quhairin the same 
was debursed, the same is nocht necessar 
nor reasonable to be particularlie 
specifeit in respect of the manifold 
occasiouns of debursments, baith in 
small and great, and in respect of the 
trust quhilk the commissioner gat from 
the toun, and deserves be his noterlie 
paynes and travels. 

Quoting again from the later docu- 
ment : . 

The next act produced of date the 
first of Januarie 1628 for the sow me of 
ten thousand Ibs. for making ane agrie- 
ment with the Earl of Morray wherof 
two pairts was offered willingly. . . . 
and the third pairt which is fyve thou- 
sand merks was to be stented and 
leavyed. . . . ibut it is very weell 
knowen to the Provost of Inverness TTiin- 
selfe and to the whole countrey that 
the said agreement never took effect, and 
nothing followed upon the said act 
.... also the Earl of Moray 
exacted off three particular personea of 
the said toun the said sowme of ten 
thousand pounds besyde great sawmes of 
money off other particaakr persones to 
the defence of which persones the total 
never contributed a farthing. 

More Culloden Papers. 17 

An exceedingly dull document of 16th 
February 1628 endorsed " Memorandum 
for Provost of Inverness" appears to be a 
draft " to forme ane bill " at the instance 
of the burgesses and inhabitants of Inver- 
ness, who had been threatened by the Sari 
of Moray and were in the uncomfortable 
position of perhaipe losing their property 
by the E'arl's general gift of escheat* while 
unable to prepare their defence, so long as 
they remained nominally rebels; and any 
" relaxatioume the said Barle impeids." 
The document was evidently to be address- 
ed to the Lords of Session, whoee favour, 
it was hinted, the Earl had already ob- 
tained "be purchessing of ane pretendit 
warrand from his Ma/jestie direct to the 
Lordes of Session not to meddill in aiiiy 
kynd with amy thing concerning the vali- 
ditie or extent of the said oommi&siouri," 
that is Moray's commission against the 
Clan Chattan. 

The last document dealing with the sub- 
ject is a letter from Aberdeen, written to 
Duncan Forbes as Provost of Inverness, 
"and in his absence to the towne clerk of 
the said burghe." There are indeed pre- 
served two letters from the same writer 
identical in almost every particular 

Ryt honoll and very speciall We 
aoquent the towne of Edinburgh with 
Erie Muniayes answer as thair missive 
heirin inclossit direct to us will Informe 
you quhilk consider And giff be sending 
ane commissionar to towne Edinburgh 
with sufficient Information that they may 
acquent therewith Mr Jon Hay, quha is 
presently at court, do thairin as ye think 
most convenient for your awin weill and 
giff ye send any man it muwfc be done 
very secratly that nan knaw thereoff to 
acquent my lord Murray, as also with 
expedition that Mr Jon Hay be not cum 
from court before advertisement cum to 
him. Our Provost being seik aad sum 

18 More Culloden, Papers. 

our baillies absent I thocht met to send 
towne Edinburgh lettre to yow for [yj our 
best Information quhilk quhen ye have 
considerit Redelyver the same to this 
bearer. So my Loveing dewtie remem- 
brit I tak my leave and Restis as evir 
sail. your most auctioned to be in- 
cludit in quhat I can, 

Ja. 1 Jaffray. 
Abd. this 25 August 1628. 

The letter from the town of Edinburgh 
was evidently copied on the imside of one 
of Jaffray's originals. It is signed by the 
Provost and three of the Bailies, and is 
one of entire sympathy with the town of 
Inverness in its struggle with Moray. 
"Quhair for seeing the borrows hes ane 
commissionar with his Majestie for other 
affaires we do not think it wer amiss to 
him. ... to lay open to his Majestie 
our just grivance in that particular and 
. . . . we sail do our paint. . . . 
and sail straine ourselfis to the uttermaist 
of our power for the guid and queyit of 
every particular member of that estait 

There being no more documents on ths 
subject and, aa with due regard to space, 
it is not proposed to include letters, etc., 
from other sources, the reader ia referred 
for further information to the authorities 
on Clan Ohattan, more particularly, A. M. 
Mackintosh, "The Mackintoshes and Clan 

1. One would have expected to find " Al." (Alexander), 
but the "Ja." seems to be correctly transcribed. 

More Culloden Papers. 19 

(2.) FRAGMENTS 1633-1639. 

There are few letters or documents ex- 
tant covering these dates. The "Culloden 
Papers" give none. 

A letter addressed from Dieppe by John 
Forbes to "my loving father Duncame 
Forbea in Inverness," and dated 25th No- 
vember 1633, contains some not uninterest- 
ing information on commercial matters. 
The stay at Dieppe was unwelcome, and 
owing to a leak in the ship. Salmon appear 
to have been his principal commodity, and 
these (in barrels) he had endeavoured with- 
out success to dispose of in bulk, and was 
therefore resolved to wait for a better 
market " in respect the quantetie this yeir 
is not in this contrey as the last for that 
theira a gryt many gone to Spaine. Ther 
is no sale heir for hert hydes for their is 
presentlie in James Mell his lodging above 
thrie thousand which they can not get sold. 
. which be pleased show George 
Abrahame who I ame informed hes no 
small number heir. Your playding I 
think shall be worth 23 to 24s but hes sold 
non thereoff as yet. Ther is gryt pryce 
for tallowe of which I wish ye bed or may 
have ane quantitie. . . . gif ther be 
any thing heir qrwith ye think I may doe 
any guid at home (such as tobacco which 
I heir is mytalie rissen im Scotland and 
sold heir at 21s the Ib.) aquant me.'' 

Duncan Forbes has been named "Dun- 
can of the Skins," but Inverness trade in 
those days was more particularly, it may 
be gathered, in salted salmon, and in the 
year 1639 he actually presented a petition 
(Acts of the Parliament of Scotland), crav- 
ing exemption from the act regarding 
close-time for salmon fishing. He was 
then again Provost of Inverness, in which 
capacity he received letters of horning at 
the instance of the agent general for the 
royal burghs to make payment of 40 "for 

20 More Ctdloden Papers. 

not sending the deiwis of the general missive 
direot[ed] to you. . . . and for not 
sending the oompt of the impost of all 
guids transportit to or fra Pi cardie and 
Normandie with payment of the said impost .'' 
The document also shows that in that 
year he was commissioner for Inverness at 
the Convention of Royal Burghs. 

More Cidloden Papers. 21 



Introduction by EVAN M. BARRON. 

In order to understand the documents 
which follow, some knowledge of the gene- 
ral history of the period and of the part 
played in it by Inverness is necessary. The 
years from 1638 to 1650 are notable in, 
Scottish history, for it was in 1638 that 
the National League and Covenant was 
subscribed in answer to Charles I.'s at- 
tempt to force episcopacy on .Scotland, and 
for the next twelve yeal-s Scotland seethed 
with discords and civil strife. So these 
years came to be called " the Time of 
the Troubles," and with good reason. In 
1639 occurred " the First Bishops' War," 
between Charles I. and his recalcitrant 
Scottish subjects. In the following year 
Charles again prepared to invade Scotland, 
but instead the Scots invaded England in 
August, and brought Charles to terms. 
Tliis was "the Second Bishops' War." 
From the beginning of the year (1640) the 
Scots had been preparing for the coming 
struggle, and the Earl of Seaforth was ap- 
pointed General of the armies to be raised 
'' benorth Spey." In March Inverness was 
called upon to make its contribution to the 
national forces, and the Town Council or- 
dained that ' ' every man and inhabitant 
within this burgh and the territory there- 
of " should assist in furnishing " powder 
and ball for satisfie of themselves and the 

In 1642 the Great Civil War began in 
England. . A year later, in August 1643, 
the famous Solemn League and Covenant, 
by which Scotland threw in her lot with the 
English Parliament, was drawn up and sub- 
scribed, and in January 1644 a Scottish 
army marched into England to assist the 
Parliamentary forces. But there were 

22 More Culloden Papers. 

Royalists in Scotland as well as in Eng- 
land, and that troubles were apprehended 
in thi north the following extract from 
the Inverness Burgh Records shows. It is 
dated 1st April 1644: 

"That day the Provost, baillies, and 
counsell of the said burgh understanding 
that whereas the whole neighbours in 
the landward that hold of this burgh are 
obliged , if this burgh shall 

happen to be invaded or assaulted by 
any enemy of whateomever quality, to 
maintain and defend the same with their 
lives and estates, therefore .... 
in case there shall happen to be any as- 
sault made upon this burgh .... 
it is statute and ordained that all man- 
ner of persons in the landward belonging 
to this burgh and that holds of them, 
dwelling upon the territory thereof, 
shall upon two hours' advertisement 
from the Provost and baillies come into 
the town with their whole force and fol- 
lowing for maintenance and defence of 
the same, and that they stay and ab : de 
with them during the time that they 
shall happen to have adoe .... 
likewise it is also statute and ordained 
that in case the neighbours in the land- 
ward shall happen to be first assaulted 
by invading of their persons or away 
taking of their goods, that the whole 
body of the town upon due advertisement 
shall concur and assist with them for 
their safety and defence by directing a 
competent number of their body with 

In this same month of April an army was 
being formed at Elgin for the defence of 
the country against possible enemies. 
Duncan Forbes was Provost of Inverness at 
the time, and a further entry in the Burgh 
Records shows that on 20th April he pre- 
sided at a meeting which selected twenty- 
four "able and sufficient men of the inhabj- 

More Culloden Papers. 23 

tants of this burgh to go to Elgin to join 
with the army now standing there for de- 
fence of the country, the burgh being re- 
quired to that effect by the Committee of 
War there residing." Later in the same 
year, on 19th August, when Colkitto's Irish 
levies were in Glengarry, on their way to 
join Montrose, the Town Council of Inver- 
ness "thought fit and expedient that the 
number of fourscore of tne best, most re- 
solute, and best trained musketeers be pre- 
sently sent from this burgh to the height of 
the country of Stratherrick to join and assist 
my Lord Lovat's forces there in opposing 
the said rebels." John Cuthbert of Castle- 
hill was appointed to command this force, 
but before it set out word was received 
that the "Irish rebels" had left the coun- 
try of Glengarry, and were "now within 
the country of Badenoch, forcing men, tak- 
ing up goods, and burning towns." Where- 
upon, on 23rd August, "the Provost, Bail- 
lies, and Couinsell 1 ' ordained that the above- 
mentioned "fourscore soldiers of the best 
and most resolut men within this burgh" 
should be at their rendezvous not later 
than six in the morning "to the effect that 
they march tymeouslie towards the said ex- 

It was in this same month of August 
1644 that Momtrose put himself at the head 
of the army which was to make him fa- 
mous and after his victory at Tippermuir 
on 1st (September /lie marched north and 
attacked and captured Aberdeen. Unable 
to hold the town, he retreated, to Hotliie- 
murchus, and the Covenanters immediately 
threw garrisons into Aberdeen and Inver- 
ness, a regiment being sent to Inverness, 
and every possible means being taken to 
place the town in a position of defence. 
To the great trouble aind cost of the coun- 
try," says the Wardlaw MS., a contempor- 
ary authority, "the town waa sconced 
round with an ear them wall, a deep 
trench, ramparts, and pallisades, a strong 

24 More Cvdloden Papers. 

port to the east, another to the south in 
the top of the Castle Street, another at 
the bridge, the fourth low at the church. 
Every parish came into the town successi- 
vely till all was finished, and Inverness 
made a considerable strength. The Castle 
and King's house they abused, cutt-ed down 
the planting, stately ashes and planes 
about the Grey Friars and St Mary's 
Chapel Yard." 

Montrose, however, did not advance on 
Inverness just then, but struck over the 
hilla to Inverloohy, -where, in February 
1645, he inflicted a decisive defeat on 
Argyll. Thence he marched towards In- 
verness, by way of Stratherrick and Aber- 
tarff, with the intention of persuading or 
compelling the northern ciaiis to join his 
standard. But Inverness was found to be 
too strongly held to be taken by a coup- 
de(-main more especially as the northern 
clans, such as the Frasers, Mackenzies, 
Macfcays, and Macleods were assembling to 
oppose him, so ne struck off through Strath- 
dearn, and, marching east and south, 
seized in turn Elgiin, Banff, Stonehaveca, 
Brechin, and Dundee. .From Dundee he 
retreated north, pursued by General 
Baillie, and eventually joined Lord Gordon, 
who was being threatened by a strong 
force, under Sir John Hurry in Aberdeen- 
shire. Hurry retreated hastily to Inver- 
ness, where he found strong reinforcements 
awaiting him, the Earls of Seaforth and 
Sutherland having come in with most of 
the Northern clans. On 4th May 1645 
Hurry marched out of Inverness with an 
army of nearly 4000 men, among whom 
were the Frasers, under the command of 
Fraser of Struy, the Mackenzies, the Roses, 
the Munroes, and the Mackintoshes. At 
AuJdeam they came in view of Montrose's 
ariny, and a fierce battle took place, but 
at the critical moment Montrose led a 
brilliant charge, and the Covenanting 
army was totally routed. 

More Culloden Papers. 25 

The Covenanting infantry suffered 
heavily, but most of the horse ' ' escaped 
by a more timely than honourable 
flight." Hurry with his broken troops 
fled to Invernss, and in the mam 
guard of the town a court martial was 
hastily called to try Captain Drummond, 
who had been in command of the cavalry, 
and who was blamed for having caused the 
defeat by his treachery. The trial was 
brief. Drummond was speedily found guilty, 
"and was shot at the post upon the High 
road as you go to Tommahurich." Treachery 
there had in all probability been, but it is 
believed that the traitors were Sir John 
Hurry himself and Seaforth, both of whom 
in no long time thereafter joined Montrose. 

Inverness maw lay open to Montrose, but 
Baillie was hainging on his rear, so from 
^uldearn he turned south, and, on. 
2nd July 1645, routed the Covenanting 
army at Alford. In August hei agnin 
met Baillie at Kils3 r th in Stirlingshire, 
and inflicted on him a terrible defeat, near- 
ly 6000 of the Covenanting infantry being 
cut to pieces. Kilsyth, however, was 
Montrose's last victory. A month later, 
13th September 1645, he was surprised at 
Philiphaugh and totally defeated. 

But Montrose though defeated was still 
undismayed, and he was soon in the north 
endeavouring to raise another army. Some 
of the northern clans who had hitlverto sup- 
ported the Covenanters wero now waverini, 
notably the Mackenzies, Marleods, and 
Malcdonalds of Sleat; but ttie Erasers, 
thanks to Sir James Fraser of Br*^a, still 
stood by the Covenant, and Sir James was 
commissioned to fortify and reinforce Inver- 
ness. Montrose was now intent on the cap- 
ture of Inverness, for he knew that so long 
aa it remained in the hands of the Coven- 
anters he could not depend upon the 
northern clans following him. Accordingly 
in April 1646, after having with some 
difficulty persuaded Huntly to throw in his 

26 More Culloden Papers. 

Jot with him, he advanced on Inverness, "the 
most considerable garrison of the North and 
the Haven there most commodious for en- 
ttrtaining foreign forces." ("Wardlaw M'S.1 
Huntly, however, was lute-warm, and when 
Montrose reached Inverness he found that 
his ally had evidently no inteention of sup- 
porting him. He >was thus unable, accord- 
ing to the Wardlaw manuscript, to be- 
leaguer it sufficiently to starve it into sur- 
render, even although his forces had been 
strengthened by many of Seaforth's men 
and a number of the Macdonalda. Mean- 
while General Middleton, at the head of a 
strong Covenanting army, was hastening 
north, and this, while it gave Huntly an 
excellent excuse for not joining Montrosa 
before Inverness, at the same time made it 
necessary for Montrose to capture that 
town speedily unless he was to be compelled 
to raise the siege. Accordingly, on the 
29 / th April 1646, he ''set close siege to In- 
verness, fixed his guns upon the top of the 
old Castle Hill under a hathorn tree due 
east and battered hot." The river happen- 
ed to be very low, and detachments of his 
mem finding it to be fordable crossed over 
and scoured the Fraser country in search 
of plunder. So effectively did they do their 
work that between " the Bridge end of 
Inverness and Guizachen, 26 miles,'' laments 
the author of the Wardlaw MS., himself a 
Fraser, "there was not left in my country 
a sheep to bleat, or a cock to crow day, nor 
a house unruffled, so severe was the depre- 
dation, only the garrisons were safe and 
preserved men's lives . . . otherwise all 
had perished in the fury of this surprise 
and onset." 

Meanwhile the siege of Inverness went on 
determinedly, " the garrison defending most 
valiantly, securing the outskirts of the 
city, burning the stone Houses and Kilns 
near the bridge end south-west, to prevent 
shelter for |Ve enemy. They were well 

More CvModen Papers. 27 

stored within, and as -well without, yet 
enemies in both their camps." 

On 5th May, however, the siege came to 
a sudden end. Middleton's army succeed- 
ed in crossing the Spey without being ob- 
served by Montrose's scouts, and the first 
warning Montrose had of the enemy's ap- 
proach was -when their trumpets sounded, 
when they were albout two miles from In- 
verness. Montrose had little time to secure 
his retreat, but he managed to get his men 
together, and, crossing the river above the 
town, marched by way of the Caiplich to 
the stoda-ford on the Beauly, where he 
crossed the river a/nd encamped two miles 
above Beauly. So precipitate had been his 
retreat, however, that he left his camp 
standing with all hia provisions and am- 
munition. His worst loss was his two brass 
ordnance icanoions, which he was compelled 
to abandon where they stood, and which 
were taken into Inverness, rwhere they lay 
upon the street near the Cross and Court 
of Guard for six years thereafter. Middle- 
ton, who, the Wardlaw Manuscript says, 
"was well content that Montrose escaped 
his fingers," rode into Inverness with his 
victorious army, and after a short halt fol- 
lowed in Montrose's track. He pitched his 
camp in full view of (Mkmtrose, aind for 
two days the two armies lay facing one an- 
other, 'but early on the morning of the 
third day Montrose escaped before Middle- 
ton was alware, and made his way in safety 
to the Spey. That, however, was the end 
of his campaign. He had failed to rally 
the North to his side, and shortly after- 
wards he went into erile on the Continent. 

Scotland was now at the feet of the Cove- 
nanters, and they proceeded to make their 
hold secure by planting garrisons up and 
down the kingdom, Sir James* teaser of 
Brae .being confirmed as the Governor of 

Inverness and the surrounding district 
had thus had their full share of the 

28 More Cidloden Papers. 

"troubles," and the documents which fol- 
low show to what dire straits the town was 
reduced. War cannot be waged, sieges 
cannot be sustained, and garrisons cannot 
be maintained tor nothing, and although 
Montrose's operations in the neighbour^ 
hood of Inverness came to an end in the 
summer of 1646, the state of the country 
and the uncertainties of the times were 
such that a strong garrison was maintain- 
ed in the town for several years thereafter. 
What the presence of that garrison meant 
to the burgesses several of the documents 
which follow eloqiiently show. 

Of particular interest and value is "the 
report of the losses of the Provost, Bailies, 
Burgesses, and Inhabitants of the Burgh of 
Inverness, and the tenants and possessors 
of the lamdB, rowmee, and possessions with- 
in the bounds and territories thereof," 
produced before the Committee of Bills, 
Losses, and Ratification, at Edinburgh on 
9th December 1646. The document is not 
only unique in itself, but it casts a flood 
of light both on Montrose's campaigns in 
the North and on the life and conditions ot 
the period in Inverness. Local historians 
will note especially the light which it 
throws on the extension of the burgh " be- 
west the river," on the nature of the goods 
and gear to be found in the house ot a 
well-to-do burgess of the period, and on 
the character and extent of the trade be- 
tween Inverness and foreign countries. 

E. M. B. 

More Culloden Papers. 29 


The first document (possibly written 
in 1643) concerning the " Time of the 
Troubles," is from the Town Coun- 
cil of Inverness, and is endorsed by 
John Forbes, their Provost "Instructions 
to me for obtayning the burgh frie of man- 
ten aoe and leavyes." 

These instructions were : 

1. "Ye sail studdie to obteine the towne 

exempt from maintenance in haill 
or in pairt." 

2. "Iff any lea vies happin to be raised of 

the kingdome, ye sail use your 
best moyan that the town be maid 
subject but for als few men as ye 

3 " Anent the locall quartering of horses 
in our toune we desyre earnestlie 
that this be obviat be you." 
4. "If ye think expedient that any thing 
be moveit be you at the parlia- 
ment for alteratione of the taxt 
roll, we leave it to your wysdome 
to do thaerin as ye think fit." 
An isolated letter of 1644, dated from Kin- 
ross, 16th November, and addressed "For 
my much honored and worthie frindes the 
Provest, Baylyes, and Oounsell of Inver- 
ness," leads up more immediately to the 
greater hardships which the town was to 

Much honored friends, My servic re- 
membrit. At speciall comand of my 
Lord Marqueis of Argyll, I am comman- 
dit to wryt to you to be pleised to de- 
leyver to Drumohill, leuftenant ooromell 
to Buclian his regiment, the sume of tua 
thusand six hundredth and [Psixty] six 
pund, threttin s. four pennis, and ta'k his 
recept upon the sam, qnhilk sail oblig me 
to sie you thankfuly secured be the estat 
of this Kingdom for the same. I am 
confident ye will caus pay this thankfuly, 

30 More Culloden Papers. 

in regard of the necessity, quhilk is now 
considerabill, if ye -will way weill 
quhat other placis heir have suffred and 
don in advancing of money; and this 
much I must adde, it will be very hardly 
takin be my lord marqueis and otheris of 
the estat, if this request be not obeyed, 
and may hapily turn to your prejudice 
quhen the comitti from the estates comis 
along, quhom ye may expect shortly at 
quhilk tym I hop I sail be better ac- 
quantit with your worships. And so till 
then and ever I rest. 

Your worships affeconat servand, 

J. DENHAM, Commissioner. 

From the Burgh Records it appears that 
the above letter was presented to the Town 
Council on 3rd December 1644. The Coun- 
cil at first resolved that no money should 
be advanced, but on second thoughts 
' ' thought fit and expedient that not only 
the said sum of four thousand merks money 
craved by the Marqueis of Argyle's letter 
. shall be presently stented upon 
the body of the town, but also since the 
town has several works to build, and that 
the garrison must be furnished by the town 
with coal and candle during their abode 
hereof, therefore they all in one voice hast 
statute and ordained that the sum of one 
other thousand merks money for uphold- 
ing and building the town works and build- 
ings of the town be presently stented with 
the former four for making up in all the 
sum of five thousand merks money for the 
uses and causes above written." 

In " Culloden Papers " (VI.) is a letter, 
the date of which incidentally should be 14 
June, and not 14 January 1646, to the 
Marquess of Argyll, "or in absence of his 
Lo. for the Richt Hon. the Lords and others 
of the Committee of Moneys," on behalf of 
Duncan Forbes of Culloden ; and this let- 
ter is characteristic of what must have been 
the general state of the country surround- 

More Culloden Papers. 31 

ing Inverness in this year "lands spoiled 
and waisted by the Rebelle, his come 
burnt." A few weeks later, 28 July, "the 
lor.dis and otheris of the committee of 
money es," by virtue of an Act of Parlia- 
ment to this effect gave very full powers 
to a Commission for trying the losses of the 
Burgh of Inverness. The document is sign- 
ed by the Earl of Cassilis, the Earl of Find- 
later, and others, and the Commission was 
to consist of "Brodie of that ilk, Hew Ross 
of Kilravock, Alexander Brodie of Lethane, 
David Ross of Holme, William McKintoche 
of Kelloquhie, Jon Ross of Braidlie, Mr 
James Campbell of Moy, William Dollas of 
Cantrie, James Fraser of Culdowthell, 
Thomas Sohives of Muretoun, Thomas Fra- 
ser of Strowie, and Hew Fraser of Balla- 
drum, or any thrie of thame to be ane quo- 

Then follow a series of documents illus- 
trative of the miseries of Inverness. Many 
are addressed to John Forbes, younger of 
Culloden, by whom they have been suit- 
ably endorsed. 

On 27 October 1646 the whole Council 
met, and forwarded to him a "memoran- 
dum for the dueis of exchacker," which 
were " for some yeires bygane." He as 
their Commissioner to the Parliament (as 
well as Provost) was requested to plead for 
a delay "untill the parliament have takin 
notice of the loisses of the said toune or 
the said toune have a lytle breathed 
themselves from thair sad sufferings." 

The question of the garrison of Inver- 
ness was equally important, aa the follow- 
ing letter, written by the officer in com- 
mand some months after Montrose's abor- 
tive siege, clearly shows : 

For the right honorabill My Lord Chancel- 
ler of Scotland, theis. 

Most honorabill, The fidelitie of this 
poore toune quhairin we remaine hes so 
evidenced it self in our greatest straittis. 

32 More Culloden Papers. 

when compassed with bloodie adversaries, 
the victualles lent to us by them, wh?n 
we could not for the tyme be furneished 
be the estaittis, and the good hopes we 
have that the now provest, commissioner 
for this parliament, shall in all thingis 
reasonable gratifie us, makes me humblie 
eupplicat your lordship that ye would be 
pleasit both to respect the man him self 
and advance his reasonable supplica- 
tioune anent the remedyeing and repair- 
eing the grievous loisses and expenses the 
toune for it self and all the honest men 
in it haiff suffered and bein ,p*ut to, be 
thair engadgement for the caus of Goa. 
Only such I know he will plead for. 
Some thair ar quho haif proven deser- 
tares of us, and wer countenanceris and 
manteinares of enimye, quhen we wer 
most threatined, Theis, that your lord- 
ship may tak notice of them, and, quhat 
justlie concernes us, may assist us 
against them, ar James Cuthbert of i)ra- 
kies, and Jon Cuthbert, his brother, 
with his tuo sonee. Theise once seamed 
to lean only to my Lord Marques of Ar- 
gyll, bot now, as they turned thair 
backes on the caus and on us, so haif thcv 
joyned them selfis with his and our eni- 
myes. Theis I wold intreat your lord- 
ship remembred according to thair 
courses. Yet for theis menes faultes 
againe I humblie desyre that the place 
may not be wronged, bot that the com- 
missioner may be now countenanced. I 
cease to trouble your lordship, only wish- 
eing, as materis concerneing the garri- 
sones necessities hes [been] presented, 
your lordship will assist for ane spedie 
dispatch. In all which repoiseing my 
self on your lordships good will, I rest 
and shall remaine, Your lordships hum- 
ble serveand, 


Jnueraes, 2 November 1646, 

More Culloden Papers. 33 

Memorandum from the Officers of the 

Town and Garrison. 

Endorsed: Insufficiency William Ro- 
bertson, 1646. 

We, the officiarea of the towne ajid 
garisoiie of Inuernes undersubscryveand, 
foreameikle as the lordes of the commit- 
tie of moneys and proces at thair last 
being at Aberdeine lies beine informed 
annent the power and abilitie of Wil- 
liame Robertsone Jonsone, ane of the 
towne captanes of the said brughe [i.e., 
of Inverness], to lend and advance 
moneyes to the publick, and according to 
the informatioune gevin the saides 
lordes, he haveing not com.peired, wes 
ordaineing to lend and advance four 
hundreth merkes money. And we, being 
most privie to the said William his 
meanes and estait, doe declaire and trew- 
lie testifie unto your lordships that the 
said William is bot of ane meane con- 
ditioune and nawayes powerfull, all his 
estait being skairce worth fyve hundreth 
merkes, his credit being peyed. And if 
sua be that the sentance alreddie gevin 
against him for not compeirance be fol- 
lowed furth, it will be his mine, and will 
be randered to that povertie that he will 
not have to susteine himself or his fa- 
milie. Nather can be usefull for our 
assistance, as he hes beine in tymes by- 
gane, quha caried himselff discreitly and 
discharged ane honest dewtie in his 
chairge. This we testifie and declaire 
to be of treuth be thes presenttes, sub- 
scrivit with our hand. At Inuernes the 
fyft day of November 1646. 

Coline Campbell, John Agnew, 
Chearls Makie, J. Cam- 
bell, J. Campbell, Patrik 
Ramsay, J. Grahame, 
A. Stewart, Phil. Leitch, 
Androu Gyllen, A. Schaw. 

34 More Cuttoden Papers. 

On llth November 1646 John Forbes waa 
nominated one of the Committee to receive 
revise, and consider the bills and applica- 
tions to be given into the then session of 
Parliament (Acts of the Parliament or 
Scotland), tmong which were plenty from 
his own district. The following is endorsed 
"22nd November 1646 lettre anent the 
toune's losses and sufferings, and desyring 
me to insinuat with those who bear rule." 

For the Plight Honorabill and our verio 
much respected loveing neighbour, Jon 
Forbes, Provost of Inverness. Theis. 

Richt honorabill Since your away 
goeing we have beine useing all ineanes 
possible to ingather that fashions stent 
quhilk ye left with us, and the not col- 
lecting thairof till now hes maid that we 
could not wreit to yow sua soon as we 
wold. Alwayes now, sir, ye sail be 
pleased to receave the report of the 
toune's loisees dewlie done and sub- 
scryvit be Ithrie several! quorums, ex- 
cept and onlie the Laird of Kilravoke his 
subscriptiounes, quhilk culd not be ob- 
teined be reasone of his being in the 
south, and thairfoir ye must present the 
samen to him, and caus him subscryve 
the verie last sheitt of all the report, 
quhilk is the onlie dyett quhilk he 
keiped ; and if he be not in Edinburgh 
ye sail not fail to send the same to him 
quhairever he be. Ye sail lykwayes re- 
ceave thrie severall discharges granted 
to George Barcklay upone thrie thou- 
sand merkes of the taxt and loanes 
quhilk ye sail mak use of, as ye think 

[Here follows a passage wiiich is almost 
undecipherable, and the letter con- 
tinues : ] 

We need not be fashious in puting yow 
hi mind of that great trust is now on 

More, Culloden Papers. 36 

you, and of that dewtie ye ow to this 
poore toune for many respectes, be 
reasone that we ar confident that thair 
is non that will studdie to do more for 
the subsistence of the samen tlian ye 
will doe. And thairfoir we will leave to 
your selff the mannadgeing of theis 
thinges for the tyme. But one thing we 
can not forget to remember yow of, that 
\ve are undone except we be relieved of 
this miserable burdin of the garisone, 
quhilk is more heavie upone us then all 
the sorrow and miserie that lies soe 
fallin. Ane uther particular lykwayes 
\ve ar bold to put yow in mynd of and to 
rub your memorie with it, that ye daill 
powerfullie annent the ancient privi- 
ledges of the poore toune, that at this 
tyme nor heir after (if possible) they 
suffer no prejudice, nor be infringed in 
the least circumstance. This arid the 
necessitie of it we leave to your awin 
wyse and serious considerations, to act 
and agent. As for our meill, we culd 
not get in theis billates so soon as we 
wold have them; bot with the first occa- 
sioune we eall stryvo to send thaim. On 
thing yet we offer to your consideratioun, 
that the haill magizine is exhausted, and 
thair is not aucht days provisione in all 
the garisone, which ye must represent 
to the Parliament; and if the garisone 
be not suplied presentlie they will be 
forced to fall on us, or make sum other 
onthriftie shift. Thus recommending 
yow and all your affaires to Code's 
directioune. We remaine, your loving 
freindos and neighboures, 

Robert Bailye, bailie; Johne Pol- 
sone. baillie; J. Dunbar, baillie; 
D. Cuthbert, toune clarke. 

Invernes, 22 November 1646. 

Sir, Ye know that in all our procoid- 
inges we have remembred nothing 
annent our expeditiounes to Aberdeen, 

36 More Cvdloden Papers. 

to Elgin and Craigeallachie, and other 
places, quhilk wes far out of our way, 
thairfoir now informe your selff whow 
we sail give up the same, or give ther 
wilbe any reparatioun for expeditiounes 
of that kynd. 

Sir, Ye sail know that this day we 
are informed that Cantray is givin up be 
his owin minister, for the quhilk caue ye 
must use the greater ddlligence in ob- 
teining the loisses allowed befoir his 
name be brocht in questioune, be reasone 
that lie is on of the sub&eryvens of the 

We desyre yow, sir, be pleased to send 
us opone the tounes chairges King 
Oharlea haiil Actes of Parliament, be- 
caus we ar almost ignorant of thaime all, 
and knowes not the good in thame that 
does concerne us. 

Iff the excise hold we in treat you, in- 
form your selff annent the way of uplift- 
ing of it, als weill as ye can ; and purches 
the perfyt order of it from Edinburgh 
or Dundie, with the printed table there- 

Sir, We have thocht fitt to send you 
the toune's commissione annent thair 
losses, to the effect ye may mak use 
thairof, in caice it be required, and if 
not send the same back with the report, 
quhen ye think fit. 

Meanwhile, on" 23rd November 1646 a re- 
port was drawn up concerning the garri- 
son of Inverness, which, on 26th Novem- 
ber, was read in Parliament and remitted 
bo the Committee of Moneys to "find out 
some way for raising of moneys for provyd- 
ing for the garrysone" of Inverness. The 
Committee "for the buseines of the gari- 
sone" had had with them the .Larl of 
Sutherland, Sir Jas. Fraser (of Brea), then 
Governor, and the Provost of Inverness 
\,oiitt Forbw). They found: 

More Culloden Papers. 37 

1. That Archibald Sydserff from May 
to date had furnished from the south 
3515 bolls of meal. 

2. That 100 bolls was the allowance of 
200 soldiers per month, at 2 pecks of 
meal to each man per week, at which 
rate there was sufficient to last till 1st 
January 1647. 

3. It was alleged, however, by the 
Governor that there were 1100 men who 
received meal weekly, in which case it 
would not last much longer. 

4. What was furnished to the garri- 
son before May 1646 could not at the 
moment be ascertained, but 975 bolls had 
been sent from Dundee in January 1646. 

5. Two ship loads of coal had been 
sent from St Andrews. 

6. The Earl of Sutherland had fur- 
nished 1000 bolls of victual, for which a 
warrant had been given for payment of 
7000 "beisydes two dolors for ilk sojer 
of sex hundredth men and aught pundis 
for clothes and schoon to everie ane of 
them, and ane monthis means to the 

7. Archibald 8ydserff had paid since 
May last (1) 8000 merks, (2) 5000 be- 
sides some small sums, to the officers, 
viz., to Captain Makfersone audit 
hundreth merks, andj to Captain Grey 
thrie hundreth merks, besiydis the 
moneyis gevin to the lairdis of Inncs and 
Brodie, and for [Sir] James Fraser." 

8. There was likewise given by Sir 
James Fraser, as be affirmed, in money 
and kind, 18,000 merks Soots. 

9. The Governor's audited account for 
necessaries to the garrison "with Rome 
gratuite granted to himselff by and 
attour his pay" amounted to 23,000 

10. A paragraph which is scored 
through narrates that there was owing to 
two burgesses of Edinburgh 600 ocots 
by the officers of the garrison for wine 
taken out of a cellar in Inverness. 

38 More Culloden Papers. 

11. Out of the impost north of the 
Spey only about 10,000 merks had been 
received from Orkney and Caithness, 
and 5000 or 6000 out of the Sheriff- 
dom of Inverness. 

The Committee recommended that Sir 
James Fraser should advance 1000 bolls 
of meal and 1000 bolls bear for the pre- 
sent necessity, which lie was willing to 
do, provided his credit could be sup- 
ported by payment of the above 18,000 

It also recommended to Parliament the 
payment of this sum together with 100 
sterling more, and 2000 merks Scots for 

Lastly, the Committee recommended 
the payment of arrears due to the 
Governor and officers, " and hereafter 
to lay down a wave how they may 
be made and keepit in equal fitting with 
other officers of the Annie." 
A letter of 24th November 1646, written 
by the Town Council of Inverness, hae been 
quaintly endorsed by John Forbes, to wnom 
it has evidently been passed "Lettre to 
Jon Bamesay, agent to the Borrowes, 
pleading excuse for not paving the dewea 
of the missive, and laying the Name upon 
their aeall to the cause of God." Beyond 
the fact that the Council had been in- 
formed that Ramsay "dailies a lytlo 
strictlie with our present J/rovost and Com- 
missioner annent the dewes of the missive 
for the yeire 1645" the endorsement ia en- 
tirely comprehensive. Two more letters 
followed, both addressed to John Forbes, 
fiar of Oulloden. 

Tin- first is endorsed "Lettre complean- 
ing on the garrisone for pressing the touhe 
to give them victual! and other things," 
and is dated 30th November 1646: 

Bicht Honorabill Sir, We have re- 
ceaved tua severall lettres from you, on 
of the 13th, and the other of the 18th, all 

More Culloden Papers. 39 

almost to ane purpois, chieflie regraiting 
the want of the report of the toune's 
'loisaes, with their billates of meill, as 
lykwayes challandgeing our slacknes by 
not sending theis instruetiounes tym- 
eouslie to you, to imbrace the oppor- 
tunitie of tyme that now offereth. 
Trewlie, sir, we must confess that, 
albeit we have not beine so dilligent as 
it may [be] the caus requireth, yeit we 
did als much as we culd to send theis 
loisses tymelie, and the clerkes pairt wes 
done shortlie efter your away-going 
about the penult : of October, and, in re- 
gaird of distance of place from the 
severa.ll commissioners thair dwellinges, 
the samen wes not obteined subscryvit 
quhill the sevint day ; and, in regaird of 
the weather, wes not sent over till Sat- 
turday the fourteint. And as for the 
billates of meill, wee we>r still waiting 
quhill the inhabitantes wold give thame 
in, being loth to send ane few number. 

Alwayes, sir, befoir now we hope 
the report is at you, and to the 
billates, sua many as we culd get 
in, receave thame from this bear. 
rar. Ye sail also receave, conforme 
to the desyne of your first lettre, heir- 
\vith thir tua missives, one for purge- 
ing the toune annent that base asper- 
tioune put on thame annent the com- 
bynatioun against the governer, quhilk ye 
sail make use of as ye think fit, and ane 
other to the agent of the borrowes, 
quhilk we expect may give him satisfac- 
tioune, and, God willing, with the tyme 
will be als sufficient as payment. 

Sir, ye may challandge- us of slacknes 
and laick of dilligence, bot God knowes 
our turmoil and the daylie miseries we ar 
under. To niak this knowin, ye sail 
know that since your away comeing, in 
regaird, of this weather, thair ar eeverall 

More Culloden Papers. 

pairtes of the dykes and 
fallin, which we must put up to our 
great greif. And if this wer all, it wer 
nothing. Bot now, in regaird that the 
garisone magazine is now exhausted, an- 
nent victuall, it wes put to our doores to 
grant ten dayes maintenance, which for 
many reasones we did refuse ; bot in end, 
throch threatineinges that als long as 
ther wes ane peck of victuall to be haid 
within toune, they wojd not want, al- 
though it sould cost thame thair blood, for 
feare of danger and of the inconvenient 
that micht fall upone a refusall, we wer 
forced to condiscend to give ane hun- 
dreth bolles victuall upon suirtie to be 
peyed furth of the first victuall that sail 
come to the garisone's use, and upon the 
officiares parroll not to be pressed heir- 
efter annent victuall. Bot, God knowes, 
quhen this is doune, quhat salbe our con- 
ditioune thairefter, and that be reasone 
it is thair owin expressioun, that as lone; 
as otheris hes they can not want. This 
with the other intolerable burdinq; is 
heavie upone the poore toune of Inver- 
nes, to be thus crosed by all the king- 
dome, which ye must represent in ane 
lyvelie way to the Parliament, or any 
other (mercatorie quhairin ye think to 
be remedied ; and with all ye may in- 
forme that the garisone hes not ane 
dayes victuall, except that which is now 
advanced be us, and, for any thinge we 
knowe, ar not licklie to be supplied in 
the cuntrey. And if ther be not ane 
spidie way of mantinance found out for 
the garisone, befoir God we will be 
forced to leave and desert the toune, 
man, wyff, and barne, for, God knowes, 
quhen we have done all that we ar able, 
quhether this sail be ane way of subslst- 
ance for such ane garisone. Thus re- 

More Culloden Papers. 41 

miting the premisees to your cair and 
dilligenoe. We remaine your loveing 

Robert Bailye, baillie; Johne 
i Polsone, baillie ; Gilbert Rob- 
ertsone, baillie; J. Dunbar, 
baillie; D. Patersone, counsel- 
lor; James Cuthbert, ooun&el- 
ler; James Abrahame, coun- 
seller ; Williame Neilsone, 
oounseller; J. Robertsone, coun- 
seller; Alex. Grant, oounseller; 
T. Rose, counseller; Al. Cuth- 
bert, ane of the consell. 

November 30, 1646. 

Sir, It \ver not ainise that, if thair 
be any possibilitie, that ye euld purches 
ane warrand in the tounes favour, dis- 
chairgeing and inhibiting the garisone to 
press us with any thing except for such 
thinges as ar trewlie thair dew, and that 
we be only oblist to doe as the rest of the 
ountrey. Ye sail know lykwayes that we 
ar in ane pitifull strait iaronent the work, 
eipeciatUije annent the Jmllasades under 
the caetell, they haveing all fallin to the 
ground, so that fyve hundreth merkes 
will not make up the samen againe, and 
we ar daylie threatined for the appost- 
ing therof. 

Sir, If the governor be turned back 
upone the toune, theis de&yre you, sir, 
to reserve quha salbe bound for his quar- 
ters, be reaoone that this landlord hes 
left the toune, and the toune ar not able 
to uphold such quarters as he will crave. 

The second letter is endorsed " Lettre 
deeyring me o procure orders from the 
Parliament to ease the Magistrates of 
quartering, and to gett them frie of theu 

42 More Cidloden Papers. 

Invernes, November 30, 1646. 

Richt Honorabill Sir, Wee hadve 
thooht fitt to aoquant you of the great 
bissinese wee have adoe ooiioerning the 
trinsdiea of our tawne, that are all fallin, 
with the guard houses, and that be res- 
sone of the great raines fallin this yeir. 
Wee have wreittine to you it is impos- 
sibill to this poor toune to subsist anie 
longer except a/ne speedie remead foe had, 
amd seing wee that are present magis- 
trates are put at daylie be the garisone 
for advanceing off victualles, and dois 
daylie threatten us that they will have 
moir advancement of victualles, and 
seing we have nothing for our office but 
miserie and sorrow and grieffe, that it 
wald please you that you wald speak the 
Marques of Argyll and some of the nobill 
men that are our favoureris that seing 
the magistrates hes nothing for ther 
office, and men preasses to eschew magis- 
tracie be all meanes possibill, be ressone 
of the burdeine, that the magistrates 
themselves wald be frie of sojors to be 
quartered upon them, and eeing Jamea 
Cuthbert of Drakies, Castellhill, Jon 
Cuthbert, Mr Jon Rose of Puttindrich, 
and James Rose of Markinsche are of the 
number of our incorporation, sould carle 
ther burdeing aocordeinglie, and altho 
we may doe this of our awin power, yet 
it is not so pleasant with this [word un- 
deciphered] as you kmowe. Thus ihoupe- 
ing you will be cairfull to doe as our 
trust is in you, and in so doeing wee sail 
be the moir cairfull and take the more 
paines ift tymes to cum, 'God willing. To 
your answer and caire heirin wee com- 
mitt you to God and rests. Your verie 
loving a*nd affectiomat neighbours, 

Robert Bailye, bailie; Johne Pol- 
sone, baillie; J. Dnnbar, baillie; 
Gilbert Robertsone, baillie. 

More Culloden Papers. 43 

In the margin of the letter is also writ- 
ten : 

And oaus the Marques of Argyll wreatt 
to the lieutenant oollonell and the rest of 
the offioeris, that the magistrates may be 
frie of quartering in tymes to oum. 

MONTROSE (1645-46.) 

Mention hap been made of the com- 
mittee appointed earlier in the year to try 
the losses of the Burgh of Inverness and 
the names haive- been given. There are two 
manuscript rolls dealing with the .subject. 
The original is defective, consisting now 
only of the first meeting of tlie oom- 
n:ittee and a portion of the third and last 
meeting. Fortunately the second manu- 
script (which is a contemporary copy of 
i.he original) is complete with the exception 
of a small ipart of the third meeting 
the summary at the end. It has been 
measured and extends to 27 feet 2 inches : 
fdding from the original roll the equiva- 
lent of the missing portion, the total length 
must have (been about 28 ft. 5 in. of fool- 
scap sized sheets gummed one after the 
other to make the roll. As the writing 
and contractions even for the period econo- 
mise space somewhat more than is usual 
and the margin is comparatively small, it 
has not been found possible to give more 
than the essential portions of the contents. 
It is also to be remarked that the copy, 
though oontempoirairy and the work of one 
writer, contains extraordinary variations 
of spelling mudh of which has been moder- 
nised. The currency is of course Scots. 
It would appear from the Town Council's 
letter of 22nd November 1646 that the 
original was enclosed by them to John 
Forbes on that date. The copy alone 
shows that on 9th December 1646 the 

44 More Culloden Papers. 

report of the losses of the Provoet, 
Bailies, Burgesses and Inhabitants of the 
Burgh of Inverness and the tenants and 
possessors of the lands, rowmes, and pos- 
sessions within the bounds and territo- 
ries thereof was produced before the Com- 
mittee of Bills, Losses, and Ratification, 
and ordained by them to be registered. 

The very end of the original roll has been 
badly torn at some remote period, but shows 
that this order for registration was signed 
in December by Andrew Agnew aiud Short 
(initial missing). 

The first meeting of the Committee wan 
held at Inverness 3rd September 1646, and 
the preamble recites again the names, which 
are exactly as before, with the additional 
information that Mr James Campbell was 
Commissary of Inverness. They or any 
three of them as a quorum were 
to take and receive trial and probation 
of the Provost, Bailies, Burgesses, and 
Inhabitants of the burgh of Inverness, 
and the tenants and possessors of the 
lands, rowmes and possessions within the 
bounds of the territories thereof their 
great and grievous losses sustained by 
them by sea and burning of their houses 
insight plenishing and household gear 
within the same, the burning and away- 
taking of their corn, the spoilying of their 
cattle and bestial and goods and wasting 
>of their lands, occasioned partly by the 
cruelty and barbarity of the common 
enemy and present troubles of the king- 
dom, and partly occasioned and sustained 
by our own friends and by orders of the 
Governor and remanent officers of the 
town of Inverness and garrison thereof. 
All the houses, kilns, barns and other 
biggings within the works and fortifica- 
tions about the said town with all the in- 
sight plenishing and other stuff -within 
the same being all burnt consumed and 
destroyed by the said orders and that for 
more safe and sure preservation of tn 

More Culloden Papers. 45 

said town and garrison from the invasion 
of the said enemy in the time of their 
siege they having assaulted that part of 
the said town " bewest the water of Nes" 
and a considerable body of theirs having 
encamped within a half mile of the town 
upon that hand. With power to the 
said commissioners or their quorum to 
choose a clerk and other officers amd mem- 
bers of court needful and to take their 
oaths de fidele administratione anu to 
direct their own precepts for citation of 
witnesses whose depositions should be ad- 
mitted and to do everything for trial of 
the said Provost, Bailies, etc. 
The quorum which first met consisted of 
William Dollas of Cantray, David Rose of 
Holme and John Rose of Braidley (the last 
being preses), whose signatures appear on 
the original document together with that 
of David Cuthbert, town clerk of Inver- 
ness, who was chosen as clerk to the com- 
missiom and wrote the report. Alexander 
Greirson, onie of the burgh officers, was ap- 
pointed officer to the commission. The 
Provost, bailies, etc., wiore then called and 
asked if it was possible for them to prove 
the losses by witnesses " according to the 
rolls and inventories thereof given in by 
them," to which they answered that they 
could do so and would give their own oaths 
in addition to the proofs of the witnesses. 
In the further preliminaries, which are 
mainly repetition, mention is made of 
losses "by sea and by James Graham, Ludo- 
vic Lindsay, the Irish rebels with their as- 
sociates and adherents the Clan Donald and 
others," and the damages were declared on 
oath where applicable by "divers masons, 
wrights and slators and other craftsmen 
uho best knew the damage," and in other 
cases by the sworn testimony of servants 
and neighbours. 

The first case dealt with was that of 
John Poison, burgess. He had burnt 
'* : within his town and lands of 

46 More Culloden Papers. 

Bucht," in the month of May last by 
the common enemy a atone barn with cou- 
ples, cabers, bars, bonds, locks, and other 
necessaries, estimated by the craftsmen and 
witnesses at 80. Burnt and consumed 
within the said barn of thrashen and un- 
thrashen bear 28 bolls at 5 per boll, total 
140; 2 bolls and 2 firlots which were to 
have been sown, at 5 per boll, total 12 
10s. Another barn built of stone was also 
burnt at the same time estimated at 50, 
and within it of thrashen and unthrashen 
oats 18 bolls in victual 12 bolls at 5 the 
boll, total 60. Burnt also a* kiln 
with the kiln barns, couples, etc., estimated 
at 130; and within it 3 girnells a-nd 2 
great kiets estimated at 50 ; another mut- 
ter gLrnell which lay An the milne of Bught 
worth 16; his part of the mutter which 
was within the same estimated at 8 bolls 
(5 the boll), total 40. Burnt also "24 
cuple laioh biging," within the said town, 
v.-ith oabers, rails, doors, locks, and other 
necessaries belonging tliereto, estimated at 
6 each couple, total 144; burnt within 
the said bigging of sacks, canvasses, ser- 
vants' clothes with 8 oaken joists, ''being 
all estimat within the awaill" at 40. The 
said John Poison " upon his great aith 
solemnli sworne," deponed that there was 
plundered and taken from the said lands by 
the enemy at the time of the siege 9 draw- 
ing oxen at 15 each, total 25 [sis in 
original], 4 milk cows at 14 each, total 
56; 60 lambs at 13s 4d each, total 40; 
all his honso and plough graith, with other 
necessaries belonging to husbandry were 
plundered, estimate 24. These items 
were proved by John McRobie, miller at 
Kilvean ; Donald McPhiper, tenant theio; 
and George Dempster, indwellor in Inver- 
ness; as also by the oath of John Poison 

The losses of John Poison by sea were 
dealt with separately. He doponed that he 
had shipped for him in the month of 

More Culloden Papers. 47 

ber 1644, at Inverness Harbour, in the ship 
of David Cairnes, shipper in Leitih, 70 
barrels of salmon, at 33 6s 8d each; 300 
ells of plaiding at 13s 4d per ell ; 10 "dai- 
ker" [half soore] of hart hides at i2o per dai- 
ker. He deponed also that there was ship- 
ped for him in the said month in the ship of 
John Trotter, also of Leith, 18 barrels of 
salmon at 33 6s 8d per barrel; and that 
both ships and goods were upon 2nd Febru- 
ary 1645, in their voyage to France, taken 
that of David Cairnes by a Dunkirk main- 
ofj-war, andi that of John Trotter by a 
King's man-of-war, so that he got nothing 
whatever back again. The shipping of the 
goods was proved by Thomas Guthrie, 
cooper in Inverness, and Alexander Marcus, 
packer there. 

'Then followed the losses of the said John 
Poison toy the burning of the part of the 
town lying "bewest the water of Jsfes," by 
order of the Governor and officersi of the 
garrison, and he deponed that by their orders 
for the better and more sure preservation 
of the town in the time of the siege he had 
burnt and consumed "bewest the water be- 
ing ane suburb to the said toune and with- 
out the walls and fortificationes," on 30th 
^pril 1646, "the enemie having assaulted 
that part of the town and therafter en- 
crumped within ane half-mile thereof" 
kiln with roof, couples, cabers, rails, doors, 
bands, locks, and other necessaries, esti- 
mated at 200. He had also burnt within 
the kiln, between kiln floor, vats, and in 
making, 29 bolls victual at 5 per boll ; also 
vats , timber, and sacks, worth 26 13s 40. 
On the same side of the water likewise there 
v;as burnt "tua rood of borrow biged lanu," 
with houses, biggings, etc., estimated at 
400; another house belonging to Annable 
Monro, his spouse, in liferent, estimated at 
60; also another little kiln rented at 8 
yearly, estimated at 60. Burnt also with- 
in a kiln belonging to Gilbert Robertson, 
burgess, on the west side of the water "of 

48 More Culloden Papers. 

wat and unwat victual! betwixt kill floore 
and coble," 35 lx>lls bear at 5 the boll; 
also burnt within the said kiln a standing 
bed and kist, 5 sacks with 3 dozen of fire 
boards, all estimated at 24. Item, thrown 
down and the timber burnt and destroyed 
by the soldiers of the garrison a barn 
" lyeing neir the trenche dyke wher they 
keeped aoie guard,'' estimated at 60. 
Thereafter followed the losses of John Pol- 
son's tenants. 

Donald Phiper, in Kilvean, deponed that 
the enemy took from him "2 work-horses, 
worth 23 6s 8d each ; he himself being 
made prisoner, all his clothes were taken, 
to wit, a tartan plaid worth 10 6s 8d, his 
coat and shirt worth 40s, his sword worth 
5, of ready money 13 6s 8d. These 
things were proved by Donald McKobie and 
John McRobie in Kilvean. Donald Phi- 
per also declared that he lost of insight 
plenishing and household gear the worth of 
17 13s 4d. 

Donald McBobie, in Kilvean, deponed 
that the enemy took from him 2 bolls and 
2 firlote of meal at 5 per boll ; which was 
proved by James Thomson and John Mc- 
Robie in Kilvean; of insight plenishing 
and household gear the worth of 24 6s 8d. 

John McEobie, in Kilvean, deponed that 
the enemy took from him 4 bolls bear at 5 
the boll proved by Donald McRobie and 
Donald McPhiper. Of housenold gear the 
worth of 20 6s 8d. 

Margaret nein Lanthrane, in Kilvean, 
declared that she had lost of household gear 
the worth of 8 18s. 

John Cuthbert of Castlehill, burgess, de- 
poned that the enemy, to wit, the Irish 
rebels, James Graham and Ludovic Lind- 
say, with their associates, did in April last 
[1646J burn his dwelling-house " in Stan- 

More Culloden Papers. 49 

dandstanes of tua hous hight -with ruiff 
jeastes loftes dores lockes glasin windowes 
calces hall buirdes furmes tresses standing 
beda and other necessars belonging thair- 
to," estimated by the craftsmen at 345 6s 
8d : he had also burnt his " haill laich 
biging barnes byres stables tennentes and 
cottar houses of his said lands of iStandand- 
stanes and over Dreacky," estimated by the 
craftsmen at 264 6s 8d : also thrown down 
by order of the governor of the garrison "4 
cuple of biging lyand without the' walls of 
the toune neir thairto," estimated at 24. 
The enemy plundered 40 sheep at 26s 8d 
each. " Item, his labouring of his tua 
pleughes of Standandstanes waisted and 
cast los be the enimie for this crop 1(546 the 
onimie being in the countrey and about the 
toune of Invernes from the first of Decem- 
ber to the nynt of May last wherein be wold 
have sawin thriescoire bolls aittes the en- 
rress wherof estimat according to the rait 
of former yeires to the 3 curne extends 9 
score bolls aittes deduce the saids thriescoir 
bolls seid becaus not sawin remaines sex- 
scoir ilk 5 firlottes to ane boll victuall inde 
4 ecoir 10 bolls at 4 3s 4d ilk boll." Also 
16 bolls bear estimated to the "4 curne" 
at 4 3s 4d per boll. His labouring of over 
Drakies was also wasted, wherein he would 
have sown 30 bolls oats, estimated to the 
"3 curne" at 4 3s. 4d per boll. All this 
was proved by Walter Ros, mason ; John 
Grigor, wright ; Angus Miller, Alexander 
Miller, hie brother, etc. 

John Cuthbert of Castlehill also de- 
poned concerning George Gowane, his ten- 
ant of Over ,Drakies, because thei said 
George "for the present and this long tyme 
by gane is sick and not in his ryght wittes," 
from whom the enemy took 3 work-horses 
at an average price of 22 each ; 13 draw- 
ing oxen, at an average of 10; 18 bolls 
oats ; 4 bolls bear ; 24 young sheep at 24s 
each. His labouring was also wasted, 30 
bolls oats estimated to the "3 curne" and 
8 bolls bear to the "4 curne." 

50 More Cidloden Papers. 

Alexander Has in Drakies deponed 
that the enemy took from him 11 
drawing oxen, average price 15 1& 
4d ; 2 young cows, averaging 12 ; 
a young quyak '[cow of 2 yearsj at 
9; out of his barn 30 bolls oats at 10 
pecks meal each boll; 13 bolls bear; and 
his labouring was wasted 20 bolls oats, the 
increase estimated to 60 bolls, and 4 bolls 
bear estimated to the "4 curne." The said 
Alexander had of ready money, household 
gear, and other "gangand geir" the loss of 
78 6s 8d. 

Donald McFerquhar in Drakies deponed 
that the enemy took from him an ox worth 
15 13s 4d, and that his labouring was 
waste, wherein he would have sown 6 bolls 
oats, estimated to the " 3 curne," and 2 
bolls bear estimated to the "4 curne;" 
proved by the said Alexander Ros in Dra- 
kies and John Ros his son there. 

Andrew Mackmyar and Findley McClay 
in Drakies deponed that the enemy took 
from them 23 sheep, averaging 26s 8d. 

Malcolm McClay in Drakies deponed that 
the enemy took from him a horse worth 10 
with a young quyak [or queack] worth 8. 

William Mackmoyar (sic) in Drakies de- 
. poned that the enemy took from him a 
horse worth 13 13s 4d. 

Gilbert Cuthbert, tenant in "Standand- 
staines," deponed as to his labouring 
wasted for crop 1646 wherein h would have 
sown 30 bolls oats, estimated to tie "3 
curne " aind 4 bolls bear estimated to the 
"4 curne. '' 

James Rose of Merkinch, burgess, de- 
poned that the enemy burnt within the 
town and lands of Merkinch on 9 May last 
[March in copy] a new stone house "of 

More Culloden Papers. 51 

tua hous height being all biged with staine 
and lyme being fourscoir foot in length ail 
flklaited and weill plenished within, weill 
miffed jeasted lofted and glasined with 
glass and weir having ten standand beddes 
within the samen duble pamnelled with 
boords f urines, etc.," estimated by the 
craftsmen at 2666 13s 4d. In addition 
to the beds and other plenishing of the 
house he had also burnt therein 3 girnelto 
estimated at 23 6s 8d. The enemy also 
burnt a thatched barn estimated at 100 
;i:ul within it 2 dozen birch rails at 4 the 
dozen, 8 new couple tries worth 5 6s 8d, 
and a fir joist 24 foot long worth 40s. Item 
within Fimlley Frnser's house which was 
burnt by order of the governor 16 bolls dry 
pease at 5 the boll. Item within the kiln of 
Thomas Mac-comas vie William, which was 
likewise burnt by the enemy's order, 4 bolls 
bear at 5 the boll. James Rose also de- 
poned as to the following taken by the 
enemy or by "our awin forces" from his 
house of Merkincih before it waa burnt, 20 
bolls hard cake meal at 5 the boll, 59 bolls 
hear a't 5 the boll; from his barn "of 
dicht and windowed [winnowed] beare " 89 
bolls at 5 the boll. The enemy also with 
their horses consumed and ate up at the 
time of the fliege two stacks of bear estim- 
ated to have contained 60 bolls at 5 the 
boll. "Item ther was eaten and destroy! t 
to him be Genii Major Mideltounes horses ' 
that morning after the seig was raisit 30 
bolls victuall with the fodder" at o the 
boll. The enemy also took 60 sheep and 60 
lambs, average price of sheep and lamb 
26s 8d ; his best horse of six years old worth 
66 13s 4cl and they plundered from the 
shore of Merkinch his 4 oared boat esti- 
mated at 66 13s 4d. The soldiers of the 
garrison pulled down and destroyed a stone 
house " wherin they keepit gaird at ti'.air 
first entrie to the towne," estimated at 
333 <&s 8d. These things were proved by 
George D unbar, master mason, John 

52 More Culloden Papers. 

Fraser, elder and younger, masons, John 
Giregor and Joilm >Shaiid!> Tvrigjhts, Allex- 
amder Oruicksihaok, slater, >etc. 

The losses of the tenants of James Rose 
of Merkinch wore as follows: John Mack- 
Paull "bow" in Merkinch had stolen by 
the enemy a seven year old horse worth 
13 6s 8d; 2 bolls and 2 firlots of oatmeal 
at 5 the boll : of household gear ho lost 
the worth of 95 3s 4d. 

Alexander Cruickshank, slater in Merk- 
inch deponed that he lost in working and 
household gear the worth of 43 6s 8d. 
jjohn Riob McAllister reooh im Merkanch 
deponed that the enemy took 5 sheep and 
5 lambs, averaging 40s sheep and lamb. 

John McAllister vie eane in Merkinch 
deponed that the enemy took a cow worth 
16, a two-year-old stirk worth 6 13s 4d ; 
a kist worth 4. 

William Tulloch, burgess, deponed that 
by the order? of the governor and officers ot 
the garrison for the better preservation 
from the invasion of the enemy, there was 
burnt belonging to him on the last day of 
April in the time of the siege bewest the 
water a stone kiln of seven standing couples 
in length worth 300. Burnt within the 
kiln 10 bolls pease. Burnt also a barn of 

3 couples length with 2 stone giavels wortn 
20, and within it 22 bolls bear. Also his 
dwelling-house and kitchens of 6 couples 
length was burnt at the same time with 

4 standing beds, an almerie, and three 
kjsts, estimated at 160. The enemy also 
plundered 50 bolls victual, and from the 
Mill of Bught they took belonging to him 
6 bolls oats. The officers of the garrison 
before the battle of Auldearn took a young 
;rey horse worth 40, a brown horse worth 
33 6s 8d, a " basan " [bawsand] horse 
worth 33 6s 8d, another "basan" horse 
worth 9 13s 4d. There were other losses 
of household gear worth 33. 

More CuXloden Papers. 53 

This concluded the first meeting of the 
commissioners, who found all the above suf- 
ficiently proved, and that the persons named 
had always been honest and irreprovable in 
their carriage towards the estates and the 
public cause ever from the beginning, and 
that they had proved themselves truly loyal 
and answerd the public service and dues at 
all occasions according to their power, and 
that they were never known to have "med- 
leing dailling or intercommuning with a,ny 
malignant." The document as above 
stated is there signed by William Delias of 
Cantray, David Rose of Holme, and John 
Rose [of Braidley.] 

So far as Cantray was concerned, the 
Town Council in their letter of 22nd i\o- 
vember 1646 (already given) warned John 
Forbes to use the greater diligence before 
hm name was brought into question, he 
having been given up by his own minister. 

The second meeting of the commission- 
ers was held 8th September 1646 at Muir- 
ton, and the quorum consisted of Thomas 
Fraeer of Struy, Hugh Fraser of Belladrum, 
and Thomas Scheviz of Muirton. 

William Baillie, elder, burgess and inhabi- 
tant of Inverness, had burnt belonging to 
him upon the west side of the water his 
foir [oven] and bakehouses, the house being 
of two storeys, and having six standing 
beds with hangings round about, with a 
cupboard, almeries, girnalls, kists, etc., 
worth 1000; also there was burnt a kiln, 
v/ith the kiln-barns and a byre and stable, 
estimated at 666 13s 4d: and within the 
said kiln there was burnt 20 bolls dry malt 
with 20 bolls bear upon the floor in the mak- 
ing; and within his barns 30 bolls oats and 
24 bolls bear with the fodder; and within 
his lofts 30 bolls bear, 10 bolls pease ; and 
within a girnall 14 bolls oatmeal. At the 
t:me of the siege the enemy took 11 draw- 
ing oxen at 13 69 8d each, 3 cows with 

54 Afore Culloden Papers. 

calves at 16 each; an old nag worth 13 
6s 8d. Of household plenishing, "which 
were tedious to fee- it downe in wreit," the 
worth of 300. 

William Baillie, younger, burgess, de- 
poned as to his losses by sea that there was 
shipped at Inverness harbour in the month 
of October 1644, in the two ehifxs already 
mentioned, 24 barrels of salmon, 1500 ells 
of "spranged" [striped] plaiding, 300 hart 
hides, 6 barrels of Irish tallow at 53 6s 8d 
per barrel; his own sea-kist, with all his 
clothes; a pair of iScots pistols with his 
sword worth 133 6s 8d in all ; ready money 
100. The two ships were taken on 2nd 
February 1645 (being under convoy of a 
Parliament ship) in the manner before 
stated : and of the goods he got nothing 
back. Proved by Thomas Gutlhrie, cooper, 
nnd William Guthrie, his son, and others. 

John Baillie, burgess, lawful son to the 
said William Baillie, elder, had burnt in a 
kiln belonging to James Forbes, burgess, 
bewest the water, by order of the governor, 
2-t bolls dry malt and 48 bolls bear. Also 
plundered by the enemy at the time of the 
siege in May last from the mill of Kil- 
vean, 9 bolls malt and 3 sacks. 

Margaret nein Bean relict of umquhile 
John Mathewson, burgess, deponed that by 
order of the Governor and officers of the gar- 
eon, there were burnt for the better and 
more sure preservation of the garrison in 
time of the siege "tua fair ludginges stand- 
ing upone the west end of the bridge of 
Invernes being thrie hous hight of the 
eaades tua ludginges being of thack and 
uther of spume all reed fir (sic) being weill 
ruiffed jeasted and lofted with dores bands 
leeks caioes and other necessare belonging 
thairto," estimated at 4000. She had 
burnt at the same time "one ruid of bor- 
row bi^ed land with all the houses and 

More Culloden Papers. 55 

timber upone the samyn the eaid ruid Being 
veill biged of tua hous hight," estimated 
at 800; also her kiln with fhe barns esti- 
mated at 333 6a 8d; another rood with 
couples, rails, etc., at 233 6s 8d; "sevin 
couple and tua vin gaibells of laioh bijging" 
v,orth 66 13s 4d; a barn "with tua taill 
forkes with railles caiberes etc.," worth 66 
13s 4d. In addition she had burnt of plen- 
ishing " fourteine standing beds thrie hall 
buirdea with thair tresses and furmes five 
cheires ane langsadle tli'rie nlmeries four 
t?ffiles five iron pottes thrie brasm Cannes 
four speittes tua guse pannes sevin brasin 
chandleres aucht furnished bedds with 
codes codwair sheites plaides blancattes 
coveringes fedder beds and bousters thrie 
tartan plaids tua dussen and ten peuter 
plaittes ane quart stoup 3 pynte stouipes 
with ane chappin stoup four stand of naprie 
ane gold ring with ane turgie stane with 
eovin kistes tua girnolls thrie brewing fattes 
o stands with the said Margaret her haill 
clothes and abuilziementes," the whole 
estimated at 333 6s 8d. Burnt at the 
seme time within her barns 36 bolls bear; 
and within her kiln and kiln barns 12 bolls 
bear: of ready malt within the house in 
which she dwelt 6 bolla with 4 bolls of meal : 
in her house at the bridge end 8 bolls ary 
bear : in the barns 20 bolls oats. There 
were also taken from her at the time of the 
siege 6 work horses worth in all 106 13s 
4d; a red ox worth 10 13s 4d. 

Findlay Fnaser, burgess, deponed that he 
I' ad burnt bewest the water by the gover- 
nor's orders a lodging of stone "of thrie 
hous hight weill ruiffed jeasted and lofted," 
estimated at 1333 6s 8d; and within it 
stuff to the worth of 108 6s 8d ; of build- 
ings the worth of 184 6s 8d, and his kiln 
was also burnt containing 10 bolls bear ; his 
staing coble was also lost worth 13 6s 8d, 
and the enemy plundered from him at the 
time of the siege an ox worth 10. 

56 More Culloden Papers. 

James Eraser, burgess, had burnt bewest. 
tho water by order of the governor a stone 
house having 6 standing beds, a langsadle, 

2 cupboards, etc., estimated at 1010; a 
kiln worth 333 6s 8d, and within it 80 
bolls bear, 30 bolls oats. He also lost 2 
barrels of salt salmon, 6 salting vats, and 
the worth of 23 6s 8d of timber, and other 
losses amounting to 80 and 40. He also 
had of loss by " Generall Major Hurries 
trouperes befor the battell of Aulderne" 6 
bolls victuall with fodder; plundered by 
the enemy in the siege a mare worth 40, 
rnd 2 drawing oxen worth together 33 6s 

William Neilson, burgess, deponed that 
i:o had burnt bewest the water at the time 
<j( the siege his dwelling-house of stone and 
lime, having 6 standing beds, 2 great gir- 
nells, and 3 vats worth in all 666 13s 4d. 
Also there was burnt a rood of " borrow 
biged land " bewest the water with all the 
buildings, etc., worth 433 6s 8d. Within 
hu* dwelling-house he had also burnt and 
destroyed 40 load of bark, 60 load of peat, 
an iron crook, 2 goose pans, a pair raxes, 

3 chests, 3 chairs, his table, 3 pair white 
plaids, 4 bolls and 2 firlote of meal, 4 pair 
sheets with towels and "servets," a web of 
"elne breid lining perteining his wyff," an 
almerie, and an English cloth cloak, all 
worth 253 6s 8d. 

James Forbes, burgess, had burnt bewest 
the water by the governor's orders a atone 
kiln worth 400. 

James Cuthbert Laurenceson deponed 
that he had burnt bewest the water a stone 
kiln worth 333 6s 8d, and within it 25 bolls 
bear. The enemy plundered from him two 
horses both together worth 33 6s 8d ; n 
mare with her foal worth 20. He had de- 
destroyed within the town by order of the 
garrison a barn with oaken couples wortn 

More Culloden Papers. 57 

100. His labouring of an "auchtain part 
of borrow land being castin waist for this 
crop, 1646, wherein he would have sown 5 
bolls bear," estimated to the "4 curne." 
He also deponed that he lost by sea in 1644 
in David Oairnes' ship 12 barrels of salmon. 

Donald McEan duy, oordiner, had burnt 
bewest the water "fyve cupell of leach with 
railles caberes dores, lockes and other 
necessars belonging therto," estimated av 
86 13s 4d; plundered by the enemy 13 
tanned hides at 4 each, and there were 
taken also 12 hides at 3 each. Of house- 
hold gear he lost the worth of 42. 

John MoFinley can alias Fraser, burgess, 
deponed that "his roode of borrow bigged 
land with the haill houses and bigings built 
thereon" bewest the water were all burnt, 
estimated at 200. There was also burnt 
belonging to him in the kiln of James Arch- 
bald bewest the water 5 bolls and 2 firlots 
bear. Of household gjear he lost the worth 
of 160. 

Thomas Tailaor, indweller bewest the 
water, deponed that his dwelling-house con- 
taining 4 couples was 1 burnt, estimated at 
50. He also lost household gear wortn 
60 [?20.] 

John Dow McAllester, burgess, deponed 
that he had burnt bewest the said water 
"two ruid of land with one uther house at 
the bak theroff," estimated at 263 6s 8d. 
Of household gear he lost 100 worth. 

Alexander McJames vie "William, indwel- 
ier, had burnt within, the house of John 
Dow McAllester the worth of 26 13s 4d. 

William McGillimichell, indweller bewest 
the water, declared that he had burnt there 
" twentie four cupell of laich biging with 
railles caberes dores locks, and other neces- 
sars belonging therto," estimated at 333 


58 More Culloden Papers. 

b.; 8d. Plundered by the enemy from the 
mill of Kilvean 2 bolls meal. Of household 
gear he lost 100 worth. 

William Munro, indweller bewest tho 
water, had burnt his dwelling-house worth 
200, and household gear worth 66 13s 4d. 

Thomas McOomas vie William, maltman 
and indweller bewest the water, had burnt 
a kiln with the barns estimated at 133 6s 
8d, and in the said kiln there was burnt 11 
bolls victuall, and of household gear was 
burnt the worth of 33 6s 8d. 

Margaret nein Findley vie William, relict 
of umquhile Alexander MoGdJlcspic, weaver, 
deponed that she had burnt bewest the 
water her dwelling-house estimated at 133 
fa 8d, and household gear worth 40. 

Alexander Fraser, indweller bewest tne 
water, deponed that the enemy took away 
from his kiln and barns at the time of the 
siege 80 bolls bear, 2 cows worth 13 6s 8d 
each ; 2 stirks worth 4 each, and house- 
hold gear worth 66 13s 4d. 

John Peerson, con-diner, dwelling bewest 
the water, deponed that the enemy took at 
the time of the siege from the mill of Kil- 
vean 12 bolls dry oats and 5 sacks; also he 
lost a milk cow worth 12, a work horse 
worth 13 6s 8d, and 35 hides at 3 each ; 
14 ("taken out of his bark fattes") at 4 
each ; and of household gear the worth of 
66 13s 4d. 

James Miller in Kilvean deponed that 
the enemy took from him at the time of 
the siege 30 young sheep, 2 two-year-old 
stirks, 4 bolls meal, 6 firlots bear, and of 
household gear the worth of 66 13s 4d. 

Margaret Sutherland, relict of umqu- 
hile Findley Gordoun, burgess, had burnt 
bewest the water her dwelling house esti- 
mated at 333 6s 8d and household gear to 
the worth of 66 13s 4d. 

More Culloden Papers. 59 

Alexander Fraser McWarran, burgess, 
deponed that his house bewest the water 
was " all plunderit and abused be the 
enemie the tyme of the 6eig they having 
planted one of ther cannones within tne 
same" and the loss was estimated at 133 
6s 8d : of household gear the worth of 62 
6s 4d. 

James Archbald, maltman and in- 
dweller bewest the water, deponed that he 
had burnt within the kiln of Findley 
Fraser 12 bolls bear and 8 bolls malt, and 
that he lost of household gear the worth of 
27 6s 8d. 

Alexander Outhbert, merchant burgess, 
deponed as to his losses by sea, that in 
October 1644 he had shipped at Inverness, 
David Cairnes, skipper, 36 barrels of 
salmon. The ship was taken as aborw 
naorated and he got nothing took. 

Margrat Sinclair relict of umquhile 
George Abrahame, being examined as to 
the losses sustained by her said husband in 
the ship of David Cairnes, deponed as to 44 
barrels of salmon. 

This ended the second meeting of the 
commissioners, who certified as before, and 
the copy shows that the original was duly 
signed by Thomas Fraser of Stray, James 
Fraser of Belladrum, and Thomas Scheviz 
of Muirtoun, preses, as well as by David 
Cuthbert, their clerk. 

The third and last meeting of the com- 
missioners was held at Inverness on 16 and 
17 October 1646, the quorum consisting of 
Hugh Rose of Kilravock, preses, David .Rose 
of Holme and Williaan Dollas of Cantray. 

The part of the original which remains 
gives their signatures at the end of the 
proceedings, so that John Forbes musi 
have obtained that of Kilravock after the 
document was sent to him (see letter of 22 
November 1646 above.) 

60 More Culloden Papers. 

Following on the recitation of the com- 
mittee's authority the first sufferer was : 

William Paterson of Inches, burgess, 
who had burnt by the Irish rebels, James 
Graham and Ludovic Lindsay and their 
associates .and adherents on the lands 
of Inches at the time of the siege, "ten 
cupell of laich biging with railles caberes 
dores and other necessars belonging tharto, 
ilk cupell estimat and comprysed to 4 lib 
. . ane barn of four cupell of lenth 
Tvith twa taill forks with railles caberes 
dores locks and uther things perteining 
therto" estimated at 26 13s 4d. 'Item 
the sd enemie pulled downe and burnt in 
thair lefigur 13 cupell of biging in lenth 
with railles caberes and dores, ilk cupell 
estimat and comprysed to 40s. Item the 
ed enemie pulled down and carried to thair 
leagur off the lands of Wester Inches nyn 
cupell of biging with railles caberes and 
dores, ilk cupell estimat and comprysed to 
40s. Item two uther cupell of biging 
better builded both estimat to the loss of 
13 lib 6s 8d." Be had 'plundered and 
taken away by the enemy in the siege and 
before it as follows: "The men of Bado- 
noche tooke frae him in the moneth of Nor. 
1645 8 drawing oxin price of the peioe 16 
lib . . three sufficient work horses 
pryce of the peice 50 Ib. . . . his awin 
sword estimat to 10 lib . . . ane tartan 
plaid pryce viii lib ... ane quhyt 
plaid pryce 4 lib . . . plundered frae 
him be the sd enemie the tyme of the seig 
furth of his sds lands 6 bolles bear . 
thair was plunderit and destroyit to him 
be the sd enemie and thair horsemen the 
siege and befoir within his sds lands two 
staks of great aittes standing in his corn 
yaird bothe being estimat and comprysed 
to 100 bolls . . . twentie fyve bolles 
aittes within the barnes . . . his two 
pleughes labouring of Wester Inches being 
oast -waist for the crop 1646 through the 

More Cuttoden Papers. 61 

occasione of the sd enemie wherin he wold 
have sawin 80 bolls aits the encrease whei- 
of estimat to the 3 curne ... 20 bollea 
bier the encrease wherof ... is esti- 
mat to the 4 curne . . . 4 belles peise 
the encreaee ... is estimat to the 4 
curne . . ." Proved by Mr Walter 
Ros, burgess, and Thomas Roy in Lie-lies. 

Master Walter Ros, burgess. Burnt 
by the enemy in May last on his lands of 
Maoharies "24 cupell of laich biging with 
rallies etc." The labouring of his lands 
wasted for crop 1646 in which he would 
have sown 60 'bolls oats, estimated to the 
"3 curne," 20 bolls bear estimated to the 
"4 curne." 

Gilbert Robertson, burgess, be west the 
water had burnt by order of the governor 
a stone kiln estimated at 533 6s 8d and 
"ten cupell leach biging lying neir the sd 
kill with rallies etc.," estimated at 133 
6s 8d. Also there was thrown down by order 
of the governor in April last all his 
houses, barns and other buildings in the 
Garse "least the samyn should be iprejudi- 
ciall to the garison and ane shelter to tne 
encmie," estimated at 333 b's 8d. In re- 
gard to his losses by sea he had shipped at 
Inverness harbour in John Trotter's ship 
in October 1644, 48 ban-els of salmon, two 
pocks of striped plaiding containing 1000 
ells at 13s 4d per ell, a puncheon of butter 
containing 32 stone at 3 6s> 8d per stone, 
50 hart hides at 40s each. The ship was 
taken as before narrated and nothing re- 
ceived back. 

David Robertson, burgess, had burnt by 
order of the governor bewest the water 2 
dwelling houses, estimated at 266 13s 4d, 
"the maist pairt of two aiker feild land cut 
and destroyed to him and maid altogether 
unprofitable to his use through the works 
and fortificationes about the towne" esti- 

62 More Culloden Papers. 

mated at 200. There was also burnt in 
a kiln belonging to James Cuthbert bewest 
the water 13 bolls malt. 

George Dunbar, burgess, deponed that the 
enemy took from him from about Inverness 
before the siege 30 old sheep at 40s each, 
2 j'oung oxen worth 20 the two, and "his 
labouring of certain borrow ackers castin 
waist be the occasion of the enemie" wliere- 
in he would have sown 5 bolls 'bear, esti- 
mated to the "4 curne." "Item the sd 
Georg declarit that wher he has the just 
halff of his two aiker field land besyde tho 
foole poole cuted and randered unprofit- 
able [through] the works and fortifications 
about the towne," his loss was 200. A 
barn lying near the works within the town 
was also destroyed by the soldiers of the 
garrison worth 53 6s 8d. 

John Robertson Laurenceson, burgess, 
deponed that "in the tyme of the seig be 
order of the governor and omciares of the 
garisone his yard dyks being 'built with 
stein and lyme were ane great pairt theroff 
raised doune and sloped," the rebuilding 
of which was estimated at 90. "Item all 
the steines of the sds dyks be the sds orders 
for makeing work for defence" estimated 
at 100. 

Robert Ros, burgess, deponed that the 
enemy plundered from the lands of Merk- 
inch at th time of the siege 10 milk ewes at 
40s each and from about the town and 
garrison 8 ewes, 3 oxen and a quyak of two 
years old. 

John McGilliwy (sic), burgees, deponed 
that "Genii Major Bailies souldioures 
plumderit frae him furth of hia house two 
new tartane plaids both estimat to 16 lib. 
Item ane quhyt plaid pryce 4 lib. Item ane 
brasin chandler pryce 40s Item takin fra 
him be the omciaires of the gariaon to oarie 
bagag to Auldearne ane work horse pryce 
231ib 6s 8d. . , " 

More Culloden Papers. 63 

John Fraser, burgess, had burnt in Alex- 
ander Fraser's kiln bewest the water 12 
bollfl bear. "Item the said John deponed 
that our awin friends befoir the baitell of 
Auldairno tooke frae him three work 
horses" worth together 63 13s 4d. "Item 
declared that Genii Major Hurries men 
tuik fra him of insight and plenishing f'urth 
of his house the samyn being in Invernes " 
the worth of 37 13s 4d 

Thomas Cuthbert, oordiner, burgees, had 
two dwelling houses without the works 
cast down by order of the governor for the 
better safety of the garrison, worth 266 
13s 4d. 

Thomas Fraser Jamesson, burgess, had 
burnt in the kiln of James Archbald, malt- 
man, bewest the water, the said kiln being 
burnt by order of the governor, 6 bolls 
malt and 11 sacks. There was also 
plundered by the enemy 12 hides which 
wer in the vats of John Poison, corcliner, 
bewest the water. 

Margaret Sinclare relict of umquhile 
George Abrame, burgese, deponed that 
"Jon Muncreiff major to Collonell Camp- 
bells regiment in the month of December 
1644, tuike from her for the garisones use 
nyn dossene of spar ruiff at 81ib the 
dossen . . . taken from her be the 
governor of the town 3 dailies at 10s the 
peice . . . takin [byj Oaniell Camp- 
bell for the use forsd 60 dailies at 10s the 
peice . . . taken from the sd um- 
quhile Georg 60 french sheittes quihilk were 
never randered bake at 6s 8d the peice 
. . ten aiker of her conjunct fie lands 
cast waist for this crop 1646 quilk was 
possest be Gilbert Cuthbert quilk payed 16 
bolls ferm, pryce of the boll for the sd crop 
41ib 13s 4d . . ." 

John Campbell, chapman in Inverness de- 
poned that ''being travelling in th hie- 

64 More Cuiloden Papers. 

lands the enemie brunt to him in Abertarff 
within ane barn ther of bark and Bteines" 
the worth of 66 lib 13s 4d. "Item the sd 
enemie tooke from him at that tyme ibeing 
in Nor 1644 to his certain knowledge of 
knyves silks ribanes the sd ware being rait- 
ed within the awaiil" the worth of 40 lib. 
"Item taken from him ane boll salt pryce 6 
lib 13$ 4d Item thrie etein of tallou at 
53s 4d the stein. . . . quilks were all 
provin be the parties awin aith im respect 
tliat being in the haelands he oould get non 
to this dyet to prove with him." 

Angus Polsone, burgess, deponed that 
he had taken from him before the siege a 
cow with calf price 16. "Item taken frae 
him be Genii Major Huries orders imediat- 
lie efter the batteld of Auldearn two worko 
horses quilk was never delyverd bake 
pryce of both 53 lib 13s 4d. Item takin 
from him be the sd Genii Majors horsemen 
7 pair of sprainged plaids pryce of ilk plaid 
4 lib. . . . takin out of his barnes be 
Hurries trouperes of tbrassin and unthras- 
sin corne estimat to 8 holies victuall 

Beano McConill cheill, burgess, deponed 
that he had a barn destroyed, and the tim- 
ber was burnt and taken away by the sol- 
diers of the garrison, "the said barne being 
at first maid ane guard house." Loss esti- 
mated at 133 6s 8d. By the garrison's 
order he also had taken 2 worK horses worth 
53 6s 8d the two. 

Alexander Anderson had burnt in Wm. 
Tulloch's kiln bewest the water at the time 
of the siege 10 bolls victuall with 4 sacka. 

Marjorie Roe, relict of umquhile James 
Robertson, burgess, deponed that "the offi- 
ciares and trouperes of Laweris troup tooue 
frae her at severall expeditiones at eeverali 
tymes four good work horses pryce of the 
peice" o3 6s 8d. 

More Culloden Papers. 65 

Robert M'unro, burgess, had burnt in 
William Tulloch's kiln bewest the water 15 
bolls bear and plundered by the enemy 
from the mill of Bught at the time of the 
siege 3 boll and 2 firlots malt and 2 new 
sacks. " Item Genii Major Hurries hors- 
men eate and destroyed to him in his corn 
yaird after the battell of Auldearne thrie 
bollds victuall." 

Donald Tailzor, elder, merchant burgess, 
lost in David Cairnes' ship 13 barrels' of 
salmon, 15 barrels of Irish tallow, 800 ells 
plaiding, 22 hart hides. The said Donald 
as executor and intromitter of the goods 
and gear of the late Findley Tailzor, bur- 
gess, deponed as to his brother's losses in 
the said ship 27 barrels of salmon, 4 bar- 
rels of tallow, 1100 ells striped plaiding, and 
40 hart hides. Also his said brother lost in 
John Trotter's ship 17 barrels of salmon, 
100 ells plaiding, 6 hart hides. 

William; iStevin, burgess, had destroyed 
by the soddiers of the garrison a barn lying 
iiear the works woith 60. 

Marjorie Cockburne, relict of umquhile 
Robert Abraham, burgess, had burnt be- 
west the water 13 bolls bear and malt which 
\vere in Findley Fraser's kiln. The enemy 
took at the time of the siege be\veet the 
water 2 work horses price of both 26 13s 
4d. " Item takin frae her be our 
awin forces before the battell of Aul- 
dearne two uther work horses, pryce or 
both 40 lib. Item 4 aiker of borrow lanu 
waisted to hir this crop 1646," in which 
she would have sown 4 bolls bear, increase 
estimated to the " 4 curne," 1 boll pease 
estimated to the "4 curne." 

Robert Baillie, burgess, deponed that the 
enemy "tuik frae him off the lands of littell 
Struy being thair at grassing 5 ky pryce ot 


60 More Culloden Papers. 

the peice 12 lib," >a mare worth 18 6s 8d, 
and a work horse at 13 6s 8d. "Item 
takin out of the said toune be the aid 

enemie 60 sheep takin from 

him be Genii Major Baillies men ane uther 
work horse pryce 16 lib." 

David McOonchie, burgess, deponed that 
"his labouring of his lands of Olaypottis is 
waist for this crop 1640," wherein he would 
have sown 5 bolls bear. The enemy took 
from the said land "ane pair iron harrows 
pryce 6 lib," and he lost of plenishing the 
worth of 16. 

Findley Duff, burgess, deponed that the 
enemy took 'from him before the seige 2 
vork horses, the larach [site] of a barn was 
<-ut and made unprofitable by the works 
about the town, estimated at 20. His 
labouring for crop 1646 was wasted, where- 
in he would have sown 24 bolls oats and 10 
bolls bear. 

Alexander Oockburne, indweller, de- 
poned that "our awine men in Genii Major 
Middeltounes armie tuke frae him after 
tho seig of Invernes was raised ane brown 
horse pryce 32 69 8d. Item taken away 
from him be our awin forces befoir the 
batteil of Auldearne other two work horses 
both estimat to 40." His labouring of 2 
acre of borrow land wasted wherein he 
would have sown "2 bolls bear, increase 
estimated to the "4 curne; " "cut and maid 
unusefull to him be the works and fortifi- 
cations about the towne the half of two 
roode field land," estimated at 50. 

Elspot Mill, indweller, had burnt in the 
kiln of James Cuthbert Laurenceson, be- 
west the water, 4 bolls and 2 firlota malt. 

Walter I*os, mason in Inverness, dwelling 
bewcst the water, lost of household plenish- 
ing through the enemy the worth of 50, 

More Culloden Papers. 67 

John Sinclair, burgess, deponed that 
"Genii Miajor Hurries men befoir the 
battell of Auldearne they being quartered 
within the towne two nightes destroyed 
and burnt to him the timber of ane laich 
houa and two stables," estimated at 66 
13s 4d. "Item Captain Doune burnt and 
destroyed to him be the souldieres of the 
garrisone ano foir barne of aiken cupelles," 
estimated at 80. Of household gcor he 
lost the worth of 8. 

John iShand, wright, had burnt bewe&t 
the water, of household gear with "all his 
work luimes" the worth of 133 6s 8d. 

William Stevenson, burgess, had two 
barns above the mill both thrown down & 
mado unprofitable by the works & fortifi- 
cations, worth 133 6s 8d. 

Alexander Barbor, burgess, had a barn 
cast down & destroyed near the works by 
the soldiers of the garrison, worth 66 13s 
4d. He deponed that "he lost in Wm. 
Thirsley, skipper, in [blank] his bark in the 
moneth of Apryll last 92 elnes plaiding at 
13s 4cl ilk elne . . . qlk bark and goodsi 
was takin be that friggat that came to 
Invernes to James Grahame with cannon 
and ammunitione." 

Donald Fouller, merchant burgess, lost 
in the ship of John Trotter 44 barrels of 
salmon, 4 barrels of Irish tallow, 200 elnes 
of plaiding, 75 hart hides -and "ane thou- 
sand pund hart homes at 12d a pund." 

Jaaparti Oorbat had burnt bewest thei 
water the worth of 29 of household gear. 

Agnes Corbat, indweller, had the loss of 
44 13s 4d of household gear bewest the 

James Hobertson, younger, burgess, de- 
poned that "the halff of his auchtent part 
of land is cut throw and rendered unpro- 
fitable to him throche the works and forti- 

68 More Culloclen Papers. 

ficationes about the town & garrisone" 
estimated at 266 13s 4d. "Item cut and 
maid unprofitable to him be the said works 
the halff of two rood of feild land lyand 
bewest the t'oole poole" estimated at 50. 

Alexander Gumming, burgess, deponed 
that he had burnt by the soldiers of the 
garrison "3 fair barnes above the said 
towne ilk ane of them containing four 
cupelles and two taill forks," estimated at 
333 6s 8d. " The said Alexander Gumm- 
ing as tutor and administrator to James 
Gumming his oy" declared that there was 
destroyed by the said soldiers "two barnes 
above the towne ilk ane of them contain- 
ing four cupelles and two taill forks," esti- 
mated at 333 es 8d. 

Alexander Hendrie, indweller, had 
burnt bewest the water in the kiln of 
Findley Fraser 7 bolls malt and 2 sacks. 
His dwelling house also was pulled down 
by order of the governor being without the 
works, estimated at 233 6s 8d. 

John Forbes, merchant burgess, deponed 
that in April last he lost in ready money 
in the ship of William Thisley (sic), 110 
which he had directed for payment of a 
debt, the ship being taken by the said frig- 
ate that came to James Graliam with am- 

James Gumming, burgess, deponed that 
'' Major Moncreiff ane of the majores of 
the garison of Invernes tooke fra him be- 
foir the battell of Auldarne for bagage two 
work horses" each worth 23. 

James Macpherson beajisoin, indweller, 
deponed that he had burnt in the kiln of 
James Cuthbert Laurenceson bewest th 
water 17 bolls (bear. 

Thomas Waus, burgess, deponed that 
"Genii Micldeltounes horse eatted and des- 
troyed to him in his barne yairds upon the 

More Culloden Papers. 69 

9 of May last of unthrassm beare" 8 Bolls. 
"Item the said Thomas was foreit to re- 
leive ame horse of his awin qlk was taikin be 
some of our awin forces be payment of 
auoht punds money. Item the a,id 
Thomas has fyve acres of borrow i'eld land 
waist " wherein he would have sown 2 bolls 
bear, the increase estimated to the ''4 

John Morrison, tailor in Inverness, had 
burnt in the kiln of Findley Fraser bewest 
the water 6 'bolls & fiiiots bear. 

William Paterson, younger, "in name 
and behalff of Wm Paterson elder his fat- 
her be reason of the d William Paterson 
elder his infirmitie and great sicklies being 
still bedfast this yeire by past" deponed 
that " the kinges mille of Invennes wherof 
ane fourt part was properlie belonging to 
his sd father wesi burnt and destroyed in 
Apryll last be the enemie befor the seig the 
haill quhilles steines and renianent milne 
graith being all broken and takin away," 
estimated at 66 13s 4d. He also lost 
through the burning of the mill "the 
sameyn being made unprofitable be the said 
enemie for the space of 10 weeks at leist 
his part of the profit of the sd milne wold 
extend to 10 bollis victuall." The enemy 
also plundered from him 2 work horses, 
worth together 26 13s 4d, 70 liead of 
sheep, averaging 26s 8d ; & ai stone barn 
estimated at 66 13s 4d was destroyed by 
order of the garrison. "Item two other 
laioh houses within his awin close destroyed 
and pulled downe be the sds sojors both 
estimat" at 46 13s 4d. "Item the labour- 
iing of 7 acker of the cairtse waist for this 
yeir 1646" wherin he would have sown 7 
bolls bear, the increase estimated to the 
" 4 curne," & 1 boll pease at the same 

John Forbes "provest of the d Irarghe 
for his awin parti cu liar entrust being in- 

70 More Culloden Papers. 

terrogat and examined anent bis sea loisees 
did depon and declare that in the moueth 
of May 1645 yeiris being coming from [?J 
France in the ship of William Davie skiper 
in Leith the said ship was takin in liir voy- 
age homward be ane kinges man of ware 
and that he loissed therby 200 rolles tobacco 
weighing 10,000 lib weight at "20 lib the 
hundred inde 2000 he loissed of readio 
money within tlie sd ship 333 lib 6s 8d. 
Mair sex [?] Cistoll hattes at 30 lib the 
peice. ... his trunks with hifl haill 
clothes amd lininges all being estimated at 
300 lib qlk was sufficientlie provin by the 
said John Forbes his awin aith of veritie 
quha was solemn! ie swonie theranent and 
that becaus ther was n-on in the north 
quha could prove the samyn wth him." 
He also gave his oath that he got nothing 

John Stewart, merchaait burgess, depon- 
ed that there was shipped for him at Inver- 
ness harbour in the ship of the said David 
Gairmea on 21 October 1644, 35 barrels of 
salmon, 5 barrels of Irish tallow, 16 hart 
hides. "Item his sea kist with his clothes 
and lininges" estimated at 100 

Donald Finlayson, burgess, had shipped 
in the same ship V7^ barrels of salmon, 228 
ells of plaiding, 36 hart hides, & 2 barrels 
of Irish tallow. 

Alexander Abram, burgess, deponed that 
there was "burnt to him the rood of bor- 
row biged land be west the said water of 
Isles qlk payed to him yeirlie 53 lib 6s 8d. 
Item the enemie plundered fra him furth 
of Urqrt being ther at grasing 6 milk ky 
pryce of the peace 13 life 6s 8d. . . . 
Item his laiboreing of the gallow muire 
waaste qrin he wold have sawin 4 bolls 
beare" estimated to the "4 curne." 

"Summa of the burgesses & inhabitants 
of luvenied and territurie therof thair 

More Culloden Papers. 71 

haill loisses above-writtin in particular 
qlks they have in Invernes and sustained 
be sea & land occasioned be the said oom- 
nione enemie, our owin forces & freindes 
and the troubles of the kingedome as is 
particularlie set doune in ilk particular 
persones inventair thereof the to tall ther- 
of extends to" 65,887 11s 8d. 

Follows the a,coount of the losses of the 
town itself as given up by the magistrates. 

John Forbes present provest of tlie 
brughe of Invernes Robert Baillie Johne 
Polsone Gilbert Robertsocne and Alex- 
ander Dunbar baillies of the samen have- 
ing compeired befoir the quorum of the 
Commissianeres abovenamed for thame- 
selves and in behalfe of thair said toune 
for giveing up the great and grivous 
loi&ses thairof susteined by it dureing the 
tyme of the troubles, they being iinterro- 
gat and examined be the saids commis- 
sioneres upone the rolles gevin in to them 
the eaids magistrates according to the 
best knowetedge and inforniatione re- 
ceaved be thame tliairanent did depone 
and declair as follows : Imprimis they did 
depone and declair that according to 
thair awin certane knoiweledge and parti- 
cular tryall takin receaved be thame of 
the inhabitants of the said toune and terri- 
torie theirof in faioe of court they being 
all sworne solempmelie to that effect (be 
caus thair wes no billattes receaved) 
Thair was quartered on thame upone frie 
quarteres the horse and foot following at 
the particular tymes efter spect viz Ane 
humdreth horse of Sr Fredricke Hainmil- 
tounes regiment of horse the said partie 
being under command of Sir Patrick 
Mcgie [in copy Mackyie] being upone frie 
quarteres upome the saids inhabitantes 
man and horse fra the 22 day of Augusx 
1644 to the tuantie sevint therof being 
lour (laycs ilk trouper at 18s per diem, 

72 More Culloden Papers. 

Item fourtie horse belonging to Root- 
maister [blank] Durhaine of Ommachies 
troup 'being quartered within the said 
toune fra the laist of August anno foaj- 
said to the tent of September being ten 
dayes ilk trouper at 18s per diem. 

Item fyftie horse of the Marqueis of 
Argylles troup under command of 
Lewetennent Archibald Campbell were 
quartered upone the said toune and 
territorie fra the first of November 1644 
to the tent therof being nyne dayes ilk 
troiiper at 18s per diem. 

Item Collonell Campbelles troup coui- 
sisting of fyftie ihorse under command of 
Lewtennent James Ramsay were quarter- 
ed within the said touine the men upon 
frie quarteres for the space of 88 dayes 
ilk man at 9s per diem. 

Item thair wes quartered within the 
said toune befoir and efter the battell of 
Aulderne four troupes of Genall Major 
Hurries horse consisting of tua hundi-etli 
horse for nyne dayes ilk trouper at 18s 
per diem. 

Item thair wes quartered within the 
said toune for ane stron thing of the gari- 
eone befoir the sanien was beseidged be 
the enimie sextenne horse with thair 
ryders of the name of Fraser fra the 29 
of Appryle to the 9 of May being sevin- 
teine dayes ilk man for meat onlie to him- 
self at 9s per diem. 

Item thair was quartered within the 
said toune upon frie quarteres aucht 
sroir men of the name of Fraser that 
cam in for streuthening the garisone be- 
foir the seig ilk man at 8s per diem for 
the space of 12 dayes. 

Item thair was left in the said toune 
efter the seidge was raised thrde sooir of 
horse belomgeing to Genii Major Midle- 

More Culloden Papers. 73 

tonnes army under commaind of Captaaiie 
Cragingilt being quartered thair upone 
frie quarters fra the fourteine day of May 
last to the 22 day of June thairefter ilk 
trouper at 19s per diem for his intertain- 

Suinma of the quarteringes of the 
horse and foot abovewritten extendes to 
viiiM viiiC iiiiXX xix lib viiis [8899 8s.] 

Item the saides Magistrates did de- 
pone and declaire that by the ocoasione 
of the passadges and slopes maid throche 
the dykes of the yairds belonging to the 
inhabitantes of the said towne pairtlie 
for access to the works and fortificationes 
round about the towne and pairtlie by 
the insolencie of the souldieres of the 
garisone, thair haill yairdes ar castin ley 
and randered unprofitable thir tua 
oropes and yeires bygane to witt 1645 and 
1646 instant not so much as scaircly aue 
yaird labored in all the towne, the loss 
and prejudice susteined thairby be the in- 
habitants of the said brughe as the 
samen was estimat and comprysed to for 
the saids tua cropce be the estimatione 
of honest and famous witnesses under- 
written exteudes to ixM iiO iiiXX xixlib 
[9279] conforme to the particular up- 
giveing of everie particular rood qlks 
was sulaciontlie verified and provin be 
Robert Ros burges of the said brut 
Wm. Ros burges ther Jon Stewart bur- 
gee ther Wm. Tulloch Thomas Waus 
James Cuthbert elder Andro Mcbeane 
and Findley Duff iburgesisi of the said 
brut qulia wore sworne aaid examinetl 
thorin did depone and doclair thair- 

Extending the loisses sustained be the 
inhabitantes of the said brut throcho the 
waisting of the eaides landes to the 
sowme of ixM iiO iiiXX xix lib [0279]. 


74 More Culloden Papers. 

The saides Magistrates being interrogat 
and examined be the said commission- 
erers annent thair uther Gufferinges 
underwritten did depone and declaire in 
bchalff of the said tovvne that whow for 
the bettor fortifieing and manteining of 
the said towne and garrisone from the 
invasione of the oommone enimie quha 
still aimed at the gainoing thcrof Thes 
upon thair awin chairges and expenses 
did build and 'mak up the several 1 workes 
following viz. Time staine ports the ex- 
penses thairof as tho samen hes beine 
estimat and comprysed be the measones 
underwritten extendes to the sowme of iM 
[1000] lib. Item thrie timber portes 
vrithin the said staine" portea with draw 
bridges iron chaines bands lockes dores 
and slottes with uthor neccssars belong- 
ing thairto the expenses thairof as the 
Kinnen was estimat be the craftcsmen 
undernamed extends to iiiO libs [300]. 
Item the said towne caused build ten 
severall gaird houses for the use of the 
soldiers upon der/tie the expenses thair- 
of s the samcn was estimat be tho said 
craftsmen extends to viO libs [600]. 
Item the said towne buildeof and put up 
upone thair chairges ton severall 
breaches in the worke and fortificationes 
about the towne qlk fell in tyme of the 
spring and winter last qlk aucht to be 
due be the heretors of the cuntrey, the 
expenses waired upone each brcatche be- 
ing estimate 'be the said craftsmen to 20 
lib Inde ii lib [200]. Item the saids 
magistrates gives up quhair the said 
towne upon thair proper chairges and 
expenses caused pillasad with timber iron 
and uther ingynes all the breas and 
strait pascages about the towne wher 
stane nor earth culd stand with ane 
great bounds upone the water syde and 
common vennalls passing to the said water 
the expenses thairof as the samen hes 
beine estimat & comprysed be the crafts- 

More Culloden Papers. 75 

men after spect extends to viC iiiXX vi 
libs xiiio 4d [666 13s 4dj. Item the 
eaidcs magistrates gives up that whow 
in the tyinc of the hard winter last and 
befoir the brut was straitly beseidged 
they built up upone their chairges 
with earth spares dailies and uther 
necessara sevin batteries for cannon, the 
expenses waired thairon as the samen was 
estimat and comprysed be the saids crafts- 
men extends to the sowme of viC iiiXX 
vi liba xiiis 4d [666 13s 4d.] 

Item the saids Magistrates gives up 
that whow for the building and puting 
up of the works aibout the toune thair 
haill linckea greines and common pas- 
tures with thair chappell yairdsi qlk was 
the onlie pasture which served the oom- 
montie of the said toune waa all cut amd 
tired the prejudice and skaith susteined 
thairby as the samen was estimat & oom- 
prysed extends to iM iiiO xxxiii libs vis 
8d [1333 6s 8d] 

Item the .saids Magistrateis giveis ;ulp 
that whow in the tyme of strait and 
neoessetie of fyre And for makeing of 
chaiftes to morneing starres [shafts to 
the irom spiked bludgeons used against 
besiegers] thair was out within the kirke 
& chappell yairds fyftie great aiscihe tries 
ilk trio estimat & comprysed be the saids 
craftsmen to liiis 4d Inde iO xxxiii lib via 
8d [133 6s 8d.]. 

Item the saids Magistrates gives up 
that whow thair was fyftie auoht ouple 
of aike of the Gray Frieres Kirk & chap- 
pell yaird takin doune be order of the 
governor and officials of the garisone the 
timber being tackin away and sold and 
brunt be the soukliers ilk ouple estimat 
be the satid.s craftsmen to XX libs. Inde 
;M iC iiiXX lib [1160] 

76 More Culloden Papers. 

Item the said Magistrates gives up 
that qr by makeing of thair tolbuith the 
maine gaird the said hous is altogether 
defaced and abused all the barres bun- 
cares saillerimg and windows of the utter 
house being cut doune brunt and des- 
troyed and the jeastes lockes buncartes 
and saillereimg of the inner hous called 
the Cunsell Hous feeing lykewayes out 
doune and destroyed so that nothing re- 
maines except the ruiff and beare walls, 
the loss and prejudice thadrof as the 
samen wes comprysed be the saids crafts- 
men extends to viC iiiXX vi libs xiiis 4d 
[666 13.s 4d] 

Item the eaids Magistrates gives up 
that whow at the tyme of strait and 
necessitie the timber of thair He wes cut 
to be fyre wood. The ekaithe susteined 
thairby is estimat and comprysed to be 
the saids craftsmen to viC iiiXX vi libs 
xiiia 4d [666 13s 4d] 

Item the saides Magistrates declaired 
that whow the toune caused make for 
the use of the garisone vO morneing 
starres. The workmanship timber and 
irone therof is oomprysed and estimat be 
the saids craftsmen to vC libs [500] 

Item the saids Magistrates gives up 
that whow in the tyme of the seidge ane 
third part of thair bridge was burnt be 
the- enimie ane other pairt therof 'being 
cut be order of the governor for the bet- 
ter eaiftie and preservationne of the gari- 
>sone. The loss and prejudice sueteined 
be both is estimat and comprysed to the 
sowine of viC iiiXX vi libs 13s 4d 
[666 13s 4d] 

Qlks particular loiases above wreit as 
the samen ar givin up be the saids 
Magistrates in maner above writtin was 
sumcientlie veriefied and provin be the 

More Culloden Papers. 77 wrichtes & craftsmen under- 
writtin viz George Dunbar mr measono 
and burges of the said brut Walter Ros 
measone thair Jon Shand wricht ther 
Jon Grigor wrioht ther Allexr Cockburne 
wricht ther Allexr McOlachar and Walter 
Thayne workmen ther quha wes suorne 
and examined tiha-irin and did depon and 
declair thairainment Lykeas thairefter 
the said Magistrates gave thair awin 
aithes su,ppliment of the said probatione 
Extending the saids oommone ]ois,ses 
abovewrittim sustained be the said toune 
in communi to the sowme of viiiM vO 
iiiXX lib. ixs vid[8560 9s 6d but the 
total would aippeair to be 8560 exactly. 
In order, however, to get the grand total 
as given at the end this figure should be 
8560 8s 8d.] 

And sicklyke the saides Magistrates be- 
ing interrogat and examined annent the 
particulares under writtin did depone and 
deokire that whow the toune in supplie- 
ing the dommissers desire did furnishe 
colls for the committie ;[of the shires] 
gairds fra the first of November 1644 to 
the first of Febr thairefter and candles to 
the saids gairds thir tua monethes 'bypast 
the expenses thairof as the samen was 
given up be the tounes thesaurars ex- 
tends to iM libs [1000] 

Item tEte saids Magistrates gives up 
and declaires whow that continewellie 
since the imcomieing of the garisone sol- 
diers thair toune they have beine at all 
O'Ccasionnes imployed be the governor of 
the garisone and lykewayes be the com- 
mittie of the schyres to send postes and 
lettres to severall corneres of the cuntrey 
for such occasiones as seemed good to 
thame and was found conduceiaible for 
the good cause wherannent they \ves 
not deficient, the aooompt therof gevin 
up be the tounes thesaurares extends 
to iiiC xxxiii Ubs vis viiid [333 6s 8d] 

78 More Culloden Papers. 

distending the said tua last articles to 
the sowme of iM iiiC xxxiii libs vis 
yiiid [1333 6e 8dJ. 

iSumma of the towne of invernes thair 
loisaes in communi as the samen was 
given up be the saides magistrates ex- 
tends to the sowme of xxviiiM iiiXX 
xii libs iiis iiiid [28,072 3s 4d]. 

Summa of the haill loisses gven up 
bo the towne of Invernea & inhabitantes 
of the same and territorie thairof sus- 
teined be thame in forme and maner as 
13 conteined and sett downe in this pre- 
sent report extendes to the sowme of 
iiiiXX xiiiM ixO lixlibs xvs [93,959 15s]. 

Follows the certificate and signatures of 
the quorum. 


The year 1647 opened without any- 
thing of importance having been done- 
to relieve the sufferings of Inverness ; 
indeed, the town was asked to pay 
more, mention being made of "the ex- 
traordineir burding whilk was last layed 
on us at Peirth by augmenting the 
taxt-roll on a fyft pairt more." This 
is stated in a letter (undated), signed 
by J. Forbes as Provost and the Town 
Council, covering a supplication of Janu- 
ary 1647 to the Convention of Burghs. 
In this last document reference was made 
to the fact of "how lytill satiefactioune we 
have resavit aither towards the repainngo 
of our losses or remboursment of the great 
sowmes of money and other necessars (far 
beyond our strenth) lent to the gan- 
sone," as also to " the burneing of a 
large third pairt of the towne, the burne- 
ing and wasteing of our haill borrow 
landea aoid downe throweing of our cruives 
and water waxkes unto the deatructioune 
of our fishings." They also complained 
of the decay of their trade "by restrent of 

More Culloden Papers. 79 

the hielanders, quhioh is incurable dure- 
ing the aboad of the garieone amonge us, 
and yit found so expedient. . . . for 
the better setling the peace of that pairt 
of the kingdome, as thei can not be re- 
moved yet, thoch the towne sould perish." 
This reference to trade with the High- 
danders is interesting, and the letters 
which follow show how severely the town 
was hit by the behaviour of the garrison, 
which caused the "Highlanders" that is 
the inhabitants of the remoter inland dis- 
tricts to resort to other places to buy 
and sell. The supplication further esti- 
mates the losses of Inverness at a sum ex- 
ceeding six score thousand pounds scots, 
and their disbursements at 22,000 pounds 
scots. Relief was earnestly sought 
"without quicih favor, ere long we are con- 
fident you shall have no town their to 
tax." The document is endorsed (12 
January 1647) to the effect that the 
Burghs concurred with the commis- 
sioner of Inverness (John Forbes) " for 
obtening from the estaittes of parlia- 
ment what ease lawfullie can be granted," 
and referred the supplication to the gene- 
ral convention to be held in July. In 
the meanwhile the agent was not to press 
for arrears. 

A letter of 14th January to John For- 
bes, signed by three of the bailies, is suffi- 
ciently explained by the endorsement 
"letter asserting their constant adherence 
to the good cause and giving me rn- 
couradgement to doe them all the good I 

The next letter is more interesting. It 
is dated 9th February 1647, and endorsed 
"Lettre desiring me to complean to the 
Estates upon the abusses of the garisona, 
hot refusing to send me a releiff." 

Concerning the garrison: 

You sail knowe that our towne is in as 
evill ane caice as quhen the enemie lay 

80 More Culloden Papers. 

about the towiie. The leuetennent 
oollonell lies caused beat ane bank, dis- 
charging all Lochabber men, Mackdonald 
his men., Glengarrie hie men, Mackloy 
[?Macleod] his men, and the Capitane 
of Olanranald his men, to cum to Inuer- 
nes, and hee takin sewarills of them 
baith witliin the towne and without the 
towne, and hes takin goodes, to wit, 
acquawyttie, horses and money from 
them, and aJl they have. We can not 
tell by quha order this is done, but ther 
is no man darre cum to trade with us 
at all, and efter they had bought wares 
within the towne, such as pottes and 
pannes, all was taken away from them, 
and lykwayes they have takin ane 
Thomas Monro, burges of our towne, his 
sone at Bewlie, and hee takin all he had, 
acquawyttie, horses and money and all 
he had, being ane chapman, notwith- 
standing he had Sir James Fraser his 
passe. You sail be pleased to regraite 
the aamen to the estaitos, that the tsumo 
may be speedilie remeaded ; utherwayes 
wee can not have no being. Sir, you 
sail regraite also concerning the so- 
jours, quha hes takin the whole trade 
away from our townis men, and eayes 
they are as free to trade in the towne 
as Prowest and baillies are. Ther is no 
sort of handling within the towne but 
they trade therwith. Wee desyre you 
to regrate this to the estaites; give this 
be not helped the poore peopill of the 
towne can inoti subsist; and g&ve, in 
oaice that ye can not get this helped, 
let them be subject to us as challengers 
in the towne, and purchase ane warrand 
for that effect to be sent to the loveten- 
nent collonell; notwithstanding Sir 
James Fraser hea undergone tuo thou- 
sand bolles off victual! for the garisone, 
they are not lyik to get ane thousand 
bollee theroff, and be all appeirance they 

More Culloden Papers. 81 

will be scant schortlie, and wee heare 
they will puit at us as they halve done 
befoir. We desyre that this may be 
prewented speedilie. Wee houpe, Sir, 
yow halve gottin some order off Ghan- 
norie, quha hes the greatest trade in the 
north. Give this be not helped our 
towne can not stand. We doubt not 
but yo<u win be oairfull heiroff . 

The only other part of the letter, which 
is of interest, concerns the excise : 

Wee heare be report that the excise 
is to be uplifted againe ; theirfoir seing 
wee are fardest interest, wee desyre you 
that you waJd preajss for the excise of 
all the borrowes within the sohyre, with 
anie uther benefite, you cam have. 

Actually a letter had been despatched 
from Edinburgh, dated 3 1st January 1647, 
to the Committee of War for the Sheriff- 
dom of Inverness, stating that John "For- 
bes had been granted a tack of the excise 
of the 'Sheriff doms of Inverness and 
Cromarty, and requesting that assistance 
be given to (bim. 

At the end of February 1647 " the 
Committee (including Brodie of Brodie) 
appoynted for hearing and resaving 
the towne of Invernes aocompts and de- 
bursements" met and found there was 
owing to the town, sufficiently vouched for, 
the sum of 12,846 scots, besides their 
losses and quarterings. They had now a 
new governor, Colonel Robert Home, to 
whom was granted a warrant to collect the 
rents "of all such persones within the 
schirrefdom of Invernes as are in actual! 
rebellioun," because " thair rents ar up- 
lifted be thameselffes or others to thair be- 
hoves to the great prejudice of the pub- 

The following letter, recommending Col- 
onel Home, is of interest only as having 

82 More Ctdloden Papers. 

been written by Lieutenant-GeneraJ David 
Leslie, the victor of P'hiliphaugh, after- 
wards Lord Newark : 

For My Much respectit frend The Pro- 
vost of Invernes with the Bailziee and 
Oomoun Counoell of the samen These. 

Sir, The Comittee of estates having 
a/pointed Colonell Home by ther Act to 
continow Governor of your Toun I sail 
not neid to use many words in desyring 
yow to give obedience therunto and that 
ye sould be in what ye can his friend 
and to correspond as becometh the go- 
vernor of ane toun, and the man having 
your place. Which ye will efter sight 
heirof communicat to your fellow cit- 
zens and in doing heirof ye sail obliclge 
me to remaine as I am. Your loving 
friend and servant, 

David Leslie. 

Dumblane, 20 of May 1647. 

Remember my love to your father 
mother and waiff. 

Whatever may have been the merits of 
the governor, Inverness continued in a sad 
state, as witness the following letter of 5th 
July 1647: 

Richt honorabill Sir, We receaved 
your last lettre of dait the 21 December 
last, quhairin we perceave that at that 
tyme ye haid not much to wreit con- 
cerneing the townes affaires, but such as 
ye wreit befoir with Jon Skinnar. We 
are still longeing for good newes from 
yow annent quhat we may expect for 
our bygane advancementes and loisses, 
not doubting your coir bot ye ar als 
vigilant in pressing that as any can be. 
And now quhat to aduerteis yow of we 
know not quhair to begin, for our daylie 
cresses er sua many, which we susteine 
throche this overburdining garisone, 
that almost annent suffer inges wee ar 
turned sensles, which hath moved many 

More Culloden Papers. 83 

alsmost to be in despair, and now reddie 
to leave the towne, and that sua much 
the rather as all tred and handleing heir 
is utterlie undone and decayed. Sua 
that this towne ia randered to no better 
caise, than ane Clachane towne, all the 
strangers and nichboree about us now 
haveing thair resort to Channorie, Ding- 
uall and uther places neir us, quha now 
injoyes the haill tred which we [were] 
wont to have. Quhairfoir we earnestlie 
intreat yow, als oftin as ye can find op- 
portunities, to represent our stait and 
conditioune to the estaites, and that 
with all tho power ye can pleade, for ane 
removall of the garisone, quhairwith we 
are so heavielie straited. And if this be 
denyed, we all will be constrained to 
leave this place and mak shift for ane 
uther, quhair we may live. And albeit 
thair former discours be grivous to us, 
and nawayes pleasant to yow, yit, to 
agravat our miserie the more, we ar in- 
formed that our minister, Mr Jon An- 
nand, is licklie to be transplanted from 
us, which makes us to bethinke that we 
ar licklie, if God (prevent us not, to be 
ruined. Thairfoir we desyre you 
earnestlie that if thair be any things of 
this kynd moved thair, that in our 
names ye oppose the samen with all the 
pith and moyan yow can ; for if any 
place in the Kingdome stand in neid of 
ane good and able man, thair is no place 
that stands more in neid of him than 
this poore towne, for many reasons which 
ar weill knowin to your selff. We ar 
confident that we neid not spend much 
tyme with yow for stopiug of this mo- 
tione, be reasone that we ar all 6ua 
neirlie intrested in it, therfoir remites 
the cair of the busines to your owin con- 
sideratioune, and we ar certainelie as- 
suired that Mr Jon will not doe us that 
mischeiff. We az-e certaine that ye can 
not bot shortlie com skarce of money 

84 More Culloden Papers. 

which can not be sent, albeit we haid 
aneughe of it, be reasone of the Gor- 
dones thair lait insurrectioune, quha ar 
now in the feildes, als numerous as at 
first. Alway, Sir, we know that ye 
esteime us .good debtores, and will not 
want moneys upone your owin credit. 
Thus assureing our selves that ye will 
not onlie prove cairfull in the pre- 
misses, bot also in all other thinges for- 
marlie recommended to yow, wischeing 
ane happie succes to all your indevoures. 
We remaine, your loveing friendes and 

Johne Polsone, baillie; A. Dun- 
bar, baillie; Gilbert Robert- 
eon, baillie; R. Patersone, 
ounseller; James Dunbar, cun- 
seller ; R. Rose, cunsaller ; 
Alexr. Grant, cunseller; Jo. 
Robertsone, counsellor; Al. 
Cuthbert, conseller. 

Invernes, 5 July 1647, 

Iff ye think that thair is few subecrip- 
tiounes at the suplioatioune sent to yow 
last ye may put to als many names as 
yow please. 

The above is addressed : For the Richt 
Honorabill Jon Forbes fiar of Oullodin, 
Pro vest of Invernes, Thees. 

It is endorsed: 5 July 1647. Lettre 
complaining of their miserable conditoune, 
be reasone of the gari&one, and sEewing 
they ar readdie to leive the towne, be- 
cause turned to a Clachan, and com- 
plaining that Ohanonrie and I>inguall 
injoyes the haill tredj thairfoir to plead 
for removal! of the garisone, and for 
money to tak it upon my own crydit, for 
they can send none for fear of the Gor- 

It is to be observed that the endorse- 
ment makes no refsrence to the prospec- 
tive lose of the Reverend John Annand, 

More Culloden Papers. 85 

minister of the first charge of Inverness. 
It may be noted that his wife and the mo- 
ther of John Forbes were both of the 
family of Forbes of Oorsindae. Mr Ann- 
and, however, was not transplanted, whe- 
ther owing to the protest of the Council 
or not we have no means of knowing, and 
h,j remained the much esteemed minister 
of Inverness for many years longer. 

One more letter of this year may be 
given. It has no date, but is addressed 
"To his sone Jhone Forbes," and endorsed 
"Cullodin to his sone, 1647." A post- 
script, which seems to refer to some law 
suit, has been omitted. It ends with a re- 
quest for "tua pair of specktaklis." 

Sone, I resavit your letter, hes red 
and oonsiderit the same, and, seing it 
apeirs thair salbe no repairing of loisses 
to mame quhat sail I anther think or 
wreit; bot as I haiff sufferit with honest 
men in ane guid caus, so I am content 
to remain ane loisser with honest men, 
till we oJl supplicat him for quhom we 
haive sufferit, quha is abill and at his 
appoytntit tym will mak up all our 
loisses. So, seing ye can do no guid by 
your stay thair, haist yow hame. I rest 
your father, 

D. Forbes. 


The Parliament met at Edinburgh ou 
2nd March 1648, and John Forbes again 
represented the Burgh of Inverness ; 
though the Council had received (by 3rd 
April) "several letters from you pressing 
a relief." There is little else in this one, 
which is endorsed, "Lettre complimenting 
me to continew ther commissioner, and 
not to wearye, with many intreattys not 
to tak it in ill part, etc." 

A more inspiriting epistle was received 
from the Reverend John Annand, dated 
llth April 1648. 

86 More Culloden Papers. 

Much honored, I receawit yours and 
thanks you heartlie for your cair. I 
honored and loved you befor, hot now 
much moir, finding ye have stood be the 
cawse in extremitie. It is my joy, and 
this towne may acknowledg it if thei be 
happie, bot quhatever men doe I am 
confident God will reward yow. Sir, goe 
on as it becomes a good covenanter, and 
God will reward yow; fear not, for the 
work is lead on be a mightie hand, and 
sail be perfyted against all human power 
and policie. For my part ye sail have 
the continewall prayers of a puir Min- 
ister, evin of one quho in experience 
knowes the way to happines is to be frie 
and faithfull. Sir, blessed be God, 
yowers ar weill. A ehyp from France 
with salt and ten tun of wyne yester- 
night arryved, and your wyfe cairfull 
how to have thinges saiflie reoeaiwit. 

I have sent this other letter to Mr 
Andrew Kar, with a paper inclosed, 
showing some difficulties anent the setl- 
ing of the Irish charge. Since your 
waygoing the session and I ar setled 
anent the nomination of the men ar 
listed, Mr George Grey, Mr Lawghlan 
Grant, and Mr David Macphersone, and 
the nomination of the man layed on me ; 
bot the difficultie is heir that no man 
will enter until he be secured, that after 
my death or transplantation he be one 
of the ministers equall in charge, Inglish 
and Irish, and stipend ; the way of 
en trie is to be advysed with the commis- 
sion of the Kirk, as ye may perceave be 
the paper, sent herwith to be delyvered 
to Mr Andrew Kar, for that effect, 
quhich I intreat, Sir, ye wil present and 
obtaine the answer. Bot first advyse 
with the Moderator, Mr Robert Dow- 
glase, my worthie friend at quhois 
handes excuse me that I -wreitt not to 
him, as knolwing he is takin up with 

More Culloden Papers. 87 

weightie affaires. The paper advysedlie 
read will more informe yow then I can 
be letter. Sir, I hope ye will think on 
this. Remember, I pray yow, my 
deirest respectes to the prowest of 
Elgin. He is werie deir to me for his 
manifesting his loyaltie at such a tyme. 
The Lord strenthen all yow to waitt for 
the haippie ewent. Suirlie the Lordis 
comeing sail and will confound adver- 
saries. Sir, the Lord be with you. 
Yours, in all due respect, 

J. Annand. 
Invernes, April 11, 1648. 

On 27th April the Town Council again 
wrote, and the endorsement reads "Let- 
tre in answer to a lettre of myne, desyring 
a relieff, -where in they cap up my many 
good services, bot find me no reMeff, with 
somewhat anent the excyse." As a matter 
of fact, the Council did write that day to 
Alexander Dunbar, merchant burgess of 
Inverness (suggested by Forbes himself) asic- 
ing him to relieve the provost "for a 
certane spa/oe." His name does not, 
however, appear in the official return, For- 
bes being shown as member for Inverness 
in the parliament, the first session of which 
sat at Edinburgh 2nd March to 10th June 
1648. It seems, however, from a note ad- 
dressed to him from Edinburgh 16th May 
and by the following dated 8th June, that 
he had by that time returned to the north. 

Much honoured, By my last I directed 
to you such printed papers as war come 
furth at that tyme, quhilks I delyvered 
to Alexander Leslie, and quhilks I am 
confident ar oome to your hands. Since 
then leveyes ar goeing bussily on heir 
without interruption, and I beleve omce 
the nixt iweik sail have ordors to march 
towards the borders. Your garisone of 
Invernes is ordaned this day to remove, 
and I beleiv order sail be sent very schort- 
ly with the laird of Innes for that end. 

88 More Culloden Papers. 

The Parliament is to ryse upone Setterday, 
a'lid ion Monday I expect James taks jor- 
ney. The FJarle of Murray is named 
governour, and Home under him, of your 
town, and is to put in 200 men of his 
regiment in place of the garisone. Thair 
is a >new declaratioun oomeing forth be 
the Parliament. It was given yester- 
nicht to the Commissioun of the Kirk to 
be advysed with be thame. And they ar 
to returne amswer therto against the mor- 
row. So soon as it is approvin and printed 
I sail send you some coppies thaarof, and 
the Kirk's sense of it. We have no newes 
this weik from Ingland, in regard the 
packett is not come hither, only it is re- 
ported in generall that the King's bus- 
sines sail be wrought before we goe in, 
and so have littell to doe. These parties 
both in the south and morth for the King 
prevaill dailie, ami snndrio srhips of the 
navy have declaried thameselves for him. 
I sail Tvrytt to vow at more lenth by the 
nixt. This is all for the present can be 
sayed be. Your servand 

Ja. Dunlope. 
Edinburgh, 8 June 1648. 

This (1648) was the year of the " En- 
gagement" by which Charles I. was to re- 
ceive help from Scotland by an invasion 
of England in return for establishing 
Presbyter ianism in England for three 
years. War wae in the air, and it is of 
some interest to recall the names of "ane 
committie of v/arre of the schyir of Inuer- 
nes haoildin at the Muir. of Urray within 
the said schyir upon the llth day of July 
1648." They were "Sir Thomas Urqu- 
hart of Cromertie, Mr Allexander Mac- 
kenzie of Oidcowie, Rorie Mackenzie of 
Reidcastell, John Munro of Lemlair, Hew 
Fraser of Foyir, Neill Munro of Findone, 
John Fraser of Clinvakie [Clunvackie], 
Robert Innee of Roskeine, Hector Dou- 
glas of Balconie, John Cuthbert of Caste]- 

More Culloden Papers. 89 

hill, Robert Gray of Arkbell [Arboll], and 
Duncan Bayne of Kilmuir." 

The subject of the meeting was a peti- 
tion from Bailie Alexander Dunbar, as re- 
presenting the Provost, Bailies, and Coun- 
cil of Inverness, to reduce the number of 
men of their quota, to which, the Commit- 
tee listened with sympathy, and gave 
orders that "the aucht man allanerlie" 
should be required. 

The last document of interest in 1648 is 
dated from Edinburgh 4th November, and 
is an order signed by J. Denham to John 
Forbes to ipay to 

"Captain Dugall McFarsone for the gar- 
risone of Buthven three hundreth sixti- 
six pounds threttin shillings four penis 
for the intertimment of himself as cap- 
tan at 66 13s 4d per mensem, and 18 
for a sergeant, with 12 for a corporal! 
and thretti common soldiers at 6s per 
diem . . . his monthly pay is to 
begine upon the first of November in- 
stant, and so furder monthly ilk first daly 
of each month till furder order." 
Dougal Macpherson is of some interest 
because "he was probably the only Mac- 
pherson of any note who had acted against 
the King." He held Buthven for the 
Covenanters. (iSee "The Mackintoshes and 
Olan Chattan," 263 note). 

The following somewhat obscure letter 
concerning him belongs to the previous 
year (1647). It is undoubtedly from Mac- 
kenzie of Pluscardine, presumably Thomas, 
though the initial is unreadable. Ewen 
Macpherson of Cluny had married a 
daughter of Duncan Forbes, first of Cul- 

For my honorable and most affectionat 
freind Johne Forbes of Cullodin 


Honorabill and most affectionat friend, 
my best respecks intow your selff and bed- 
fellowe. By thes I dow give you thankes 


90 More CuUoden Papers. 

for delivering my letter to Dngall Mc- 
phersonne. It semis by this retume of 
your brother in law, Ewein Mcphersone 
off Clunie is the only man who detens 
my goods from me, and BO desyred me 
to wreitt to him, quhilk I have doune, 
togither with my adwyce to him as a 
i'reind. Quhilk letter be pleised to re- 
ceive herin inclosed. And herafter let 
me earnestly intreat you tow dispatche 
to him. Pardone me for iputingj yow to 
this peins. I perceive that Dugall's 
only aime is to ingage Ewein in his in- 
terest, quhilk I wishe Ewein to adwert 
tow, lest he find prejudice. 1 beseche 
yow to heastin the letter to him, in doing 
wheroff yow will oblidge him who is in 
the old maner 

Your most affectionat frend to serve 

McKenzie of Pluscarden. 

Edinburgh 6 August 1647. 

As tuching the bergan I beleiv my 
brother will be at the meeting. If anie 
shall be cum ther yow shall receiv con- 

TO MAY 1649. 

Immediately after the execution of 
Charles I. (30th January 1049), Charles II. 
was proclaimed King, with the qualifica- 
tion that before he was admitted to the 
exercise of the royal power he should under- 
take to observe the National Covenant and 
tlio Solemn League and Covenant. Inver- 
ness was not slow in showing, in a letter 
to the Estates dated 9th February, its "real 
affectiounes and obliged dewtie to the 
present high (Court of Parliament" 
( <: Oulloden Papers," VH.), at the same 
timo declaring " we cannot but signifie to 

More Culloden Papers. 91 

your LI that we heire as the kingdome is 
intendit to be invadit be forraiueire. So 
this poor towne is speeiallie aimed at," and 
expressing a desire for "coall, victuall, and 
other furniture," without which "it will 
be impossible to mainteine the place against 
ony enimie." The covering letter to John 
Forbes, still their Provost and member, 
deals more intimately with these matters. 

Endorsed: 10 Feb. 1649 Lettre 
accompanying the towne lottre to the 


For the Rich I honorabill The Pro vest 
of Inverness, presentlie at Edinburgh 

Richt honorabill 

We receavit youris from Jon Skinnar 
and lies considdorit the samen at lenth. 
Efter consideratioune ajod advyse taikin 
with Master Jon Annand we have 
dravvin up this uther lettre to the Parlia- 
ment with sum iustructiounes thair\vit. l i 
to be represeutit by yow, which will in- 
forme yow particularlie of all we have to 
eay for the tyme, and it is so weill 
knawin to yow, our present wants and 
oonditiouno \vo ar in, that wo neid not, 
trouble yow much heir with repetitiounes. 
So at this tyme it is our earnest desyre 
that the lettre and the anstiuctiounts 
be secounded by yow and ane answer 
returned. And with all thats now sint 
ye know the sotildiers ar to be eaiterit in 
towue, and will be in befoir this com to 
your handes. That ye pres Sir James 
Avith the randering oath of that wreit 
lyis so long over our heaclcs. For wo 
will not ly longer under the da/nger 
quhat ever come or goe. And if it b 
not returned we will protest to be frie cf 
the danger for our awin excusatiouno. And 
as for putting more men heir, it is trew, 
we will not eay bot ther is neid of mo 
men and better, bot God knowes whow 

92 More Culloden Paper*. 

inable we ar to doe therin that dewtie 
will be requierit of us, which we leave to 
your awin selff to consider, as knowing 
your interest to be als great als ouris. 
For if thair be not fyre and wictualles 
tymeouslie provyeit, and meanes grantit 
for strenthning the toune it is a foillie 
to thinke we ar able to doe much good, 
let men project quhat they pleis. Thus 
refering the premisses to your serious 
oair, waiting your aaoswer and advyse we 

Youre loving niohbores 

Robert Bailye, baillie 

B. Rose, baillie. 

J. Dunbar, baillie. 

Al. Cuthbert, baillie. 

Invernes 10 Febr. 1649 

A very illegible postscript seems to be as 
follows : 

Sir, ye know that befoir ye w^ent from 
this that we wer chairgit be Allexamler 
Barber and Mr Robert Ferqr. to take 
[Lachlan Mackintosh of] borlum with 
captioun for 1m merks. George Gra- 
hame for v hundred merks and hes givin 
executiouneaagainesus. Quhairfoir, Sir, 
we think it necissar to preveine our 
skaith that the chairg be suspendit for 
sio reasones as ye saJl informe, and let 
your lettres 'be raisit upone the tooines 
cihairges, sine ye ar hauldin out of the 
chairge, we ar confident ye will be suirtie 
for us. 

Sir, CHus the post delyver this 
lettre to Jon Nicoll my maister. 

D. Cuthbert. 


The foreaoioiig letters are valuable, aa 
tliey show that as early as 9th Fiebrnairy 
1649 there were apprehensions of trouble 
in the North, a fact whioh has not hitherto 
been realised. On 23rd January 1649 the 

More Cuiloden Papers. 93 

famous "Act of Classes" had been passed 
by the Scottish Parliament, and this it was 
which occasioned the unrest which excited 
the fears of the bailies of Inverness. (jSee 
letter from Pluscardine and his associates 
in "General Assembly Commission Records," 
published by the Scottish History Society, 
Vol. II., 249.) These fears were very 
speedily justified, for on 22nd February 
1649 Inverness was attacked and captured, 
and the garrison expelled by a force led by 
Seafoirth's brother, Mackenzie of Pluscar- 
dine, who was assisted by Sir Thomas 
Urquhart of Cromarty, Hugh Fraser of 
B-elladrum, John Outhbert of GastldhiH, 
Mackenzie of Davocihmal'uag, Mackenzie of 
Gairloch, Mackenzie of Redcaistle, Johpi 
Munro of Lemlair, Fraser of Craighouse. 
and Mackenzie of Suddie. Inverness re- 
mained in the hands of the insurgents for 
about a month, but the rising did not make 
much headway. Inverness, however, suf- 
fered heavily. The insurgents decided 
that it waiS expedient for their own safety 
that the fortifications of the town should 
be destroyed and levelled with the ground, 
and they compelled thte inhabitants of the 
town and surrounding district to carry out 
the work of demolition. They also endea- 
voured to collect the Customs and Excise 
of the six northern counties, and ordained 
that the tenants of Sir James Fraser of 
Brea, in the parishes of Oromarty and Cul- 
licudden should put "in a posture of de- 
fence '' thte house of Sir Thomas Urquhart 
of Cromarty. News of the rising reached 
Edinburgh by 28"th February and on 2nd 
March Pluscardine and his associates were 
proclaimed rebels and traitors as "wicked 
and malignant persons intending so far as 
in them lies, for their own 1>ase end, to 
lay the foundation of a new bloody and un- 
natural war within the bowels of this thieir 
native country." Steps were taken at the 
same time to suppress the rising, 

94 More Culloden Papers. 

David Leslie being sent north for the pur- 
pose. On his approach the rebels aban- 
doned Inverness and retired into the 
mountains of Ross. Leslie advanced ais 
far as Fortrose, garrisoned the Castle cf 
Ghanonry, and made terms with most of 
the rebels, Plusoardine and the Mackeu- 
zies alone standing out. 

Early in April, while still at Fortrose, 
Leslie heard that General Middleton ami 
Lord Ogilvy were raising the men of ( 
Athole. He immediately hurried south, 
leaving a garrison in the Castle of Ghan- 
onry, and leaving also ai small force in 
Moray, under Colonel Gilbert Ker and 
Lieut. -Colonels Robert Hackett and Archi- 
bald Strachan, to deal with Pluscauliuc 
should he take the field again. His pre- 
cautions proved necessary. As soon as his 
back was turned Pluscardine attacked and 
captured Chaittonry, and on Sunday, 22nd 
April, again seized Inverness, which, ap- 
parently, was at the moment ungarrisoned, 
probably owing to the destruction of its 
fortifications. Plusoaiidine had been join- 
ed by his nephew, Lord Reay, with 300 
men, the&el and the Maokenzies forming 
the bulk of his force, which amounted to 
over 1200. He wais also joined some time 
after the capture of Inverness by Middle- 
ton and Lord Ogilvy, who had befen sur- 
prised by Leslie and had fled north. 

The Wardlaw MS., describing the cap- 
ture of Inverness, says the rebels, coming 
some by Kessock and some by Bea/Uly, 
"crossed the bridge of Inverness upon the 
Lords day in time of divine service and 
allarmed the people of Inverness, impeding 
God's worship in that town for instead of 
bells to ring in to service I saw and heard 
no other than the noise of pipes, drums, 
pots pans, kettles, and spits in the streets, 
jto iprovidei th,em victuals in every 
and in their quarters. The rude rascality 
would eat no meat at their tables untill 

More Culloden Papers. 95 

the landlord laid down a shilling Scots 
argid cadging, chewing money, which 
every soldier got, BO insolent they were. 
And here, indeed, tbey failed of their con- 
duct by a rupture among themselves. 
Some were for giving the ordering of the 
battallions to Oollonell Hugh Eraser [of 
Belladrum], aoid the whiole 'command of 
the forces to him as an expert soldier; 
others give it to the Lord Ray and Cap- 
tain Thomas Mackenzie off Pluscaden, and 
this carried it by the major vote." Mon- 
day, about 10 of the clock, they marcht 
from Inverness, well appointed and fur- 
nished with ammunition, money, all man- 
ner of a,rms, provision in aboundance, 
nothing wanting that might incurrage men 
in a good cause." 

The rising was shortlived, however. 
Leaving Inverness on 23rd April, Flus- 
cardine marched towards Badenoch where, 
having been joined by Lord Lewis Gordon, 
who by the execution of his father was now 
Marquis of Huntly, he attacked ana 
captured Ruthven Castle. Leslie was ad- 
vancing to meet him, however, so 'he turned 
down iSpeyside and encamped at Balvenv 
Castle. Meantime Ker, Haekett, and 
Strachan, whom Leslie had left in Morav, 
had aiTived in Inverness, and on the night 
of Sunday 6th May, learned of the encamp- 
ment at Balveny. They had no news of 
Leslie, but, to quote from their subsequent 
letter to the Commission of the General 
Assembly, as "the enemy was making him- 
self strong in many severall quarters in the 
eountrie," they "conceived it better to 
suppresse nor to be suppressed," and 
straightway set out on a forced march in 
the hope of surprising the rebels. They 
were entirely successful. "We were no*/ 
above six score fighting horsemen and 
twelve musketeers. We had some more 
but they were wearied." And no wonder, 
for they had ridden from Inverness so 
rapidly that they reiached Balveny early 

96 More Culhdtn Papers. 

in the morning of Tuesday 8th May, "and 
there the Lord delivered them into our 

The Wardlaw MS. throws some light <m 
what happened. "Whilst unawarse, about 
morning light, ColloneJl Ker and Collonell 
Strachan, with but two troops of horse, 
surprised this great number, attackt them 
in their camp, trod them underfoot, with- 
out any manly resistance; 400 are killoi 
upon the spot, 1000 made captives, all dis- 
graced, the Lord Hay and 20 officers making 
no escape, no resistance, are taken 
prisoners, sent to the Castle of the Bogg. 
The crowd of captives, like oowes in a fodd, 
are kept in a little bottom, and a guard 
about them ; hard fate and misluck it may 
be called, a disastrous defeat, the ground 
being so advantagious for hedges and 
ditches that one hundred might dene five, 
yet in a trice basely baffled and taken al- 
most sleeping." The losses of the rebels 
were not, however, quite so heavy as the 
Wardlaw MS. states. "We have at this 
time about 800 prisoners," wrote Ker and 
his colleagues on the day following their 
victory, "betwixt 3 or 4 score killed, and 
two or three hundred fled. My Lord Bae 
and all the officers are, according to the 
capitulation, prisoners; the rest are to be 
conveyed to their oountrey, after we receive 
order from the ptiblick." As +o the 
victors, a later entry in the Assembly Com- 
mission Records notes that the victory had 
been won "without so much as one being 
killed on our side." 

How the prisoners, other than the officers, 
were ''conveyed to their country" is graphic- 
ally described in the Wardla/w MS. "Next 
there are 20 horse and 3 companies of foot 
ordered to convoy this captive army back 
ever Spey and through Murray to Inver- 
ness, wher I saw them pass through, and 
these men, who in their former march 
would hardly eat their meat without money, 
are now begging, and like dogs lap the 

More Culloden Papers. 97 

water which was brought them in tubs ana 
other vessels in the open streets. Thence 
conducted over the bridge of Ness, and 
dismissed every man armless and harmless 
to his own home. This is matter of fact 
which I saw and heard." 

The Wardlaw MS. adds: "This wofull 
defeat and disappointment in the North 
dispirited all others in the South and West 
who owned the King's quarrell." The 
Commission of the General Assemblv cer- 
tainly regarded it as a great deliverance 
from "the enemies of the peace ot this 
land," and ordained "a solemne day of 
thanksgiving, upon the 25th of this in- 
stant, for eo great a mercie." A further 
sidelight is supplied by the Wardlaw MS. 
which says, "the shame and disaster of this 
defeat at Balveny filled most men's 
mouths with scorn, eo that songs and 
satyres were vented up and down the coun- 
try upon that expedition. Mr Gilbert 
Martia.ll at Crombdale, a merry droll, made 
an invective on it (nameing it the Bourd 
of Baveny) 

And heard ye the Bourd of Baveny 
The route of Mackay and Mackenye 

and such like stuff." Isn* paissing, two 
points in connection with the letter of Ker 
and his colleagues may be noted, its ringing 
opening words, "Right Reverend The Lord 
has layd His enemies and Scotland's in the 
dust," and the fact that it was written on 
the 9th of May and delivered in Edinburgh 
late on the night of the llth. 

Curiously enough none frf our modern 
Scottish historians take any notice ct', this 
rising. Andrew Lang, W. L. Matlnc-son, 
and Hill Burton, all ignore it, and Hume 
Brown only refers to it in the most cursory 
manner while dealing with Montrose's last 
campaign in the succeeding yeair. Yet 
it had important consequences, both at the 
time and later, and among other things led 


More Culloden Papers. 

to the execution of the Marquis of Huntly. 
As Andrew Lang, TV. L. Mathieson, and 
others pass severe strictures on the coven- 
anters for Huntly 's execution, professing 
to nd no reason save bloodthirstineoo for 
it, their neglect of the rising is extraordin- 
ary, especially when it is borne in mind that 
Fraser-Tytlcr in his "History of Scotland," 
pointed out the connection between the 
t\vo, ami that both Parliament nnd the 
Commission of the Assembly regarded the 
rising as a grave incnance to the existing 
order of things, as is evidenced both by the 
documents already quoted and by the fact 
Hint tliey despatched David Leslie himself 
t:> deal with it. But, as I have had fre- 
quent occasion to pointt out elsewhere, 
the long obsession \of Scottish historians 
that Highland history had little or nothing 
to do v/ith Scottish history, lias giv^n rise 
to errors innumerable, and, as a conse- 
quence, to countless misconceptions regard- 
mg the history of Scotland. 

After Montrose left Scotland in Septem- 
ber 1646, Huntly earned on a sporadic war 
in his own district, and was eventually 
captured, after an armed resistance, in 
December 1647. From then till March 
1649 he was held captive in Edinburgh. 
On 28th February 1649 the Commission of 
the Assembly, sitting in Edinburgh, re- 
ceived news of Plusoardine's rising, and 
straightway appointed a Committee to 
take such steps as might be necessary in 
connection with it. On the following day, 
1st March, the Commission wrote to Plus- 
cardine and his associatefi remonstrating 
with them, and pointing out the danger of 
their ways, and on. 2nd March Parliament 
took steps to deal with the rising, and pro- 
claimed as traitors its leaders and all who 
took part in it. On the same day Parlia- 
ment sent a deputation to the Commission 
of the Assembly to request "thait the Com- 
mission would show what in t/heir judg- 

More Culloden Papers. 99 

ment the Parliament ought to do with the 
Marquis of Huntly," and the Commission 
returned answer "that it is clear from the 
Word of God that murderers should die 
without partiality . . . and whether 
the sometime Marquis of Huntly be guilty 
of murder it is competent to the Parlia- 
ment to consider.'" On 16th March Parlia- 
ment condemned him to death, and on the 
22nd he was executed. Thus it is clear 
that Pluscardine's rising determined 
Huntly 's fate. Whether, in the circum- 
stances, the execution was justifiable, it is 
not within the province of this note to 
deal. E. M. B. 


The second session of the existing parlia- 
ment had sat from January to March 
1649, when John Forbes represented In- 
verness. In the third session which opened 
in May and closed in August, his father', 
fhincan Forbea of Oulloden, took his 
place and in July obtained on order 
that his lands should be "frie of outreik 
of horse and foott in all subsequent levies" 
in consideration of his losses (Acts of the 
Parliament of Scotland) ; and certainly some 
recognition was due on this account, let 
alone the enormous amount of public busi- 
ness undertaken by the family. 

John Forbes had been appointed one of the 
committee of war for the Sheriffdom of In- 
verness in February 1649, and at the close 
of the year he received the following 
order : 

Wharas I, Hew Kennedy ordeined by 
the Committie of Estate to muster the 
whole forces of foote and hors within the 
Kingdome, and am warranted to apoynt 
any for whom I will be answerable to 
muster the regiments of foote and troups 
of hors in my absence, I doe by theis pre- 
sents give full power to John Forbes 
apearant of Culloden. proveist of inver- 

100 More Culloden Papers. 

nesse to muster all the troups of hora 
and companeys of foote within the 
Scherriffdoms of Inverness and Rosse, 
Elgin, iForesse and Nairne, quho are 
quarterd their presentlie or to be quar- 
terd during my Commission, that they 
give obedience to the said John Forbes so 
oft as he shall desir the troups or com- 
paneys of foote to give him a muster, and 
that this they doe as they will be answer- 
able. In witnes quhairof, I have writin 
and subscribed these presents at the 
Burgh of Elgin the twentie fyft day of 
December the yeir of God, 1 M VI and 
fourti and nyn yeirs. (1649). 

Hew Kennedy. 

A memorandum dated next day ia im the 
following terms : 

A Remembrance for Jhon Forbes pro- 
veist of Invernesse. 

1. According to your Acts of Parlia- 
ment and Committee of Estates ye ar at 
the mustering of each troup or company 
of foote cause the officer then present 
with the troup or company subscrive the 
declaratioune conteaned on the other syd 
at the end of his muster roll and if any 
refuses to doe it, discharge the collector 
of the shire to pay officer, troup or com- 
pany, and the refusor is to be answerable 
to the ordris of Parliament and Commit- 
tee of Estate. 

2. No officer hes bein upon the unlaw- 
full ingadegement is to be admitted upon 
a troup or company. 

3. Nor no sojour but those that l.cs 
givin satisfactioune to the kirck of [two 
words illegible] they most show theSr 

Talk notice of the goodness of the hors 
and a sufficient rider and that they be 
weil armid. 

Hew Kennedy. 

Elgin, 26 of December 1649, 

More Culloden Papers. 101 


I doe declare upon my conscience and 
honour that this is the just and trew 
muster roll of my troup and that they 
ar all of myn own without the mixture of 
any others to doe the publick service. 
This I certifie be my subscription at 
the day of 

Meanwhile throughout the summer of 
1649 Montrose had been preparing for an 
invasion of Scotland with the object of plac- 
ing Charles II on the throne as an uncov- 
enanted king. In August or September the 
Earl of Kinnoul landed in Orkney with the 
advance guard of the expedition, but Mon- 
trose himself did not follow till March 
1650. In November 1649 a letter from Mr 
John Annand, the Minister of Inverness, 
to John Forbes, throws some interesting 
light on the situation in Orkney and the 
Northern Counties. 

Much honored I reoeaved yours and 
thanke yoa for it, for the condition of af- 
faires heir blessed be our Lord we are in 
peace, the generall Lieutenant is in 
Rosse. No stirres heir befor nor for the 
present. As for that of Orkney I think 
be some letteres wreittin to Mr Andrew 
Kerr and Patrike Dicksone, I think ye 
know it befor this tyme. The condicione 
of that countrie is the samin. There is 
no new forces come to them for anie 
thing I can learne, bot they give it out 
that there ar some thousandes comeing. 
Thoes come in ar drieling the countrie 
people, and it is said they purpose to 
raise a bodie more or less of them. 
Quedder this be or to quhat place they 
may intend to come to is uncertain, bot 
that wicked man Captain Hall is thair, 
and I heir hes some more shipps and 
barkes, some say fyve or six takin 
treacherouslie be him. I think it must 
be to gaird them on land, or to transport 
them, or both. This is all I know of Ork- 

102 More Culloden Papers. 

ney. For our Malignants heir they are 

still the samin, and I am suir God will 
halve [sic] about with them; they wald 
be glaid to sie forrainers or false contrie- 
men raise new tumults, and upon som 
advantage wald contribut their strenth to 
putt aJl on fyre; bot quhat els may fall 
out the estates in my judgment wald 
not suffer thees in Orkney to rest in 
peace, lest they be a senair and be- 
gineres of new tnible. Misregaird of 
such beginninges hes provein woefull to 
this land. For my self I can not bot be 
persuadit God sail suffer thees spuirned 
wicked men once yet to ryse that in thair 
full mine he may triumph gloriouslie, 
for he getts not the glorie is due to him 
performed. Certanlie God sail vindicat 
his glorie and in his owein wey perfyt this 
worke. I rolle [sic] my self upon him, 
and hopes to sie better tymes. It grieves 
me to sie Malignantes south and north, 
makeing up false fyres of newes and 
\rarmeing them self in thair imagina- 
cions. I pittie thair follie, bot mor that 
gpod men, quho have sein so moch of 
Codes power sould be dishartned for 
worldie changes, thoc-ht they war true, 
bot quhen they ar bot made up, as often 
they ar, we sould the lesse regard them. 
No newes can be wreittin, bot is mis- 
takin be manie, and somtymes Malicious- 
lie, somtymes out of simplicitie, bot 
quhen wicked men, feeding them self 
with fancies, have a littall sported [sic] 
shame, makes them hange downe thair 
heades, at last no more for the present. 
Bot all yours ar weill, blessed be God. 
Sir James [Fraser] was this day buried 
honorablie. The L. generall was there. 
The Lord blesse and prosper you, and I 
rest, Sir, Yours ever, 

J. Annand. 

Jnvernes the 9th of November 1649. 

More Culloden Papers. 

Strathnaver is garrisoned be the Earle 
of Sutherland. 

Sir, shew Alexander Lest lie that 
Dunzean [Alexander Baillie] your 
brother in law querrelles me daylie anent 
that supplicatione givein in to the Parlia- 
ment for his part of the suspendit man- 
tenance, as if haid failled throch me. I 
intreat you both to doe quhat ye can; 
comend me to him and to Johne Dunbar ; 
and, Sir, 1 intreat send me word if the 
commission for plantation of kirkes be 
sitting, and how long they sitt. 

Addressed : For his much honored 
and worthilie respected Johne 
Forbes of Culloddin, Pro vest of 

No letters unfortunately are extant con- 
cerning the last campaign of Montrosfc. He 
crossed from Orkney to the mainland in 
April 1650, and on the 27th of that month 
was utterly routed at Oarbisdale by Col. 
Strachan. A few days later he waa cap- 
tured by Macleod of Assynt, and on 7th 
May the author of the Wardlaw MS. saw 
him at Lovat, and apparently accompanied 
the prisoner and his escort to Inverness. 
Outside Inverness they were met by a 
"crowd from the town," which included 
the Rev. John Annand, with whom, says 
the Wardlaw MS., "the Marquis was well 
acquaint." The same authority's descrip- 
tion of Montrose's appearance and be- 
haviour is well known, so one short quota- 
$on wiU suffice. At the town cross "a 
table covered, the magistrates treated him 
with wines, which he would not taste till 
allayed with water . . The provost, 
Duncan Forbes, taking leave of him at the 
town's end, said, My Lord, I am sorry for 
your circumstance. He replied, I am sorry 
for being the object of your pitty." And 
BO the great Marquess passed southward to 
his doom at Edinburgh, where he waa exe- 
cuted on 21st May 1650. 

104 More Cvdloden Papers. 

John Forbes was in Edinburgh in the 
summer of 1650 when the fifth session of 
the parliament wae sitting, and continued 
to hear from Inverness, whose misfortunes 
must by then have reached almost a cul- 
minating point. The following letter is 
dated 25th May, 1650, and endorsed "dis- 
chargeing me to rnedle with the excyse, and 
iff I did to tak it to my selff and my own 

For the richt honorabill Jon Forbes 
Provest of Invernes Thees 

Richt honorabill 

We thocht lit to let you know since 
your departure that Holburnes regiment 
and Lawers, with uther tua comna-nies, 
in thair back coming quartered with us 
for tua mailles, and wes forcit befoir 
thair removal! to advance thame tuantie 
ane bolles maill, quhilk cost us no small 
deficultie befoir it wes gotin j and all that 
we have obtedned for both theis is the 
generall majors resset, quhilk with the 
resset obteined at thair goeing fordward 
to Cathnes, ye sail be pleased to receave, 
and crave payment or allowance for the 
samen to the towne, for the general 1 
major hes iassured us upone his honor that 
all will be ather satisfied or allowed. 
The resset of the tua bolle.6 niiaill aaid the 
aile givin the prissoners ye have it your 
selff, and the resset wes getiin for 
Lawers regiment in thair goeing to 
Cathnes (thair number being sex hun- 
dreth) Mr. Jon Annaiid got it and ne 
forgot (albeit socht) to give it us befoir 
his away goeing. If he hes brooht it 
South, get it from him; if not, the nixb 
remedie is that a new flesset be gottin 
for that number from Lawers, and make 
your best us[e] of all. 

Sir, ye know befoir your d\epartottr 
from us we had sum discours annent 
thie excyse, hot nothing conoludit quliill 

More Culloden Paper*. 105 

your nixt advertisement. Sir, we find 
the scaircitie of wictuall heir and in the 
whole country about to be sua great that 
thair is nothing expected (saveing Clodes 
meroie) bot a heavie famine, for at this 
tyme the scaircitie is such that ye will 
not get a boll of meill or beare to buy 
for gold or money; and the lytle boa re 
i& gottiu with great moyan is at tuantie 
merkes, and er long will be deirier; bot 
that which is for [illegible], it will not 
be haid at all, sua that all brewing of 
drink is almost gevin up alreddie, which 
makes us conceavie that the mater of the 
excyse for this halff yeire intocom will 
die of it selff, which we desyre yow to 
take to your oomsideratioune as a thing 
as weill known to your selff as to us. 
And if ye will daill more for the exoyse 
we desyre that, in Godes name, ye make 
use of it as ye think best, for in any 
termes we will not medle further in it, 
nather will we be comptaWe to any for 
the samen. Thairfoir, Sir, appoynb 
your awin collectors tymeo'Uislie for it, 
for wte will not oomtpt for it bot to the 
last of this nwneth of May. 

Sir, we thocht fit to remember yow 
annent that depending actioune betwixt 
us and Channorie, for their insolencies 
ar HO hie that they begin to brag now 
more nor ever they did. Thairfoir we 
desyre that if thair can be any possi- 
bilitie that meanes may be usit whow 
thair bragis may be allayed, the doeing 
of this and of the maner whow to goe 
about it we refer to your awin con- 

We thodht to have sent yow [ ?] Lamp- 
wines money, bot the troupis sudden 
march southward, and that we wer forcit 
to pay thrie moneth at one, we ar con- 
strained sore against our will to super- 
ceid the sending of theis moneyis to the 

1C6 More Culloden Papers. 

nixt occasioune quhilk salbte within 
aucht dayes at furthest. 

Sir, at that tyme that Collonell 
Mountgomries troup wtemt throw, they 
tuik tua of Wattie Thaynes horsses with 
thame, and the poore man followit them 
the lenth of Elgin, and when he soclht 
his horses, they O'fflerrit (him p>istolles and 
swordes to do him violence, so that the 
poore man we forcd.t to returne hut 
[without] his horsses, quhilk hes ruined 
him for ever. It is our earnest desyre 
that if ye can have any reasone, that ye 
will speake the lieutenant of the troup 
fluent the poore mans horssee, for resti- 
tutioune of them or thair pryoe, quhilk 
will be tuantie dollores, for the lieuten- 
ant can not deny hot he saw thie poore 
man asking his horsses, hot he wold give 
him no justice. Theis and all. other 
materes we spafee of at your departour 
we remit to your cair, and restis your 
affectionat freindea 

Johne Po'lsone 

Al: Outhbert, Baillie. 

J. Dunbar. 

Invernes, 25 May 1650 yeiris. 

Sir, we humhlie intreat yow to remem- 
her the povertie of this place aiment the 
mantenance and loane, for thie burdm 
hek 1 is stia great, that we ar all reSdie to 
skatter throw the world quihair we may 

There is a further endorsement on the 
above letter : 

Compt of the 240 resaved fro Hebburne 

Item tua pund we payed 2 

Item licht money 10 

Item gevin the clerk 

Generall Major Holbornes accompt 

More CuModen Papers. 107 

Another letter from the same hands was 
written to John Forbes in Juno, and lhas 
been endorsed : 

" 14 June 1650 Lettre desyring to tak the 
excise. . . ." The remainder of the 
endorsement is now obliterated, and it may 
be remarked that in general all the letters 
of this period have required most careful 
reading to make sense out of many pas- 
sages now very much faded. 

Invernes the 14th of June 1650. 

Eight honorabill Sir 

We halve ressaved 

yours from Finlay Mcrobert, schaweing 
ua first that you are not in houpe to get 
anie tiling for our meall and quartering 
from Houburne or Laweris. Wee think 
it werie strange that we suld not get 
payment or aflocatione in our maaten- 
anoe as utheria have gottin. David Les- 
lie, the lowetennent^generalT, did pay 
the meall he gott in Sutherland out of 
his awin purse. Thesie peopill promised 
werie faire, qulien they war getting the 
meaJl, altho they doe not pay us. As to 
ane commissioner to the Ijurrowes and 
[?] Lamsynes money, and Adam Keltie, 
wee sail, God willing, be cairfull theroff 
at the tyme appointed, but the commis- 
sione will be blanck. It is onlie our 
desyre that your selff be the man. 

As concerning the excise we have 
not medled with the uplifting of 
it this moneth, in respect thaire 
is no good to be had of it ; but 
wee desyre yow, Sir, to take it for 
the townee use give it can bte had for 
ane hundreth pundes monethlie for ane 
yeir. Whidder it be takin from Maister 
Robert Farquhar or from the Committie 
of excise, and advertise us with the first 
occasion. We are werie sorrie that yow 
can get nothing done anent the towne ; 
give wee pay the full maintenance this 
poore towne will be ruined utterlie. 

108 More Culloden Papers. 

Wee intreat that, quhosoever hee the 
excise, that you tak it for the towne use 
as cheape as yow can, in respect ther 
will be nothing gottin this time or foure 
monethes for it. As for to schawe yow 
anent the pitifull coiiditione of this 
plaice, wee neid not, but doubteth not 
but yow will do all for usi yow are abill 
to doe, let God make the event as He 
pleaseth. To your answer wee rtest 

Your loveing friends 
and neighboura 

Al: Cuthbert. 
Johne Polsone. 
J. Dun'bar. 

Almost immediately after the above let- 
ter was 'penned Charles II. landed, and the 
following .is of interest as having been 
written so soon after this momentous 
event. It is endorsed "shewing they could 
gett non to goe Commissioner to the bor- 
rowes and parliament, thjerfor requtesting 
me to imbrace the commission." The date 
on the endorsement is "25 June 1647," but 
from the mention of the king's landing, 
and the references to matters mentioned in 
the two previous letters it is clear it should 
be 1650. Nb year is given on the letter 

For the Right hoiiorabill 

The provest of Invernes Theeo 

Richt Honorabill. 

We have beine indevoireing our selfes 
to the uttermost for the dispatche of ane 
commissioner to the borrowes and, God 
knowes, what shiftis we have maid for 
furnishing money. Efter that we did 
put our eyes to ane to goe in the im- 
ployment, the great rumours heir siiice 
the Kingia landing and the reportis we 
gatt that no meiting of the borrowes wold 
be at the tyme prefixt, moved him not 

More Culloden Papers. 109 

to goe, for all we could doe; whicli hath 
constrained us (albeit we know that ye 
ar too much burdined with our affairis) to 
send yow our commissioune blank for the 
meiting of the borrowee to insert your awip. 
name therin, or your fathers, as ye thinko 
meit, and hes sent over to yow [?] Lau- 
chsines sex monethes pey extending to 
338 ,with the dewes of the missive be- 
ing 100 or therby, togidder with sevin 
angles to Adam Keltic, to releive our 
[illegible], and ane hundreth pundes to 
defray your chairges to forder compt. 

We ar affrayed that tliis imployment 
will not seeme pleasant to yow, but we 
intreat yow to pardon our boldnes, and 
as ever ye will have us to continew your 
frieudes and servandes, and dischairge 
your selff now for us as at uther tymelsi; 
for if we be not assisted by yow at this 
tyme no questione bot we will be ruined 
for ever. And what is necissar to be 
done for us befoir the borrowes we know 
that ye ar not ignorant of it, the maine 
and speciall thing being the alteratioune 
of the text Roll, and craveing supplie to 
the bridge, Kirke and harboris. 

Sir, ye know that ther is conscience 
and equitie for our diminutioune now 
since the schyre of Ross is taikin of, 
quhilk increases [illegible] the handleng 
[prosperity] of Tayne and Dinguall ; for 
in Dinguall the merchant that peyes most 
ther peyis bot thrie or four schillingis, 
who injoyis als much [illegible] as any 
amongst us. 

Sir, thair is on thing remarkable annent 
the missive, to wit, that in the last 
missive we wer inrolled as the first towne 
that suld have supplie for our bridge 
Kirk and harbor. Bot in this we ar 
fullie left out, and neglected, quhairof 
we wounder much. Quhairfoir wte de- 
syre that ye examine what reasone the 
clarke haid to leave us out this yeire, and 
studdie to have us at leist yit againe re- 

110 More Culloden Papers. 

membrit in the nixt missive. Theia and 
what els ye conceave fit ether to be done 
for the weill of the poore towne we remeit 
to your judicious cair, wishing all hap- 
pines to your selff and a prosperous suc- 
cee to your affairs we remaine 

Your loveing nichbores 

Robert Bailye, baillie. 
Johne Polsone, baillie. 
Al: Outhbert, Baillie, 
J. Dunbar, baillie. 

Invernes, 25 Junii. 

Sir, if now sumthing be not done for us 
at the Parliament and 'borrowes, quhair- 
by they will pitie us, we ar aff rayed this 
will be last that ever will be sent from 

(Sir, thaire is just sex hundreth pundes 
in the by-girdill, with ane paper quhairiu 
is wreattin the species of the money par- 
ticularlie sett downe. Sir, it is best give 
yow can get ane ease of the excise, that 
yow take it, altho thir two or thrie mone- 
this be not worth, yet the winter tyme 
may suplie the same give the towne take 
it not. Jon Polsone and I sail be port- 
maces therof give yow pleis or take it off 
your handes at ane easie raite as wee can 

Across the back of both pages of the 
above letter is the following draft petition 
without date: 

Anent the borrowia. 

That the deplorable condition of our 
said bruch is such at this present being 
many wayes brocht wery low, as we ar 
not able any longer to subsist as one of 
the Royall borrowes, much less able to 
scott and lott with the rest of the Royal 
borrowes, in bering such an insupport- 
able weioht as formerly we have, being 

More Culloden Papers. Ill 

waichted with, the burdene of the 40th 
part of the taxation of the haill king- 
dome, and [several words illegible] albeit 
it be weill knowin that maist part of the 
haill royall borronves ar far beyond us in 
power, they [illegible] nocht and for 
the better illustration heiroff we sail not 
neid to represent unto your honour our 
burninges, wastinges, and grievous depre- 
datiounes occasioned by the common 
enemy, as a thing weill knowin to all as 
a common calamity albeit non can para- 
leill ours, considering our strenth. Thus 
passing over the burning off our towne 
and bridge, with many other losses sus- 
teyned at that tyme, quhilk this papir 
war not able to contayne, and tedious for 
your honour to listen unto, we sail only 
show your honour that ther is added to 
our former misfortunes the loss of ane 
ship in January last cuming from Holand, 
with fyftie thousand markes and up- 
wai-des, quhilk hcs ruined many honest 
morchands most part of the said loading 
being taken upon trust. 

2. That all thir men, quha was maist able 
to bear any par table charge hes deserted 
us, vizt. William Nelsone and his bairns, 
Dunbar [illegible] Forbes, and have re- 
moved them selves, aume to the cuntrey 
and others to Dinguall, Cromarty, Chan- 
onrie for the ease of their burdinges. 

Quhairthrow ane handfull of pooro mis- 
creants ly punissed grievous under the 
said burden. 3, the shyre being deliverit, 
our nychbour bruches, viz. Tahin & Uing- 
uall, Ohanonrie, the haill oounsall of the 
hcdchlandes, they was the only key of our 
trade, quhairly we leived. 4. We have 
nather ship bark nor boat belonging to 
us, and albeit we hade ane vertuous in- 
clination to dryve sum small Tred in 
other mens bottomes, the impossibility 
thcrof is knowin to all. 

5. We >ar at the expense presently off 
the building our new church for our heil- 

112 More Culloden Papers. 

and congregation, quhilk albeit anc good 
work, yit being so overpressed with thir 
burdens we ar neoessitat to give over the 
same eftir it is halff perfyted. In con- 
sideracion of all quhilk it is humblie 
craveit that your honours wald tak our 
said conditioune to your serioue consider- 
ation ne, and to releive us of such an ex- 
traordinary burden, quhairby we may be 
free in sume cappacity of [illegible] and 
grant us sume supplie for the building of 
our said church and the repairing of our 
bridge and harbour, seing we have been 
alwayes reddy to contribute our meanea 
for the support off others, the same being 
formerly ane hed off the missive, how- 
ever now the samyn is obliterat. Or 
otherwayea we declare plainly our impos- 
sibility of any longer subsisting] and 
assure your Honours, but [without] 
offence That is, wee will all off us dis- 
sert the said bruch sua that heirafter, 
yow neid not aither expect a government 
in that place nor yet any commissioner 
for to be assisting in any public mater, 
quhairin we have not at any tyme been 
wanting to the utermost of our powers. 

We crave also that your Honours 
might be pleised to appoynt your nixt 
generall meiting at o\ir said bmch of Tn- 
vernes, or sumte other place heir ai&outs, 
to the effect onr oaise may be knawin 
unto all, and qunatever ease you shall 
happin at this tyme to show your sup- 
pliants, if our condition bie not found to 
be such as now we it to be, lett 
the same be augmented thriefold Tipon 

More Culloden Papers. 113 


In July 1650 oixlers were issued far 
purging the army, which did 1 not, however 
prevent the complete defeat of General 
JLeslie at Dunbar by Cromwell on 3rd 
September 1650. On New Year's day 
1651 Charles II. was crowned at Scone 
and (preparations were made to refit the 

John Forbes was then in the north and, 
as may be gathered from the following 
letter, still doing such business as was 
possible under the circumstances. 

Addressed: For his very much hon- 
oured freend 

John Forbes of Culloden, 
Provest of Invernes. 

Honoured Sir 

Your former kindnes, wherwith you 
have 'So much endeared me to you by 
the strictest bonds of duty and thanke- 
fulnes, makes me a litle strain courtesy 
at this tyme and desyre a favor of you, 
if it may be done conveniently, which isi 
that you wold be pleased to send me as 
many good otter skyns as will lyne a 
ooatt to ride with above my dublet. I 
understand they can be had no where so 
weell as in those parts, and therefore, 
out of the confidence of your readines to 
obleige me I have almost against my 
will forced myself to so much impudency, 
aa to give you occasion to censure my 
incivility. Which, indeed, I wold not 
have done, if I did not woell know youx- 
propension to all those wayes wherewith 
you delight to overcome your freends, of 
which number I shall desyre you to es- 
teem Your most affectionat servant 

A. Henderson. 

Perth 15th January 1651. 


114 More Culloden Papers. 

In May 1651 John Forbes had come 
south "for attending us in our Army," 
but had the royal ^permission 'to retfurn 
north particularly because he had been ap- 
pointed one of the commissioners "for has- 
tening up the maintenance and meale for 
our army from the forsaid shyre and 
burgh." ("Culloden Papers" IX.) *0n 15th 
May the y Town Council minutes record 
"That day the 'Provost presented in pres- 
ence of the Convention above written the 
Kingis majesties letter, whereby he craves 
the advancement of two hundred pounds 
sterling from the town of Inverness." 

Perhaps the following Letter may have 
been connected with this request for an 

For the right honorable Johne Forbes 
of Culloden, Provest of Invernes. 

Right honorabill 

I receaved your lettre four dayes agoe, 
bot the enimie being this tyme bygane 
lying advanced the lenth of Linlithgow, 
so as our forces ar hourlie expecting in- 
falls upon thame (they being at Torwood 
not four myles distant from other) 
wee have sine had no meittings of com- 
mittee heir, bot such as war only for 
dispatch of publick orders and for pro- 
visions to the armie. The Kiing and 
most part of the noblemen being still in 
the leaguers [camp], your bill sail 'be 
hard with the first convenience, and 
Sir Archibald [Primrose] hes promeised 
it sail be hard with the first. What 
answe'r it receaves I sail direct to you 
with the first occasion, bot when or how 
soone I can not assure you. I could 
have wished' the bearer would have 
stayed a day or tuo longer, bot he being 
so importunat and our dyetta so uncon- 
stant, I have thought good to dispatch 
him, and I sail be cairfull to gett j r our 
wrought so soon as possiblie can 

More Culloden Papers. 115 

be, and sail neglect no occasion to gett 
your desyre effectuat, and sail from tyme 
to tyine acquaint you with what our pro- 
vedours sail do heir in relation to publick 
businee. Thus I am, Sir, your humble 

Ja: Dunlope. 
iStirline. 5 July 1651. 


Two months after the foregoing letter 
was written the battle of Worcester 
had been fought and lost (3rd iSept. 1651); 
and Scotland was prostrate at the feet 
of General Monck whom Cromwell had left 
in command of his forces in Scotland when 
he himself turned south in pursuit of the 
Kings'a army. It is impossible to say whe^ 
ther a contingent from Inverness fought at 
Worcester, but on 26th February 1651 the 
Council appointed the four bailies "to pro- 
portion fifty men upon town and territory 
as being their proportion of the present 
levy for recruiting the army, to the effect 
the said numbers may be presently set 
afoot and put under the command of town 
officers and sent to the general rendezvous 
of the Kingdom." The bailies recommended 
James Forbes to command the contingent, 
and on 17th March the Council "nominate 
and made choice of the said James Forbes 
to be Captaine to lead and command the 
soldiers is appointed to be put furth in the 
service by 1 the townei of Inverness, and 
admits him to all the benefit and privi- 
leges of a Captaine as freely as any other 
in the army." One of the provost's 
brothers was named James " Captain 
Jamesi Forbes, who lived in Caithness" 
and possibly it was he who obtained this 

About the end of November 1651 Inver- 
ness was occupied by a regiment of 
Monck's army under the command of Col. 
Fitch. The place was then "not to be forti- 

116 More Culloden Papers. 

fiable without a great deal of charges, nor ten- 
able without a greater number of men than 
the Towne can possibly provide accommo- 
dation for, for whereas a regiment was in- 
tended for it, there are now only 3 com- 
panies quartered there, and half of them 
want beds, and the rest of Col. Fitche's 
regiment quarter in great houses beyond 
the River Spey and Lake of Nesse." (News- 
Letter from Dundee dated 1st January 
1652, and quoted in "Scotland and the 
Commonwealth," p. 28.) It was not, how- 
ever, till about May 1652 that the fort 
at Inverness was begun, it was still un- 
finished in August 1655, and was probably 
not completed till the summer of 1657. 
The Wardlaw MS. states, on the authority 
of the commissary who advanced the 
money, that it cost 80,000. The garri- 
son consisted of Col. Fitch's regiment and 
some cavalry, and it was commanded by 
Col. Fitch himself during the greater part 
of the occupation. Of its effect on Inver- 
ness the Wardlaw MS. says: "They 
brought such store of all wares and con- 
veniences to Inverness that English cloth 
was sold near as cheap here as in England ; 
the pint of claret wine for a shilling ; set 
up an appothecary shop with drugs. . . ' 
They not only civilised but enriched this 
place." It should be mentioned that 30 
foot were stationed in the Castle, where 
Lieut. -Col. Blunt, latterly second-in-com- 
mand, had hia headquarters and where 
"he died, apparently in 1660. The English 
garrison, which usually numbered from 
700 to 1000, remained in Inverness for 
two years after the J&estoration, being 
withdrawn in April 1662, "to the great 
grief of all the English soldiery," says the 
Wardlaw 1M>S. "Never people left a place 
with such reluctancy. It was even sad 
to see and hear sighs and tears, pale faces 
and embraces, at their parting farewell 
from that town. And no wonder; they 
had peace and plenty for 10 years in it. 

More Culloden Papers. 117 

They made that place happy, and it made 
them so." The demolition of the fort, 
begun in the previous year by order of 
Parliament, was completed jfter the 
garrison left. Colonel Lilburne, whose 
name is sometimes associated with Inver- 
ness, was Commander-in-chief in Scotland 
for a time, and his military duties occasion- 
ally took him to the town. 

E. M. B. 


Early in 1652 the English Commissioners 
ordered the Scottish burghs and counties 
to send representatives to meet them at 
Dalkeith to arrange for a union between 
the two countries. John Forbes was sent 
by Inverness, from which he received the 
following communication: 

We, the magistrates and counsellours 
of the brughe of Invernes, taiking to 
consideratioune the sad and distressed 
conditioune of the land we leive in, oc- 
casioned by theis unhappie differences 
and unohristiane mdsunderstanddngies 
betwixt the Commonwealth of England 
and the inhabitantes of this land, which 
hath not onlie tended to the shedding 
of much ichristiane blood bot liklie to 
the totall ruine of this poor land, if not 
prevented by the Lord by a better under- 
standing on of another. Thairfoir, in 
order of the removal! of these unhappie 
differences and for the begetting of a 
richt understanding, we have and doe 
heirby commissionat, authorize and give 
full power in name of the whole inhabi- 
tantes of the said brughe, to Jon Forbes, 
lait pro'vest of the satnen brughe, to make 
adresses to the commissioner-is of the 
parliament of England for the affairis 
of Scotland, and in our names to doe 
everie thing, als weall by makeing ap- 
plicatiounes to, as receaveing commandis 
from the saidis commissioner in order 

118 More Culloden Papers. 

to the satling and secureing the peace 
of Brittane and Irland, and of this our 
brughe. And in testimonie of our invest- 
ing him with our full power, and the 
power of the whole brughe, and with the 
speaking of our myndes, and to doe 
everie thing that sail concerne this 
brughe, as he sail think fit, we (!oe sub- 
scryve this our commis&ioune givin to 
him for that effect. Att Invernes this 
tuantie sext day of January 1652 yeiris 

B. Rose, prowest of Invernes; 
Robert Bailye, baillie; J. Dun- 
bar, 'baillie; Al. Cuthbert, 
baillie; Johne Stewart, baillie; 
James Cuthbert, counseller ; 
Johne Hepburne, counselor; 
B. Monro, counsellor; Johne 
Polsone, counsallar ; Alexr. 
Grant, counseller; D. Bobert- 
sone, conseller; Gilbert Bobert- 
sone, cunseller; William Baillie, 

This is not the only document. There 
are two more (identical in body and signa- 
ture) endorsed "26th Jan. 1652. Two 
commissions anent treating with the com- 
missioners from England," and they differ 
from the one given only in so far as the 
powers granted to the commissioner are 
not so wide. The signatures are 
the- same, and both end " but not to 
conclud or determine in any thing doubt- 
ful or seminglie prejudiciall to the future 
good of this nation and this burgh without 
we be first acquented and our speciall con- 
sent craved and obteined thairto." On 
the back of one is also written "By the 
commissioners of the parliament of the 
Commonwealth of England for ordering 
and managing affairs in Scotland Feb. 26th 
]651[2]. Bead and considered and 
found insufficient, wanting the power 
mencioned in the summons, nor being in 
pursuance thereof, whereupon the person 

More Culloden Paper t. 119 

within named is dismissed. Signed by 
order of the commissioners Jo. P'hilpes, 
secretary." A further endorsement of 
these twin documents reads: "Town of 
Invernes to Jon Forbes. To goe to Dal- 
keith to treat anent the union restaited 
by advyse of the said Jon Forbes and 
therupon ca. . . . [ Poancelled], and 
David Fowler therafter sent commissioner, 
who did tak the tender." 

A fourth commission dated in February 
1652 is endorsed: "Commission for Jon 
Forbes. In February 1652, which John 
Forbes caused [word illegible] when the 
wholl land wer to tak the tender, which 
he shunned and David Fowler was sent in 
his vice, who took the said tender on be~ 
halff of the bruch." In thia commission 
nothing appears to be wanting. 

Be it kend till all men be thir present 
lettres, We the provest, baillies, con- 
sell, burgesses andi coimmunitie of (the 
bruch of Invernes, takemg to considera- 
tioune the sad and distressed conditioune 
of the land we leiv in, occasioned by 
theis unhappie differences and unchris- 
tian misurderstandingis betwixt the 
Commonwealth of England and the in- 
habitantes of this land, which hath not 
onlie tended to the shedding of much 
christiane blood bot likly to the totall 
ruine of this poore land, if not prevented 
by the Lord, by a better understanding 
on of another. Thairfoir in order to 
the remowall of theis unhappie differ- 
ences and for the begetting of a richt 
understanding, we have and doe heirby 
commiseionatj authorize and give full 
power, for our selfes and in name of the 
whole inhabitantes of the said bruch to 
Johne Forbes, lait ptrovest of the samen 
bruch, ane man of integritie and good 
affectioune to the weilfair and peace of 
the tua natiounes of England and Soot- 
land, to make adresses to the conxmis- 

120 More CuUoden Papers. 

sioneres of the parliament of England 
for ordering and manadging affairis in 
Scotland, who ar to meit at Dalkaith 
upon the tuantie sext day of February 
instant, and thair with tlie uther com- 
missioneris of this natioune which sail 
happin to be at tjhe said meiting, tx) 
trait, vote, and conclud upon all and 
quhatsumever materis and businesses 
sail happin to be handled and traiteU on 
in the forsaid meiting, in ordor to the 
satling and secureing the peace of theis 
natiounes and of this our bruch, with 
power to our said commissioner to doe all 
and quhatsumever thinges beseiming the 
office of a commissioner, als frielie in all 
respectes as if we and everie ane of us 
wer ipersonallie present at the forsaid 
meiting, promitand heir by to stand 
firme and stable to all and whatsumever 
thing our said commissioner laufullie 
does at the said meiting, but [without] 
appellatioune reclamatiotine or againe 
calling quhatsumevir. And in testi- 
monie of our inwesting of him with our 
full power, and the power of the whole 
bruch, and with the speakeing of our 
myndes, and to doe everie thing as he 
sail think fit, we doe subecryve this our 
commyssioune givin to him for that 

effect. Att Inverness the day of 

February 1652 yeiris. 

R. Rose, prowest of Invernes; 
Robert Bailye, baillie; Al. Cuth- 
bert, baillie; J. Dunbar, baillie; 
Johne Stewart, baillie ; Johne 
Polsone, conslar ; Robert Chai>- 
man, conslar; J. Barbour, ane 
of the consell; Alexr. Grant, 
counseller; R. Monro, coun- 
sellor; W. Outhbert, counseller; 
Gilbert Robertsone, cunseller ; 
A .Fraeer, counseller; D. Pol- 
sone, conseller; Johne Hep- 
burne, eonseller; R. Patersone, 

More Culloden Papers. 121 

oonseller; William Baillie, con- 
seller ; Johne McConchei, 
burges; Ja. Robertsone, burges; 
Jon. Mackbean, burges; A. 
Fatersone, burges; Ro. Polsonc, 
btirges ; Roibert Oumyns, bur- 
ges; Keneth McPhersone, bur- 
ges; Thomas "Waus, burges*; 
[?] Cuthbert, Elder, burges; J. 
Kar, burges; J. Cowy, burg,**; 
Donald Schawe, burges; George 
Ouming, burges. 

That this last commission was probably 
the final one appears from a letter of the 
Town Council, dated 19th February, stat- 
ing that "we have maid all the haist we 
culd to send back this bearrar with ane 
new oommissioune sufbscrivit be all in the 
qualitie ye desyred. If it be not so for- 
mal/lie done as it sould, it is not our 
faultes, by reasone we have indevoired to 
doe the best According to our skill." The 
endorsement reads "Lettre sent to Dal- 
keith, excusing them for not sending an- 
other commissioner for my relieff, anil 
showing the hard shiffts they have maid 
for getting 200 marks," which had been 
sent him. 

The last letter in this connection, dated 
2ndJ March, was "desyring me " to plead, 
downe ;2 montlhes maintenance thier ex- 
acted by Captain Dundass which I ob- 
tayned." He was coll'ector of the cess and 
''efter his comeinge from Cathnes and Ork- 
ney is still pressing us for the payment of 
the townes part thfirof for tua mont"hes, 
and does importuno us so that he threttines 
us with quarteringes. Sir, ye know throcho 
the expenses we have beine at, and the 
burdeine we susteine daylie by the garisone, 
whow impossible it is for us to< give him 
obedience in this . . .'' 

In 1652 there were differences between 
the shires of Inverness and Ross regarding 
their assessment and valuation, and Colonel 


122 More Culloden Papers. 

Thomas Fitch, as governor of Inverness, 
ordered (through Oaptaina Dundas and John 
Greene) "The old subscryvit valuation book 
v.ith the whole minutes of the revaluation 
if the shyre of Inverness Uos considerit 
therein with the bookes of the comittie of 
warre, the haill minutes and papers con- 
teining the severall actes and passages of 
every comittie of warre since the year of 
God 1646" to be produced by Mr George 
Leslie, sheriff clerk of Inverness. A re- 
ceipt was given to him 31st March 1652 for 
a committee book from 1649 to 1651 "with 
nvn bunches of the minutes of the revalua- 
tione with the old eubscrived valuation 

These seem to have been made use of, 
and information subsequently sent south 
to General Richard Deane, then corn- 
man der-in-chief in Scotland, who issued 
orders for "redding of the differences," as 
the following minute shows: 

Endorsed: (1) The Oommittie's act 
anent the revaluatione <fec. ; (2) Valua- 
tions Inverneshyre in tyme of the Eng- 

Invernes "26 September 1652. 

Conveened Robert Monro of Foulis, 
Kenneth McKenzie of Ooule, Walter 
Innes of Inverbreky, Hector Douglas of 
Balcony, Hew Fraser of Belladrum, Wil- 
liam Mclntosh of Kellachie, Johne For- 
bes fiar of Cullodin and Thomas Schivcs 
of Muertoune and Lenilair. 

By wertew of ane ordor from Major 
Generall Deanes, beinge lectit and chosen 
by Collonell Thomas Fitch, governor of 
Invernes, for redding of the differences 
betwixt the schyres of Invernes and 
Ross, annent ther assefiment and revalua- 
ciounes, who haveing perusedt and com- 
pared the bookes and scrolls of the re- 
valuacioune, finds according to ther best 
knowledge and informacioune, to have 
beene juetlie proportioned aJid equallie 

More Culloden Papers. 123 

and impartiallie layed on. Quhairtore 
ordainea that the clerk of the schyreai 
doe presentlie extend a book of the par- 
ticullar rentis according to the said re- 
valuacioune, and also ordaines him to 
mak ane extract of the general bookes 
alreddy made up betwixt and the sext 
day of October nextocum. To the end 
the saides bookes may be subscryved ana 
sent south to the Major-Generall, that 
his approbacioune may be hade and ob- 
teined therunto, that the same may be 
a generall reule for proportioning the 
cesa and to ther impositiones in all tyme 

R. Monro of Foulis, J. Monro of Lem- 
lair, Walter Innes of Inverbreky, 
Win. Mclntoschie of Kellachie, J. 
Forbes, Hr. Dowglas, Hew Fraser, 
Thomas Schives. 

During the latter half of 1652 the 
Royalists in Scotland had been endeavour- 
ing to effect a rising in favour of Charles 
II., but it was not until well on in" 16J3 
that anything like an actual rising oc- 
curred. Ite leader was the Earl of Glen- 
cairn, and by 1654 his following in the 
Highlands had become formidable enough 
to compel General Monck himself to pro- 
ceed north to deal with it. Mo>nck pur- 
sued the Royalists through Badenoch 
to Gl-enmoriston, which he reached on 
24th June, proceeded thence oy Glenquoich 
to Kintail and Lochalsli, and then by Glen- 
strathfarrar, Strathglass, and Glen-urqu- 
hart to Dunain, where he pitched his camp 
for a few days aud himself resided in Inver- 
ness. Thence he marched to Dalnaspidal 
where at last he succeeded in coming n\> 
with the enemy under General Middletun 
on 19th July and totally defeated him. 
The Royalists never subsequently succeed- 
ed in getting together more than a few 
hundred men, though isolated parties kept 
die field in the Highlands till the spring, of 

124 More Culloden Papers. 

1655. Thenceforward till the Restoration 
no serious revolt disturbed the peace of the 
country. The devastating effect of Glen- 
cairn's rising on the shires of Inverness 
and Ross is shown in the curious document 
which follows, endorsed "Instructions 
for Lieutenant - Collonel Mitchell." 
Throughout his march Monck ayste- 
matically destroyed every means of 
sustenance in the country, and the appar- 
ent reference in the document to this de- 
struction seems to fix its date as the latter 
part of 1654 or the early part of 1655. 

Instructions, Sihyre of Inverness, 

For the much honoured Lieut, Coll 
Wm. Mitchell, Our Commissioner for the 
Parliament of England. 

1. First it is desyred you may be 
pleased to joyne with the remnant com- 
missioners of Shyres and Broughs of this 
Natione in supplicating the Parliament 
for a Diminitione of the Sess generally 
of the wholl Nation, in regaa-d of the 
universall povertie and misery of the 
Land occasioned through the Warree and 
troubles (now continued by the spa.ce of 
fyfteen yeires bygone) And also to joyne 
with them in every other thing, that may 
conoerne the Publiok good of this Ma- 

2 Secondly it is desyred that you may 
be pleased (if possible) to en devour the 
purchassing of exemptione of the 
Sees to the wholl Low-Lands and weel 
affected of the Shyre of Invernes, untill 
the nixt Parliament, at least, untill such 
tyme as the insurectiones tv rebel Hones of 
the hyghlands therof be coinpesced, see- 
ing through the frequent outbreaking of 
the Hilanders (who ar all for the most 
pairt of the said shyre) the poor Low 
Oountrey therof (as you know) hes been 
& will be the Seat of the Warr, Wher- 
tiiorow they suffer ane houndred fold 

More Culloden Papers. 125 

more prejudice than any benifite can 
accresse to them by the favour de- 

Moir reasones to perswad the granting 
of the forsaid desyre. 

(First), for that they have not been 
moved to eyd with those now in rebel- 
lion (notwithstanding the many allure- 
ments and threats used be the rebells 
to that effect) 

(2) For that they ar dayly sufferers 
by the Hylanders in their goods & 
moveables (pairtly by pettie thiefts & 
also by oppen Depredationes & her- 

(3) The Destroying of ther Oornes & 
Graese universally by the English 
forces during this last summer (as is 
weell knowin to you, Sir) hes reduced 
many honest men to extreme poverty. 

(4) Albeit the Hylanders wer quieted 
it may be coneeavit such a numerous 
garrisone (as that of luvernes) lying in 
ther bosome (whose necessities of all 
forsea must be supply ed by that part 
of the Countrey), they cannot be 111 
quiet, and therfor reasone would that 
som greater favour be showeii them 
as to any other place who ly not under 
the lyk pressoures. 

3. (Thirdly) Wheras that pairt of the 
Countrey called Has (now designit tdie 
Shyre of Ros) hes been from the begining 
not only a pendicle but the werie marrow 
and most substantial pairt of the said 
Shyre of Invernes. Therfor you may 
be pleased to (labour thei Reuniting of 
them unto us, againe, or at least the 
remitting of the decisione of the contra- 
versie to the Judges at Edinbrugh'. 

Your Honour may be pleased to use the 
subjoynit Reasones to persuad the grant- 
ing of this Desyre. 

126 More Culloden Papers. 

(First) Boa ought to be continued in 
on shyre with us (as of old) becaus 
indeed it is the only body of the shyre 
of Invernes as it was established fra 
the begining. 

(2) Becaus it is interjected betuixt 
us and the most pairt of the Hylands 
of our shyre. 

(3) Because of its contiguity with 
us (the remotest pairt therof being 
within 24 myles of Invernes towne) 
whill as the greatest pairt of the shyre 
of Invernes (as it is now called) is dis- 
tant som 50, som 90, som ane 100 
myles from the said towne. 

(4) Becaus as yet it is not cleirly 
devydit from us but only superficially 
appoynted (in the year 1649) to be 
established in a shyre by itself. 

4. Vvherae Lochaber & boundes ther- 
to adjacent is the only fontaine wherfra 
all the Prejudice and infestatione of the 
wholl natione (for the most part) & 
especially of the shyre of Invernes doeth 
flowe, And that Inverlochie in Lochaber 
(being a most commodious haven for 
shippes and a .place abounding with 
many casualities as woodes, fishing and 
other commodities and the wery center 
of all the Hylandes of {Scotland) is a 
place many yeires agoe designit for a 
Brough. & justice seat. Therfor it is 
humblie conoeavit that the only way for 
civilizing thes places and curbing the in- 
solency of the savage & lawles Hyland- 
ers & bringing them under obedience to 
the Law, is to erect a Brough at the said 
Place of Inverlochy And that all the 
boundes of 'Glengarrie, Glenelg, Suen- 
ard, Ardnamurchin, Moydart Knoydert, 
Kennoch, Glenco, and North West yles 
(all for the present within the shyre of 
Invernes, except Rennoch and Glenco), 
shall be erected in a shyre & astricted to 
answer at the said Brough of Inver- 
lochy as the nixt and most commodious 

More Culloden Papers. 127 

seat of justice, and because it ie pro- 
table that tllie eaid Towne of Iiiver- 
lochy will not growe to any perfections 
on a sudden, therfor it is thought fit (for 
the better bringing the Hylanders under 
obedience to the Lawes) that (according 
to the old practize) the vvholl heritours, 
fewars, Rentellers (and others convenit 
within the fornamed Hylandes) be obleed- 
git to give their personnell presence in 
the towne of Invernes, at three heaa 
Courts in the year (under the payne of 
forfaltrie of ther estats) and do all other 
duties to the shyre of Invernes (as for- 
merly) untill the Brough of Inverlochy 
be brought to a perfectione. This Sir 
we conceave to be most fitting & therfoi 4 
humblie desyre ye be pleased to press it. 

Nota The best Woocles in Scotland 
both of Oak and Fines ly within 7 myles 
of Inverlochy & are portable to the sain 
be water. 

5. Wee desyre that if the former 
articles shall be granted (anent the dis- 
joyning of Lochaber &c. from us, which 
in our humble opinion is a thing most 
just and reasonable, much conducing 
not only for the weell of this ehyre but 
also for the publick weell of the wholl 
natione) that then & in that case, you 
may be ^pleased to plead that all the 
Lands betuixt Spey & Ness may be ad- 
joyned to the Low Lands of the shyre of 
Invernes & Ros, and Invernes-towne, as 
the Cheeffe center to be head brugh of 
that shyre. And if Ros & Murray be 
refused to be joyned to us, ye shall presse 
that the shyres of Nairne and Cromarty 
(being but twa small inconsiderable; 
things, the rent of both not exceeding 
tuo thousand pound sterling) may be 
joyned to the shyre of Invernes. 

Reasons of this Desyre. 
(First) as thes shyrcs ar now divydit, 

not on of them is able to outred & pay 

the charges of a Commissioner to 

128 More Culloden Papers. 

Parliament (Wee beseech your Hon- 
our not to stumble at this reason) And 
therfor &c. 

(2) Becaiis of the contiguitie, tlie re- 
motest pairt of all Murray not being 
distant full 34 niyles from the towne of 
Invernes, and as for Naiine & Crom- 
arty the remotest of them is not 15 
myles distant. 

6. Seing the Lowlands of the shyre of 
Invernes, are continually infested and 
vveel neer ruined be the l'n.'>jiiout iucur- 
siones & robberies of Lawles Hylamders, 
therfore it is humblie conceavit that the 
only way for guarding the honest and 
peat-able .people therof is to aippoynt ane 
watoh or guard for protecting the Cbun- 
trey, to 'be maintained upon the publk-k 
accompt of the three mationes And to be 
under the Conduct of some honest quali- 
fied man, or men, who shall be able to 
discharge his or ther duty in the said im- 
ployment so as they may be answerable, 
both for themselves & the carriage of such 
as shall 1 be under ther Command. 

7. Wee desyre that for the better setle- 
ment of the peace of the country ther may 
be a gari&ome planted at the upper end ot 
Lochnes (if it shall be thought expedient) 
And the governours therof and also of 
the garisome of Inverlochy may be of the 
English Natione & not country-men, for 
fear of icomplyamcei with the Ckmntrey 
Bobbers & broken men. 

8. Notwithstanding of our former 
desyres anent the disjoyning of our Shyre 
from Lochaber and the other Hyland-, (as 
in the 4th Article) the reuniting of us to 
the Shyre of Ros, and the adjovning of 
Murrayland to us (if the sam sail bo 
granted), It is to be advertit and ye ar to 
tak cair that in all or any of thes altera- 
tiones respect maiy be haid to our trusty 
frend George L*sly Clerk by Oommis- 
sione to the Shyres of Invernes & Ros (as 
they ar now established) that in the in- 

More Culloden Papers. 129 

terim he suffer no prejudice in his office 
of clerkship, but that he be continewed 
in the right therof, with power of deputa- 
tione & constitution of Sub-Clerks whose 
oommissiones (Wee think fit) should al- 
leanerly flow from, him, as a man who can 
best decerne upon the spirits of such as 
ar most fitting for discharge of that duty 
in these barbarous & lawks plaices. 

Sir tlie sadd & deplorable co>nditione of 
this poor ruined Shyre is so weel! knowen 
to yourselff, as (to that purpose) wee 
scarce needed to trouble you, with any 
informatione at all, yet conceaving it a 
poynt of duty to signify somwhat of our 
thoughts & desyres unto you, Wee have 
sent you this paper to .be Lookt upon and 
to offer your thoughts tlierof to the 
Parliament in an more handsome & 
polished way than can be ather said or 
thought upon by 

D. Baillie 
James Fraser 
Johne Mcleane 
Alex. McLeane 

Copies of numerous petitions relative to 
the assessments levied on Inverness-shire 
and Ross-shire during the Common \vealth 
are preserved. The following is an extract 
from one addressed to Colonel Robert Lil- 
burne (perhaps in I6o k 2), the remainder of 
which deals merely with an overassessment 
of 720 Scots : 

Secondlie The Condition of these .Shyres 
is singularlie different from, the condition 
of other Shyres, in regard of the remotnes 
of the Quarterings, for at present most 
pari of the Corne and Straw which 
cometh to the two Troupes that ly at 
Invernes is carried Twentie myles, partlie 
upon Horseback, but the most pairt upon 
the backa of the poor people, wherof 
manie have two rivers interjected, which 
they must pass over, before they come to 
Invernes, And which carriage of Corne 


130 More Cuttoden Papers. 

and Straw with tho furnisheing of Ooall, 
Candle and Bedding, is more expensive 
and troublesome to the Countrie then 
the payment of the Assessementa. 

Colonel Lilburne (who had succeeded 
General Deane as commamler-in-chief in 
Scotland, December 1652) appointed a com- 
mittee "to meet the Commissioners] of the 
shires for proportioning the assess for (Scot- 
land. " According to the copy of a docu- 
ment signed by him at Dalkeith, 23 July 
1653, "the paiper presented to me from the 
saides shires and signit by Sir James Ler- 
mont preses of the conventione ia by me 
approvit and accepted as a rule for 
future assessments." A note in the mar- 
gin reads "The cess of Inverness and Ros&e 
without the Brughes is 3868 a/ccording to 
the Soots M(oney] viz. 00000" (sic). This 
was the proportion "for dividing of ninetie 
thousand pound Scots condescended into by 
the Commissioners of shires" (see "Scotland 
and the Commonwealth" page 170.) The 
day after Lilburne had signed the aibove, 
a petition was presented to him by Duncan 
Forbes of 'Culkxleii and his son, John 
Forbes, requesting him. to prolong the 
period of abatement of half their monthly 
assessments which had been already 
allowed; and this was granted for the four 
months to come ("Cultoden Papers" XII), 
the consideration being the losses sustained 
in the wars of Montrose. 

Concerning coal and candle, there was a 
petition (1652) of the gentlemen of the shire 
of Inverness, humbly desiring that the Earl 
of Seaforth, Sir James Macdonald, Macleod, 
the Captain of Clainranald and the laird of 
Glenmoriston " ther lands may contribute to 
this present assessment of coall and candle 
proportionally." Among other things they 
had been informed that the " Gentlemen of 
Murray have gotten a continuation [p^st- 
ponement] of ther coall and candle until 
tyme as they get a returne from the 

More Culloden Papers. 131 

GeneraJl in answer to ane petitione of fliers 
(craving the trujpers allowance maiy be re- 
duced to sex pence per \veek)," and they 
also asked for a delay. They had advanced 
peats for which they requested credit and 
also " that upon the removall of the trupers 
cair may be taken for restoring the bedding 
to the several! landlords, the country heir- 
tofore having suffered prejudice Iherby.'' 
Another grievance (which appears in a peti- 
tion to Colonel Thomas Morgan, com- 
mainder-iin-chief of the forces of the North), 
was "our often carriages and furnishing of 
baggage horsevs .... the provyding 
of the traine horses as well as the 'horses be- 
longing to the officers of the garrisone, both 
summer and winter, as also tne prejudice 
which the poor people sustained through 
the often awaytaking of ther horses upon 
the road by strag>ling and weajryed soldiers." 

These grievances are well illustrated by 
the following documents. Robert Blunt, 
who signs the first, was lieutenant-colonel 
at Inverness and second-in-commaind to 
Colonel Fitoh : 

To the Gentlemen & Heritors of the 
Parishes of Invernesse, Dors, & Daviott, 

"Whereas for the necessary defence of 
these parts, and to the end the Publiqu 
work here may foe carried on, and that 
the corn and other grounds of private per- 
sons may not bee destroyed therby, the 
next summer, These are to Require you 
to sett out within your parishes such a 
quantity of grasse ground (which ia to be 
preserved from ploughing) as will keep 
Ox, Horse all the next summer. And 
you are to take speciall care that all the 
same be appointed within two Myles of 
Invernesse, for the security of the ihorse 
in the night. And that the said grasse 
ground may not be to the prejudice of 
some few persons thereabout, You are to 

132 More Culloden Papers. 

acquaint all the Gentlemen and Heritors 
in the said precincts to carry an equal 
share with others either by exchanging or 
hireing the ground within the bounds 
aforesaid, for which reasonable satisfac- 
tion! shall be made by us. You are also 
to appoint a meeting of all the Gentlemen 
and Heritors aforesaid on Munday next, 
to consult for the equal Distribution 
thereof, and give every Man his propor- 
tion and send an account of the Premises 
upon Thursday next, with a List of the 
Persons and Places appointed as afore- 
said. And herof neither you nor they 
aro to faile, as you tender the puiblique 

Given under my hand att Invernes, 
March the 5th 1652-3. 

Rt Blunt 

To Cullodin elder and younger 
of Invernesse parish these 1 . 

Ye are upon sight hereof ftirthwith to 
send unto this garrison fortie horses with 
creeles and a sack for each horse for ye 
caryinge provisiones for the southern 
briggade \\herof ye or not to faile aa 
yow will answer the contrary at yor ut- 
most perill, 

Given under my hand at Invernesse ye 
3 July. 

Th. Fitch 

Incidentally Colonel Thomas Fitch could 
write politely, at all event* so far as In- 
verness was concerned. Irom the seal of 
the following letter he appears to have be- 
longed to the Essex family of that name. 

To the Bight Worpp John Forbes 
Esqre Provost of Inverness to be Com- 
municated to ye Bayliffes of ye said 
Burgh these. 

Gentlemen I have not bene unmind- 
ful! of you in those, you were 
plaesed to instruct me with, for the good 

More Culloden Papers. 133 

of yor Borrough; And did procure a 
letter from Major Generall Deane to the 
Councell of State to get your Towne 
Custome free of all goods should be 
brought in their, by yor Merchants. 
This letter I 'presented to the Councell of 
State, and desierd my Lord Generall 
and other of my Acquaintance in the 
Councell to further it, wch accordingly 
they did, and it was referred unto the 
Gommitty for Sootis and Irish afaires to 
consider of, and they did conclude it was 
not in their Power to grant that privi- 
ledge to your Towne, but that their must 
be an Act of Parliamt for it, which I 
still indeavored to get carryed on. in the 
house, but the Metinges and Intended 
Desines of the Highlanders in yor parts, 
wth some Lowland Gentlemen Joininge 
with them to disturb the peace of yor 
Country hath bene the onely Meanes to 
hinder that good, I have Indeavored for 
your Towne, and that part of the Coun- 
try; let Gentlemen be assured, soe long 
as I stay heare I shall use my utmost In- 
deavors for the good of yor Towne, from 
whom I have had soe Civill Respects ; 
and I hope if I cannot Accomplish what 
you expect yet you will accept of the 
reall indeavours of, Gentlemen, Yor very 
humble servant 

Tho. Fitch. 

Orcharde Street in Westminster 
ye 20th of Apprile. 


A letter of lOtih January 1655, ad- 
dressed to "The Right Honorable The 
Noblemen Gentlemten and Here-tours of 
tKe Sherefclome of Inverness" nar- 
rates that the commisBkxners of several 
shires (including Midlothian) had met on 
3rd January, and had considered the grie- 
vances and now "yo will commissionat 

134 More Culloden Papers. 

some such of your shyre as ye will find 
sail be best able to give advyse and op- 
pinoun in prosecuting of petitioning for 
redres of the burdings and grivances lyand 
upoun the countrey." 

A copy of a document signed by Lord 
Broghill, llth October 1655, makes the 
suggestion that (instead of money being 
paid to collectors of the monthly assess- 
ments), "in any shire wher the gentlemen 
or others will tak caire (among them- 
selves) of collecting and paying in the said 
assessments punctually to the said re- 
ceiver generall, from time to time as the 
same shall become due, a<nd shall by the 
last of November next give sufficient secu- 
ritie to Mr George Hiltone, receiver gene- 
rail of the said assessment, for doeiug the 
same accordingly without any charge to the 
coon trey, such shires shall be freed and 
exonerated of aoid from paying any col- 
lectors or other officers imployed for any 
longer time then imtill the first of Janu- 
ary next." 

Iii "Cuiilodeu Papers" (XIII.) appears the 
answer, dated 21 December 1655, given to 
the petition "of John Forbes, for & in the 
name of the Gent., Heritors and Free- 
holders of the Lowlands of the Shire of 
Invernes, lying near to the Garriaon of 
Iiivemes, desiring ease in their burdens." 
Concerning the ''laying on of the assess," 
the document states, "there will be power 
given to oomra for revaluations," and it 
may have been this clause which produced 
the following (draft), which is undated : 

Unto the Bight Honorable the Lord Pre- 
sident and remanenit members of his 
Highnes Counsedl for the govern- 
ment of Scotland. 

The supplication of the gentlmen, here- 
tooirs and frieihiolders of the Low 
Countrey of the shyre of Invernes. 

More Culloden Papers. 135 

Humbly showetih 

That we a/re informed certane heretours 
of tihie remotest highlands, as they have 
been very sollieitous with the Right 
Homoralble G'enerall Monck, so fhey in- 
tend to petition your Honours for a oom> 
mission for valeuing over aigaine this 
shyre, whereby to gett thair rents 
diminished, and the aameoi augmented 
on, us, a company of poor distressed men, 
who ipairtly thorow thair causeing, haive 
already been brought so vlecry low as, if 
any such desyre should be granted, after 
BO much paines taken, four several! tymies 
already, for regulating therof, and give- 
ing every man satisfactioun in a proper- 
tionaible way, it wer not only a mean 
to undoe all the former labour, to the 
discontentment of all, which inevitably 
wold aryse from a new valuation, but if 
any of thair burden should bee cast up 
upon us, it wold bring all of us to utter 
ruine, our rents being rackt to the full, 
aind thaires never known to us, hot as 
the same wer given up by themselfes, 
thair neirest freinds and servants, at 
thair pleasours and direction. 

And sickly k the collector of our sliyro 
leavyes monethTy upon IBS the sowme of 
eighteen pounds sterling, wihiclh is allowed 
us for the mantinance of our watch 
against the incunsiones of the Eyeland- 
ers, yet ihe refuises to delyver us the said 
money without your Honours' orders to 
that effect. 

Theerfor may it please your Honours 
as to the first, that no such desyre biee 
granted to them : foot if they should 
insist (notwithstanding it is most noto- 
rious they have no just ground of 
complaint) wee humbly desyre that 
wtee may be first heard for our selfes 
to object in tnadr contmr, and to that 
effect may have a lawfull citation be- 

136 More Culloden Papers. 

foir your Honours allenarlie. And 
that your Honours may be pleised to 
order the collector to pay in to ua what 
hee wilbe found dewly resting upon 
the accompt forsaid, and ae Bound 
We shall pray 

Referring again to "Oulloden Papers" 
(XHI.), the last paragraph suggests appli- 
cation in the matters of grass for the 
horses, etc., to the General. Another un- 
dated draft petition may have been the re- 
sult of this. 

Unto the Right Honorabill General 1 
Monk, Cheef Commander of all the 
forces in Scotland. 

The Supplicatione of the Gentillmen, 
Heritours and Frieholder of sume 
few parodies near to the Garisone 
of Inverness. 

Heavely oompleaues and humblie showes 
That our continued pressours lye o 
heavy upon us, beyond all the nychbour- 
ing shyres and parodies about us, as wee 
can keepe 110 longer silence, but must lay 
open our fearea to your Honour as to the 
only physitian, who cam best cure this 
our languishing disease. 

And first wee oompleane that ther is 
imposed upon us only, to (be furnished 
in to the garisonte yeirly, many thousand 
oarte loades of peates, whills sume of us 
have not ourselves bot whiat wee buy 
with our money, and bringes the same a 
gryt way off from other paroches, not- 
withstanding that be monethly assess- 
ment and [illegible] from us a large pro- 
portione of money for ooall and kindle is 

2. That in some plaices all inch grass, 
as for thje mantenance of our horses and 
other bestiall, with a great deill mor nor 
is ordinarly made use of, is always ar- 
ms ted and sequestrated for the use of 

More Culloden Papers. 137 

the garisone and troupes, so that al- 
thoche the wark be increased upon our 
horses, yit ther entertaynment is 
diminished, and our rents therthrow very 
much lessened. 

3. That we ar upone all oocasiones the 
only people wha ar pressed with the fur- 
nishing of baggadge horses for all maner 
of oariadges, as weell to Badyenoche as 
to other places. 

4. That wee ar forced to fuxnishe 
coarne and stray for the remote and in- 
accessible Heichlaods. 

5. That such moneys as was abated to 
us towards the mantenanae of a watcho, 
whill the Heichlanders war in rebellion ne, 
the same is now leavied by our collector, 
who refuisses to redelyver the same. 
Howsoever we have maoitayned a con- 
stant watch hithertill, and since the 
tyme it did ceasie, wee cooiceave it not 
reasone that the money abated for that 
end sould now be exacted upon us. 

6. This besydies our coall and candU 
money, the furnishing of beding and all 
kynd of other necessaries to the garisone, 
with what burden did lye upon us the 
tyme your Honour was about the reduce- 
ing of the Heichlanders (as yit not takin 
into consideration) with many other 
thinges which wee suffer, whills others 
about us injoy them, selves without a&y 
such caire, truble or expenses. So as, 
without remeaddye bee provyded for the 
futour, our tennendrie, who threattin 
daylie to quyt us, will be put from labor- 
ing, our lands will be cast weast, and 
wee, your Honour's supplicants, ther- 
throw rendered altogither unserviceable 
to the State, unusefull to our freinds, 
and unprofitable members in that pairt 
of the cuntrey wher wee leive. 

Theerfore may it please your Honour 
so to consider of our grivances, as wee 

138 More Culloden Papers. 

may be altogither fred off sume, eased of 
other, and put in equall footing with, our 
nyehbouring ehyres for the /rest. 

We say -freed from the fewell or peates, 
which may be brocht upon the common 
acoompt from the Forthe or from 

Freed from arr easting our grass, bot 
rather to designe so much land for that 
purpose as shall be thocht most proper 
and commodious for grasedng of such a 
number off horsses as shall be found neces- 
earie or requysat to be keiped upe heir, 
which horsses may pay so much a peice, 
according to your Honour's order or ther 
custome ; and if any superplus remanes 
for -the compleating the dewtie of the 
said laind, that the same may be cast upe 
upon tJhe common aoooonpt off all the 
ehyres by north Sipey. 

Freed from coarne and stray for the 
Heicblandars, they being in a capacitie 
to buy the same in the Ixwlands, as 
others doe, at least that we be not furder 
burdened with this [illegible] nor our 

Freed from the watche money, the 
same being a part of the supraditionall 
thousand lib. sterling added to the old 
Soottes Mant[enance], and becaua other 
shyres lhave hade the lyk abatements, 
who never intertayned amy walch ther- 
with, and to order the collector to rede- 
lyvor such of the said money as he hea 
leavyed since the watche wns discharged, 
nmd to exeajne [exempt] UB in tanto of 
all monethlie assessments for the future. 

Eased off the bagadge horsscs by causing 
all Morray, Nairne, Oromartie and Ross, 
be assisting by turnes to carry atnd trans- 
port bagigadge per vices witih us. 

Eased off the excessive 'burden of coall 
and oandell, the same amounting weill 
neir to the fyft part of the shyres 

More CuModen Papers. 139 

monethlie assessment, and to be put in 
quail footeing with the rest of the 
shy res. 

To grant us eumie abatement off our 
inonethlie assessments towards the repara- 
tion of our losses tyme that Major Gene- 
rail Morgans quartered in our cuntrey, 
when the Heichlands were a treduoeing, 
as lies been gevin to other shyres. 

To [illegible] sume thing tapon us by 
way of abatement in consideration of the 
bedding amd th'e other necessaries fur- 
nished to the garisone, and to give order 
that the cuntrey gett reoeptes therupon, 
least peradventure, the garisone being 
changed, the interant may requyre the 
lyk furnishing. 

Richt Honoratill 

Resolved to have made applications 
to your Honour by our letter. Eifter wee 
thooht agayne that sume more notice 
myoht happely be takin of a gentillman 
of our number, wher upon wee have 
made bold by this beirar, Johne Forbes 
of Oullothin, to present your Honour 
with a humble petitioune from all of us 
and one our behalf?, representing the 
sadnes of our conditioune, remitting 
what wee have ther omitted to say for- 
der and ia that ptetition to be amplefied 
by him, whom wee hav (partioularlie in- 
etruicted to that purpose, whois report 
your Honour may beleive as to us. So in 
.hopes youil Honour will neturnte ua a 
favorable answer, wee take leave and 

Richt Hbnorabill 
Your Honours most humble servandes. 

For Generall Monk. 

On the same paper, immediately after 
the foregoing, the following draft letter 
and iperbition appear, possibly an alterna- 
tive, or aa the result of some communica- 
tion from General Monok. 

140 More Culloden Papers. 


Rioht Honoraibill 

Your Honours lettre oS date from 
Edinburgh the day of we re- 
saved, touching the collection of the cess, 
wher a beginning of your Honour's oaire 
of this land in general! is olerily held 
iorthe (or which |_; j ] states a beginning 
of your Honour's inclination to deal! 
favouraJblie with a poore dejected land, 
under the waight off many heavie prets- 
sours) off which favours, seitog your 
Honour's intention we sould be partakers, 
can not bot witnes our respects by th 
returne off most humble and hartie 
thaukes. Bot the conditioune of this 
shyre being singulars, and doubting as 
yet your Honour may happelie not bo 80 
sufficiently informed as to our heichlands, 
reinot and inaccessible places, as you may 
be huppolie heicrafter, wee have directed 
this gentillman, Jon Forbes of Oullothin, 
commissioner for us and in our name 
and behalffe, to informs your Honour 
particuLarlie of the condit/iono and yuali- 
tie of this shyre, to whods report your 
Honour may gave cryedit in this, also in 
aaiy thing a Is by ua intrusted, being a 
man of knowne integretie to us, whom 
wee have ajso intrusted with sume other 
particular lubtructiounes, wiiereunto we 
desyre in all humility your Honour may 
give notice, and returne a favorable 
answer to 

Richt Honorabill, 
Your Honour's humble servandes, 

Therfor may it please your Honour to 
t-ak our condition into consideration, and 
beggea with all humilitie your Honour 
>nay Jistyn th(e following overtures, or 
any better that your Honour shall please 
to propose. 

More Culloden Papers. 141 

1. For th'e fewell or fyring to the gan- 
Bone, we desyre humblie that the same 
may be from henceforthe brocht upone 
the oommone aocompt of the wholl nation, 
from hensforthe in ooall, the whole moss 
neir unto tlie garisone being alreddie al- 
most exhausted. 

2. For the grasse, that so much land 
noer unto the garisone as may be thodht 
most commodious may be ather brocht 
upon common aocompt of the nation or 
fearmed for that purpose. 

3. For the bagadge horsaes that course 
may be takin howe the wholl shyres by 
north Spey may be equallie burdened 
therwith, or that such as leive at a dis- 
tance and can not convenientlie furnishe 
liorsses may be a>ppoynted to releive us 
off sume other burdinges answerable to 
that waight, aaid that all [?] within 
[blank] myles to the garrisone may be 
imployed to t'urnishe horsses by turnes. 

4. That the Heichlands may be alto- 
gether takin off us, and we burdened hot 
meirlie according to our particular 
rents, or that they may be ordered to 
furnishe their equall proportion of coarne 
and straw, by buying the same in the 
lowe cuntrey as others doe. 

5. That befor any order be granted to 
the Heicihlanders for a gtenerall revalua- 
tion of the wholl ahyre, those of the low 
cuntrey may be heard for their places, 
to object in their contrar why the same 
ought not to be granted, and to this 
effect may have a lawful! citation. 

6. That our collector may be ordered 
to pay us bak our money, ther being no 
shyre in Scotland denyed the benefeet. 

7. That the ooall and candle .money 
may be altogether takin off, the lyk 
favour being showed to uther shyree, as 
we are informed. 

8. And that your Honour may be pleased 
to put order for repayment to us off such 

142 if ore Culloden Papers. 

necessaries as have bene lately furnished 
by us to the garisone, with some allow- 
ance in consideration off our losses and 
sufferinges the tyme that Major Generall 
Morgan did lye in our ountrey. 

And ais bound we shall pray. 
These but ^without] prejudice of any 
other meanes or ineasor your Honour 
shall think more feasible for redress and 
releife of the burdens aoid grivanties 
aforesaid as bound wo sail pray 

It may be observed from the few docu- 
ments which remain of this period that 
John Forbes was now identified with the 
shire rather than with the town of Inver- 
ness, perhaps to be accounted for by the 
death of his father in 1654, when he became 
laird of Culloden. 

The last document dealing with public 
affaires at thia period is endorsed " Ooppie 
the estates to Dundaas for coll: the cess.'' 
It is dated from Edinburgh 25th October 
[ ?] 1658, and addressed to "Captain Lawrenoo 
Dundas and Robert Momro of Fowlles col- 
lectors of the shyres of Inverness and Rosa 
and burghs therein, to be communicated to 
the gentilmen, heritours, inha/bitantes of 
the saidis shyres, and burgesses and ueigh- 
boures of the respective burghes therein." 
It authorize* aii a,i>ecaUK;iii intmtiily lur 
two months, commencing 1st .November, as 
follows : 

The fihires of Inverness and 

Ross 365 6 2 

The Burgh of Inverness ... 37 10 

Do., do., Tadln. 7 10 

Do., do., Dingwall ... 1 10 

An allowance was made "to several places 
wasted and otherwise" and ''towards keep- 
ing of watch against the Highlanders in- 
curBions'' as follows : 

More Culloden Papers. 143 

For the shyres of Invernes and Bos 
monthlie the soum of fourtie fyfe pundes 
six shilling two pence off which tuantie 
fyfe p<und six shilling two pence is for 
the shy re ' of Inverness and twentie 
pundes for the shyre of Rosse, eighteen 
pundes monethlie (out of the said abat- 
ment) being to 'be allowed for keiping of 
guardes in those shyres respect! velie for 
their defence, and the rest of the said 
abatmenta in respect of waist landes." 

The burgh of Inverness received an 
abatement monthly of 37 10s (so that it 
appears to have paid nothing actually) and 
Tain 2 monthly. Only 9d in the pound 
was allowed for collectors' fees, "and the 
counsell doe heirby further order that non 
sail -be assessed aa tennentes bot only for 
his personall estate, and that not to ex- 
ceed a fiftye pairt, unles whair it is uther- 
wayes agreid betwix the landlord and ten- 

The above figures correspond with 
those given in the "Ajasesse laid atppon 
Scotland for the 4 monthes of July, August, 
Sep^miber, October 1653." (See "Scotland 
and the Commonwealth," page 174). 

144 More Culloden Paper*. 

SUTHERLAND-- 1656-1658. 

The following letters written by John, 
thirteenth Earl of Sutherland, chiefly con- 
cern salmon fishing, ;but also refer to John, 
second Lord Reay, at whose hands many of 
the Covenanters had suffered severely. John 
Forbes of Culloden had been on very frien- 
dly terms with Donald, first Lord Reay, one 
of whose letters, dated 24th May 1642, like- 
wise deals with fishing matters, and ends 
"yor loveing friend." He was, therefore, 
perhaps, trusted by both sides in their dis- 
putes; though he does not appear to have 
gone to Sutherland, as expected, in 1658. 

The fact that Lord Sutherland and Cu!- 
loden did in these days actually trade in 
pickled salmon is no more remarkable than 
that Colonel Fitch may have started life as 
a tailor. The doctrine that service under 
the Government, more especially in the 
army, was the only course open to the 
aristocracy is of much later date. It has 
vanished now with other absurdities of an 
artificial but glorious era. 

For my worthie and much resipectit 
freind Johne Forbes of Culloden, 
leat proveet of Inverness These. 


1 did formerly wryt to your bro- 
ther Duncane in your absence, to send 
barrels and packers both to Helmisdaill 
(which I here is done alreadie) and also to 
vStrathnaver ; at least to send barrells 
for Strathnaver to Helmisdaill, that I 
may take course to send them over ; and 
that yow send your coupers and factor)* 
ther in dewe tyme for packing off what 
fishes ar taken ther this yeir, which I 
desyre yourselff nowe to be cairfull off. 
I hope my taking the benefit of the lawe 
(as yow have done) neids not be a grownd 
of anie quarrell or neglect of dewtie on 

More Cullodcn Papers. 145 

to ane other, which (on my pairt) I pro- 
mise shall noways be, bot shall be als 
roadie to take anie freindly course that 
may tend for both our good, as ever I 
was. I shall adde no more, bot expects 
your carefulness in sending barrels and 
packers for Strathnaver with all the dil- 
ligence can be, as yow wishe me to wit- 
ness that I am, 

Sir, yowr werie reall freind to my power 
to dispoase off. 

J. Southerland. 
Inverness, the 4 of September 1656. 

For my much honored friend Jhone 
Forbes of Culoden These? 

Honored freind, 

Perceaving by ane letter that 
I hare had leatly from Jhone Crawford 
that you ar come home, and the Lord 
Reay having before your comming ap- 
poyntit a meitting with me aind Arbell at 
Kinbraisse in the Hight of Strathulzio 
in Slither lamd, I thoght it necessarie to 
acquaint yow thereoff, and to intreat yow 
to use all dilligence to be ther against 
Tuysday at nig'ht, the 7 off this instant, 
and bring with yow all the paipers that 
ather conserne the said Beay or me. And 
with all I trust yow will keip it eecredt 
that we are to meitt, seing the Lord Reay 
is in a fear, which makes him, he will 
not come lower dorvne. So expecting by 
this berar to heir whither yow can be 
with us day and place forsaid, or not, as 
yow wishe me to continewe, 

Six, your werie loving friend to 
my power to disposse off 

J. South erland. 

IKwnrobin the 3 off Appryll 1657. 


146 More Culloden Papers. 

For my honored friend The Laird 
of Oulloden. These. 


This inclossit hath beine this longe 
tyme lying by me, bot oould not dis- 
patch it untill we haid resolvit upon a 
place of meitting, my selff being unwill- 
ing to goe in my old aidge to Strath- 
naver, and the Lord Reay being far 
more unwilling to meit anie wher els. 
Yeit, considering what a prejudice it is 
to both our families to have that on- 
luckie bargane lying in suspense, men 
being mortall, I have resolvit rather 
to be at the trowble to goe to Strath- 
naver. Our meitting place is upon In- 
vernaver, the 6 off July. Iff yow will 
rest your selff heir the 3, being 
satterday, yow shalllbe werie hartely wel- 
come, and we shall goe togither 
on Monday, the 5, to Kinbraiase 
in the Hight of Stratlmlzie, and 
from thence I trust at greyt ease we 
may reatch Invernaver. Which is all 
at present I have to signifie unto you. 
only that I trust you will bring all these 
paparis with you, that may conserne our 
bargane, and may put a good under- 
standing betwixt the Lord Reay and me 
in our [illegible]. I only adde that I am, 

Your werie reall friend to serve you 

J. Southerland. 
Dounrobin the 25 of June 1658. 

For my honored and much respectit 
freind The Laird of Cullodine 

Honored friend, 

Since the wryting off my last unto 
you, which was this day 8 dayes, I have 
beine in Strathnaver and returnit heir 
saifly (I blisse the Lord) on Satterday; 

More Culloden Papers. 147 

my wyff being tender. After I haid 
brotchit all our busainess, and put them 
in a settling fraime, I left them to drawe 
up paparis, with a. comissione to my sone 
to end according to our condescendance. 
Bot I think trewly, iff Sir George Monro 
haid not beine ther, we sould hardly 
have mett, for my Lord R/eay was so 
preoccupied with cinistrous and jealous 
thoghts off us, by the instigation off 
men of no fortoune, whose lyff it is to 
fishe in drumly waters, that, as I say, 
Sir George haid anewch adoe to banishe 
these thoghts from them. Sandsyd, 
David Sinclaire, Duncane his brother, 
and Mr George Mionro, sheriff dark of 
Caithness, wer a.lso good instruments off 
our setling. Bot iff thea understanding 
gentlemen haid not bene ther, "with Sir 
George Monxo, I hink we haid left and 
desertit the buesines in worse tearmes 
then we found it. Howevere, yew wer 
not without your owen sensur for your 
absence, as I did wryt unto yew. I told 
yew my Lord Beay wold tak it evell 
which was at first this maine reasone that 
he wold end nothing by reasone of the 
want of these paiparis yew have off his. 
So I ansuerit he haid your letter, which 
was obiigatoirie anewch (for ane honest 
man) to delyver all the papers he haid 
to ather off us upon our several] ord- 
ours. So we did drawe up ane ordour 
from eatch of us to yew to delyver such 
papers as are mentioned in the ordours, 
or such others as may conserne anie off 
us, upon sight off tne eaids ordours, to 
anie we shall oommissionat to that effect, 
which is all I have tyme to wryt con- 
Berning our meitting. Now, as consern- 
ing our fishing ther, I did mistake it ex- 
cedingly, for, befor my comming from 
that, ther was above ten lasts salted, 
and all ther lowmes [tubs] and you* 
greyt barrells, which was left the last 

148 More Culloden Papers. 

yeir at [illegible] (which my sone intends 
to 'buy from you) only to attend the [?] 
Corff Bank in necessitie, or in such a 
take as this, untill he can furuishe him 
selff with fate [vate]. Therfor yew 1 
wold send ther 12 or 14 lasts off tries, 
and 8 or 10 to this countrey, to Helmds- 
daill aiid Brora, which in all wilbe 24 
lasts, for it is better to have then to 
want; as aJso conserning salt, if yew 
can furnishe it to us at the rait I did 
wryt off, or halff a merke more, or ten 
merkes, I wold wishe yew to bring 80 
or ane hundreth bolles, ther with the 
hempe and corck and picke [pitch] I did 
write off. And, as I did wryt formerly, 
I trust yew will not [illegible] us at 
[illegible] from impdoying yew to be our 
merchant, hot let us have everie thing 
our waters shall requyre als cheape as 
anie other will, afford it; seing yew havo 
a necessitie off sending a weseell ther, 
yew may afford it als cheape as anie 
other, seing all will redound to your 
owen good at last. This my son did 
deeyre me to signifie unto yew. And 
wherin anie off us can be useful unto 
yew, yew obeying this our reasonable 
desyre, yew may command us, and we 
shall not be wanting, and shall oblidge 
us also for thankfull satisfactione off 
anie thing yew send us, bot espetially 
yew shall hawe power to dispose off me as 

Your werie reall freind to serve yew 

J. Southerland. 
Dounrobin, the 12 off Jully 1658. 

I intreat yew send us no mor off the 
Berwick bind, bot send us the Invernes, 
Leith or Aberdeine gadge, and I trust 
yew shall have pleasant delyverie and 
good fishes. 

My sone and his comer also intreatit 
me to desyre yew to send ane packer 

More Culloden Papers. 149 

quickly ther, els it wilbe to both our 
losses; for ther was not above 8 or 10 
barrells off yours emptie, which I think 
shalbe quickly full. 

With all the patience in the world some 
of the above letter remains undeciphered, 
but at all events there appears to have 
been good fishing. 

The following document deals with pay- 
ments and quantities between 1655 and 

An acicoonpt of ye sumes of money payed 
be ye Earle of Sutherland to John 
Forbes of Cullodine at Whitsunday 1855 
years : 

Lib. S. D. 

The princll sume IB at Whitsunday 
1655 14,666 13 4 

The annual rent yrof till Lambes 
yrafter is 220 Ibs. Inde at Lamfoea 
1655 14,886 13 4 

Wherof payed in salmond at the 
said Lambes 1445 Ibs so rests then 13,441 13 4 

The annual rent of ye said soume 
till Lambes 1656 being on year is 
806: inde in all at Lambes for- 
eaid 14,247 13 4 

Wherof payed in. salmond a/t that 
Lambes 1510 lib which bedag de- 
duct at ye terme above men* 
tioned rests 12,737 13 4 

The annual rent of ye said sotime 
till Lambes yrafter 1657, 764, inde 
in all at Lambes 1657 fored ... 13,501 13 4 

Wherof payit in Salmond at ye 
said Lambes 1657, 3835 libs which 
being deduct of ye said sume re- 
mains at Lambes foreaid ... 09,666 13 4 

The annual rent of ye said sume 
till Lambes yrafter 1658 is 580 lib. 
Inde in all at ye said terme ... 10,246 13 4 

Wherof payit at ye said Lambes 

1658 in Salmond 3735 lib -which 

being deduct remains at yat time 06,511 13 4 
The annual rent wfaerof till 
Lambes 1659 is 390 Ib 13 4 which 
being added to ye said prinpll 
itrmme make at ye said Lambes 

1659 06,902 06 8 

150 More Culloden Papers. 

Wherof payit in salmond at ye said 
term of Lambes 1659, 4545 which 
being- deducit of ye said sou me 
remains 02,357 06 3 

The annual rent yrof till Lambes 
1660 is 141 8 4 which beting added 
makes in all at ye said terme of 
Lambes 1660 02,498 15 

This besides 800 merks for a boat 
agreed upon to be payit in fteh. 

Summa boat and all to be payit 
by fish at Lambes 1660 extends to 3,032 1 8 

Item in ye said time to witt after 
Larnbes 1660 delivered to ye said* 
John, his factor David Ruthwen 
out of ye corfhoTiees of Fare and 
Torisdailis 7 lasts and 5 barr. 
salmond and 2 barrels of grilses 
at 20 Ib for ye ealmomd barrals 
and 15 lib for grilses extends to 
1810 lib. 

Item receivit by Ms tuw servants 
to witt David Buthwen and 
Patrick Urquhart out of Helma- 
daills since Lambes 1660 4 lasts 
of salmond at 20 lib per banrill 
eitende to 0,960 

Item more in ye yeire 1660 given to 
William Duffa skipper acording 
to Oollodine his order at Brora 
14 barrills at 20 lib a barrall is... 0,280 

Summ of flsihies receivit in ye yeir 

1660 extends to 3,050 

Nota that yeir 1656 yr is miis- 
compted ye sunime of 10 libs Scots 
A also to remember the spoiled 
fishes for ye said yeir 1656. 

More Culloden Papers. 151 

(1) FRAGMENTS 16581665. 

The following isolated letter is dated 
from "SteuldaiH" 9 August 1658. 

For the richt honourabill and my much 
respectit freind Johnne Forbes of 
Oullodin Thees. 

Honnorabill Sir, 

My humble service rememberit to 
yow. I have thocht guid to schaw yow be 
thir lynes, that I am seik and diseassit, 
and may not cum the lenth of Invernes to 
the justice court thair, to persevv Andrew 
Oaldell in Kennessarie for the murder of 
Hew Forbes, my umquhill father. 
Quhairfoir, Sir, I intreat yow meist 
earnest! ie to concur with the Laird of 
Mey, who is now shereff of our scheir of 
Caithnes, and call and persew the said 
Andrew Caklell to the full, and gett the 
haill lawis of this natioun against him, 
for he thinkis to pas frie be the mantten- 
ance of Johnne Sinclair of '[?] Tannache, 
our last shereff. And now since the said 
Andrew Caldell is chargit to underlie the 
law at Invernes, he is in dispair, threatt- 
ing and bosting to murder me and my 
brother, as he did with our father. 
Quhilk I hoip ye will caus the judgis to 
tak noteis therof, and to tak speidie 
course and prevent the evell he intendis 
to do us, for he is manttenit be his freinds 
and Johnne Sinclair of [?] Tannache, 
going armit with ane companie of fugit- 
ivis throch the cuntrie. Thairfor, Sir, I 
hoip ye and the Laird of Mey will go on 
togidder to persew this actioun befoir the 
honorabill judgis at Invernes. No moir 
bot restis and sail remaine 

Your servand ever at command 

William Forbes- 

152 More Culloden Papers. 

The friendalhip which existed so long be- 
tween the great bouse of Argyll and the 
family of Oulloden seems to have com- 
menced with John Forbes. There is a let- 
ler to him dated at Inveraray 24th April 
1658 from the MJarquia of Argyll (executed 
in May 1661) which is of little importance 
in itself but shows a considerable degree of 

For Johne Forbes of Oullodine These. 

Loveing Freynd 

i had ane mynd to have spoken to you 
before ye left Edgr concerning tha 
manageing of the lands of Cultaleoyd 
[Castle Leod] qlks I am now to entir to 
at this Witeonday and to have your 
advyce theranent. Alwayes haveing 
appoynted [? George Campbell of] Cru- 
nane to goe ther and receave the 
house and lands aff ST. James Medoualds 
hands and to sie what couditioxine things 
ar in I wold earnestlie intreat you to be 
at the paines for me to goe with him ther 
and give him yo\ir best advyce and assist- 
ance in what shall be necessar to be done 
and lett me know your best advyce for 
manageing of my affaires ther wch shall 
be takine as ane rew obligatione upon 

Your loveing fryend 


It was, perhaps, this intercourse which 
made John Forbes himself suspect after the 
Restoration. At all events a few days 
before Argyll met his death the following 
letter was received : 

For the honorabill Johne Forbes if 
Cullodin These. 

Honorabill Sir 

Being enformed that your name is into 
a roll of excepted persona from the act of 
indemnitie, 1 spake with my lord Register 
(who was said to have hade that r ,.11) and 


[To face pay 16S. 

More Culloden Papers. 153 

enquired whither it was so or not. Jiot 
he assured me that he knew no 
such matter. However the thing 
being still asserted toy others upon such 
grounds as deserve credits. 1 , we most oon- 
oeave that the Register hath forgot it, 
and it were not amisse that ye should be- 
stow one voyage more to this place to 
obviat the ill-will of some men who are 
inimici diligentes, wfhich is all at present 


Your affectionate freind and servant 

A. Monro. 
Edinburgh, May 15, 1661. 

It was not till ^December 1665 that he 
took the oath of allegiance. 

Endorsed : Act for John Forbes of 


Hallirud house the twenty-third day of 
Decem. 1665. 

The whilk day in presence of the Lord 
Commissioner's grace and the Earl of Lin- 
lithgow compeared personally Jon Forbes 
of Cullodin and conform to his Majesties 
late proclamation remitting the second 
moyetie of the fines to such as haive bein 
charged and both moyetiea to such as 
have not bein charged or to whom (his 
mayedtip hath granted suspensions did 
take the oath of alledgeanoe and sub- 
scry ve the declaration. 

Ext. per me 

Pet. Wedderburn. 

It is probable that John Forbes took a 
less active part in public affairs at the Re- 
storation and in the years immediately suc- 
ceeding which may to a certain extent 
account for the few documents surviving at 
that period. Also, as suggested above, ho 


154 More Culloden Paper*. 

was now more concerned with the shire, 
which he afterwards represented in Parlia- 
ment (from 1669 to 1674) with Lachlan 
Mackintosh of Mackintosh. Meanwhile ho 
perhaps considerd it wiser to live quietly, 
and it is curious to find among the collec- 
tions a copy of a document dealing with 
loyalty in Town Councils. It is dated from 
Edinburgh 15 September 1660, signed "G. 
Cheyne," and endorsed "For the provest, 

baillies, and counsa.ll of ," the name 

may be Lanark, but certainly not Inverness. 
The "commissioners of burrowes now con- 
veened" had received a letter from the 
Lord Chancellor, Glencairn, to the effect 
that at the next election of magistrates 
"such onlie may be m<aid choyse of as ar of 
kiiowen fidelitie and loyaltie towards his 
Alajestie.' 1 It was therefore ordained that 
in the ensuing elections of magistrates "no 
persone or persons who contrived or sub- 
soryved the remonstrance or associatione or 
concurred in the prosecutione of any courso 
for promoveing the ends therof or protestit 
against any publict judicatories ther deter- 
minationes since the yeere 1650, or ar any 
wayea dissaffectyt to his Majesties govern- 
ment, or endeavour by factione or seditione 
the disturbance of his Majestie's peace, or 
deserted any charge in his Majestie's 
armies without ane lawfull warrand, that 
non such be admitted to any place of 
magistracie, counsall, or office of deaconrie 
within burghe . . . ." 

Whatever the real political opinions of 
John Forbes may have been, there are no 
other documents extant in the collections 
directly concerning him fill 1666, except a 
license to eat flesh in Lent dated 1 March 
1664 ("Culloden P'apers" XV.) and another 
"to eat flesh in tyme of lent and upon the 
thrie weekly fish dayes mentioned in the 
late proclamatione," dated 26 January 

More Culloden Papers. 1J55 


These letters, though of no historical im- 
portance, have presented a genealogical 
puzzle, as at first sight some would appear 
to have been written by John Forbes, uncle 
of John Forbes of Culloden, and brother to 
Duncan Forbes, first of Culloden. In his 
continuation of the "Genealogy of the 
Family of Forbes" (Inverness Journal Office 
1819) Duncan Forbes of Culloden (son of 
John Forbes and grandson of Duncan Forbes, 
first of Culloden), writing under date 18th 
March 1702, gives "an account of John, 
the exempt, and black Patrick, younger 
bretheren of Duncan Forbes of Culloden, 
and sons to John of Badenley and Eliza- 
beth Keith": 

"John, the 2nd, when he came to be 
about 18 or 20 years of age, raised his 
patrimony out of the Laird of Tolquhon's 
lands, which was no more than 2000 
merks, and went to France with it, where 
he became a Captain and exempt in the 
Guards, then married a French woman, 
and had by her a son called Malcolme, 
who also became a pretty man; there- 
after Captain John being deputy-gover- 
nor of the castle of Dieppe, under the 
Marquis of Montilly, after the Marquis 
his death, Madame de Montilly married 
him, and within some time after married 
her own daughter to hie sone, Malcolme, 
by whom he gpt a good portion, but got 
a far richer within some time, for her 
only sone, young Montilly, dying with- 
out succession, Malcolme, in right of his 
wife, fell into the estate of Montilly, 
which his grandchild does inherit with 
the title of Marquisi: and some 30 years 
ago, he sent to Scotland for his coat- 

156 More Culloden Paper*. 

armorial certificate, which, was givon him, 
utterly wrong, by the then Lord Lyon 
and his deputy and clerks." 

The above has been quoted, not so much 
in connection with the letters to follow, but 
in the hope that some reader may bo able 
to give information with regard to this 
French alliance, the accuracy of which, 
even if the names are misspelt can hardly 
be doubted At the same time it is only by 
close attention to the letters themselves 
that it has been proved that the John 
Forbes in question must have been of the 
family of Oorsendae. It is stated (page 14 
of above quoted work) that 

"James Forbes married Mortimer, 

daughter to the Laird of Lragievar, who 
did bear to him Wm. Forbes of Corsen- 
dae. Of John Forbes, Mr James and Mr 
Alexr. wee know no succession in Scotland 
save Mr James hath two sons in France : 

she did also bear to him Forbes, 

married to Gideon Keith ; Janet Forbes, 
his eldest daughter, married on Duncan 
Forbes, Provost of Inverness; and 
Isobel Forbes married to Rot. Forbes of 
Milbuie; and Margaret Forbes married 
on Mr John Annand, minister of Inver- 

There can be no question that the writer 
of the following letter was maternal uncle 
to John Forbes of Culloden ; and it is of 
interest to know that both the latter and 
his son Duncan Forbes received their final 
education in France. 

For my weil beloved nepheu, the Laird 
of Oulloden, Invernes. 

My loving and deir Nepheu, I hare 
long looked efter your neues, and had the 
intention to have wretin to yoo at 
lenthe, if Master Moore, quho lived heir 
Bum tyme had don me the favour to bid 

More Culloden Papers. 157 

me goodnicht befor his parting. I 
resaved be ane gentilwoman in your 
totun ane Jotter of your sum monethe 
ago, datted at Endbrach [Edinburgh] in 
the monthe of February, and, as ye wrert, 
suld have cum to my hands sooner be ane 
gentilman quhom I never saw. I in- 
formed myself quhat way that letter cam 
to his hands. Scho told that ane gentil- 
man called Sir George Muschet fof Burn- 
bank] brocht it to hir from [illegible], 
quhair Mr Annand [the writer's brother- 
in-law] ley, being in your toun, quhilk 
was send to him from Poittiers. Auays 
I leerned be it your gryt seiknes and re- 
covery again, quhilk did rejois me muche, 
and entraets yoo to have ane special caer 
of your self. Altho your mother lived 
ane raisonabl age and in good hiealthe, as 
your father did, and I do yit, God be 
praiesed, in as good healthe, as ever did 
eey roe, altho I have fourscoor and four 
yeirs, and my vyf and son also. I tak a 
gryt caer about my affaers as ever I did, 
and in the patience quhilk I have had 
this fyve yeirs bygon, being put from my 
houa be ane onlawful comprising, and 
culd not get ane listing of it, bot ane 
monthe ago, having lived always in this 
toun <at gryt expenses, my vyf and son 
may go bak this monthe of Septemb, bot 
I belef I sal stay heir this nixt vinter, 
becaus my partey lies obtenit ane regie 
cueille quhilk in Scotland is called ane 
revision of the caus, quliilk does not heir 
hinder the execution of the Arest I 
gottin, I hoop, quhair be the damages 
and interests and the expenses I wil be 
no lesser, bot of the tym I have spendit 
heir in this toun, quhilk wil not be alto- 
gidder lost. Ye wreit to me to send yoo 
my son, quhilk I wald have doon, if thir 
Frenche birds Tver of as good natur as 
our Scotch breedings ar. I did never 
know ane Frenche man breid in Scotland, 
bot became debauched dronkards and 

158 More CvModen Paper*. 

mony other Vyoes they conquer, their 
being far from confession, quhilk holds 
them at sum aw. 

Ye wreit to me ye have ane son ye wold 
send to me in exchange. Deir nepheu, 
is it so that ye [ ? he] wald live with me. 
Gif I had bein sooner out of effaera, I 
vaa to entraet yoo to send me eny of 
your eons ye pleis to clause quhilk is 
necessair for yoo and me bothe. I my 
self being ane old man, my son being only 
on, incace ony thing befal him or me, 
the fardest of all our kyn wald be our 
hair, and get what I have gottin and 
keiped withe gryt paen. My nepheu 
being besyd me puts al that out of ques- 
tion. Therefor delay not to send me on 
in al diligence, and lat me know quhairto 
he uil apply to be ane gentilman or 
Scottes. He sal stey withe me quhill he 
hes atteined the langueche of the con- 
trey, and then ve sal send him to Bourges 
or Poittiers, quhair he will be neir us, 
and heir oft of his neues. 6ir Paol 
Menzies [of KinmundieJ three sons uor 
withe me money yeirs only for kyndiies 
caus for their father and mother uor 
tuo kind sools, and ye ar both good kynd 
and my nepheu, and yit ye mak scroupl 
of my love and affection, that ye wold 
quyt oomons vithe me. I have bein con- 
straned, not having ane penney quhair- 
upon to live in this toun, to contract 
debte withe Mr Muat, quho had ane gryt 
desyr to by my seit, and had advanced 
me neir fyf thousand livres, bot I was 
resolved not to eel (albe I was in neces- 
sity) becaus of your substitution to it, 
incace ony thing happin my son or my- 
self. He is agreit withe me to pey him- 
self, in taking up be Mr Alexander that 
rente in vertu of my pro[illegibLe] his 
profits in demeniahing of the principal pro 
rata. So that soon or last yt uil remain 
ether for my son, or, falling him, to yoo 
and yours. I am pressed to end, becaus 1 

Afore Culloden Papers. 159 

nother know this berar bot sins tuo hours, 
quhairwith presently parting, dear 
nepheu, excue my schorfcnes of letter, 
bot not the love, quhilk is and sal be, as 
long as ye lyf, of him quho is from his 
wery hart, my dear nepheu, your most 
loving and affectionat uncle, 

J. Forbee. 

Your lady and al my yonger litil 
nepheus sal resaue heir the love, affec- 
tion and service' of my vyf and son, as 
also myne. J. F. 

Paris, ye last of Aost 1661. 

Between this date and the winter of 
1662 it had evidently been arranged that 
Culloden's eldest son, Duncan Forbes, 
should visit his French relations. Writing 
from .Dieppe, 5th Decemoer 1662, to his 
father he mentions that he has been "this 
ten dayes expecting the answer of my let- 
ters from my grand uncle," but that he was 
setting out soon for Paris via Rouen. 
From the old gentleman's next letter it ap- 
pears that his grand nephew was profiting 
by his visit. 

For my very honorable and respected 
good nepheu, 

Jhon Forbes of Oullodin. 

My deir and loving Nepheu, Your son 
and I both ar astonished to have hard no 
neuea from yoo sins hia coming ;to this 
toun, altho it is not necessair ye wreit 
at al tymes heir except ye had the occa- 
sion of ane ba/erer without exipenees, in 
respect he is with me, and of quhom I 
sal have gryt ane caer as of my owin. 
Yit I prey to oonsidder the tendernes of 
ane chyld [he was then aged 19] quho is 
in ane perpertuel faer of your helthe and 
his mother's both ; for thinking on this 
I divert him so muche as I can. This 
long winter and cold withe the -tempest 

160 More Culloden Papers. 

cam on after hes altered my healthe with, 
the /paens I take about my aifaers. 1 am 
conselled to go to the contrey besyd my 
vyf, and leif in this toun my eon under 
the conduct of ane sollicitor, quho under- 
stands the affaers uithe al ye instructions 
quhilk ar necessair, and quhairto I can 
nether ad or [?] emipaer, wanting noth- 
ing bot ane jugement, quhairof I am put 
in hoop be mony freinds, quho promises 
much, bot hes not cum with speid as ve 
have exipected, this mony yeirs. Your 
son is in ane perfait good healthe, and 
parts with me to-morrow, God willing, 
for the contrey, quhair my vyf vil have 
ane caer of him as of myself, for he vil 
be the grytest expectation ve have bothe 
being bothe now seirly tormented with 
the desires of the [illegible], of quhoin 
their is emal hoop, if God vork not ane 
miracle, his vil be doon. Quhill your 
son was heir he hes not lost ano hours 
tym, and hes soin mor in the toun or 
Paris in threy monthes nor I have doon 
in fourtey yeir I have bein cuming and 
going heir. Their is in ane bourg not 
passing sax legs [leagues] from our 
dwelling ane academey of gentilmen's 
sons in the contrey, quho hes not the 
meins to spend in Paris, quhair, efter he 
hes learned the langage quhilk my son's 
maister will instruct him this sommer, 
I entend he sail go quhair we uil heir 
from him every day, and sey him every 
holy day almost. In the maen tyme he 
nil be accustomed to the aer of the con- 
trey and the dyet, quhilk uil put us out 
of faer of extraordinarie seiknes, quhair- 
to he is not lykly inclyned, being of ane 
good body and weil [illegible] and hes 
money better gyfts of mynd nor I can 
tel you iiithout flattery. God maS him 
ane good man. I wrot to yoo befor, that 
1 uil have ado of neu secours befor my 
affaers be endit. I know I hnre engaged 
you in ane burden with much, bot it de- 

More Culloden Papers. 161 

pends upon yoo as it is consaved in our 
contract; that ye may frey your self 
send ane litil, so the laest payment be 
not les nor fyf bunder pound mor or les, 
quhilk uil depend on your commoditey. 
My necessitey makes me importun, and 
your goodnes gives me occasion to abus 
of your courtesy. Yet ye ar my sister 
son, quhom I may engage for my loving 
as it is the proverb ; bot I can not do so 
with my litil nephew [grand-nephew] be- 
cause he hes ane father and ane mother, 
quho ia my niepce [by marriage], bot not 
my sister, being ane degry forder of. 
Your son wil wreit to yoo the rests of the 
particulars, quhairof I mak no mention ; 
and remember, my deir Nepheu, to put 
me to my graef "with honour, and it sal 
be to me ane gryt confort, that your son 
and myn clos my eye, and tel you sum 
day that in deing, 1 rememberd on yoo 
and your kyndnes, quhilk hes bein gryter 
towards me nor ever waa ony nepheu to- 
wards ane unprofitable uncle, quho semes 
in ane other vorld, and of quhom ye can 
mak lytil use except it be to prey for yoo 
and yours, as your most obliget uncle. 

J. Forbes. 
Paris, the 24 Marche 1663. 

The above was enclosed under cover from 
Dunoam Forbes, whose letter of 25 March. 
1663 is full of anxiety at not hearing ne9 
from Scotland. Hia grand uncle's lawsuit 
seemed to be prospering, "his compefitors 
being wearyrd by his dilligenoe and his 
judges by his importunity." Young Forbes 
proposed going to the country with him 
"and retour myself for a sertain space to 
that litle bourge I spake of in my former 
letters, wher ther is a nianer of ane aoca- 
demie and whither ther are some whom I 
know in Paris retired. They have ther 
pension for 9 or 10 crowins a moneth witE all 
kynd of bodily exercises, musick and mathe- 


162 More Culloden Papers. 

maticks." Then follows a long apology for 
the amount of money he was spending in- 
cluding, "for a ryding cloak, 8 crowns; for 
breeches to ryde in, 4 livers .... I 
have payed 3 pistolls for 2 months fenoeing 
and one moneths danceing. . . ." 

The last letter from the grand uncle to 
his nephew in Scotland commences with 
technical details concerning his affairs and 
continues "Nor desyr I quho hes money 
oompts to render to God, to be charged with 
other men's geir, having ane maxime im our 
relligion Non tollitur peccatum, nisi restitu- 
atur ablatum. Ther for, my deir nepheu, 
have ane oaer of my sool in the other worlde, 
as veil as ye have had of my body in this. . 
. cuming to this toun I passed at 
Bourgea and placed their my nephew. 1 ' About 
Culloden's son he had no need to press him 
to study " sine he has bein with me, he gave 
him self to the history, quhilk he reids not 
bairly. . . . but ryps [examines] the 
moralitys and the harangs, quhilk ar neces- 
sar for the ornament of ane gentilmam. 
. . Ye have given him to understand that 
ye wrocht venders your self quhen ye waa 
heir, and spared as much upon your father's 
allowance as maed your equipage to retourn 
home. I know quihow ye lived, and qufaat 
ye spemdit and quhat my sister gave yoo 
without your father's knowledge." This is 
illuminating when one considers the port- 
rait of John Forbes of Culloden painted in 
his old age; but may account for some- 
thing in his character which appealed to 
friends other than strict covenanters. 

The above letter is dated 19 October 1663, 
and before 10 February 1664 the old man 
was dead. On that date his wife, who signs 
herself 'Vostre tres humble servante Silvia 
[?] a Bebaston' wrote to Culloden a long 
letter in French. It was a. begging letter 
" . . . . je croyois estre soulagie par 
1'assistance que m'en avoit donn4 en mour- 
ant Monsieur de Forbes, vostre uncle et mon 
mari, qui avoit tant de confiance en vostre 

More Culloden Papers. 163 

ban naturel qu'il a oreu que pour 1'amour 
de luy vous nous aideries, son fils et Moy, 
. . . ." Their lawsuit, it would appear, 
was soon to 'be determined. Speaking of 
Culloden's son she adds "Je ne scay pas ey 
c'est vos oommandemens ou nostre misere 
qui 1'oblige a nous traitro avecq tant dindi- 
ference, mons fils et moy, luy ayant escrit 
troia on quatre fois, sans quil aye daigne 
nous faire responce." 

The point of vieTV of Duncan Forbes is 
narrated in a long letter of 12 May 1664 in 
which !he tells his father in regard to the 
process (quoting from a former letter) "all 
is lost and he ordained to pay 6000 li" and 
that it was the old man's death which ruined 
his affairs. "I shall ooey your commands, 
Sir, in meddling no more that way." As to 
the widow and her son he had been much 
importuned by them ' 'hot since I have acqu- 
ented you severall tymes that ther impor- 
tunitie is turned to a great oauldines, in so 
much that they doe neither -write, nor 
ansAver any of my letters." He ends with 
an exceedingly long and reasoned argument 
why he should spend another year in France. 
Perhaps he too, was getting that know- 
ledge of the world which made him a 
trusted friend in the years to come. 

164 Afore Culloden Paper*. 


In the death register preserved for th 
parish of Alves occurs this entry: 

"6 April 1667 Sir Robert Innes of 
Moortown knight. 
His lady departed this life 19 May 1664.'' 

Sir Robert Innes of Muirtown (parish of 
Kinloss) was the son of Sir John Innes of 
Crombie and nephew to Sir Robert Innes 
of Innes, first baronet. "In our own tyms, v 
wrote the Rev. Hugh Rose ("Family of Kil- 
ravock, 1 ' Spalding Olub) "there lived Sir 
Robert Innes of that ilk, father to the pre- 
sent Laird of Innes; and Sir Robert Innes 
of Muirtown, who, for prudence and cour- 
age, might have been coumseUers to, or com- 
manders under, any prince." 

The estate of Muirtown was acquired 
afterwards by James Galder (son of Thomas 
Calder of Sheriflfmill, near Elgin), who waa 
created a baronet in 1686 and married 
Grisel, daughter of the laird of Innes, and 
niece to the lady of Muirtown. Sir Robert 
of Muirtown had also married an Inoes, his 
first cousin, daughter to Sir Robert Innes of 
Innes, first baronet. 

The following is the invitation to her 
funeral : 

To the Right Honorble 
The Laird of Cullodin. 

Right Honorble 

It hath pleased Almightie God to remove 
my wyfe, from this valey of miseries I 
hope unto that eternall lyfe of joy, her 
corps which as yet remaine heir with us 
are to be interred in the Laird of Innee 
He" in the Kirke of Urquhart, therfor 
these are intreating you to doe me the 
favour and her tliat last and Christian 
dutie to come to St Giles Kirke in Elgin 

More Culloden Papers. 165 

the twentiefourtb day of May instant 
being Tuesday by elevin hourea when her 
corps are to be lifted and from thence 
to convey them to the appointed buriall 
place, for doing wherof ye shall verie 
much oblidge. 

Yr affect, and humble servant 

Robert Innes 
Mooretoun May 19 1664 


The next document is connected with 
the dispute, famous in Inverness annals, 'be- 
tween the Macdonalds of Glengarry and the 
town. In August 1665 an " unhappy 
tumult " occurred on the outskirts of the 
towtn, which resulted in several of the Mac- 
donalds being killed and woumded. Glen- 
garry demanded satisfaction on a gigantic 
scale, bint ultimately the dispute was re- 
ferred to the Privy Council, who ordered 
the town to pay 4800 Scots in name of 
damages, together witlu the fees due to the 
surgeon who attended the wounded Mac- 
donalds. The town sent Commissioners to 
plead its cause (before the Privy Council, 
and at a meeting of the Town Council 
held on 19th March 1666, they reported 
that " they were greatly prejudged hindered 
and crossed by supplications and cross peti- 
tions tendered to the Lords of Privie Coun- 
cil by some ill-affected and malicious neigh- 
bours viz. [the names appear in the docu- 
ment below] whereby they pretended and 
protested to be free of all personal and 
pecuniary fynes (gif any should be) to be 
imposed uipon this burgh for that unhappy 
tumult risen in August last betwixt the 
McDonalds." The Town Council in conse- 
quence, on 24th September 1666, passed the 
resolution which the document records, and 
it apparently remained in force till 22nd 
October 1675, when it was albrogated by a r- 
eolution of the then Council. 

E. M. B. 

166 Mor'e Culloden Papers. 

Endorsed : 24th September 1666 
extract act of counsel!. 

Inverness the 24th September 1666 
yeirs, In presence of Alexander Cuth- 
bert, provest, John Hepburn, David 
Fouller, & Robert Barbour, bailliee, 
John Stewart, Dean of Gild, William 
Robertson theasurer, John Outhbert of 
Castlehill, Robert Rose late provest, 
John Cutlibert, Alexander Rose, Robert 
Chapman, Charles Mclean, James Stew- 
art, George Cuming, Robert BaUzie, 
James Outhbert, Laureuson, William 
Bailzie, elder, William Duif and John 
Cowie, Counsellors. 

The quhilk day the magistrates & ooun- 
sell being convened, for treating about 
the towns aliairs, in bpeciail for choysing 
of ane new Counsell for tliis ensueing 
yeir, the Provost having interrogat and 
put to the voyce whither or not these 
persons or any ane of them who com- 
byned togither against tne magistrate 
and oounsell of this brugh, and pirotestit 
against them before the Lords of His 
Ata-jesties Pnvie Counsell, should be em- 
powered capable or trustit to be coun- 
sellors for this ensueing yeir (there names 
are : John Forbes of Cullodin, Duncane 
Forbes, his brother, Mr William. Robert- 
son of Indies, Thomas Watson, Alex- 
ander Forbes, Alexander Chisholme, and 
William Ouming) yea or not. It was 
carjed by the negative voyce, that they 
ought not nor sould not be received as 
counsellors, nor yet put in any publiok 
trust be them, while the magistrats and 
counsell were fully satisfied with their 
deportment and they themselves, viz the 
protestattoTS convinced of their error ft 
guilt Quhairou Act extractit. 

J. Outhbert clericus. 

More Culloden Papers. 167 

The following letter addressed to Oul- 
loden appears to have been written in 

Edinburgh 16 December. 

I resaved sum few lynee from yow, and a 
coppy of discharge from iNiddis to yow 
toucheing the Bxcyse of the moneth of 
Apryle 1650. Treuli ther was more 
reason I sould hav had my moneth, quho 
took all the burthen upon me, and went 
to Breda, quhair I had a large burthen. 
I will say no more. The act of estaits 
granted in my favour in the 1 of Marche 
1650, to be ane incouragment to cawse 
Niddis and me advance that 2000 li. 
sterling. My ingadgement was a lytle 
diepper therefter, and assigned to us the 
monthes excyse of marche and apiryle 
1650. Others that were in the publicq 
plaices deserted the charge as wyse men. 
Yet I have this incourageiment in my last 
declyneing dayes, that the Lord honors 
me to be instrumentale to bring home our 
dread soueraigne to this his ancient 
kinigdome, a,nd qiiho soever was a with- 
holder of that lytle meanes that was ap- 
pothecate for that end, it argues ane 
evident demonstration of their disaffec- 
tion of the King's safe returne to his 
Kingdome and loveing subjects. And 
yow sie to seale such ane act, quhen I 
was absent my self, nether was it in your 
pouer to do it, upon most sutilouse rea- 
sones, the shyres of Roxburgh, Beruik, 
Hadington, etc., quho lay nearest the 
English forces and borders, payed the 
same tuo monethes excyse in Apryle 
1650, now 17 yeares bygane. And the 
shyres of Inuernesse, Rose etc. upon 
quhom the English forces came not till 
November and December 1651. Jon 
Forbes of Oulloden most have ane exonera- 
tion therof. One other in all Scotland 
J mett with, quho, pretending sum such 

168 More Culloden Papers. 

lyk groundles pretence, and quho have- 
ing pouer with sum leading men, quho 
were indifferent of the King's Majesties 
return. Treulie, swing we resaved these 
tuo monethes excyse from the 'bordering 
shyres near to the English, no reas MI 
can we giv to keip it. Sir, I hop these 
ar abundant to convince yow. And if 
other shyres had done as yow did, and 
hav withheld ther payment till now 17 
yeares, the lyk would hav destroyed 
many families, the mantenanco of your 
land in great tiling, yow will not with, 
hold it. I hav in a confused way thus 
given sufficient reasons to convince, 
mcum et tuum makes all the differences 
in this world. Yow will do well to pre- 
vent forder hearing upon your gud 
thoghts therof. I will wait till the 15 
off July next. Yow was a vvyse man, 
and consulted with other wyse men, and 
did not ingadge so uuadvysedli. If yow 
lagh at our follie, yet koap not bak your 
lytle myte yow ow. 

Your servand 

J. Smyth. 

The next two documents deal with Sab- 
bath-breaking and other misdemeanours. 

For his very honord good friend 

John Forbes of Culloden This. 

Verie honord Sir, 

Ther were some women on yor grownd 
of Oullodn delated to our Seesione for 
scolding & playing on a Lords day, when 
we quesnd them befor us they denied 
all & we could mak nothing against them 
seeing the delators were absent, Querefor 
I am desired by the Sessione to speak to 
you, that ye may try the bussieness & if 
ye find them culpable that by yor en- 
quiry ye causs them, & delators be befor 
us to morrow & if ye find nothing that 
they abide at home seeing this is a bussie 
tjme being the Harvest. Sir I am loth 

More Culloden Papers. 169 

to trouble yor Ly. for sourae meale if she 
can spair some, hot no otherwise, ther 
are fyve bolls adebted to mee if I wuld 
get one or two bolls seeing my family 
stands in need theroff I should seek no 
more at this terme, This is all bot that I 
begg for temporal Spiritual & Eternall 
strenth to attend yon & yors 

Your well wishing friend & Servt. 
whill I am 

Alex Clerk. 

Inverness 9 of Sept. 1667. 

Sr, Excuse the scarcity of paper. [It 
is actually 5 inches square.] 

The names of those that hes been fyned 
be the Magistrats of Inuernee such as 
blood werks, ryots and fornicatione &c. 
[It is endorsed 1671.] 

Inprimis. Hobert Chapman for some 
descourse quhich the said magistrate pre- 
tendit and apprehendit he spok in thair 
oontrair was fyned in 20 libs. Scotis and 
keeped in prison till he payed the samen. 

Item. Thomas Grein, showmaker, for 
strickeing of his wyff, as they alleadgit, 
caused him pay 40 libs. Scotis, and was 
keeped in prison till he payed it. 

Item. One Donald Dow and a como- 
rade of his, both of them servants in the 
my In, strack at one ane other, for which 
the forsaid magistrate made them pay 
bewixt them both 20 merks. 

Item. Thomas Tulloch, measone, for 
giveing a strock to his barrowman with 
the [Ptrowel] he haid in his hand, was 
caused and forced to pay 18 merks. 

Item. William Chapman for shooting 
of a pistolle unconcerndlie, the bullate 
did peirce throw Baillzie Robeitsone's 
servant's hipp for which the said magis- 
trats made him pay fourscore ten merks 
and attour his expenses for cureing of his 
said hipp. 


170 More Culloden Papers. 

Item. Caused the foreaid William 
Chapman for falling in fornicatione (as 
being as they suppose themselves justices 
of peace) fyftie four merks; lykwayes 
the women with quhom the said William 
fell peyit them as justices of peace 15 

Item. Robert Innes, sone to John 
Innes, gleseenwireight, was forced to pay 
to the said magistrate as justices of peace 
(for his first fall) 20 libs, boots, and the 
women with quhom he fell was forced to 
pay them 10 libs. Scots; lykwayes for his 
second fall he was made to pay to the 
said magistrate upon the accompt for- 
said 30 libs. Scots; also his pairtie payit 
10 libs. Scots for the second fault. 

Item. John Murray, burgess, was 
made to pay 40 libs, for his faJl, aaid his 
concubine 10 libs. Scots. 

Item. George Andersone, servitor to 
Patrick Gordone, lidster, peyit them 10 
libs. Sootis, and 10 libs, also his concu- 
bine peyit. 

Item. David Cuthbert, sone to James 
Cuthbart, tounes clerk, peyit to the 
magistrate as justices of peace 20 libs. 
Soote for his fornicatione, and his con- 
cubine 10 libs. Scots. Lykwayes the 
said David peyit ane hundereth libs. 
Sootis, and that for beatineing and 
stricken William P'atersone, burges, who 
was then captaine of the tounes guard, 
and upon some miscariadge he comanded 
him soberlie to prove ciwill, he being un- 
toward made ane unhandsome assault 
as aforsaid, and withall did in a most 
barborous and in ane unhumane maner 
strick at John MoOaoher, the tounea 
officer, till the infusione of his blood &c. 

Item. John McConchie younger peyit 
for his fornicatione to the magistrate 20 
libs, and his partie 10 libs. Scots. 

Item. McOonchie, sane to David 

McConchie, burges, peyit for his fornica- 
tione betwixt himself and his concubine 
20 libs. Scots. 

More CuUoden Papers. 171 

Item. The deoeist vVilliam MtKilli- 
can, burges of Inuerneg at the east port, 
for his failing in i'uruicutiou^ lM HLs. uud 
his concubine 20 libs. 

Item. Donald Me i_iM e &ible] beyond 
the bridge, burges, for his fornication 
payit them 20 libs, and 10 libs, his 

Item. Robert Wincester, burges, for 
his fornicatione 20 libs., and his concu- 
bine 10 libs. 

Item. Donald McSligach, younger, 
tailzier, for his fall peyit 10 'libs, and his 
concubine 10 libs. 

Item. Robert Murray, sone to John 
Murray, burges, for his forncation peyit 
10 libs. 

Item. John Hay, cordinar, payit for 
his fall 10 libs, and his pairtie 10 libs, 

Item. Donald Fouler younger, mer- 
chant, burgea of Inuernes, for relapse 
payit 40 libs. 

Item. Gregory Grant younger. [The 
remainder is torn.] 

Writing as a partisan of the Fraseiw, 
and with not unusual inaccuracy, the 
author of the "Wardiaw Manuscript," re- 
lates how John Forbes, in repairing the 
house of Bunchrew, supplanted the Fraeer 
Arms by his own. "Where Simon Loru 
Fraser of Lovat and Dame Jean Stewart 
were before, now John Forbes and Jean 
Dunbar!" The inference is scarcely fair 
to the house of Culloden, to whose descent, 
from the Lords Forbes reference has already 
been Anna (not Jean) Dunbar 
was herself of sufficiently aristocratic line- 
age, being the daughter of Alexander 
Dunbar of Grange by hia first wife, Jean, 
daughter of Sir John Campbell of Calder, 
and it was from the Calder family that the 
Frasers acquired Ferintosh, only about 1617. 
It may have been true that the sale of that 
property and Bunchrew to John Forbes 

172 More Culloden Papert. 

was deeply regretted by the Frasers, but 
several of them took peculiar means of show- 
ing their resentment. 

In 1678 appear letters of horning at the 
instance of Duncan Forbes [younger] or 
Culloden against John and Hugh Frasers, 
&jns to William Fraser of Easter Leadclune, 
William McWilliam vie Hutoheon, son to 
William McHutcheon younger, Hutcheou 
McAlaster vie Ean Boy younger and 
Angus ? Gruder in Bochrubin. One can 
hardly fail to guess at the nature of their 
offence, which may possibly be associated 
with this quotation from the "Wardlaw 

Alexander Mackwilliam, a Fraser, cap- 
tain off our Watch, with his brother, 
John Fraser, and halfe a score desperat 
young men, came disguised to Bunchrive 
in a morning and brake down all the 
gl.oss windowes of the house, brake the 
millstones to bits, levelling all to the 
ground as if there had been no house 
there. This atrocious riott galls Culloden 
to the heart. The shirref of Inverness, 
or the Lord Lovat's balife, were judges 
competent for such villaines: there he 
could expect no favour nor justice. My 
advice to him, being at my owne house, 
\v:s freety to pass it over unconcernedly, 
for if he should persue it legally he could 
have no reparation of these meanes, not 
being solvendo, nor off their personee, 
being desperat and could soon turn out- 
lawes and doe him and his lands consider- 
able mischeefe (for Highland fewds never 
dies) ; and moreover it were no small dif- 
ficulty (if possible at all) to instruct the 
deed or fix upon the actors. Uppon 
mature thoughts he quit gave it over, and 
settes a tack of his maines in Bunchrive 
to Alexander Chisholm, Shirreff Deput off 
Inverness, who now lives in that town, 
and iabourea the land. 

More Culloden Papers. 173 

So bad had things become by 1681 that 
the following petition was drafted. 

Endorsed: 1681 Petition to the Duke 
of York for a watch. 

Unto his Hoya.ll Higjhnes the D'uke 
of Albanie & York &c, And to 
the Right Honourable the Lords and 
others of His Majesties Secret Councill. 
The Petition of the gentlemen heritors & 
freeholders of the Lowlands of the Shyre 
of Inverness & others near & about the 
Burgh therof for themselves ther men 
tenante & eervants. 

Humblie Complains & Showes 
That wheras those dyvers years bygone 
your Petitioners have suffered many 
greivous depredations & harshipps through 
the incursions of Bobbers, Sorners, 
Thieves & Broken men of the Heilanda 
of the said Shyre, and other Lawles men 
ther assosiats, who come doun in 
Bands & parties, Rob, Steall, and drives 
away ther Cattle, Brakes open their 
Doors in the night tyme, & Diggs through 
their Houses, plunders and away takes 
the haill moveables, Insight plenisheing, 
goods & geirs & oft tymes assasinatts 
several! poore people in their Bedds. To 
the heigh Contempt of authority & Rouine 
of your Petitioners without remeadie be 
provyded. And notwithstanding the 
Lords of His Majesties Privie Comacill 
hes thir years bygone made many laud- 
able Lawes & Actts for suppressing the 
lyke insolencies in tyme comeing and hes 
bestowed liberallie upion (persons of 
quality and pouer for repressing the lyke 
inhumanity yet your Royal! Heighnee 
Petitioners have suffered more these four 
or fyve years Bygone, nor they have done 
those many years before without any re- 
dress or reparation. As may be made 
appeare by a List of the Goods stollen, 
heirwith to be presented. 

174 More Culloden Papers. 

May it therefore (please your Royall 
Heighnes & the Lords of His Majesties 
Privie Oouncell to take the condition of 
this poor country to your consideratione 
& provyde such meanes as may preserve 
your Petitioners from utter rouine, 
either by establishing of watches or 
planting of Garisons in Lochaber or in 
such other places of the Heilands as your 
Heighness & the Counoill shall judge 
most convenient or take any other way 
that shall be thougt more expedient for 
your Petitioners Security. And as bound 
they shall pray. 

Of a series of documents dealing with a 
particular instance of this kind, endorsed 
"Letters, etc., concerning Thomas How," 
only one appears to remain. It is a pro- 
tection, dated 16th February 1682, by John 
Forbes of Culloden to John McGiilender- 
icke. The document recites that in Sep- 
tember 1679 certain goods and cattle were 
stolen belonging to Culloden, who had been 
certainly informed that McGillendericke, 
who resided in Lochaber, could give infor- 
mation as to where the goods went, and 
who had taken them. He was therefore 
granted this pass to come and go till 31st 
March next to come. 

Mention has been made of Anna Dunbar, 
wife of John Forbes of Culloden, and the 
following effusion from the Reverend 
William Ross, minister of Edderton has a 
curious reference to her at the close. 

These for his honoured and much res- 
pected The Laird of Oulloden, elder. 

Edderton, June 20, 1676. " 
Worthie and wealbeloved 

I am glad that you have in this sea- 
sone escaped the necessarie evill of legall 
contestes, and that ye ar out off that 
pensive and expensive laborynth of so 
unoertaine event, quhairby ye ar at lazure 

More Cidloden Papers. 175 

to goe about your policie and frugalitie 
at horn, as also about your mor serious 
and neoessarie spirituall exercises. Whin 
and vvher I mett with you last, the exer- 
cise \ve wer about, the interreing of a 
young spriehtly person, quhairby her solff 
and others wer surprised, brought my 
thoughtea to the oonsideratione of our 
own hazard, considereing the nature of 
our clay houses to be bot pitcheres 
(Eccles : 12 : 6). And houever ther be 
differences amo>ngest pitcheres, and that 
that which is mad off tough and stiff clay, 
and weall baked in the oven is the firm- 
est and will byd most and heaviest 
knockes, or that pitcher which is more 
oairfully keeped and less stressed may be 
longer exstant, yet nether the fynenes of 
the clay, the ekillfulnes of the bakeing, 
nor the carfullnes off the keepeing, can 
alter the natur of the pitcher or meta- 
morphose it to a marble urne or pott of 
lasting metall, bot still reteanes its es- 
sentiall fragilitie, and therfor is ever ly- 
able to the fatall knock that dissolves it. 
It is heigh tym for me, being now 49 
yeares, wheroff most iff not all wer spent 
sinfully and improfitably, and haveing by 
manie yearee pa sit the raeridiane of a 
manes ordinarie course in our tymes, it is, 
I say, heigh tym for us to be diligent in 
redeemeing the tym, because the dayes 
ao- evill. May the Lord mack us wisse 
to prepare and provyde for that which 
is impossible to avoide, to witt, seeknes 
and deathe, who have us ^ still in chase, 
and may verie shortly overtak us. When 
we ar patientee, we ar lyk the bees in 
winter, no fleeing abroad to find freshe 
flowers, either they most starve or live 
upon that stock off honey, which they 
have provyded in the summer seasone. 
May the Lord preserve us from the 
dreadful! error of the foolish virgines, 
to have our oyle to buy, when we should 
have it to burne. Old age is a seeknes 

176 More CuHoden Papers. 

off it eelff, the batteries of death havemg 
chattered our walles, and reduced us w> 
be a tottering fence, and to the neceaaitie 
off parley, and whene we ar layed low 
upon our seek bedes, and upon our backes, 
fighteing with all the weakneses and 
infirmities off nature, it wilbe no small 
work in that conditione to apply, mak 
use off and feed upone the experiences, 
victories over tentationee, the intima- 
tionea off pardone and actes of mortifi- 
catione and sweet accesses to ane Com- 
muniono with God, actes of faith ami 
repentance Ac. that wee have atteaned 
to in formere tymes, that is, I say, no 
small work for us in that conditione, 
tho' the enemie did not rease manic 
spirituall stormes in the verie mouth 
of tho harboure, as it is usuall with 
him to doe to all except such as hav no 
bandes in thor death, whose feigned pcac 
endes in a reall and endless warr. Bot 
haveing drawen out these emptie lynes 
too great a lenth, I only begg your 
pardon, that I could not wait on you at 
your house conform to my promise and 
resolutione, being hindered by the seeke- 
nes off my spouse and childrene. Only 
I desire to knowe what the Lord hath 
don in order to the calmeing off your 
domestick stormes, and what success my 
last letter had with your spouse, and 
whither I may have anie incorradgement 
to continue that or anie mor personall 
correspondence with her. So remember- 
ing my respects to her, Jeane, and the 
rest off the sweet and hopfull familie that 
the Lord hath given you, and recommend- 
ing you and them to the Lordes rich greaoe 
and tendere caire, I am, 

Your affectionat f[reind] and obleidged 

Will: Ross. 


\To face page 177. 

More Culloden, Papers. 177 

Anna Dunfoar was, according to family 
tradition, of a somewhat masterful temper. 
The very curious document which follows 
is the declaration of her own son. 

I Jonathan Forbes Doctor of Medicin, 
Forasmuch as Anna Dunbar Spoue to 
John Forbes of Oulloden has now for up- 
wards of these last Ten Years bygone 
Laboured under a Melancholic Distemper 
& indisposition of Body of which Distem- 
per to my Certain Knowledge She is not 
as yet fully Free, and that now being re- 
quired to goe either on horse back or on 
foot to Inverness to attend the Shirriffs 
Court, She utterly declynes the samen, 
as a thing that will indianger her health, 
and I being Certain that her apprehen- 
sion proceeds from her Distemper affore- 
said, and that the pressing her to tlo 
anything against her inclination will 
never prevail with any in her Condition, 
do therfor by these presents upon my 
iSoul & Conscience declair it to be most 
Dangering both for fear of her health <fc 
driveing her to extravagancies, to presse 
her either to goe or ryde at this tyme, 
As witnesse these presents wryttin & 
Subst with my hand at Cullodin the 
Sixt 7br 1684 befor these witnesses 
James Baillie nottery Publict & Walter 
fteilsone wrytter in Edr. 

Jon. Forbes 

W. Neilsone witness 

J. Baillie witness 

Some light is thrown on the above by the 
following copy of an "Act in favors of The 
Lady Culloden elder." 

Ediburgh 6th Febry. 1685. 

The Lords Commissioners of his Maties 
Privie Counsell and Justiciary Having 
Considered The Process for Conventicles 
Separation and Church Disorders Ptre- 


178 More Culloden Papers. 

fered at the instance of the Pror. Fiscall 
of the iShyre of Inverness against John 
Forbes of Cullodine and his Lady with a 
remitt from the Lords of his Maties 
Privie Councell to them wherby they re- 
commendit to the saids Lords ;o call for 
the said Prooes and Discuss the same 
with the Defenss testimonies and deposi- 
tions of Ministers And others anent Lady 
Culloden elder her infirmities They 
upon good grounds and Considerations 
discharge all Diligence and executione 
against the Lady Cullodin elder or her 
husband upon the Prooes against her 
And also Discharges nil inferior Judges 
and Magistrats to Call Conveen or Per- 
se w the said Lady Cullodin for any 
Church Disorders and Irregularities. 
Rules She be Specially Dilated by the 
Biahop and Ministers. Extractit by 

J. Anderson Ck Com. 

The following letter, written from Caro- 
lina, 26th March 1684, is addressed 
" For the much honoured Cullodiu, 
younger," that is Duncan Forbes, after- 
wards third laird of Oulloden, who under 
date 18th March 1702 gave ana. account of 
his own family ("Genealogy of the Family 
of Forbes," Inveraess "Journal" Office, 
1819). Therein he distinctly states of his 
brothers, that Alexander went to New 
England and again, ' ' Alexander unmarried 
as yet, for aught known." Alexander, 
however, does not appear to havie gone to 
America till after 8th March 1687, when 
J[ohn] Forbes writing in French to his 
father, the second laird, from Rouen, states 
that he had taken "deux cento livres d'un 
Eoossais qui astoit icy, a qui j'ay donne" ma 
lettre die change eur mon frere Alexander." 
That descendants of some member of the 
Culloden family are now in America has 
always been 'believed. 

More Culloden Papers. 179 


It might bee supposed that in fyve or 
six moneths tyme, which aire past since 
I vvrott my last, and being in thir pairts 
of the world quhair now I ame, ther 
might bee at presentt subject eneugh to 
make a long letter, wer the pen in any 
other's hand then myne, whom you know 
was never so happie as to be any thing 
either off cossmograipher or rhetorician. 
Therfor will forbeare, least at once I 
both betray my owne ignorance, and 
misinforms my frednd. The only irifent 
then of this lyne is to wish yourself, bed- 
fellow and all other freinds, all health 
and happiness, aoid to let you know that 
almost I ame ai planter. But the un- 
healthfulness of the ountrie does not only 
put me to [illegible] and, but also 
those who have lived here from the very 
first settlement of the place, yet come 
what wills, I doe not repent the enter- 
pryse. Our freind Mr MailocE hatE set- 
lied ai (plantation. I pray God send Hum 
better luck then he deserves, yet I thank 
God I have no reason, to compladne, he 
and I being fairly ended quia non aliter 
potuit. I would have sent you three or 
four baggs of oeedar, which I bougKt for 
the purpose, had Mr Mallooh been <als 
good as his word, for notwithstanding off 
his promise and the obligations he owed 
me, yet he was so honest as to refuse me 
that kyndness, although I offered him 
what fraught he (pleased ; but had he 
done otherwaye, it wer a fey toaken, 
which I wisE not, therfor I forgive him. 
The gentlemen of the cuntry ihavie been 
very oivell, which I shall attribute 
rather to your goodness tha.n any desert 
in m. Yet, if I turne planter, I hope 
to quitt kyndness with them. For want 
of greater matters, know that your man 
Jammie Campbell is very well, and over- 
seer of one of the best plantations in the 

180 More Cidloden Papers. 

cuntrie. Ther are some others of those 
came over with me servants in the same 
plantation. They and all of them that 
came with me are well, and wish me and 
myne so, for I have dealt kyndly by 
them, all of which they are sensibil. This 
is farr, although no great ways. I can 
hardly say anything of my own resolu- 
tions, being as yet irresolute what course 
to take. But my trust is in God, who 
I hope will direct me aright, to whom I 
shall never seass praying for your well- 
faire as beeing still 

Sir, your most affectionat brother and 
humble servant quhills 

[P] A. Forbes. 

My service to your bedfellow, and to 
both my sisters and ther husbands, and 
all the rest of our relations in oumulo. 

The following items are taken from a 
faan.ily "aooompt .... begun De- 
cember 13th, 1686": 

s. d. 

For ane emulsion & bottell - 1 2 

Honey, half a muchkin & pott - 80 

Ane cordiall julop & bottell - 1 14 

Ane plaister for the stomach - 16 U 

Dried hearbs to your father's use 5 

[John Forbes, elder of Oulloden] 

Mastick & incense, each ane unce 10 

Best oyle of maces 2 drams - 14 o 

Licorice four unees - 50 
Cinnamon water 4 unces & tha- 

amarinds 3 unoes - - 1 
For ane oyntment to your sone 

Johne & pott - - - 18 
Oonfert oranges 3 pound ten 

unce to the f tine rails - - 5 9 U 
[The old iLaird of CullodenJ 

Sugar Candy ano pound - - 1 

More CvXloden Papers. 181 

Electuar : lenitivy and tua tha- 

marimlfi - - - - 10 

For the two cear clothes and 
other necessars to the Lairds 
Corps - - - - 60 

Aq[ua] regina hungaria 2 unces 

and glasse - - - 14 

Ane bottell blacke beer to your 

daughter 12 

For plaisters & oylls to your 

arme - [illegible] 

182 More Culloden Papers. 


The stent roll of the burgh and territorie of Inrerues, imposed be tlie stenters under 
subscryvand, conforme to the act of councell of date the 16 day of Octr. 1671 
yeares, and that for paying of two moneths sess dew be act of parliament 
which ar the two last moneths of the fyve appoynted to be payed to beare 
the charges of the commissioners that went to London anent the Union, to 
be presentlie levied and collected be James Mcintoshe who is appoynted col- 
lector therof ; the saids two monethes stent extending in toto to the soume 
of four hundei'eth fourtie four pounds twelve shillings scots, for collecting 
qrof the said James Mcintoshe is to be payed according to his deserving and 
that conforme to the said act of councell. 


Wor,th. His calling 1 James Baunerman, 00 08 

Patrick Gordon 02 13 4 

Alexr. Keileone 01 06 8 

,,[?]1000 Jo-fane Polsone John.sone 01 06 8 

500 William Macbean, yor. 00 16 

500 Angus Polscrae 00 10 

His calling Symon Fraser 01 00 

5000 Alexr. Patersone 03 00 

600 William Thomson 01 12 

Hie calling George Wau 00 08 

James Cook 01 16 

Her Donald Watsone's relict 00 16 

His Thomas Monro Skinner 00 06 

. John Lagan 00 06 

James Dunbar yor 01 04 

JoOine Outhbert, late baillie ... 09 06 8 

Aloxr. Chisholme 02 13 4 

Johne Mcintoshe, merchand ... 02 13 4 

1*M John Hepburn'e, baillie 09 06 8 

James Maclean 02 00 

Hie calling Robert Paul 01 12 

Wm. Ross McJohnesone 01 04 

is calling Robert ROBS, merchand ... 01 06 8 


Gregorie Grant 01 00 

Alexr. Stewart 02 08 

Jjjjjjj Wm, Mackenzie 02 08 



Johne Stewart 03 12 

David Fouller 06 13 4 

' John Polsone Robertson* 02 08 


Finlay Frasex, baillie 07 00 

Johne Bishope 00 06 

Alex. Monro, couper 00 06 

N .^V Thomas Taylor, shoemaker 00 06 

1400 Donald McAndrew alias Fraser ... 00 12 

Donald McEandwi 02 08 

Hugh Fraser'e wyf's lyfrent ... 04 00 

More Culloden Papers. 183 


Worth. His calling Willm. McHuoheon, weaver ... 00 06 

Andrew Noble 00 06 

200 Finlay Gordon's lands 00 06 

His calling Alex. Symsone 00 06 

David Fraser, tb abater [thatcher] 00 06 

Johne Dow Fraser, joyner 00 04 

1600 Alex. Fraeer, minor 01 04 

1000 Win. McWairranicih 01 16 

Hia calling John Tulloch, messenger 00 10 

4000 Win. Bailiie, elder, and hie wyfe 02 13 4 

His calling Johne M.unro, messenger 00 08 

Johne Fraser Johmsone 00 16 

1000 Thomas MJcInchgi^h [? Macintli- 

gioh] 01 12 

,, Hda calling Alexr. Siquaire 02 00 

3000 Will. Neilsone, elder's relict, and 

Mr o,y 03 12 

Hisi calling Will. Baiillle, shoemaker 00 10 

2000 William Neileome, yor. 02 00 

Johne Munro of Dnimond ... 01 06 8 


Worth. Robert Riosse, late proveet 13 06 8 

His calling John Buy, yor 00 10 

Wm. Bailiie, yor., for Gilbert 

Ro[ber]tsones rent 13 06 8 

[?] 360 Martin Mirries reliict 01 04 

1000 Donald MtoCtamachie 01 00 

6000 Hugh Eo[ber[tsone 03 00 

,, 3000 Donald Mc[?] alias Mclnchygich 

[? Maoiutligich] Taylour ... 04 13 4 

His trade Wm. Kiples 00 06 

1300 Alex. Clunee 02 00 

3400 ... David Eo[ber]tsone and his son ... 10 00 

His calling John [? Baine], joyner 01 04 

llorie Fra&er 01 06 

John Fraseir, waker [fuller] ... 01 00 

John [?] McCotter 00 08 

360 Johne Eobertsonje of Polsland ... 00 12 

Alexr. [?] Peirie 00 08 

3400 Wm. Trent 04 00 

Andrew Eoss, meason 00 08 

1000 Alex. Dnnbar, yoo- 02 00 

Alexr. Doinbar, lat proveej, ... 10 13 1 

1400 William Geddeis 02 00 

His calling John Maclean 00 12 

Headrie Sutherland 00 12 

14,000 Alex. Fraser 08 00 

1400 Johme Loekhart 01 16 

Nothing Alexr. Fergnsone 00 16 

Nothing Alexr. Gumming, post, for hia 

house 00 06 

Alexr. Fraser, alias Lawrie ... 00 06 

Robert Fraser, smith 00 10 

16,000 Robert Barbor 07 06 8 

Jamee Sutherland 00 06 

His calling Eobert Boswell 00 06 

Blamb (sic) Patrick (sic) 00 06 

His calling Donald Eosse, fisher 01 10 

184 More Cuttoden Papers. 




00 16 
01 04 
00 06 
00 06 
00 06 
01 00 
01 00 
01 04 
00 08 
00 12 o 
00 06 
00 04 
02 13 4 
06 13 4 
06 06 
00 06 
. 00 13 4 
01 06 8 
01 06 8 
00 16 
00 06 
01 16 

00 18 
00 12 
01 12 

02 00 
00 06 
00 06 
00 04 
00 06 
00 12 
01 04 
02 08 
00 16 
01 16 
01 16 

06 00 
00 08 
02 08 
05 00 
00 12 
05 00 
03 00 
01 04 
00 12 
00 08 
01 04 
03 06 8 
02 08 
00 08 
00 08 
03 06 
06 06 
01 16 
00 10 
00 08 


Hia calling 

Donald McKilioan 


HIB calling 


Charles Maclean 


Alcxr CuLhibert provest 


James Quthbert Late Baillie 

[?] 340 




James HoluuH 

His calling 

Donald Maclean 


John Cowie's aires to be payed be 

His calling 

the possessors 
Wni. Cor but, <:o\vper 


Walter Kos, labourer 


John Eoberteone'e relict for her 

Jlis calling 

George Smith, carpenter 

Donald Clerk, creamer [pedlar] ... 

His trade 

Donald Young, shoemaker 

John Taylor, weaver 

Doniakl Fraser, smith 


Wm. Patereone 


Thomas Dun/bar 

H is < allint 

Johne Eraser, brewer 


Johne Harbour 

600 . 

James Dunbar Newtonsone 


Robert Chapman 


William Chapman 

3000 Grant merohamd's rent 


Jam ce Ouith'tMHt creamer 


J amcB Molmtofthe 


Jean Ouithbert 


\V"m Duffe 


Thomas [?] McNuyer 

His calling 

. . James Fraser shoemaker 

John Dick, shoemaker 


Allexr Gum ing's rent 




James Duffe 

Anigug McPIhersono 


David Scott 



Hie calling 

Andrew MteKillioan 

More Culloden Papers 185 

Worth Hie calling 










Mettio McConachie's land 



Wm Cowpland 




Robert Winchester 




Wm. McPhersone's land, payable 

, His calling ... ... 

be the possessors 
John McPha/rquihar 





John Mclntoshe, skinner 



Alexr. Ross, carpenter's, rent 




Michaell Junkin'a relict 




George Ouming 



, His calling' 

Alexr Gregor 



John Baillie, taylor 




Margaret Pater some 




Lieutenant Fraser'a Land 


06 8 


Old John Roy Guimimg's Land 




Johne Ouithbert, merohand 



David McConachie 



John MoGonachie 




Donald Grant 




Alexr. Dunbar Johnson* 



13 4 



John MoTxey 


06 8 

Thomas Merohand 



Walter Leifch 



" " 

Culloddin besydis his interest in 

the K. milme 

Donald Read 



06 8 



James Richie 


06 8 

. ... ... ... Rorie Sinclaire 



Alexr Noble 




. ... ... James Stewart 



Thomas McCulloch 






Wm. Cuming 



Alexr Taylor 





















William Robertsone baillio 


06 8 








' f 


no n 


... ... ... Robert Cnminig'e land 



[?] 150 

Finlay McHucihon's land 




Hiifl calline 



... ... ... Donald Roy Uraser 



na n 

06 n 

- .,. , 

Jamea Rosse. miller 



186 More Culloden Papers. 


00 16 
00 06 
00 04 
00 06 
00 08 
01 16 
00 08 
00 08 
02 08 3 
04 13 4 
00 08 
00 08 
00 06 
00 08 
03 12 
00 12 
00 12 
02 13 4 
02 08 
00 08 
00 06 
00 12 
02 06 
00 12 
00 08 
00 06 
00 06 

00 06 
00 06 
00 06 
00 12 
00 06 

09 06 
09 06 8 
08 00 
02 08 
10 13 4 
00 12 
18 00 

02 08 

John MoOonchie vio Andrew 



James Fraseir, cord'iner 


Wan McWirrioh 



John JtoWirrich 

... Donald Cuth'bert cordiner 





... ... Donald Guthrie 

Donald Fraser ma-ltman 

, 3000 

, His calling ... ... 

... ... Frederick Fraeer 

George Hyetone I PHutoune] 


David Outhbort's land 


... Alex Forbes 





His calling 


Kobert Mortrey 


Jaap-axd Outhbert 

The thrie quarters of the -water of 
to be payed be the possessors 
The totall of the above items In stent 
pounds twelve shill 


Mr Wm. Bobertsono 
Easter Dra/kiies 

John Outhbert, minor, of Drakies 
Johm Polsoine of iterkimsn 
Alexr. Oruicfcshank 
The King's Milne 
Nees, sonxtyme belongring to Dumcane Forbes 

ertends to tour hundredth fuxtie four 

This stent io ended the mynteetih day of October 1671, and subscryved be the 
named stentors oonforme to act of councell./Stc subscribitur. 

Wm. Ihifio, Eo. Harbor, James Stew- 
art. W. M. B. (sic), J. McLeans, 
Will. Baillie, Geo. Cuming, 
And. Shaw, Alex, ulunes. Regis- 
tered and extracted be me. Sic 
subscribitur Ja : Outhbert, eta. 

8 s 

~ j^ 

5 s 

a I 

188 More Culloden Papers. 

This stent roll appears to have formed 
part of the evidence produced by the Town 
of Inverness against Forbes of Culloden, 
Robertson of Inches, and others, about the 
year 1674. The case is noted in "Some 
doubts and Qestions in the Law, especially 
of Scotland. As also some Decisions of 
the Lords of Council and Session, collected 
and observed by Sir John Nisbet of Dirle- 
ton " Edinburgh 1698. 

This case having been agitated, not 
without some heat, amongst the Lords 
themselves; I thought fit to give an ac- 
count thereof, at greater length than 1 
have used in other cases and decisions. 

The Town of Inverness having charged 
the said Robertson of Inches, and 
Culloden and other ieuars, who hold tne 
Forrest of Drakies and other lands and 
inilns and fishings of the said Burgh; 
for payment of their proportions of a 
stent imposed upon them, for the use of 
the Town and they having suspended, 
upon that (reason, that the said stent was 
unequal as to their proportions, and that 
the Town had not an arbitrary power to 
impose stents upon their neighbours ana 
feuare, unless there were an unavoid- 
able, at least a pressing necessity ana 
occasion relateing to the good and inter- 
est of the Burgh; and in that case, the 
neighbours and feuars were to be lyable 
only in subsidium ; in so far as the patri- 
mony of the Town and Common Good 
should be short, and not to extend to 
defray the same. 

It is not proposed to go further into the 
history of the case, concerning which many 
original papers are in existence, but the 
following is given, partly because it is illus- 
trative of and epitomfses much of the evi- 
dence produced by Oulloden and Irishes, 
and partly because a few lines were quoted 
from it in the first article ''Concerning the 
Affair of Clan Chattan." 

More Vuttoden Papers 189 

In the actione pursued be the towue of 
Invernes against the Fewers anent the 
arbitrarie maner of stenting there ia sus- 
pensione raised be the Fewers upon these 
heads. 1. That by a decreet of the Lords 
anno 1664 ther was a methode prescryved 
wherby the Magistrats ar limited in the 
imposing of stents that they shall be 
obleidged in the first place to give warne- 
ing to the inhabitants by touok of drum 
or otherways to oompeire and heare the 
reasones for imposing the stent ex- 
plained to them and to make apeare be- 
fore the imposing of any such stent that 
the common good is exhausted and ex- 
pended upon the necessarie affaires of the 
Brugh with severall other qualificationes 
as at more lenth ia contained in the said 
decreet, and in caice of not observance 
the inhabitants to protest for remoad of 
law etc. 2. That they hold ther lands few 
for the payment of a certaine few duty 
(tantum pro omni alio onere) upon both 
which ther is ane act of litiscontoeta- 
tioune, and as to the first reasone of 
suspensione anent the methode and 
maner of stenting the same being referred 
to probatione hinc inde it is hoped the 
fewers have proven sufficiently the 
towne's contraventione of the said decreet 
as ther depo'sitioues in process will suffici- 
ently evince. And as to the second 
reasone of suspensione to witt the clause 
of the fewers reddendo (pro omni alio 
onere) after litigious debate the Magis- 
trats offered to prove imemoriall possess- 
ione of stenting which the Lords have 
sustained to be proven be witnesses or 
otheorwayes and the Fewers to prove in- 
terruptione, which mow is the thing that 
comes in the first place under the Lords 
oonsideratione. And it is to be supposed 
that withoute all doubt the towne have 
proven ther imemoriall possessione by a 
companie of false surborned witnesses in- 
habitants of the said burgh. And for 

190 More Culloden Papert. 

ftdminiculating of the said witnesses ther 
deposition** the Magistrals produces 
several! extracts of Oouincill acts 
under thor .present elks hand, 
but does not produce ther prin- 
cipall books conforme to ane act and 
ordnance of the Lords dated [blank]. 
And so the acts produced ar not to be re- 
gairded being but the assertioue of ther 
own elk. But esto that the acts pro- 
duced were the roall extracts of ther 
severall Oouncell books which tLcy ar 
obleidged to produce as said is, yet these 
srjnen acts being compaired with the wit. 
nesses depositiones ana such other docu- 
ments as we have to produce imply a 
manifest contradictione, for the witnesses 
as wee oonceave have deponed positively 
that ther were sowmea of money 
stented aind leavyed as weell upon the 
towne as the Fewers for building of a 
bridge repairing of ikirks and steeples 
and for Duncane Forbes his expense to 
London anent the actione ther depending 
betwixt the towiie and the Earll of Morrey 
But by the acts 'produced it appears they 
took effect. Primo, By ane act anno 1624 
for impoeeing the sowme of 1000 libs for 
buying of timber from Glcnmoristono for 
building the sd bridge the same never 
tooke effect for it ordained the thing only 
to be done, but wee Cnd no stout roll nor 
any exocutione following thorupon but 
by the contrarie it is very wecll knowcn 
that the towne having failed in thor dc- 
signe they wore forced to imploie the 
assistance of all the noblemen, gentle- 
men and others of ther own ahyre aind 
others adjacent who did voluntarly con- 
tribute large sowmes of money to that 
purpose which was accordingly leavyed 
and a book mad wherin they enacted 
themselves for payment of ther rv 
spective proportiones which is notour to 
all men and the said book yet extant 
either in the possessione of the Magis- 

More Culloden Papcri. 191 

trats of Invornes or in the hands of James 
Cuthbort of Drakies, and besyde all this 
for clearing that thcr was no ouch thing 
as fltont in those daycs the payment of 
the master wright and workmen's wages 
for building of the od bridge was taken 
up by a voluntarie contributione as the 
particular receipt of every man's offere 
herewith to be produced will testifie. 
The mixt act porodcced was in the year 
1626 alleadged made for imposng Duncan 
Forbes his expenses to London. It is to 
be noted that albeit the sd act appoynta 
a stent of 1000 libs to be imposed primo 
quoque tempore that nothing did followe 
upon the same, for the sd Duncan Forbea 
was forced to (pursue the particular per- 
sonea granters of his commissione and did 
recover decreet against them before the 
Lords of Counoell and Sessione nather was 
their any stenters apoymted by the d act 
for portioning of the samen mor nor by 
the former. 

Nota that it may appeare the better 
ther was nothing lyke stenting in those 
dayes in the nixt yeare y rafter 1627 the 
Magistrates of Invernes were forced to 
send to the Exchequer for a rule and me- 
thode hoy to stent the K's taxatione. 
And it is lykewayes evident that there 
was nothing lyke stenting in those dayes 
in the defence of the actiome contra the 
E. of Morrey every individuall persone 
within burgfi did grant a voluntarie con- 
tributione for defence of the same as by 
ane subscrived roll under the tonnes 
clerk's hand to bo produced will be sure 
testimonie and seve<rall misives. 

The nixt act produced of date the first 
of Janrie 1628 for the sowme of ten thou- 
sand libs, for making ane agriement with 
the Earle of Morrey wherof two pairts 
was offered willingly by the persons which 
came in will and the third pairt which is 
fyve thousand merks was to be stented 
and leavyed by the incorporatione & in- 

192 More Culloden Paper* 

habitants iof the burgh alenarly, but it 
is very weel knowen. to the provest of 
Invernes himselfe and to tiie vvholl cuun- 
trey that the said agreement never took 
effect and nothing followed upon the sd. 
act for ther mosses were to be compre- 
hended in the sd. bargane as well as other 
controversies but upon the towns resist- 
ing they not only left ther mosses to this 
day but also the Earle of Morrey exacted 
of thrie particular personee of the sd 
toune the said sowme of ten thousand 
pounds besyds great Bowmes of money off 
other particular persones to the defence 
of which persones the toune never contri- 
buted a farding. 

It. ane Act of the 26 Janrie 1629 aip- 
poynting the sowme of fourteen huindreth 
pounds money to be stented upon the in- 
habitants alenarly according to their 
quality and estates as other taxatiounes 
wont to be stented. Nbta. That the 
said act relates vo ane other act to be 
made by the Magistrats of stenting of the 
sd. sowme which act we find not so that 
it appears clearly that ther ht.> ioWwed 
no executione therupon more nor upon 
the rest and esto it had Ibeen leavyed as 
it was not the fewers ar nothing con- 
cerned it being; aippoynted only to be 
stented upon the inhabitants, which im- 
ports alenarly the burgesses and it ap- 
pears the rather because it is for pay- 
ment of tounes particular debt. 

It. ane act of the 4 May 1630 whereby 
they would seeme to insinuate the impos>- 
ing of a stent but does not condescend 
upon the eowme, yet it would seeme to re- 
late to the former act made, in the 26 
yeare of God for payment of Duncan 
Forbes his expenses which maks it clearly 
appear that ther was no such thing as a 
stent in the 26 yeare of God, nather can 
this present net imply a stent, th 
sowmo not being agreed upon, and it ap- 
pears clearly that at this tyme Duncan 

More Culloden Papers. 193 

Forbes toad not receved his [ ?] decreet for 
they appoynt the sowme of three huind- 
reth merka to be leavyed in caice of his 
refusall of the [?] offere. 

It. ane act made the 18 of Apryle 1637 
for repairing the priok of the steeple 
with ashler worke and that the sd. stent 
was neither imposed nor collected ap- 
peares by the steeple itself which [was] 
never repaired lykas the act implyed that 
it was, but a deed to be done as weell as 
the rest, and albeit the fewers had contri- 
buted to the building of a church or 
steeple which will occuirre but once in 
many ages, it will not imiply nor infers 
ane '.arbitrary power for stenting upon 
every occasione. 

Act last of March 1642 anent the im- 
posing of a stent of fyve hundredth merks 
to John Cuthbert of Castlehill as a pairt 
of the pryee of the Minister's Glib. 
Nota that notwithstanding the making 
of this act in order to a stent as the 
wholl i'orementioned acts ar conceaved 
yet no executione foil owes upon the same 
till November therafter that ther was a 
new act made for leavying of the samen 
which is not to be found following upon 
the rest of the forementioned acts which 
males it clearly appeare that before this 
stent ther was never any leavyed upon the 
sd. 'burgh [notwithstanding all the acts 
made to that effect. 

It. It is lykwayes to be observed that 
the people did reipyne against the payment 
thereof by cursing the stent master and 
by ane act in the yeare 1644 they ar bound 
up in all tyme coming from reclaming 
under pecuniall failzies. 

It. To notice how the depositiones ofv 
the witnesses and the acts produced does 
quadrat, the one asserting positively the 
payment of the money which the acts of 
Councell does not beare, which is an ap- 
parent presumptione that the witnesses 
deponing ar persones suggested and cor- 


194 More Culloden Papers. 

rupted to that effect having deponed 
upon payment of stents to be imposed 
whills the acts beares no warrand for up>- 
lifting the same. It. To be observed 
that albeit all these stents to which the 
forementioned acts relates to had been 
leavyed as they were not, yet they being 
only for building of Bridges, Churches and 
Steeples and such other public uses asi 
will not occure once in a hundred years, 
shall that allow the Magistrats of Invernes 
ane arbitrarie (power of stentiug at ther 
pleasour and in such ane exorbitant 
maner as they have done these 10 or 12 
yeares bygone (viz.) in upwards of 200 
monethes cess to the mine of many a 
poore familie. 

To call for tho principal! councell 
books of the sd dayes. 

To reflect upon the witnesses ther ages 
and how gross they ar in witnessing 
things of this nature, some of them being 
but sex yeares at that tyme as appears by 
the sessione books. 

It. To mind Oulloden and Inches ther 
suspensiones in the 63 and 64 years of God. 

It. To mind the result of the sd 
actiones anent the [illegible] and moles- 
tatione which were the speciall grounds 
and causes of the stents suspended. 

So far as the witnesses were concerned, 
it- would appear that several were unable to 
go to Edinburgh or would not, if it could 
be avoided. 

(copy) dalted at (Elgin 20th 
May 1673 by Murdo, Bishop of Moray, "and 
members of the Church Session of Elgin" 
that "Mr John Rosso of Pettendrech . . . 
having desyred of us our testimonio of his 
ago and inabilite to travell . . wee doe 
therefor testifie and declare that the said 
Maister John Rosse is a man past seventie 
years of age and through infirmitie of tome 
unable to travell such a journey aither on 
horse or foot without danger of his life." 

More Culloden Papers. 195 

Besides the Bishop the other signatories 
are Ro : Innes, John Ogilvie, Bo : Donald- 
son, bailies of Elgin, .David Stewart, late 
bailie there, & James Winchester, an elder. 

Certificate (copy) dated 28th May 1673, 
at tho Kirk Session of Inverness, by the 
Ministers and elders of Inverness, that 
"Robert Rose lait provost of the sd burgh 
of the age of three score sex years or thereby 
fallen within thir three years in great sick- 
ness and dicsease, and frequently troubled 
with the stan and gravell, John Innea 
glaesinwryght of the aige of three score 
eight years or thereby, affected and troubled 
with the goutt thir severall years bygone, 
John Murray frequently troubled with tho 
goutt and now bedfast of the samen of the 
age of four score yeans or thereby infirme 
and sicklie thir diverse j'eires by gone, Hew 
Angussone ane old decrepit man consumat 
with age and sea voyeadges, William Baylzie 
elder ane old infirme man troubled fre- 
quentlie with the goutt, William Munro 
alias Skinner, decrepit with old &%& and 
servile imployment, "William Mcleane ane 
old decrepit man, Alexander Cruickshank, 
slaiter ane old infirme man, Donald 
Young taylzeor ane old infirme and weack 
man, James Cuthbert elder ane old infirme 
man constantly troubled with the sciatica, 
William Ross Mr Johne [blank] infirme old 
men, Johne Mcintosh Johneson ane old 
infirme weiack man and James Merchand 
ane old infii-me weack man . . . ." 
were not able to travel to Edinburgh. 

Certificate (original) dated at Inverness 
17th June 1673, by Alexander Clerk and 
James ^Sutherland, ministers at Inverness, 
that "Thomas Sheveze of Murton elder & 
John Polsone of Merkinsh are come to such 
old age & personall infirmities accomipanie- 
ing ther age that they are not able this long 
timo ago to come to this place to wait 
Sabbathlie upon the publick ordeanances, 
as also we declare that Alexander Dunbare 
late provest of Invernes cannot ryde the 

196 More Culloden Papers. 

length of Elgine from this place without 
great payne and hasard for several! dayes, 
with an intolerable paine of the sciatick yt 
doeth frequentlie unable and weaken his 
body to venter any jurney and especiallie so 
far as Edr & finalie we sipnifie that John 
Innes glasier is also an old infirme man 
troubled frequentlie with the gowt (& at the 
writing hereof). 

Certificate (copy) dated at Inver- 
ness and Borlum 21 June 1673 by 
William Mackintosh of Borlum, Donald 
Mackintosh of Kyllachie, Alexander Mac- 
kintosh of Connage and Charles Mclean, 
burgess of Inverness, to the effect that 
"Thomas tScheiviz elder of Mourtowne, 
Johne Pollsone of Marckinch, David Baylzie 
of Davochfoure, Mir Duncan McCulloch lait 
minister at Urquhart & Johne Innes glasier 

burges of Invernes are old 

and infirme persones not alble to travell." 

Witnessed by Thomas Forbes, messenger, 
William Baillie, younger burgess of Inver- 
ness, William Gumming, sheriff clerk depute 
of Inverness, John Macpherson of Inver- 
eshie, and Mr Patrick Grant, servitor to the 
said William Mackintosh of Borlum. 

Certificate (copy) by Alexander, Earl ot 
Moray, dated at Darnaway 24th June 1673, 
that Alexander Mackintosh of Connage, 
Alexander Chisholm, and Thomas Watson, 
cited as witnesses, "were persons in public 
trust, "the two former our deputes in the 
affaires of the shyre of Invernes, and Thomas 
Wataone is collector of his Maj : eupplie 
within the said shyre and presently im- 
ployed in leavying therof," and so could 
not go to Edinburgh without prejudice to 
the said shire. Witnessed by Mr Berold 
Innes & John Ross. 

Certificate (original) dated at Inver- 
ness and Oonnage 25 June 1673 by 
the following Justices of the Peace for the 
shire of Inverness : Hugh Eraser of Bella*- 

More Culloden Papers. 197 

drum, Donald Mackintosh of Kyllachy, 
Alexander Mackintosh of Connage, Wil- 
liam Mackintosh of Borlum and Charles 
McLean merchant burgees of Inverness to 
the. effec* that THomaa Sdbetviz elder of 
Muirton, John Poison of Merkinch, David 
Baillie of Dochfour, Alexander Dunbar, 
late provost of Inverness, Mr Duncan 
McOulloch late minister at Urquhaxt and 
John Innes, glaaier burgess of Inverness, 
"are old infirme persones not able to 
travel! without prejudice to ther health." 
Witnessed by William Gumming sheriff clerk 
depute of Inverness, Thomas Watson, col- 
lector of cess there, Alexander Forbes 
merchant there amd William Baillie writer 
of the document. 

The next and last document to be given 
in connection with this lawsuit may be of 
some (interest to genealogists. The ori- 
ginal has no stops. 

Endorsed : A nott of the Magistrats 
ef Invernes the relatione to one another 

Alex. Outhbert provest his blood rela- 
tiones. First Baillie Hepburno was 
maried wt his sister daughter and the 
said provest his first wyff was the forsaid 
Baillie Hepburnes brothers naturall 
danighter. Baillie <Fraser is maried wt 
his sisters oy. Baillie Boss is Baillie 
Fraser's brother. Robert Barbur Dean of 
Gild, a Cuthbert is his mother. James 
Steuart the townes thesaurer is his 
brother oy and is also maried wt his 
sistor daughter. Alexr. Dunbar late 
provest is maried wt his brother daughter. 
John Cuthbert late baillie is his sisters 
son. James Outhbert late baillie is his 
brother son. James Cuthbert some- 
time of Drakies is his cousine. Wm. 
Baillie late thesaurer was maried wt his 
brothers daughter. Hugh Kobertsone 
apothecarie is maried wt hie sister oy. 

198 Mere Culloden Papers. 

Androu Shaw is his sister oy. Wm. 
Duff is maried vvt his \viffs sister. Alexr 
Fraser is his father-in-law. Wm. McLean 
and the sd provest are cousine germanes. 
Soo that ther is none of all the sds 
tuentie ane counsellors bot he has a near 
relatione to except Provest Boss and 
David Fouller late baillie ; and one James 
Cuthbert is the tounes clerk. And out of 
these he will choyse nine stenters most 
related to himselfe as sd is who will be 
directit be him to doe as he thinks fitt 
and soo forth in other affaires that 
occurres. All qch we assert to be of 
veritie by these, subd wt our hands arc 
Invernes the fourt of Janr 1673 Befor thir 
witness William Rose wrytter herof and 
John Forbes servitor to Culloddin 
younger. Sic subr R. Rose. Wm. Ro- 
berteone. Alexr. Patersone. Jo. Cutlu 
bert. Wm. Rose witnes. J. Forbes wit- 

More Culloden Paper t 199 



The accession of James II. (6th February 
1685) brought Argyll over to Scotland (a 
copy of his declaration is in " Culloden 
Papers" XVII). Among the first to op- 
pose him was John, Lord Strathnaver, 
(fifteenth Earl of Sutherland), and the fol- 
lowing document is signed by him : 

Endorsed : To Duncan Forbes younger 
of Oulloden. 

Whereas Duncan Forbes younger ol 
Cullodin hes .attended us at this place 
in obedience to the command issued out 
for all heritors to attend the Kings 
Host and that he is knowin to be un- 
servicable by reason of his being lame 
of ane arme and other indispositions of 
body. Thertor we do heirby dispense 
with his further attendance allowing 
him to returne home and in place of his 
personall Servioe Wee have accepted of 
James Rose son to James Rose of 
Leonack whom the said Duncan hes fur- 
nished with his beet horse and armes 
and proveids with a baggadge horse and 
,a footman togither with what readie 
provision he had for his owin use and 
tuentie days pay for a horsman in redie 
money to attend his Majesties Service 
and wee heirby dischairge all persons 
from molesting the said Duncan in his 
returne by reason of this our pass given 
and subscryved at Kilchuymen |_now 
Fort-Augustus] the 12 day of June 1685 


Another letter, written by Culloden, 
three years later, and dated from Buu- 
chrew, 15th October 1688, just three weeks 
before William of Orange landed in Eng- 
land on 5th November 1688, refers to a 
very different situation. It is addressed, 

200 More Culloden Paper i. 

"For the much honoured Alexander 
Fraaer of Kinneries," whose own order fol- 
lows after. 

Much honoured 

1 received yours, and am inclined rather 
to answer the desire of it than the de- 
sire of severall others that are com to 
my hand to the same purpose. Wher- 
for, Sir, upon sight heirof, send me a 
sight of the counsel's letter to my Lord 
Lovat, and I will return it instantly, 
that I may know how to dispose of my 
self. Before your letter and the Master 
of Tarbit's came to hand yesterday, I 
was charged toy the print proclimation 
to joyn with the division betwixt Spey 
and Ness, to which I think I will be 
lyable, and therfore am sending two 
horsemen just now to Breohin to wait 
upon my Lord Ihiffos. As for myself, 
you know the condition I am in, unable 
to wait upon any body, because I can- 
not stir out at doors. Wherfor I pray 
you be pleased to make my appologie 
with the Master. Dispatch the boy in 
heast, and 1 remain, 

Sir, your affectionate friend 

and servant, 

J>. Forbes 

Beauly 15 October 1688 

Wheras Alexr Fraser of Kineries ia 
ordered !be the Lord Loviat to levy 
two hunder foot for his majesties ser- 
vice and that therby he cannot wait at 
the rendevouze ordered be the Oouncell 
at Breohin on the twenty fourt instant 
of the respective heritors under our 
comand Wee doe therfor grant him a 
forloafe till the third day of novr nixt 
when he is peremptorily to attend his 
colloures, Given under [my] hand day and 
place as above 

Jo. Tarbatt 

More Culloden Papers. 201 

The only other documents prior to the 
Revolution refer to the .Reverend Angus 
Macbeam, who was called to the first charge 
at Inverness in 1683. Some years later, on 
account of hia zeal against Episcopacy, he 
was imprisoned by order of the Privy Coun- 
cil, and died soon after the abdication of 
James VII. 

The first document is badly mutilated, 
but appears to be a petition to the Lord 
High Chancellor from several heritors and 
burgesses within Inverness on behalf of the 
minister. The part which is legible is as 
follows : 

Yet wee are informed from Edinburgh 
that some malevolent pereones about our 
selves have made misrepresentationes of 
our deportments and the deportment of 
our said minister to some of the mem- 
bers of Privie Counsell, wherthrow ther 
are citationcs directed against our said 
minister, and that the missinformationes 
aforesaid are lyke to wey so much with 
the Lords of Counsell that they may 
depryve us of our said minister, unles 
application be made to ther lordships 
upon his and our behalves, Therfor these 
are earnestly desyreing you to represent. 
Imo That our said minister hes never 
failled one day in his heartie prayers 
for the Kinges Majestie since ever wee 
heard him preach. 2do That nather 
he nor wee, nor any in our behalves, did 
ever solicite any to com and frequent 
our way of worship, and, if any ineinuat 
the contrar, wee desyre that they may 
be put to proibacione. 3tii Represent 
that wee can not want our own minister, 
because \vee can not have an other in 
his place, who speakes the Irish lang- 
uadge, and that the greatest pairt of 
our congregatione understand noe 
Scotes. 4to Represent that since the 
Kinges Majestie hes given a freedome 
of profession and exercise of worship to 


202 More Culloden Papers. 

all his subjects within the Kingdome, 
It is hoped that the Lords of Counsell 
will not depryve us of the towne and 
parish of Invernes from the benefit of 
that quhilk his Majesties bountie lies 
made common to all Scotes men without 
exceptione etc. And this our com- 
mission with the contents of the eamen 
wee desyre ye be carefull of, and doe 
Bubscryve the samen with our hands at 
Invernes the [blank] day of Jan 16 [88]. 

Geo. Cuthbert of Castlehill; Ro. 
Neilsone, merchant in Inver- 
nes; D. Cuthbert, sheriff deput 
of Nairn; G. Duncan, merchand 
in Invernes; J. Alonro, writer 
in Invernes; J. Thomsone, mer- 
chand in Invernes; . . . 
Keith, burgee of invernes; Jo. 
Tayler, merchant in Invernes ; 
Jo. Lockhart, burges in Inver- 
nes; Rod. Square, merohand in 
Invernes; J. McBean, in 
Drakies; Will. McBeane, burges 
of Invernes; Allexr. Sadge, 
burges; Wm. Outhbert, mer- 
chand in Invernes; John Wat- 
soun, burgess of Inverntw ; 
James Keilloch, burgis in Inver- 
nes; Wm. Neilson, merchant in 
Invernes ; James Porteous, 
burges in Inverness; I. P. ; Win. 
Fraser, burges in Inverness ; 
Donald Mackbeane, burges of 
Invernes; Mallcom Scott; Mr 
Georg Mair; D 1 . Dunbar, 
burges ; Jo. Fraser, merchand ; 
W. Thomsone, merchand in In- 
vernes; Alexr. -drodie, burgia in 
Invernee; Wm. Henderson; Jo. 
Outhbert, burges of Invernes ; 
D.M. ; A.S. ; John Clark ; 
Jon. Stuart, merchant in In- 
v ernes. 

More, Culloden Papers. 203 

The following documents are endorsed 
" examinatione of and order anent Mr 
\ngus McBean minister 1687," and 
" Goppie order anent Mr Angus McBean 

Edinburgh, 29 November 1687. 

In presence of the Lords Archbishops 
of St Andrews and Glasgow and 
the Lord Viscount Tarbatt. 

Mr Angus McBean, being called and 
examined, sayes he prayed for the King 
at the sermon he preached last Sabath 
at a meeting-house in this city. Being 
asked whether or not he thinks it laufull 
to ryse in armes against the King upon 
the pretence of religione, or any uther 
pretence whatsomever, answers he is not 
weell understood in that mater and 
will not be positive ; refuses to call those 
who rose in armes at Bothwelbridge re- 
bells, or those who killed the Archbishop 
of ;St Andrews murderers; but sayes he 
did not lyke ther way. 

The Lords of the Counsell ordaines the 
said Mr Angus McBean to be putt under 
catione to appear before the commity 
when called, under the -penalty of ane 
thousand merks. 

Sic subsciribitur 

Arch. St. And. 

Edinburgh, the third day of Feb. 1688. 

The Lords of His Majesties Privy 
Councill, being informed that Mr Angus 
McBean by his seditious preachings 
greatly debauches the people of the 
shire of Invernes and disturbs the peace 
of that country, doe herby ordaine him 
to appear befor the Councill againest the 

day of , and his cautioner to be 

cited to produce him against that 
day, under the penaltie contained 
in his bond, and in the mean time 

204 More Culloden Papers. 

discharges him, the said Mr Angus 
McBean to preach or exeroe any pairt of 
the ministeriall function in any pairt of 
this Kingdome as he will be answerable, 
and requires the ehireff of the shire of 
Invernes and magistrats of the burgh of 
Invernes, and all other shireffs and ma- 
gistrats within thia Kingdome, to appre- 
hend and secure his person in the near- 
est prison, in caioe he be found contra- 
vening these presents, either by preach- 
ing or exercising any pairt of the mini- 
sterial! function, and to report ane ac- 
count of their dilligence forthwith to the 
clerk of council! as they will be answer- 

Extracted forth of the records of his 
Majesties privy oouncill by me, Sir Wil- 
liam Paterson, Knight, clerk of his Ma- 
jesties most honourable privy councill. 

Sic subscribitur Will. Paterson, 
Cler. Sec. con. 


[lo face page 205 > 

More Culloden Papers. 205 

III. From 1689 to 1704 

These years embrace the period of action 
of Duncan Forbes, third of Culloden, 
father of the Lord President Duncan 
Forbes. He was member of parliament 
for Inverness-shire from 1689 till 1702, 
and for Nairnshire from 1702 till his 
death, 20th June 1704. Something of his 
activities and sympathies may be gathered 
from "Culloden Papers" XX., CCCLXVI., 
and 'CCCLXVII., in addition to the other 
correspondence. He was in London in the 
autumn of 1690 ("Culloden Papers" XVIH.) 
and had audiences of the King who per- 
haps regarded him as one of the few men 
on whose honesty he could absolutely rely. 
That honesty was not left unrewarded, 
and the valuable privilege in connection 
with Ferintosh was one of its results. 
That estate had been almost ruined. An 
anonymous writer in a letter dated from 
Edinburgh 9th October 1690 tells Forbes 
about his "poor tennents in Ferrintoish 
who, notwithstanding they were quite 
ruined by the comon enemie and hade 
nothing left them to holde in their lives 
bot a litle corne from some seede they 
hade borrowed and cast into the ground, 
jet they were quartered upon by such a 
number of our owin horse as might eat 
them up in a wery litle time. The major- 
generall would doe nothing for ther relief 
upon a wery precise and neidles scruple, 
bot the Council hath recommended to him 
to care for them." 

Much of the correspondence of this 
period has been lost or destroyed, and any 
arrangement presents difficulties. 

(1.) THREE LETTERS OF 1689-1690. 

The two following letters contain some 
of the most famous names in this period 
of Scottish history, James (Set-on), fourth 
Earl of Dunfermline; George (Gordon), 

206 More Culloden Papers. 

first Duke of Gordon; General Hugh Mac- 
kay of Scourie; and the writers them- 
selves, John (Graham), Viscount of Dundee 
and Alexander Macdonell of Glengarry. 
The second letter, which happily has been 
endorsed, is of great interest. Both were 
written a few weeks before the Battle of 
Killiecrankie, which was fought on 27th 
July 1689. 

For the Laird of Oulduthle 
[Malcolm Fraser.J 

Genroy Juu 11. 


I fynd that the Earle of Dumfermling 
has warand which I have seen for mak- 
ing up of all the Duk Gordons rents and 
things belonging to him for the use of 
the kings servants and I see he has 
ordered you as the Dukes chamberlain 
in these pairts to send up to the head of 
Loch Ness ane hundred holies of meale. 
I thoght fit to signify to you that I 
second my lords order and seing it is so 
necessary for our troops 1 have ordered 
to secur som house of yours till obedi- 
ence be given to E. Dumfermlings order, 
if the meale be not at the Loch head 
with in four and tuenty hours after E. 
Dumfermlings orders us delyvered at 
your house the house will be fallen on, 
this is from Sir 

your humble servant 


Endorsed: "Lettr Glengery to McKy." 

The trouble of this line with the enclosed 
I hope you shell excuse since it proceeds 
from the deu respect I beare you wherby 
to informe you of our good master his 
resolutione to gratifie his friends and 
punish his enimies amongst whom I am 
heartlie sorie you shuld be the first of 
that most loyall familie you are de- 
scended who in the worst of tyma did 

More Culloden Papers. 207 

signalize ther valor courage conduct to 
the ruine of ther interest in the Prince 
his service when ther was noe soe great 
hopes all things ther cuming to the 
right channell, and I doe presume to 
putt you in mind of the glorius actione 
(worthie of being eternized) of major 
generall Monk what he did in behalfe of 
Bang Charles the iSecond of blessed me- 
morie in his assistance to him to gaine 
his just right soe that ther is nothing 
wanting in you to doe the same in more 
signael maner but your will and plea- 
sure which I pray God almightie you 
may overcome and doe these great things 
which your reall friends would wish and 
in more especial manner 

your most oblidged and humble servant 

Alexr MqDonell 
June 12 1689. 

The third letter is from Sir Thomas Liv- 
ingstone, second baronet, afterwards Vis- 
count Teviot, who was appointed com- 
mander-in-chief in Scotland (in succession 
to General Mackay) in 1690. It is not 
dated nor is it clear to whom it was writ- 
ten, though most probably to Culloden, 
whose brother appears to be mentioned. 
The writing and spelling leave much to be 
desired, but Livingstone had been born 
and bred in Holland. 

Edinburgh, 19 November. 


I receaved the favour of two of yours, 
the one dated the 10th the other the 
13th, at one tyme. As for the first, 
what ever desyngne sutch as are not my 
freends may have against me, I defey 
theer malice, and schal make no other 
guard against them, as to walck opon a 
straigt road. 

The nieu oomand thats laid opon me wa 
a surprys to me, to see one order to com- 
and ael his majesty's forsiss without a 

208 More Culloden Papers- 

commission of a bigger character, it is so 
as I have never seen on exampel of it 
befoor, for if ever thoos colonels that 
are oulder in commission as I ame could 
think the{y] war woronged, far moor 
reason have the neu to thinck so, that a 
yonger Colonel without a commission is 
ordered to comand them, Ael that 
knows of this heer wonders at it, and 
the bett[er ^majority] of ael eutch as I 
comand now, wil afterwards fael 
[falL] to comand me again, wherfor 
I writ to "^he major general, to 
my lord secrittary and to my 
Lord Portland, and desyred that this 
comaud may be laid opon some other, 
for to make me the only drudg of the 
whool is hard. I ame tyeth to the toune 
of Edinburgh, kept from my one buasi- 
nes, and forsed to lay out my one monny, 
if I wil see things go rigt. I doe imagin 
as for the [?] tour of fatigue, I have had 
a large chair of it in the noorth, witch 
heath litel contribut to my helth, and 
before I have recovered it, to put me to 
eo troubelsome a bussines whitout eather 
pay or prospect of advancement, wherfor 
I schal desyer ael sutch as wil any ways 
interest themselfs in my affaire, to stryf 
to get me freed from this troubel or a 
commission for a bigger character. 

As for my martch into Lochaber, its as 
onpossible for me as to eat my one 
fingers, but that business may be done 
without my martching thether; ael the 
lenth I ame comt is to watch one [ ?]tour 
in my chanel. I schal not be eabel this 
winter to make any journie, so that if 
you fynd occasion to speeck to my Lord 
Portlant, that I may have leef , when our 
nixt summer's campaen is over. 

It was not altogether for the great 
want that the garison of linderlochy did 
mutinie, but a mutinous humour in 
Grant's souldiers, who have often tymes 
plaid the lycke trick befoor, and weer 
never[ Pjcrust into it. 

More Culloden Papers. 209 

Theer is nothing of what was intrustet 
to your brother but is wel argued at 
Enderlochy, and I have never seen but 
he went about that bussines with ael the 
cear and diligenge imaginable, spending 
his one money without the least alouans, 
ether from garison or government, and 
with mutch adoe I have got him two or 
thrie montchs of his one pay to go about 
the King's bussines. 

As to the garison of Enderlochy, my 
opinion is that not one Hyglander, nether 
officer or souldier schould be into it, for 
I ame asured, comand theer who wil, he 
schal never be at ease if he heath any 
hylanders in his garison, having found 
by experiens that theer is to great a 
sympathy betwixt thoos creatures. 

It schould be hard, to my opinion, the 
King schould keep so many forsis and 
be obliged to [?]bey his subjects nou 
rebels to theer duty, espescialy when 
nothing is moor certain then that, 
flater them as much you wil, the least 
prospect or incouragement the[y] schal 
get from the contrair party, but the[y] 
wil laf at you and cut your throat with 
your one knyf. If no incouragement 
from abroad corns to them, the[y] wil be 
hunt lyck setting dogs, and if that 
schould come your money would be il be- 
stowed. The forsis heer as are opon the 
Scote establisment are in a very bad con- 
dition, and if theer be not a suddain cours 
taken, the[y] wil not singnifye much the 
nixt summer for the King's service. I 
give you harty thancks for ael the pains 
taken in my reguard, and remain your 
humble servand, 

T. Livingstone. 

I ame told that Colonel [?Hgo] Ram- 
say this day is gone for London. [Per- 
haps Colonel the Hon. George Ramsay of 
the Dalhousie family.] 

210 More CuModen Papers. 

JOHN FORBES^1690-r695. 

Colonel Hill, Governor of Fort-William, 
appears to have been a great friend of the 
Culloden family. It was first suggested in 
C. Dalton's "English Army List* and 
Commission Registers" that he may have 
commander at Inverlochy under Cromwell, 
by which means the acquaintance was 
m?.de ; that he did command there in 1659 
appears from C. H. Firth's "Scotland and 
the Protectorate." At all events he was in 
correspondence with John Forbes of. Gui- 
llen in 1676 ("Cultoden Papers," XVI.), 
when he was quartered in Ireland. He left 
Bolfaet early in 1690, and took command 
as first governor of Fort William, and wae 
appointed Colonel 2nd September 1690 of 
a regiment which was disbanded 18th Feb- 
ruary 1698. In 1692 the tragedy of Glen- 
coe took place, for which he was tried by 
Court-Martial and acquitted. 

John Forbes, who was so much with him, 
was a younger brother of Duncan Forbes of 
Culloden. In 1689 he was a captain in. 
Grant's Regiment, and had the command 
at Ruthven Castle with one company, which 
hv.d to capitulate to Dundee. In 1690 he 
was promoted' Major; on 12th February 
1698 was appointed Second Lieutenant- 
Colonel to the garrison of Fort-William, 
anil in 1700 was serving as lieutenant-colonel 
with Brigadier Maitland'e regiment at 
Inverness. This was the K.O.S.B. or 26th 
regiment of Fusiliers- of which James Mart- 
land got the command in 1694. Forbes 
appears to have been serving in Lord 
Strathnaver's regiment in 1703. He 
afterwards acquired the property of 
Pitnacrieff in Fife, though at one 
time (letter of 5th March 1699) He 
had thought of other places, regretting he 
could not have bought Connage; 


\_'lo face page 210. 

More CuUoden Papers. 211 

The first letter from Colonel Hill of this 
period, given in the " Culloden Papers," 
is dated 24th November 1690 (XIX.). There 
is, however, another letter (XXXIV.), the 
date of which is 2nd November 1690 (not 
1698), which is written by him (not by John 
Forbes), probably to "my juord Commis- 
sioner" (the Earl of Melville), and not to 
Culloden. It is therefore reprinted to- 
gether with & covering letter which appears 
to belong to it as follows : 

For Capt. John Forbes, 

at Mr David Forbes his house 

In Edinbrughe. 

Fort- William the 6 Nov. 1690. 

Dear Oapt 

By the inclosed to my Lord Commis- 
sioner you will see how affairs stand. 
Let my Lord Raith see it, and my Lord 
Tarbat (if in toune) ere you seal and send 
it away. Write the requisite upon all 
these accots to your brother, and plead 
my excuse at his hands, and let me know 
where he lodgeth in London. I am sorry 
your men grow worse and -worse, and 3 
of your owne are run away. Consider 
my lettres, please to take short notes out 
of them for your memory, and improve 
them to the best ; mynd the fire locks 
with the major generall and the cloathes 
and (because he is soe kind) make me as 
acceptable to him ae you cann. I hope 
wee shall setle all things by Gods assist- 
ance in spite of opposition, I finde my 
methods carry, let who will say to the 
contrary. My service to your sister, 
Colloden and brother Mr David, when 
you see my Ld. Sutherland, my Lord 
Crafurd, my Lord Cardroes or any of my 
friends, present them my humble service, 
but (as sure as the highland Lairds can 
speak any truth) they have been boyed 
up by some of the Councell, I hope the 

212 More Culloden Papers. 

countrey in short tyme will be soe well 
setled that a man may goe easily from 
one sea to another, only with a wooinge 
retinue. Because I send the lettres open, 
I need not write more to you, for they 
are instructive, and it would be too great 
fatigue to write all over againe, but be 
assured of this that I am 

Dear Childe 

Yor most affectionate servant or not 


Consider what I have written aboute, 
the makeing up the Regmt and the send- 
ing them hither without (.-loathes or pay 
and to be reformed here, which is hassar- 
dous for the reasons given, if they desert 
there, they may possibly be recruited, if 
here, not soe well (but after releiving 
the regt) they leave us destitute, I give 
too much trouble but cannot help it. 

I am yrs 

J. H. 

The letter in Culloden Papers (XXXIV.) 
to which the foregoing appears to refer is 
as follows. It has been compared with the 
original, some errors in the printed copy 
corrected, and a postscript which belongs 
to it added. 

the 2d of November 1690 

Bight Honourable, 

I have yours of the 21 of Octo- 
ber, and humbly thanks your Excellencie 
for causing my desyres to be proposed to 
the King. But the other man you men- 
tione will be noways agreeable to me by 
what I am informed of him ; and I will 
know how to make the best choyse ot 
officers well enough, if it com to ly att 
my Door. But I humbly pray your Ex- 
oellencie's favor to have the major ol my 
own choise, of which I writ in a former. 

if ore Culloden Papers. 213 

I am infinitely obleid@ed to you for your 
great care of me, and kindness to me, in 
every thing, more particularly about the 
Armes, which were of absolute necessity. 
As for the reforming those Companies be- 
fore they come here, I gave my reasones 
in my last by Capt. Forbes, and by ane 
other since, and shall not be so troubl- 
some as to repeate. I iiave written the 
inclosed as my humble opinione, which is 
too large, but that a ipairt of the dis- 
course was necessary to usher in the par- 
ticulars designed. Please to pardon 
errors 'and excuse frailties. I judge you 
most right as to the most feasible way of 
reduceing these Countries, if it be ap- 
proved ; and then the fittest instruments 
may be piched upon ; but then things 
will be found much as I have stated 
theme, upon the French assistance, or 
not. The moneth's pay that came up hear 
for the Men was punctually .payed out to 
them, and I believe it far spent; and 
these Comp newly come have nothing. 
Ther is not 2 pence now not amongst a 
dozen Subalternes. I was fain to lend 
them a litle out of my own purse, to 
help Glencarne's Men from deserting ; 
For I find no Sou Idlers that come here 
will undertake to live on Meall only, and 
they can have nothing else without 
money ; and I have only 100 Ibs. which the 
Commissars sent from Leith, the money 
for the Works being expended, and can 
goe no furder without more. If my 
Lord Argyle's expeditione were ower, I 
would send for Orkney for that money ; 
for I have no timber to goe on with the 
Work ; they sent Deales, but no Timber. 
I can now have both fir, and Oake, and 
Plank for Platformes and the Bridge, 
and have ordered it to be gotten, but 
have not Money to pay for it; other- 
wayes it will be cheaper than any they 
can send, besydes saving the fraught. 
We have made our Batteries as strong as 

214 More Culloden Papers. 

we can to the Sea, so that our greatest 
Gunes can be all planted ther. For Cap- 
tan Ross, I lyke him well enough; but 
his Men ar nought, and not induceable 
as my former acquanted you. Weenie's 
Men will not stay. For yt of Ardkind- 
loss and others I humbly referr to my 
last. I hop the tyme is drawing near 
yt money will be coming in ; and without 
that, if these men come up, they will 
run all away. The Meall we hade is 
almost run out; I wish it last till the 
Ship come about from Glasgow. God 
forgive all that would oppose your just 
endeavours for the publick good. I 
know the Lord will have a care of them 
that trust in him, and of his own cause : 
it is well be governes the World. I 
humbly thank your Excellency for the 
freedome you'r pleased to use, and the 
trust you give me; it argues great fa- 
vour and kyndnes, whereof I am truly 
sensible, and for which I ame thankfull ; 
and can assure you, my heart is with you 
in every good thing, without Byess or 
ftelfend. Go God may have Glory, his 
Cause carried on, and the King's intrest 
served, I shall never allow any thing 
that may concern myself, but in all 
things follow his providence. It is well 
that God ia the searcher of all hearts, 
and knowes who are upright; that's a 
good Man's Satisfaction, the [men] 
censure him neversoo severly. I be- 
seech your Excellency to believe that I 
am, with great sincerity, 

Your most oblidged, most humble, 
and most faithfull Servant, 

Jo. Hill. 

[P.S.] Hear was ane Major Macdonald 
ane old oomrad of Major McKeyes, who 
married Sir Donald Maodonald's daughter, 
who I believe is a very honest gentleman 
is weary wfoero he is, would fain be in our 

More Culloden Paper t. 215 

King's service. If your excellency can 
have ane opertunity to help him to em- 
ployment, I believe he may doe good ser- 
vice, for I haive good reasone to believe 
him sincere. Bear are three captains 
that I believe I cannot gett better 
amongst them, Capt. Ouningham, Aket 
[PAiket], Oapt. Buntine and Capt. Mac- 
kenzie ane old souldier all sober good 
men amd that will 'beep their oompaaiiee. 

The following letter was written by 
Colonel Hill from Fort- William on 8th De- 
cember 1690 to Culloden, whose brother 
conveyed it to Edinburgh, and wrote a 
hurried line on the last page: 

Dear and honored Sir, 
I have yours of the 13th of November. 
The money your brother brought safe, 
and there was noe provissions cast away, 
only my Lord Argyll sent one Captain 
Forbes of his regiment to presse boatea 
for his expedition into Mull. There was 
a boate in Kyntyre loaded with butter 
and cheese to be conveyed to Greenock, 
there to be shipped fot thia plaice, and 
the giddy-headed young man brought 
that boate aboute alsoe, and she was like 
to be cast away, lost some of her cheese, 
and spoyled most of the rest, but the 
butter ia saved, and the young captain 
is since dead. There is a ship long since 
ready at Greenock with meal, mault, 
coales, etc., but not yet arrived here, 
and our store of meale very near out. 
They are providein more, but they are 
still too long about it. Your brother 
hath nowe brought up 1000 which (tho' 
not a full monethes pay) I have divided 
and stopped all the gapeinge . mouths, 
and made them quiet. It was impos- 
sible for him to fetch that money from 
Orkney, for the order and precepts were 
not sent till 'twas too late, yet Captain 
[PJPorrenger refused to goe, and ever 

216 More Culloden Papers. 

since my Lord Argyll hath imployed the 
Lamb aboute Mull; but as soon as the 
ship comes from Greenock with bisket to 
victuall her, I will send her for Orkney. 
If I had but meal, I should be quiet 
awhile with this money I have. Sir, I 
am infinitely obliged to your care of me ; 
you have done not only a kindnes to the 
officers to be reformed, but a service to 
the King ; it keeps them nrmer to him, 
and stops the mouth of clamour ; too 
many of them fall short in poynt of 
being souldiers, yet there is some briske 
men amongst them. I have sent a list 
of the fittest officere out of the three re- 
giments to be captains, and have given 
them their due characters, amongst 
which you will see by the coppie what I 
have said of your brother, as how far I 
have followed your advice. If after all 
your brother cannot get in to be major, 
I have persuaded him to take the 
granadeer's company, and hee shall have 
liberty to goe whither ihee pleases; but 
let him keepe yt as a frind ; if better 
befall him. yt may be quit to an enomie. 
I have mynded my two usefull freinds, 
its necessary I should have some knowne 
people with me. I am sorry I can say 
nothing of Captain Dunbar, more than 
to put his name in the list, for hee hath 
an ill character ' amongst the officers, as 
noe souldier, a man that drinkes and is 
ill-humoured, and intangled with a wife. 
I heartily embrace the rhirurgeon of 
Kenmure's regiment, who I hear is a 
prittie man at his owne practice. Pray, 
Sir, get him a commission. I have sent 
the commissioner a copy of the officers, 
but not with all the characters, and soe 
another to Mackay, that none may seeme 
neglected 1 ; but, by Sir Thomas Living- 
stone's advise, have sent that wherof you 
have a coppie to my Lord Portland, who 
is concerned on noe side, and valeat 
quantum valere potest. I assure you, 

More Cidloden Papers. 217 

Sir, as things are here, the eouldiers 
cannot live in this plaice at 6d per diem, 
haveing 2d per diem reteined for 
cloathes. I writt you twice lately, my 
lettres being inclosed to your brother, 
who (unknowne to me) being upon his 
way hither, the letters missed him. It 
was to tell you that there is some re- 
solucion amongst some of the High- 
landers to comply, mostly driven on by 
Lochiel and Coll of Keppoh [Keppoch], 
which last came to this place to speake 
with me aboute it, and says if hee cann 
be but maide to live, none shall be more 
faithfull to the King than hee will be. 
He speakes better then any Highlander 
I know, and is a prittie fellow, 'tis pitty 
but he were honest. Sir, I cast myself 
upon your kind care, and am glad I have 
so good a friend to the fore ; and God 
reward you, Sir. All this while they 
give me nothing as pay, but I live upon 
my owne, for I have received nothing 
but for what I hold account ; but I let 
it alone till the garrison is establisht. 
Hee that lives and lyes as I doe had 
need of some incouragement, but its ne- 
cessary at present that I lye as ill as 
others. I writ by the same packets 
that missed your brother to Sir Patrick 
Hume, rendring thankes for his kindnes 
to me in the bussinee of my Lord Port- 

I cannot get boards enough ; was faine 
to put up all the last parcel in huts, to 
preserve the men from a monethes bad 
weather that wee had here. I am 
buying timber here, for they sent me 
none, there being none at Leith ; so that 
within a moneth I shall be doeing 
againe. My recomendation of that 
man was a forced push (tho indeed he 
deserved well at my hands) and the Ma- 
jor-Generall was exceeding kind to me 
and meritted all I could doe, and I was 
in expectation by that to have furthered 


213 More CuModen Papers. 

your brother's affair, not thinking of 
that relation that now puts me in an- 
other way; but some comissions must 
needs be sent blancke, for fear, if your 
brother failes of the major, lest hee 
should be disappoynted of the granadeers 
too. I am with all thankfull acknow- 

Your most obliged humble servant, 

Jo. Hill. 
My humble service to Sir .Patrick Hume. 

John Forbe's note on the last page of 
the foregoing is as follows : 


I ame litle more than ane houre here 
after my returne from Loquhaber, and 
after one of the troublesomest journeys I 
ever had in my lyfe But I pay my 
pains with the satisfaction of serving my 
King and cuntrie for some use ; and, did 
I expect any other reward (by appear- 
ance) I wald find myself mistaken, for 
with difficulty could I gett als much cf my 
owne (quhioh I dearly enough earne,) as 
wald defray the expenses I was att in 
bringing about the money for the use of 
that garrison ; now Collonel Hill hes 
sent me back to exiped what was left un- 
done, by my beeing too heastily com- 
manded from this last, and to tell the 
verrity, I have but sober incouragement 
either to spend my means or throw away 
my person att the rate that I have been 
doeing heretofore, sine I hnd att what 
small rate either off them are held att. 
Collonel Hill hes once more sulicited to 
have me by him, and, whoever opposes 
it, I will be bold to say that not I, but 
the service, suffers by it, for als long as 
I have a good and honest heart, and ame 
able to draw my sword, I ame sure I may 
pretend without arrogance to earne my 
bread in a place more desyrable than 
Loquhaber. I wish I had my arriars. 

More. C Mod en Papers. 219 

Ther is ane other list of the officers' 
names sent the secritary. I know not 
quhether he be my friend or not, but to 
my waik [feeble] power I deserved no ill 
att his hands, nor att the Major-Gene- 
rall's, who promised me fairly eneugh. 
Colonel Hill hes wrott to Portland, and 
given him lykways a list of the officers, 
and hopes that his [lordship] will be 
mindfull off him. I begg it off you 
wryt me. 


Edinburgh, the 13th December 1690. 

Upon second considerations receave my 
Lord Portland's letter, quhich please de- 
lyver and seall. 

There is nothing in the collections from 
either correspondent till 9th October 1692 
(" Culloden Papers," XXVII.). It is prob- 
able, however, that many other letters 
from Sir John Hill may be in existence. 
Among the State papers preserved in the 
P'ublic Record Office is one from him dated 
from i?ort- William 28th February 1692, an 
extract of which is as follows : 

The Capt. of Clanranald who is one of 
the prettiest handsome youths I have seen 
came in & brought all the chiefe of his 
friends & made his submission & took the 
oath with the greatest frankness imagin- 
able as did alsoe all his friends ; he is gone 
to his uncle the Laird of McLeod to setle 
his affaires & get up some money fe then 
resolves to waite on the King & Queen, 
& if he overtake the King in London he 
will beg his favour that he may attend 
him, into Flanders, if the King be gono 
ere he reach London, he resolves to fol- 
low him & to be wholly governed by the 
King's pleasure, only prays he may be 
soe disposed of as to better his education, 
it will be an act of great charity to breed 

220 More Cidloden Papers. 

There is nothing now existing among tlhe 
collections about Glenooe, but in a letter 
(Public Record Office) from Hill to Portland, 
he asked that greater discretion might be 
allowed him, and concerning the Glencoe 
men he wrote that some had escaped in the 
storm and would come in and submit to 

and I humbly conceive (since ther are 
enough killed for an example & to vindi- 
cate publick justice) it were advisable soe 
to receive them. 

In face of the orders that had been 
issued this pleading from Hill says much 
for his inclination to mercy. 

Other parts of this letter refer to Sir 
Donald Macdonald, "a peaceable inclyned 
man," and to Appin, who, he wrote, 

is a much changed man for the better, 
professes to every one he meets his sin- 
cerity in keeping his oath of allegeance. 
. . . . the Laird is a pretty young 
man of about 21 yeares & hade taken the 
oath before the day, but that he was tyed 
to his bed by sickness at that tyme & was 
carryed in a boat to me to doe it sooner 
then hee was well able. 

A letter from John Forbes dated at Ed- 
inburgh llth January 1693 gives some ac- 
count of the difficulties connected with the 
regiment as well as his own. 


I know not what to wryt to you concern- 
ing the bueines off those recruits that's 
drawn out of our regiment, for wee have 
fulfilled all that was commanded us, and 
ther is nothing lyk that that was ordered 
lykly to be done by those wee have to 
doe with. For at first wee could gett 
none to reseave our men, and after the 
counsell had ordered them to be taken 
off our hands, then they would not pay 
them; and after they were ordered not 

More Cvlloden Paper $. 221 

only to reseave, but pay them, now they 
make the last the greatest difficulty, 
which is they absolutely refuse to pay us 
the seavin dollar ordered by the King 
for each man; the want of which (you 
may easily judge) will be no small hind- 
rance to ther Majesties service, and more 
particularly in the affair of Collonel 
Hill's regiment, which lyes not quar- 
tered in touns as other regiments does, 
but are posted in such places as cost the 
King and government trouble and ex- 
penses enough to gitt them, such as the 
garrissons of Fort William, Ruthven in 
Badenoch, Glengarry Castell, Dewart 
Gas'tell, Island Donan, Carnebuly and 
Inverness, which posts cannot but be 
waikned by the considerable draught 
thatts drawen out of our regiment, and, 
for aught I see, must lye expossed a 
longer time than I expected to what 
accidents may fall out for want of beeing 
recruited in dew tyme. I shall not say 
wher the fault is, but I think the noise 
of invasions, Vvith the disaffections 
amongest ourselves, should invytt our 
privie ooureell to give ther possetive 
order, and lose [?] less time by repre- 
senting itt to tha King to know his 
pleasure. For doubtless his pleasure is 
to Lave his troups in good condition, le- 
cruited ready to oppose his enemies, 
which, God willing, shall bee, whither 
wee gitt the 7 dollars or not; for this 
day I have found creditt for 150 sterl- 
ing, which I have given ten off our offi- 
cers to doe ther best to make up our men. 
Something off this wald bee made knowen 
to the secritary, whom I spare troubling, 
judging he may bee taken up with 
greater matter, but this deserves con- 

You will have a letter from my collonel 
by this same post, to quhich I refer you 
as to other things. Hee hes gott ane 
order to dispose of the oyle, and I beleeve 
wold not take it ill if I wer ordered some 

222 More Culloden Papers. 

small thing out of that fond. For I find 
our threasury will have no consideration 
of me otherways, which trewly I think 
hard, considering that generally all have 
gott more or less for ther service, except 
myself, and if I said I deserved als well as 
others, I said no lye. 

From a well payd regiment (as wee are 
calld) wee are lyk to be the worst payd 
in the service; for we hithertill not only 
furnish our companies with coals, fyring, 
double chirurgeons, hospital!, the burdin 
of recruiting seavin hundred men. in two 
years tyme, that is to say, 370 dead and 
now this 326 drawen out for Flanders, 
but now the Lords of Threasury will have 
us buy blanketts for the garrison, for the 
precept wee had for them on Sir Peter 
Murray being given by the last Lords of 
Threasury, thir Lords will neither renew 
the precept nor order it to be paid, be- 
cause, as they say, the King hes ordered 
all the precepts that wer drawen and not 
paid prior to ther tyme, should ly over ; 
but I beleeve his Majestie never meant 
that such a necessary ane as this should 
be neglected. And trewly if some order 
be not given in it this, with the other 
difficulties we labor under, will brake the 
regiment. But no other regiment, ex- 
cept ours, are lyable to these difficulties 
I beg that my Lord Secritary should be 
made understand this. If I have said 
anything wrong of the Lords of Coun^ 
sell on the other syd, dash it out. Thia 
I have scribbled in heast, and hopes 
you'll forgive the trouble from 

J. F. 

I wrott a lyne to Lt. Coll. Hamilton but 

The remainder of the correspondence of 
Colonel John Forbes refers to other mat- 
ters, but there is one more unpublished let 
ter from Colonel Hill, full of gratitude to 

More CvXloden Papers. 223 

Fort Wm the 9th of Septr 1695. 

Dear Sir, 

I think myselfe too longe eylent to soe 
good a freind and having BO good an 
occation would not omitt it to let you 
know how sensible I am of your frend- 
ehip, its not only like yor selfe, but like 
yor friendly father's sonn. Let the 
freindship never be colder on either side. 
I was put in some expectation of seeing 
the secretary here, but it has failed me, 
woh I am sorry for; the justiciary of In- 
verness appoynted a Court here but none 
came but Coremoney, and to me they 
gaive noe advertisement but I am doeing 
justice and ordering restitution myselfe 
(or I have done to Divers of late), and 
am taking up of theires as I can get 
them. Hamilton is in Holland & is 
printinge his owne vindication & thinkes 
to load me wth his owne crymes, but my 
Major writes he makes but a small figure 
there. I will rely upon yr tavor in make- 
ing my service acceptable to yr ladie and 
family both at Culloden and Inverness, 
and conclude wth this assurance that I 
must allwayes be 

Dear Sir 

Yor obliged and most faithful 
& very humble servt 

Jo. Hill. 

224 More Culloden Papers. 

FORBES, 16921693. 

Like his father and grandfather (if less 
profitably) John Forbes, fourth laird of 
Culloden, better known as "Bumper John," 
spent some part of his early years abroad. 

For John Forbes Sone 

to Culloden at Utrecht. 

London 26 Deer 1692. 


Yours from Rotterdam I have received 
and shall pay yor bill punctually wihen it 
oomes, I long to hear that you are in 
Doctr. Boyds Company, & I wuld be as 
content to hear that he was at the Hague 
this winter for such reasons as I formerly 
wrett to him, & you have in memorandum, 
1 have nothing to ad but that you peruse 
that & doe as you are advysed in it. I 
am beholden to Air Gordon, for his kynd- 
ness to you, which I also lett him know 
by a line from my self. Tell Docter 
Boyd that I hope things will goe weell. 
And this [illegible] dealing of the Ld 
Stair and his P: Councell agst Sr John 
Hall & the Magistracy of Edr will bring 
good things to maturity. When they 
become plainer I will tell him more of 
them, for the tyme present my service to 
him, & all with you especially my Lard 
Polwarts sones, & when you wreat to me 
be so discreet as to afford me a ground for 
saying that you mynd your fronds heir 
even from the greatest to the lest. Though 
Monroe >be a Taylor you need not obraid 
Jiim with it upon the back of my letters. 
And hi the mean tyme faill not on the 
recept of this to enquyre for Comissar 
Monros sone at Leyden his name I think 
is John, he was sick of ane ague, & his 
Father hes hard nothing from him these 
3 or 4 months. I say no more but reffers 
you to yor obedience & remains. 

More Cullodeti Papers. 225 

To John Forbes son to Culloden 
To be left at the House of Mr James 
Gordon merchant in Rotterdam. 

London 10 Jany 1693. 

I received yesterday two of yours at once 
& a bill with each of them, extending in 
all to about 38 Ib sterline, which I payd. 
What you wreat to me of cloaths and 
books is needless, and I doe not requj're 
it. Yor expence is trusted to yrself, amd 
if you have not the Judgement to live 
easie, its but to make the shorter stay 
aibroad. Mynd you came to Edr but the 
latter end of June last, & considder -what 
it hath stood you since, ther, heir, & in 
Holland, in six momeths tyme. As to 
your resolution of learning latin and 
french and buying books of great expence 
in order thereto, you may also spare that 
to me, for you may drink as much at a 
doom-sitting, without being very much 
debaucht as would compas all the neces- 
sary expence, such books requyres. If 
you make any profiency in this or any 
thing els, upon which you have yor Col- 
ledges, you are sure I will decerne it. So 
say what you will, but trifle not away yor 
tyme upon groundless pretences. Look 
upon the memorandum I gave you, & 
conaddder the reason why I bid you under- 
stand these Languages & follow your exer- 
cises, & then you may deceme what is 
properest for you to doe nor can I ad or 
alter from any thing I 'have already re- 
comended to you. Doctor Boyds pupils 
are a great deal younger than you & have 
those years before them which you spent 
under pretence of the latin at Edr. Ther- 
fore the tyme you have would be imployd 
with a regard to yor age & nature. This 
I wreat not to bid you start suddenly from 
Utrecht if you be ther, (for yor letter laks 
in date) but to put you in mynd of yor 
own circumstances that you may act with 


226 More Culloden Papers. 

some proportion to them. You have 
made me no retunne to my two former 
letters, which is ane error, I desyre not 
you bussie yorself in wreating officious 
letters to me, but in making answer to 
what I wreat, you ought to be precise. 

I rest yor loving father 

D. Forbes. 

London, last January 1693. 

I had a letter of yours upon Frydday last, 
most of which is but of small import and 
needs no answer. One tiling in it alone 
is materiall, to witt, what I will allow you 
to spend, and how you shall dispose of 
yourself etc. For answer to that, I have 
not been in use to restrict your expence, 
and you must either be not very wyse, 
or else you must know how to judge of 
your own capacity now, your years 
being such as may teach any man 
of moderate understanding what he 
is fitt for. I will also ad this, that 
your memory must be bad, if you doe not 
remember that I have many tymes de- 
termined you in this point already. Not 
only so, but you have it in writing, which 
may be usefull to you, without makedng 
a superstitious torture of it every day (as 
you say you doe in your letter). But 
by reason of what you wreat, and what I 
see, Doctor Boyd savors something that 
way. I will recapitulate some things 
breefly to you, which leaves you perhaps 
in different circumstances from any other 
of your sort that are now with you. Re- 
member ther was but one reason for your 
goeing abroad, to witt, to satisfy your 
own curiosity! Remember you neither 
designed law, nor physick, nor any profi- 
table study! All these requyre pains and 
leasure, and goe best off with such as must 
comport with them for ther patrimony. 
Yet you know how willing 1 was to satisfy 
your youthfull appetite. Two things I 

More Cvlloden Papers. 227 

only recommended to you ; one was (be- 
cause you had shirked your scoolls at 
home) that tyou should endevor to gett as 
much Latin, and (iff you could) French, da 
would lett you understand books, if ever 
your inclinations led you to use them. 
The nixt \vas that you should, by fenceing 
and dancing, acquyre the best habitt of 
body you could. In my oppinion, these 
things are very easily understood, and if 
you please prosecute them. I hope you 
think not that I can churle you any ex- 
pence they require. If ther be any of 
these cannot be had ther to your satis- 
faction, you had best please your ey and 
come home, for the tymes allow not of 
travell into farr countreys, and your con- 
dition calls you to look after other matters 
now, then those that sute best with such 
as are 2 or 3 years younger. Treuly if 
ther be not anie occasion for your exer- 
cises ther, its schoolboy lyk for a man of 
your syse to take up all his tyme inter- 
pretting a lyne of ane author with help 
of grammer and dictionary, and may be 
doon as weall at home as in Holland. If 
this be all your imployment, your expense 
cannot be great Enquyre at your 
comerads, my Lord Tolwarth sones, anent 
ther allowance, and you will find yourself 
one year in advance already. If you take 
nothing in hand but what they doe, I 
know no reason why you should buy it 
dearer than they. When I have said all, 
I bid you iiot start suddenly from the 
place you are at, because of honest 
J)octor Boyd's company. If you cannot 
gett handsome danceing, take any 
[illegible] of a fencemaster you can gett 
wher you are, and hold your self warme 
upon him for a whyle, which can doe no 
harme. And if it be so that the Hagge 
is not a proper place for both exercises, 
judge if this be any better. I know a 
wyse man might have these things better 
heir than anywhere except Paris; but he 

228 More Culloden Papers. 

had neid of some of Job's raaners, to fear 
God and eschew evill ; and you see by 
this what I would be at. Now lett me 
know if you differ from me, and why? If 
you differ not, my advyoe is easily follow- 
ed, and when you call for money, you 
know I never refused you, for I am 

your loveing father. 

I know no books you neid, but one 
Latin author and your dictionary. Your 
author must be history, and two you can- 
not read at a tyme. You will need with 
your French grainmer ane author which 
would be a peice of some of the romances 
you have already read, it will goe best 
away with you ; if you read and under- 
stand one volume, you may doe so with 
all study writ in that language. Buy 
one French book to read after you have 
doon with romances, viz., La cognoisance 
des livres, and tell me your thoughts of 
it at meeting. Yow have never lett me 
yett know if Commissioner Monro's son be 
dead or alyve, in which you are faulty. 
I goe from this home (God willing) the 
nixt week, so that what you wreat to me 
is only to be sent to Mr Gordon, and lett 
him send them alongst with Mourton's 
letters or to John Blaer, postmaster at 

Monsr Forbes chez le Boulangier vis 
a vis les quatre Sceaux Bergstradt 

Sepr 16 1693 
Loveing Sone 

I have receaved both your Letters from 
Bruxells one anent the feight and an- 
other in returne of what was formerly 
wretten by me. The first was very wel- 
come because we had you wer kild, but 
yors came to my hand before the other 
news was told me. In yor second letter 
I quarrell nothing but one thing, and 

More Cvdloden, Papers. 229 

that is you have good occasion of exer- 
cises at Bruxells wher you resolve to 
stay whill you hear from me, but are so 
silly as to say you will use non of them 
whill I bid you : so that if you follow 
that resolution you must be always idle 
or very ill imployd whill this come to 
hand. But I hope otherways of you, and 
particularly I expect you have applyd 
yorself to dance a saraband, as I advysed 
you to in a former letter long agoe ; yor 
exercises and something of french langu- 
age was all yor erand abroad, excepting 
yor curiosity. And that being satisfyed 
to so great a degree as I am sure now it 
may be, after what you have seen, I desyre 
you may think of returning, <K this with- 
out laying assyde the expectation of an- 
other ramble (if you love it) and that the 
world turne peaceable whilst you are free 
of a more Important Ingadgemt. For 
this reason I send you heir inclosed a 
letter of credit from Murtone upon Mr 
William Gordon factor in Camphier for 
any somme you please call for under a 
thousand guelders. If you will come away 
you may mount yorself with one sute of 
apparell at Bruxells and another at Lon- 
don & so come home, but if peradventer 
you have trifled away yor time (which I 
shall be eory for) & that you stay there 
two or three months longer to follow any 
bitt of exercises, ther is no neid of your 
takeing up great soummes, two or three 
hundred guelders at a tyme is enough. 
Whatever you take draw it upon me on 
a fortnights sight or therby. Yor money 
is always dear bought, for yor last was at 
20 per cent, when the currant was but 
two, I hope this Mr Gordon will deall 
more desirably with you than others have 
doon. Wreat to Campheir how soon this 
comes to yor hand & send Muretouns 
letter within yor own, as also send me a 
lyne i media tly upon recept of it, & let me 
know yor mynd fully (withall faill not to 

230 More Culloden Papers. 

lett me know if yor cousin Hugh Innes 
who is in Munroes Hegimt be dead or 
alyve.) This as you bid I send by won- 
vayance of Mr Lesly factor in Rotter- 
dam, because I think it surer than to send 
streight to Bruxolls. Now although you 
come home & though you have credit to 
the full yett you need take no more money 
than what will doe what you have adoe 
ther & bring you saif to London, & upon my 
knowing that you are ther, I shall also 
give you furder credit ther. I am glad to 
heir you weal spoken off, out you must 
be no more a soldier unles there be need 
for it at home, I beseech you mynd me & 
all the house to Major Bruce, I am sorry 
for poor Riddie, mynd me to Coll. Arnott, 
Captn Bruce, & the rest of the gentlemen 
of that Regiment if they be alyve & that 
you see them, to Warner if ther, also to 
Monro, & my Brother-in-law Foulls, be 
full in what you wreat, keep yorself from 
sin, from uncleanness, & from temptations 
of the company you are amongst, as you 
would wish for favor from the Lord God, 
or from me, who am still yor most affec- 
tionate father 

D. Forbes. 

Bruxells, October the 15/26, 1693. 

I receaved your letter, dated the 16tih 
September, with Mourtoun's [Sir James 
Oalder] inclosed. I am very glead to 
know that you ar (God be thanked) gott 
safely home, but before yours came to 
hand, know that I was neoessitat to ra ; se 
two hunder guilders more, for which I 
have drawen a bill on Mourtoune, payable 
to Mr Lesly, merchant in Roterdame, or 
order. You will certainly wonder what 
should make me raise more money, with- 
out your order and contrary to promise 
in my former letters. Therfor, know, 
that since my last to you it hes been tha 
will of God to lay his hand sevearly on 

More Culloden Papers. 231 

me, for since the day I wrote my last to 
you I have been ever bedfast of ane ageue, 
a fever and a violent flux under which I 
have laboured till the 8/18th of this 
month, that I left my bed, and am (blessed 
be G-od) now recovering again. You may 
lykewise wonder why I lifted so mucll 
for that effect, but know that, before the 
consultation of doctors and the doctor 
that waited constantly upon me, togither 
with the apothecars accounts were all 
payed, was not so much as on farthng of 
it left, but on the contrair am two pistolla 
more out of purse, so that the doctors in 
aJl have gott three amd twenty pistolLs off 
me. Thus, dear sir, you see that 
hitherto my money, and tyme which I 
only regret, is mispent, and so that I can- 
not as yett com home, without makeing 
mysielf a reproach to you, and all them I 
am come off ; for should I come home now, 
the eyes of all would be upon me, as on a 
man had been abroad and improved him- 
self ; but when it would appear that, in- 
stead of improving myself, I had done 
nothing but mispent my tyme, I should 
certainly be hiss'd and laughed att by all, 
and give very good ground for the old 
proverb, Send a fooll to France, he'll 
come a fooll back again. Therfor, dear 
Sir, to shune this oprobrium, I begg and 
intreat you may allow me some tyme, 
which (God willing) I shall imploy soe, 
that I will in some measure answer the 
expectation of all, and yours in particular, 
which is the only thing on earth I desire 
most. As to my expenses, they have 
been great, but for my lyfe I could not 
help them, all things at this juncture 
being so extravagantly deer. But, least 
I have encroached too farr on your good- 
ness, I beseech you bound my expenses 
to what you please, and, though it affourd 
me but bread and water, I shall be con- 
tent. The reason I press this is because 
of the diffidence I have of my own man- 

232 More Culloden Papers. 

agement. I have lykways sent Mour- 
tun's letter, inclosed within on of myne, 
to Mr Gordon in Campheer, from whom, 
if he will advance me, I most immediately 
have money, to the eoume of three or four 
hunder guilders, for which I will draw 
bill on you, according to your derectione, 
for I am just now both destitute of 
money, clothes and linings, which I left 
at Neerhespen to augment the French 
bouty. Thus having given you account 
fully of what I intend to doe, I intreat 
you may not trouble nor were your self 
for what's allreaddy done, but forget it 
if posible, and hop and expect the best for 
the tyme to come. In which, God will- 
ing, you shall not be deceaved by 

Dear Sir 

your most affectionat and obedient 
sone whilst 

J. Forbes. 

Our cou&ine Hewgh Innes is still alive, 
but in very bad circumstances, having 
nothing to live on but his socer's pay. 
He tells me also he hes not had on farth- 
ing from his father or friends since ever 
he came to this country. I am affraid 
also he will be now altogither neglected 
in that regiment by reason of Collonel 
Monro's death. 

More Culloden Papers. 233 

(4) SOME 'LOCAL EVENTS 1693-1697. 

There is little to glean from such local 
documents as remain of this period to make 
any consecutive series. On 25th April 1693 
Cuthbert of Castlehill wrote : 

For the Laird of Culloden to the care 
of Mr David Forbes, advocat, Edin- 
burgh Thes. 

Much honoured and very dear Sir, 

I am alwayes glade to hear of your 
weell being, and hoping you ar safly 
arrived at Edinburgh. I have sent you 
this lyne to truble you, from the confi- 
dence 1 have in you, if, as your circum- 
stances and the statione you ar in 
capactitats you for being instrumentall 
for doing good to the publicise, so also to 
favor freinds in such a juncture as this. 
Being informed thalt severall ar putting in 
at this tyme to be repared of ther losses 
in a parlimentary way, I hope you will 
not neglect to advertise me quhait course 
is best for me to folio we, for my losses ar 
double and of ane other nature than many 
of my neighbors (yea alt, excepting your 
selfe), for what I sustained from the High- 
land army weir first from Coll [Macdonell 
of Keppoch] who pillaged my house and 
tooke all plenishing and meall and the 
troopers my victuall out of my kilne and 
barnes, and at onoe tooke away of my 
owne and tenends 34 horses, and next 
Buchane [General Thomas Buchan] sent 
his order for 50[ PJwidders and 3 bolls 
meall to his army. Next our owne forces 
foraged upon my lands, quhich acoompts 
lye befor the counsell. I wolde be advysed 
what hopes ar for recovery I judge that 
such as lost ther goods, and was plundered 
because of ther good will to the goverr- 
ment, should be lookt on with ane other 
eye then others that war no freinds *r> 
the present interest. I crave your adyce 


234 More Culloden Papers. 

and concurrence, for certanly you might 
trust my willingnesse to serve you, if ther 
war pouer sufficient. Wating your 
ans\vyre, I shall quet this subject. For 
our publicke circumstances I refer you 10 
a publicke lettre sent you by some of our 
Ireinds, relating to our church and Mr 
Stuart [Rev William Stuart], quhich I 
pray you consider and acquant us therof, 
and quhat is necessary to expend on it, 
we shall send it upon your answyre. 
Its expedient you myude that our coun- 
try is in ane ill taking ; for you may remem- 
ber that thives and robbers soe destroye 
our countrey that we are forced to imploy 
rascalls, and pay them blacke meall, and 
yet ar not protected. If ther coulde be a 
watch legally setled, and upon such per- 
sons as wolde binde to restore quhat 
might be takine away, it war worthe the 
countreyes wunde about ther going will- 
ingly under a losse for that end. You 
may advyse with the Laird of Grant in 
this matter and with others concerned and 
if the parliament wolde provide a present 
remedie for preventing depredations, they 
have an excellent opportunity for civi- 
lising all the northern shires in the next 
generation-3. You are informed of the 
tumult occasioned at Aberdeen by bothe 
colledges, and I thinke it war worthe the 
parliament's consideratione to take and 
transplant one of the colledges to Inver- 
nes, by quhich meens such as ar brede 
thives wolde then be at schools. 

Have ther thoghts of this, and propose 
it as you see cause, but 1 persuade my 
selfe all the northe order to be on this 
matter (sic). Pardon my tediousnesse : 
your family is in good healthe, and I am, 
dear Sir, 

Yours to love and serve you 

Geo. Cuthbert. 
Castelhill the 25th Aprile 1693. 

I expect your advyce in all this by 
the first. 

More Culloden Papers. 235 

Colonel John Forbes had also something 
to say about plundering. 

Invernes, the 5th Jully 1693. 

If the Laird off Grant [Ludovick Grant] 
be with you, I pray you acquant him that 
to obliege both himself, [John Grant] his 
ehireff deputt, and [John Grant of] Core- 
mony, 1 gave the list of party to his said 
shireff deputt, to help to putt some legall 
dilligence in execution against a base 
pack, viz. Strowis [Thomas Fraser of 
Struy] folks, -which accordingly was effect- 
ual, and after the goods were brought 
the lenth of Bewlie, all your old plunder- 
ers convocatt togither and thought to 
have deforced the party, by attacquing 
and wounding a serjant and three soul- 
diers very dangerously. But the soul- 
diers, notwithstanding of ther smaller 
number, being only 24 men and ane en- 
seigne against thryoe that number, be- 
haved so well that they killed three of 
them upon the spott, wounded six more, 
and kept the poynd till Ceremony, out of 
either respect to my Lord Lovett or 
[illegible] delyvered them the goods with 
his owne hand. I have written to the 
commander in cheef, and acquanted him 
of all that hes past, and ame hopefull by 
your and Grant's procurement, some 
orders both off the counselFs and com- 
mander in cheeff's will be sent, that may 
impower me to chastise those theeving 
rouges to better manners. My Lord 
Lovett is hear with me, and he swears he 
knew nothing off the matter, and desyred 
that I might make a favorable represen- 
tation of him to Sir Thomas [Livingstone], 
quhich accordingly I have done; but not 
so but if the matter need itt, his lord- 
ship's men will be found to be the per- 
sons who did the mischeeff. I shall not 
say any thing off Coremonie and his 
Urquhart men ther behavior till Grant 

236 More Culloden Papers. 

and I meet, and then 1'me sure he will be 
as much displeased with them as I. Let 
me, if you pleas, hear from you. All 
your family are well and l ame Sir, 
Your most affectionate brother and ser- 

J. Forbes 

Another letter from Cuthbert is dated 15th 
July 1693 from Inverness. 

For the Laird of Culloden att Edin- 
burgjh Thes 

Much honoured and dear Sir, 

I was surprised when I reoeaved 
your lettre mentioning that Mr William 
Grant hade not sworne the alledgance, 
nor signed the assurance, all quhiLk is not 
onely false; he dide it, and that cheer- 
fully, and was persuakied of his duty in 
soe doing, and I may say 1 founde him 
als much resolved in that matter, as any 
ever toke it ; and now I am confirmed in my 
opinione as the adversaryes to Kiong ami 
church have alwayes made lyes ther 
refuge, eoe now they will not faile of 
ther former practise. I am glade you 
have procured Mr William what was 
truly his right, albeit I am yet to learne 
quhat satisfies that main's conscience 
For takeing wages when ihe did not earno 
them ; but all his gange have brasen 
faces. Don't, Sir, thinke of suply to 
his place, and doe what is prestable for 
you, for nothing but authority and a 
legall ratificaitione will doe his people's 
turne. Off all the curats in our comis- 
sione non have taken it, save Mr Hector 
and Mr Thomas Hustone. I finde they 
ar in a confederacie, atnd I am tolde by 
some of them selfes tfiat they have sent 
to the King that they may be allowed to 
take it in the sense of the church of 
Englande, quhich, they say, is tfiat he is 
chosen and elected by the people, and in 
that sense they take de jure. But, in- 

More CvXloden Papers. 237 

deed, the matter is ther ar many bade 
instruments, but a litle edge upon autho- 
rity wolde make them all doe. Quhat 
makes them scruple this is nothing else 
but ther enmity against soe good and soe 
great a worke, and next that they fear 
after they have taken this, the assembly 
will finde them unqualified for the 
ministrie. The Lord direct you in all 
your wayes, aind send your trends a 
blithe sight of you. Your family is in 
good healthe, I blesse God. My wyfe 
hes her service presented to you, and I 
Your affectionate frende and servant 

Geo. Outihbert. 

The debtors for the stipend will neid 
horning and sever diligence, else they 
will not pay, being all [illegible.] You 
halve the instructions for the stipend 
sent. Ther ar so many vacancies in 
Rosse and Murray, that we ar lyke to be 
turned desolat, soe that nothing wolde 
doe our turne mor then bringing ane 
honest man for a 1 seson hither ; all quhilk 
I refer to yourself to consider; aply to 
the synod ther to doe this and som suply 
by tours, for we canot expect suply from 
Bosse or Murray, they all being but 8 
ministers. and have much worke at 
home. The patron hes not taken the 
aledgance nor assurance. 

The following seems to hint at further 
trouble with the Frasers. It is addresseu 
to Culloden (who by this time must have 
returned to the north) and is dated from 
Bunchrew 23rd November 1693: 

Much honored 

This night laite as I came home I re- 
ceived your honor's letter, being come 
from [Fraser of] Ballindown's. wife's 
burialj, and this morning young [Cameron 
of] Erradht, being in the schools in 
this country, t-hia morning depairted, 

238 More Culloden Papers. 

and is to be buried Saturday nixt 
at Kirkhill, where my Lord [presumably 
Lovat] and his friends resolve to be. 
However, I have wrytin to him and 
sent inclosed the lettre directed to me by 
ane express, that I may know his mina 
theranent, and give your honor ane 
accomipt imediatly therafter. I heir jusi/ 
now that ther is a child of Kinneries 
[Alexander Fraser] alsoe dead, quhich 
might stope your meeting this wick, but 
I know Munday he will waite upon you 
according to your desyre heir. I have 
been speaking Alexander McWilliam, 
and called him befor my Lord, who 
bitterly acoastod him upon your accompt, 
who promised to refound the goods or pay 
the owners. Four men that were yester- 
day at Bewllcy without my knowledge, as 
I am informed, made a foolish bargain 
with Glonivaccies [? Fraser of Clun- 
vackie] sone, quich is all at this distance. 
With my humble duetie presented your 
honor and good lady, I am as becomes, 
much honored, your very humble servant 
to disspose of 

A. Chisolme 

A document endorsed "Extract Act of 
the commissioners of supiplio of the 
shyre of Invernes discharging the 
giving of coal and candle to the garri- 
son of Invergary" recalls earlier years. The 
meeting was held on 7th November 1695, 
there being present "the Honble Ludovic 
Grant of that ilk, Sir Hugh Campbell of 
('alder, James Grant of Gellovie, John 
Grant of Easter Eloheis, John Grant of 
Corimony, Mr William Mclntosh of Aber- 
.irder, Mr David Poison of Kinmyleis, Ro- 
bert Grant of Gartimore." The petition 
came from "the people of Stratherick, Aber- 
tarff, Glenmoriston and Urquhart," who al- 
leged that coal and candle had been given 
by them "for neir two years now by gone." 
The commissioners found the petition " to 

More Culloden Papers. 239 

be reasonable and just and the said exaction 
to be prohibite by law." No further sup- 
plies were to be given "without the Coun- 
cills order be obtained by the said command- 
ing officer for that effect." 

.Some difficulties were experienced at In- 
verness in regard to the appointment of 
ministers. A letter to Culloden, signed 13th 
January 1696 by the Provost, Hugh Ro- 
bertson ; Wm. Duff, J. Maclean and Hugh 
Duff, baillies; John Cuthbert; and William 
Di.ff, late provost, makes mention of " our 
former overtoures anent the calling of 
Master John Paseley" [?minister of Morton 
1693]. It had been moved, however, that 
the matter be delayed in order 
to interpose with the assemblie for a per- 
son quallified in both languages. Wee 
need not tell you the circumstance of the 
pariochen or the vastness of the charge 
so far as concerns the Irish part thereof, 
quilk renders a minister so quallified in- 
dispensible. ... we expect and in- 
treat you doe all that is possible to in- 
fluence the members of that reverend 
meetting to a oomplyance -with the BO 
necessarie and just requests of the people 
. . . . The persones named be us to 
the comission wer Mr MoLauron [PRev. 
John McLaurin, minister of Kilmodan 
1689], Mr Duncanson [PRev. Robert 
Duncanson, minister of Campbelliown 
1687], and Master John Munro [Pminister 
of Farr]. Either of these or any other 
so qualified ye think fitt for the place, ye 
may require, and wee are hopfull you will 
have due success in it. 

There was a, call, 4th August 1696, to 
the Reverend James Fraser of Brea (minis- 
ter of Oulross) as appears by a document ad- 
dressed to Culloden (17th July 1699) by the 
magistrates, heritors and elders. The 
call was with "the epeciall advice and con- 
sent of the presbitery of Murray, to whose 
bounds wee are for the tym adjoined;" 
and Duncan Forbes of Cullodn was ap- 

240 More Culloden Papers. 

pointed "to prosecute our said call given, to 
the said Mr James Fraser with all con- 
venient deligence; that is to say that he 
without loseing of any tym make applica- 
tion in our name to the presbitery. . . . 
and thereafter that he apply to the com- 
mission of the generall aesemblie, synode of 
Fyfe and presbitery of Dumfermling." 
The document bears 29 signturee, including 
Cuthbert of Castlehill, elder and younger; 
Cuthbert of Drakies; Poison of Kinmylies, 
and Robertson of Inches. The Reverend 
James Fraser, though he officated for some 
time at Inverness, eventually remained at 

John Cuthbert of Drakies represented 
the burgh of Inverness in Parliament tor 
many years. He appears to have been pre- 
sent in the Parliament of 1689, 1690 (first 
session), 1693 and 1695, and again in 1698, 
1700 and 1701. lie was not present in 
1696, perhaps for the following reason: 

For the Laird of Culloden 
for the present at Edinburgh 

Much honored 

I presume to give you the trouble of this 
lyne, to inform you that I am at pre- 
sent so thick of hearing, that therby I 
am unfitt to represent the town in parlia- 
ment at this tym. And because of my 
indisposition I doubt not of your kindnes 
to the place and mo in appologiseing for 
my absence, so that the place be not 
quarrelled for the same. The trewth 
of this is known to the magistrals and 
counsell ; and if this, with your interpose- 
ing, doe not satiefie, on your advertise- 
ment (my health serving) tho' I could ryd 
no more bot six miles a day, I will come 
forward. I know that the magistrats 
have wreitin to you, to verifie the treuth 
of this. 

I ain, Much honored, 
your very humble servant, 

Jo. Cuthbert. 

Internes, 3 September 1696. 

More Culloden Papers. 241 

The following to Duncan Forbes is from 
his brother-in-law, Sir Robert Munro of 
Foulis, who had married in 1680 Joan, 
eldest daughter of John Forbes of 
CuDoden : 

Foulles Jan first 1697. 

I doubt not but you have perused and 
Considered the Counsells proclamatione 
anent raising the Militia particularly 
that claus mentioneing the quota of horse 
to be outreaked by Seaforthe and Lovotts 
divisione of the Shyre of Inverness qcli is 
to bo commanded by the Laird of lial- 
nagawne as Captane and the quota of 
horseman to be outreaked be Sutherland 
and Cathnes to be comanded by My Lord 
Kea wherin I find east ross not mention- 
ed, so that I think wee will not be lyable 
to outreak militia horse in east ross at 
this tyme but yet Balnagawn hath order- 
ed his cleark to send out Intimationes re- 
quireing the commissioners of Suplie and 
other heretors lyable to outreake Militia 
hors to meit at Tayne the seaventh in- 
stant in order to Delyver ther horse to the 
officers according to the Counsells order, 
and supos east ross wer reallie obleidged 
at thia tyme to outreak Militia (horsemen 
they ought to be under My Lord Bea and 
not lialnagawnes Comand. If you think 
it worth your whylo you may give me 
your opinion of this as also I entreat and 
expect you will be pleased to give me ane 
accompt of the current uewes with you 
when this comes to your hands and Lyk- 
wayes what was the grounds of this 
alarume or if you know of any certane 
grounds that ane Invaeione should be 
feared and what is your opinion to me in 
that caise and if you think fitt I should 
mak any adress to the statsmen arent 
what I wrot to you in October last, My 


242 More Culloden Papers. 

humble servyce to your Ladie your Son 
and all the familie I expect you will ex- 
cuse this trouble it being given you by 
Dear Brother 

your affectionat Brother 
and verio humble servant 

II. Munro 

Perhaps the most notable local event of 
this year (1697) was the affair of Simon 
Fraser (afterwards Lord Lovat), and the 
Dowager Lady Lovat (see " Culloden 
Papers" XXX., XXXI., XXXII.), when he 
was pleased to tell Forbes that "I am very 
hopful in my dear wife's constancy, if they 
do not put her to death." And this inter- 
course between Beaufort and Culloden 
caused considerable uneasiness among the 
latter'fi friends and relations, who were 
sometimes puzzled by his attitude. Colonel 
Jchn Forbes, writing from London, took a 
very serioiis view of his elder brother's re- 
putation in the matter. 

The Laird of Culloden 
to the care of Mr Forbes writer in 

it is informed here that [you] have been 
very unfrendly to my Lord Tullibarden's 
intrests, both [as] to your advyce and 
writings in the bussinee of Beaufort, 
which, if trew, I most say his lordship is 
but very ill rewarded both for his friend- 
ship to you and his kyndness to me. His 
lordship was pleased to speak to me anent 
you, which trcwly was very surprysing, 
considering the naturall aversion I be- 
leaved you ever had to all deeds of op- 
pression, and the paralell of this villanie 
and insolence hes not been read in his- 
tory. I beg it of you, wryt his lordship, 
and let him know the whole matter off 
fact, and what your owne concerne their- 
in hes been, which I ame hopefull will be 

More Culloden Papers. 243 

such as may make his lordship not repent, 
but rather continew his frendship to you 
and yours. This freedom you will please 
pardon, seeing you know I ame, Sir, 
your most affectionate brother 
and servant, 

J. Forbes. 

Kinsington, the 4th December 1697. 
I shall be impatient till I hear from you. 

But the friendship to Simon Fraser was 
continued in the next generation both by 
John Forbes of Culloden and by his more 
celebrated brother, the Lord .President. 

244 More Culloden Papers. 


Kenneth fourth Earl of Seaforth, suc- 
ceeded his father in 1678, and remained 
true to James VII., whom he followed to 
Franc and later served in Ireland and 
Scotland, subsequently surrendering to 
General Mackay. Thereafter he was im- 
prisoned but seems to have escaped shortly 
before the following letter was written by 
his mother, the Dowager Lady Seaforth, 
daughter of Sir George Mackenzie of Tar- 
bat, and sister of George, then Viscount of 
Tarbat, afterwards first Earl of Cromartio. 
It is endorsed "The old Countess Seafort 
1695," and is addressed "For the much 
honoured the Leard of Culoden thes." 

Worthie and much respected frend the 
noyes of my sone Seaforte reteiring [re- 
turning] is [word obliterated] or now 
heard by you, it was only want of health 
that has forsed him to this. I doe ad- 
mire he has lived so long with being 
confynd now this fyv years. I hop ye 
will us[e] your endeavours with the Se- 
cretar to be his frind so much as to pro- 
cur his liberty to liv at horn on beall- 
For certainly this is all his desyn or de- 
syre. So I expect to get a proof and 
test of your frindship at this tym for 
certainly if ye knew how tender he is ye 
wad think it war cruilty to hav keiped 
him so long confynd : now I hop justis 
and charity as weell as blood relation will 
bo motivs to perswad you to be our frind 
now, Ye know non owned that caus that 
was mor or perhaps so innocent as he 
was, and yet non in Scotland so harshly 
dealth with. I never doubted of your 
frindship but this new proof will ad a 
further obligation on, 
your reall afectionat frind and servant 
Isobell Seafort 

Fortroe 29 Agust 95 

More Culloden Papers. 245 

My serves to your Lady I am sure she 
will be a good agent for my son, if my 
hart deceav me not, I wad serve her 

Culloden's answer has not been found, 
but three weeks later Lady Seaforth wrote 
a~. follows, presumably to him but there is 
no address : 

Much honoured and afectionat frend 

I never in the least doubted your kynd- 
nass to this family upon many acounts, 
I wish the secretar may answear your 
expectation in giving a favourable repre- 
sentation of my sone to the king, and if 
he doe I make no question but he will 
procure his liberty to liv at horn for 
what ever others may endeavour the sec- 
retar can oversway them and I earnestly 
desyre that from yourself or by any other 
that ye know has intrest with him ye wad 
perswad him to this, you may beleive 

Your afectionat frend and servant 

Isobell Seafort 

20 Septr 95 

To his wife she also wrote the same 

For my Lady Culloden Thea 

dear madam 

I was oblidged to you for your kynd 
simpathising letter. I wish the secretar 
may giv a favourabll representation of 
my sons circumstances to the king, for 
certinly war the king truly informed he 
wad easily allow him to liv at horn, for 
every body can not but think that my 
son has met with hard and unequall mea- 
sours to what others has, even thos that 
was actually in blood, and soom that was 
murderers, yet all hav freedoom, and 
alowance to liv at horn but he, and tho 
the publik had given him his Liberty he 
behooved to com quyetly a way, becaus 

246 More Culloden Papers. 

of privat trubills, so that nothing can be 
a favour to him but a tolerence to liv at 
horn, your husband may tak his own way 
to caws inform the secretar of this, 1 ani 
as ever 

your real! afectionat & humble servant 
Isobell Seafort 
20 septr 95 

There is nothing more till the summer of 
1696 when an arrangement was being made 
for cautioners. 

For the Leard of Culloden Thee 

Much honoured frind 

this at your writing south at this tym is 
a new testimony of your kyndnes to us : 
and when you and I meets I will con- 
vine you of the reasonabllness of my de- 

no doubt ye hear that my sone Seafort 
is in tearms to surrender him self and on 
beall to hav Liberty to liv at horn, which 
I find he is resolved to doe. Ther is of 
our own peopll that has alowed me to 
writ south to put them in the bond to 
be presented for his beall, Ridcastill, 
Kilcowy, Belmaduthy, Mr Simon Mac- 
kenzie of [illegible] with soom others, 
but that which I esteim mor of then all 
thir is my good frind Brody has alowed 
me to name him for on, now if you will 
be so kynd as to joyn with them for an- 
other as I wad think it a very great ob- 
ligation to this family, eo my sone wad 
no doubt hav still a gratfull remem- 
ber anc of it, my Lord had wont to say a 
man had no thing but father and mother 
kin to trust to and be kynd to, so he still 
esteimed the forbuses the on half of him 
[his wife was a daughter of tenth Lord 
Forbes] and this wad be such a new ty 
as wad not be easly forgot; I hav not 
met with mor of our kinsmen as yet, but 
^hos above named, but I expect several! 

More Culloden Papers. 247 

others, but I know you being on will 
make them much mor consider abll, I am 
hasting south for I wad gladly hav this 
finished I am 

your reall afectionat frind and servant 
Isobell Sea fort 
24 Jull 96 

A few days later Seaforth wrote himself. 

The Laird of Cu[lk>den] Thes. 


I understand by your letter from my 
mother how much I am bound to your 
kindness which I shall still indeavour to 
meritt so I shall not miss to requett with 
all the Service in my power and by Gods 
grace you shall run no hazard for any 
ingadgment you are pleasd to make on 
my acount being in honour, justice, and 
gratitude tayd to you for I confess its 
doubly oblidging to help on when ons 
back (as the saying is) is at the waal, its 
done like a good mghbour and a true 
Forbes to a grandson of the family and 
you may be sure meets with all the just 
[Pjrequitment imaginable as I shoud soon 
convince you wer it in my power by 
actions to demonstrat as I now doe by 
this letter how sincerly I ain 
Your atfectionat Cousing and obliged 
friend to serv you 


Agust 3 1696 

Pray let this give my humble respects 
to your good lady. 

The next event recorded among the 
papers is the release of the Ear] by war- 
rant dated at Kensington 1st March 1696/7, 
the king being informed that he "did sur- 
render himself prisoner to the Commander 
of our Garrison at Invernesss, and has 
thrown himself on our Boy all mercie." He 
was to receive his liberty "upon his find- 

248 More Culloden Papers. 

ing Bail and Security to live peaceably 
under our Government and to compeare be- 
fore you when called." The process of 
treason was to be dropped "untill our fur- 
ther plesur be known therein" ("Oulloden 
Papers" XXIX.) 

On 22nd November 1697 Seaforth wrote 
from Chanonrie to Culloden stating tnat 
he had heard from his agent in Edinburgh 
that orders had been issued for the regis- 
tration of his bond and cautioners cited to 
produce his person on 4th January there- 
after or else pay the penalty. He had 
written to the chancellor and advocate but 
had received no reply, and he now asked 
Culloden's advice, telling ham " though I 
have not been out of my chamber since I 
saw you till yisternight that I came here 
yet rather than any of my baill should be 
troubled I woud be caried in a liter south 
if nothing will please but my undoeing." 
Lady Seaforth (his wife) had written to 
Brodie, but as yet no answer had come. 

The Council did meet, as appears by an 
anonymous letter to Culloden of 6th Janu- 
ary 1698, but which has been endorsed "Sr 
A. Mbnro [Sir Alexander Monro of Bear- 
crofts] anent Seaforth." It deals with 
other matters but has the following pas- 
sage : 

Before this come to your hand ye will 
have acoompt of what the council did 
with Seaforth and his cautioners. Your 
freind was willing to have phickt yon out 
of trouble if it hade beiu possible. One 
said that all the rest were bound to re- 
lieve you and Brodie which was the an- 
swer I got from severals. who lauglit nt 
your incumbrance in that mater, wherin 
ye ought not to have concerned your- 

The "friend" was probably no other than 
the Lord High Chancellor himself (the Earl 
of Marchmont) to whom Brodie wrote a 
letter of thanks some days later. 

More Culloden Papers. 249 

For the Right Honourable 
The Earle of Marchmount 
Lord High Chancelor 
of Scotland 

My Lord 

The ar to give your Lo my due acknow- 
ledgment and hartie thanks for your 
kindnes and zeal to have rescued, and 
releived Culloden and me out of danger 
by our engadgment for my Lord Sea- 
fort. It seems the Lords of Councel look 
upon ua either as not vvorthie of ther fa- 
vour and justice, or desyring to treat us, 
as if we wer the most disaffected to the 
Government, hot as the proverb is they 
ar weil doing bairns who may not greit, 
or complain. And if ther Los of the 
Councel have preceidit upon that sup- 
position which we heard was confidentlie 
asserted that Culloden and I wer secured 
by the Mckenzies against all hazart, it 
is most groundles, for I declair to yor 
Lo upon my treuth, we neither have, or 
ever had anie other securitie or prospect 
bot our presumption of the favour and 
freindship of the Government. 

My Lord thes testificats which wer last 
sent up by Ministers and Doctor Forbes 
[Culloden's brother] wer given by per- 
sons of truth and candour nor would my 
Lord Seaforts power or influence have 
moved them to attest an untreuth. And 
it could not have probablie bein doubted, 
nor had it bein anie inconvcnienc to the 
Government, upon the consideration ot 
Seaforts health, and the sereritie of 
this winter weather to have grantit to us 
continuation for his appeiranc and our 
presenting him, for a moneth or five 
weiks, the bond of cautionne being lying 
still over our heads in its full force and 
effect and now my Lord forgive me to say 
it that it tends nothing to the honour or 
interest of the Government that we 
should be exposed to be laughd 


250 More Culloden Papers. 

att, and flouted by the enemies 
and disaffected to it who bidd us now 
gather up our thanks and reward for all 
our loyaltie. 

And now that Culloden has writt a 
long letter to your Lo. on this subject I 
shal forbear to insist furder on it, hav- 
ing no doubt of your Lo good will, and 
endeavours to protect and releive us still, 
and I can onlie alwais have a due senc 
of the manie obligations I lye under to 
be, My Lord 

\our Lo. most humble and affectionat 


J. Brodie. 
Penick 18 Janry 1698 

A letter signed by "Alex. Simson" of 
date, 16th Feb. 1698, relates what happened 
on Seaforth's eventual appearance before 
the Council. That it was written to Oul- 
loden appears from his wife's covering 
letter "to the care of Thomas Hossack. 
merchant in Inverness." "My dearest," 
she wrote, "This cam to my hand yieter 
night let, and I have sent it as you de- 
saird, nor had I opnid it, had it not ben 
s>o befor it cam to me. However I am well 
plesd you ar delaiverd from that trubill, 
and I think you will see a litell beter er you 
ingadg agen, my love." 

Simson's letter relates "the maner of the 
councell's prooedour againeat the Earl of 
Seaforth, who compeared yesterday." 
"What formerly was asserted by the sever- 
all testificats of the earle's indispositione 
evidently appeared to them by ooeullar 
inspectione of the earle himselfe, who was 
wraped up in two night gownes [dressing 
gowns] and ane cloak." It was moved that 
the cautioner's petition might be read 
which was "more strongly inforced by your 
brother L n <> doubt Sir David Forbes] vira 
voce that of consequence. . . . you 
ought [to] be dischairged becaus the earle 
compeared." After a tedious debate it was 


[ To Jace page 250. 

More Culloden Papers. 251 

put to the vote "wihioh was carried in the 
affirmative by the plurality of sex votes. 
By which you are once loused; become 
bound againe as you see it favor your in- 
terest. If your sex freinds of the matter 
of 36 in counoell wer absent, I believe your 
band would certainly meet with rigor." 
The earl then presented a petition craving 
protection from his creditors "which was 
laid asyde" and he was ordained "to re- 
new his baill to compear befor them under 
the penaltie mentioned in your band, when 
called, or goe to prisone. He told them 
he had none of his friends here. Where- 
upon my Lord Forbes and Grant made offer 
of iJhemselfes to become bound for -him, 
againest which offer" there were legal ob- 
jections : but on being put to the vote it 
was carried by two voices. 

There is nothing more from Simson and, 
indeed, no further document till 16th 
March 1698, when the Dowager Lady Sea- 
forth wrote a line asking Culloden to come 
over the next day " sine your advys will 
much oblidg your afectionat frind Isobell 

There is a blank again till 13th August 
1699, when the young countess (the Lady 
Frances Herbert, second daughter of Wil- 
liam, first Marquess of Powis) wrote the fol- 
lowing letter, which appears to refer to her 
son : 

For the Lerd of Colloden thes 

Brane, the 13th of August 1699. 


Tho' I should have ben glad to have 
seene you heare if your convenience would 
have permited it, wilest you were in the 
nort, yet I will not take it amis, hopping 
it is upon noe dislike you Lave to me, or 
the thought that you would not have ben 
as wellcom now as if my lord had ben 
at horn, that as inder [has hindered] it, 
which I can assure you of, for I shall 
ever have an [e]stime for one that as 
ben, and is I may say still, soe much my 

252 More Culloden Papers. 

lord's frend. Therfor I hope you will 
now bring him home, for I thinke he as 
ben long inof ther. I have troubled you 
with my leter, being you were soe kind 
as to dealer it, which truly is an obliga- 
tion lead on her that is, 
Sir, your most affectionat humbe servant 
Frances Seafort. 

The death of the Earl of Seaforth took 
place early in 1701, and the following let- 
ter was written by the old Countess in May 
of that year concerning this and her grand- 
son, William, now fifth Earl of Seaforth : 

for the much honoured 
The Leard of Culloden 

Much honoured frind 

I believe yee know that the Counsell 
denyd that my grandsone should stay 
with you, and to tell you the truth I 
rather hav him with you then \\ith any 
els I know, having so good proof of your 
kyiidne^s and firindship to my dearest 
sone that is gon, whos death is a very 
sad strok to me, If ye knew all my cir- 
cumstances ye wad beleive this, he was 
the great joy of my lyf, and the suport 
of my age, Lord giv me resignation and 
submistion to his holly will, for this is 
on of the heaviest trublls that ever i 
met with. I am fully per a waded the 
child will be better a great deal with 
you than. hear. My John [John Mac- 
kenzie of Assynt] will be hear this week 
or I think rather the nixt, which tym 
I will desyr him to come speak to you. 
If at any tym your leasour wad allow 
you to coine this lenth, if it war for ane 
hour or two, that I might hav your ad- 
vyce as to my self, since ther is few on 
earth now that I can bo free with, or 
doeth believe sinserly frindly, eoom ha 
an by end and soom another, and I think 

More Culloden Papers. 253 

qwyetly ye might tell me your thoughts 
and I wad trust much to your opinion, 
I am as ever your 

reaJl afectionat frind and Servant 
Isobell Seafort 

Give my servise to your lady and 
and mistres Isobell [Forbes, his 
daughter, afterwards Mrs Fraser of 

19 may 1701 

Things were still uncertain when the 
boy's mother wrote (10th June 1701) from 
Brahan that she had not had the answer 
she expected "and ther for I have sent 
him back to scoul to Mr Keneth where I 
desier you will be please to t>e soe kind as 
to let him stay till you hear from me." A 
week later the old countess wrote: 

For the much honoured 
The Leard of Culloden 


Much honoured frind 
Since I see no apearance when I may be 
horn or bee in other circumstances hear, 
I hav writ to my John and to my doch- 
ter in law and to the chyld himself, that 
it is fit you get the troubil of him for 
a tym wher I perswad myself he will be 
very weell and I must also intreat you 
no to put your self to any trubil anent 
him for he is weell conditioned, and very 
easily pleased. So I beseich you do not 
in the least make him a trubil to you 
and I wish it may be gods will he live 
to be a gratfull acknowledger of all your 
favours : as I writ formerly to you that 
ther war severall ingagements I was in 
for my dear sone that is gon that would 
be very trubilsoom to mee and my doch- 
ter in law took not oours with them, yet 
I think no clame is mor unreasonabil 
then this that Pfestonhall [Roderick 
Mackenzie] persues me for, being 
founded upon things that unnaterall 

254 More Culloden Papers. 

foolish Sandy forsed me to syne to him 
befor he wad giv up the mony he robed, 
of which the publik was to hav the most, 
and I not knowing how to get the pub- 
lik satisfyed was content to doe any- 
thing, this old Belmaduthy, the Minis- 
ter of Awch [Avoch] and Hewgh 
Bealyie can witnes, who writ and wit- 
nesed the same, pardon the trubil and 
believe me your 

very afectionat frend and servant 

Isobell Seafort 
16 Jun 1701 

Give my servis to your Lady 

On 1st July 1701 the younger countess 
was in Edinburgh determined apparently 
to keep the boy under her own control, if 
possible. The Government <; ar contented 
to have him stay at Fortrose till farder 
orders, ther for he will not trouble you 
this bout, tho I can assure you had he 
ben to goe to any from the plase were he 
is, I should have chose your house before 
any." On her way south she had stopped 
in Elgin, and a letter from Doctor Jona- 
than Forbes to his brother sums up the 
situation more clearly. 

For The Laird of Colloden 

Elgin 15 Jully 1701 


I was calld by my lady Marques Sea- 
fort the night she lo.l^ed in this place 
on her way to lidinbrugh, She was at 
pains to tell me that ther was a de- 
signe to take her sone the young Mar- 
ques from her and lodge him with you, 
which she said troubled her extreauily, 
that she wuld not be allowed the charge 
of the educatione of her own chyld, and 
that she had wrytt you before she left 
Brahan, that you should not meaddle 
with the youth (without her own con- 
sent) on no accoumpt whateomever, and 

More Culloden Paper t. 255 

intreated me to tell you the same 
again ; I said that I thought you would 
not be so officious as to take the charge 
of a person of Seaforts quality except all 
other freinds as weill as her Lap were 
content, for I beleived that you could 
propose no other advantage to yorself 
by it more then in shewing yor willing- 
nes to doe all the services lay in yor 
power, for the weel-being of that noble 
family. However, if I understand weill 
I think not fitt you meadle furder in 
that affair except all concerned in the 
young nobleman were once agreed 
amongst themselves (as to that payment) 
and joyntly desyred you be at the 
trouble; in which caise I know ye wish 
so weill to the memorey of both his 
Father and Grandfather that you would 
goe far greatter lenths (when opor- 
tunityes offered) to doe them service. 
In a word I fynd my Lady resolute that 
you doe not meaddle derectly or in- 
derectly with her son except ye disv- 
obleidge her exceedingly. All this I 
have wrytten at her desyre so only adds 
I ame still Sr 

Yor dnteirly affectinat Brother 
& most humble Servant 

Jon. Forbes. 

Writing to Culloden on 25th October 
1701 the Lord Advocate prayed him to 
state "how it is with the E. of Seafort 
and how he is keept for the old Countess 
her coming north has I hear changed me- 
thodes." This correspondence ends with 
two letters from the younger Lady Sea- 
forth : 

For the Laird of Cullodine. 

Erane, the 7 of Nober 1701 


I doe not doubt but you will be as sur- 
prised at the recepet of my leter as I 
was to find that the children had come 
a way from your hous, and^ kind invita- 

256 More Culloden Papers. 

tion at such a time a night, but realy 
tho I was the person, to blame in ordr- 
ing they should come home, yet when I 
did soe, I did hope it would have ben 
in good time and not to hassard ther 
helth, for I had much raader they had 
staied with you, then to havo don what 
they did, but I hope you will excus it, 
and assure your self were it not that I 
had some thing to doe for my sone at 
home, I should not have desierd the 
children should have come frome your 
house, were I know they would have 
ben soe wellcom, but a nother time they 
shall make amens, as well as my selfe, 
which would be very glad of an ocation 
to assure you by word of mouth, how 
much I really am 

Your most affectionat 

frend and Servant 

Frances Seafort 
My sexvis to your lady. 

Barwick the 31 of Deber 1701 

Louking upon you as my nebuer and 
kind frend I could not but give you an 
acount of my prosidin which perhapes 
tho it may louke strang m the eye of 
the World I hope it will not doe soe to 
you, when I assure you that what I 
have don is for the realle good of my 
children, which I know is what you will 
be plesed at, being one that wishes the 
family soe well, and I hope that upon 
that account my seli'e, and that you will 
be soe just to me as to believe, I am 
with all sencerity 


Your most affectionat frend 
and servant 

Francos Seafort 

With your permision my servis to 

More Culloden Papers. 257 

What now happened is told in a letter 
from Sir Gilbert Eliot to the Earl of 
Cromartie, dated from Edinburgh 25th No- 
vember 1703 (Sir William Fraser, "The 
Earls of Cromartie" 1. 205) ". . . . 
Much of the rest of the Councell's tym 
for this dyet wr.s spent upon a process 
against the Countess of Seaforth for cary- 
ing her son out of the kingdom to be 
popishly bred. She made a. long defence 
herself from the barr, but chiefly insisted 
upon the indemnity; but at last the 
matter was remitted to a committy to find 
out expedients to constrain her to bring 
home her son, and to raise money for this 

258 3/o re Cuttoden Papers. 

6. MISCELLANEOUS 1699-1702. 

The following extracts are from miscel- 
laneous letters which have no particular 
sequence : 

From Lt.-Col. John Forbes at Edin- 
burgh to his brother Culloden, dated 
4 April 1699 

The president and K. advocatt are 
calld in all heast to court and are gon 
this day, what the business is none 
knows as yet, only the arryval of our 
ships in America and our settling at 
Darian maks a great noise and many 
beleeve it will mak yet more. . . . 
The gentlemen that are come back from 
America give a very good account of 
every thing and it wer a peety to lose it 
after haveing so fair a prospect. . . . 
I wish I wer any wher out of this damd 
toune, which stands by kneavery and 
lyes and oppression, but more of this a\> 
meeting. I showed the first pairt of 
yor letter to some great men who vallues 
it not a pin, if you wer all stolen and 
eatten provyding you pey yor cess and 
they have but the ruleing of the rest. 

From Lt Col John Forbes to hia 
brother Culloden, dated 24 April 

Wee have no accompt as yet of the 
advocate and president. The Duke 01 
Ormond hes layd down all his places, 
and itts much talked here that Portland 
will be necessitat to leave the court, or 
tell what wer the privatt articles be- 
twixt Bufflers and him. Strathnaver's 
and Ferguson's regiments are aryved 
from Ireland. The first is to march to 
Inverness, BO whether that may be the 
place's advantage or not, I know not, 
but I hope it. It may be the more the 

More Culloden Papers. 259 

merrier, but the fewer the better cheer. 
Our African company are very bussie 
and will have four more ships in a little 
tyme at our new settlement. 

From John Forbes at Edinburgh to 
his cousin Culloden, dated 3 May 

The Advocat and President wer befor 
the King last week, anent our American 
settlement, and the King has remitted 
them to be heard befor my Lord Port- 
land who fully knowes his mynd in the 
matter. Ther is presently ane great 
mortality amongst the horses in Eng- 
land, and some English horse that have 
been brought into Scotland have poluted 
all the horse in this country, that their 
is hardly ten horse belonging to noble- 
men or others within this toun but are 
infected with ane rageing cold, wherof 
many dye. 

The following characteristic letter ad- 
dressed to " The Laird of Culloden '' is from 
his son and heir, John Forbes, in regard to 
his intended marriage with Jean Gordon, 
daughter of Sir Robert Gordon of Gordon- 
ston, baronet, by his first wife Margaret, 
daughter of William, twelfth Lord Forbes. 

Drany June the 6th. 1609 

I came hier yesterday's afternoon and 
found my Lady dispaching ame express to 
know of my health, for she belived noth- 
ing but indisposition could have occasion- 
ed so long and -unreasonable absence, 
and I was glead it passed for such ; how- 
ever after som litle furder discourse she 
told me what Sir Robert had resolved on 
att parting, which occasions my giving 
you this trouble, Tearms i find will not 
discord you and my Lady tells me he id 
wery forward, to have the thing once 
over, and in order to that is postively 
determin'd to be home saterday come 

260 More Culloden Papers. 

eight dayes the 17th of this moneth, 
and resolves to mary the 22nd or 26th 
att farthest; Therfor Sir with submis- 
sion to your will, I would be satisfied 
how soon this cam to hand you dispached 
off ane express south for any necessarya 
I may stand in need off, the tyme being 
but short, all I propose if you please, is 
two sute of cloathes plain, the one of the 
stuffs they wore last sumer if they be 
still in fashion the other of cloath, with 
west and briches of some silk stuff, 
stockings conform to the cloathes, a 
nightgoun and things therto belonging, 
if ther be any, as for any tokens or 
toyes that ar useuall to be given a vrcfc- 
man att such occasions as this, I'm al- 
together ignorant of what belong to 
them, but understands that som thing 
of that nature is expected, and would 
be content if any such thing be, it wer 
don to purpose (as Sir I told you be- 
fore) or not at all : I begg pardon for 
this and would have forebore writing 
till my own return had not the tyme 
been so very short. Lett what ever ex- 
press you send call at me in the by 
goeing, John Forbes is the man you'll 
employ for my Cloaths he haveing my 
measure, I ad no more but that I am 
Sir your most affectionat and obedient 

son whilst 

J. Forbes 

From Lord Strathnaver at Dunrobin 
to Oulloden, dated 18 April 1700: 

Your ail is not forgott, it must be putt 
aboard when it is new tunned, else you 
should have it er now. I'm only affraid 
that the smalest I drank ever with you 
be found stronger then it will prove. 
I intend God willing to the Highlands 
Monday nex*t, and must attend the 
Parlt, lett me know when you intend 
south , 

More Culloden Papers. 261 

From Sir Harry Innes of Innes at Ed- 
inburgh to his father-in-law, Culloden, 
dated 26 June 1701 : 

I have had no return from Argylle, he 
is a duke and Queensberry K. of the 
Garter. They say they are agreed and 
Argyle is marying his son [afterwards 
second Duke of Argyll] to ane Inglish 
match with 50,000 pound [Mary, daugh- 
ter of John Brown, afterwards Dun- 
combe, receiver-general of the excise, 
by Ursula daughter of Anthony pun- 
combe of Drayton, Bucks. J 

From the lEarl of Marchmont at Holy- 
rood House to Culloden 18th February 

. . . . When I was absent, which 
I hapned to be severall times by reason 
of the dying condition of my loveing 
daughter The Lady Polwarth [Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir John Hume of Castle 
Hume in Ireland, his daughter-in-law] 
whom the Lord took upon the llth of 
December which did put me and my 
familie in much disorder as you who 
know us so well will easilie imagine. 

262 More Culloden Papers. 

KINiDRED MATTERS 1699-1702. 

The following correspondence deals with 
an aspect of life in the Highlands wliich is 
to-day hardly realised. Petty thefts, horse- 
stealing and cattle-lifting were of no in- 
frequent owurence, and were dealt with 
between the respective lairds concerned. 
Depredations on a wider and more oompie- 
hensive scale sometimes made a greater 
commotion, as in the case of the celebrated 
Alastair Mor, whose apprehension, as 
pointed out by the editor of "Historical 
Papers 1 ' (Spalding Club), was looked upon 
as a " very special deliverance." 

An instance of the more ordinary case is 
revealed in the letters of Sir Ewen Cameron 
of Lochiel and Duncan Forbes of Culloden. 

For The Laird of Culodiu Thes 

Locharkag 3 juli 1699 

I recaved yors contining sum rejections 
upon me for giving Donald McKay a pas 
to bego his bred ir if he be a thife he is 
your owne countre man bred and borne 
and if he lies played the vilan it was 
among yor selves We have nothing to lay 
to his charg during his abod heir He 
denyes to be thife or reoeter [resetter] of 
yor horse I have sent him to the shiref 
and you said iperhapes ye might let him 
goe that ye might have the beter ocasion 
to perseu me if I had sent him onlie to 
yor selfe bot I am out of yor reverance as 
to have a hand in anie such thing as ye 
lay to my charge and if ye wer as treu a 
freind as ye say ye wold not make a 
luking gles [looking glass] of my pas to 
others before ye advirtized me and if ye 
resolve as ye say to kipe my pas and my 
other leter ye may kipe this leter also 
and tho he had misheheaved with my pas 
I belive the pas beires [bears] that he 

More Culloden Papers. 263 

should live honestlie and asking nothing 
prejudisialle to the lieges Ye say also 
he did lurk about my bouse since he cam 
from [?] Moray hot to let you know yor 
bad information he was down in Ardna- 
murchis or Sunort with everie honest 
man along fortine myles from this till I 
sent for him and I think I am as honest 
in sending for him as ye wer in yor in- 
tended persut against him who was sine 
yor freind and resolved to continou Sr 
Yor werie humbell servant 

E. Cameron of Lochell 

I was resolved to befreind yor man if I 
had not got Donald McKay upon yor first 
information bot now I belive non will say 
bot I discharged my dutie honestlie for 
all your reflections on me Sir if ye will be 
as trustie to me as yor father was I will 
be as great a servant to you since I have 
fletin with [scolded] you till I did werie 
not expeking such a leter from you 

Endorsed "Copy answer anent John 
Dow's horse" and dated from Cull [oden] 
3 August 1699 


In your last letter (as you say yourself) 
you flett with me whill you was weiry : 
and by this I return you good for evill, 
for I send you back yor man Donald 
McCay unhangd ; your letter and his 
stiff denyall at first provockt me to let 
him suffer, for he denyd still (untill lie 
saw the witnesses ready to prove against 
him) that he stole my man's horse ; but 
they and the man who caught the horse 
that was found with him being also pre- 
sent, he repented himself and made a 
clean breast. The extract of his judiciall 
confession I send you here inclosed. 
Wlierby you will find that he, and a kins- 
man of your* called Ihincan Cameron 
have stolen my mans horse and made a 
marcat of him; and then Donald did 

264 More Cvttodtn Paper*. 

recept another stolen horse which was 
taken with him, so that I had difficulty 
to get him saved : But since you sent 
him down upon my letter, and that hie 
wyffe as you wreit hes nurst some of yor 
children and serves yor Lady yett, I 
would, not suffer him to bo put to death. 
But have sent liim brJck to yorself ; and 
in this I give a testimony that I keep the 
kyndnes my father had with you. And 
because you say that he is honest as long 
as ho stops amongst you ; its fitt you 
keep him ; and give him no more passes 
to come heir, lest he show the Lochaber 
luuuers agaan, ami gett himself indoit- 
ably hanged. 

Ewen McCay tells me tliat your Lady 
desyred me to save Donald and if the 
Skaith were within ane hundred merks, 
she would pay it; whither thia be true or 
not, I know not, but in the mean tyme 
you are my debtor, and though the man 
were hanged you cannot goe by it: for 
you are not only bound to present him, 
but also lyable in Law to pay the Sikaith, 
since he was yours and had your pace. I 
shall also out of friendship to you make 
the claime as small as I can, and the way 
that Donald proposes to relieve you is by 
finding my mans horse in some responsall 
debtors hands, which cannot be done 
without Duncan Cameron, whom you 
must find out yourself, for he is not in 
this end of the countrey. Els the Laerd 
of Grant would find him out and hang 
him too. Now Sr although my mans loss 
and expenses be neerer three hundred 
merks then one, yet I will restrict him 
that he shall not goe beyond the hundred 
merks with you, and if either yor Duncan 
Cameron or his Brother Donald who lives 
in Gtrath Dallas put you upon the horse 
in rosponsall debtors hands, you may 
double yr money, and get thanks too, for 
you shall not want fair play from the 
Justiciary Court. I remember you chal- 

More Culloden Papers. 265 

lenge mo for showing yor pass to every 
body, when you wrong me, for yor pass 
was in tho Clerk of Courts hands and in 
the fiscalls before ever I saw it, and I 
have taken it up from them and have 
keept it ever ainoe out of respect to you ; 
you may be sure ther are some curious 
[eager] enough that I shall found a pro- 
cess upon it, but that I will do for no 
man unless you oompell me to it. I send 

the bearer Andrew Bayn McThomas 

express to delyver you this letter and gett 
the answer of it and I assure you of my 
freindship when yor good turne comes in 
my \vay provydding that you keep kynd- 
nes with 

Sr Yr truely affectionat freind and 
humble servant 

For The Laird of Oulodiaie Thea 

Locharkag 8 of Agust 1699 

I recaved yors with Donald Mckay con- 
fession ther inclosed and tho ye did shew 
mersie yet I think he should be hanged 
for using you and me as he did bot I kraow 
not what to say as to the affer for it was 
out of kindnea to you I sent him to yon 
and if it is thought that I did mor than 
dutie when I sent him to you efter he dul 
still yor horse and since that other felou 
who was his pertiiner reeivea in those 
pertes among yor selves it will be hard for 
me to find him out I can do no beter 
with Donald Mckay then send him to yor 
selves againe till he find out hia pertiner 
: bot he shall oiot get my pase anie mor and 
I did onlie give him my pase formeirlie 
onlie to goe to his netive countie to see if 
he could get anie honest way of living not 
thinking that I could be ansuerabill for 
his misbeheavior as I doe as yet einoe I 
did present him to you to ansuer for 
his faltes for I have no kyndnea 
for anie that usis the us[e] he 
did make of my pas Alwyas it is fito 


266 More Culloden Papers. 

that ye have pasience for a tyme to 
see if the other felou or his goods can be 
had or the recetor I believe ye thinks 
it not just I should sufer for ether of them 
if anie that is giltie can be fume out 
nethor is it just that the ouner should 
want his oune a*nd if the inosont will py 
for it the ,pryce of the horse is amufe[ ; ] 
my wife denyes she said she wold give a 
hundr marks to seafe McKay from the 
galoues [;] at anie tyme ye write tr> me 
ye may give or send yor leter to Wilim 
Coming at Invernes who will find ooasion 
to send it heir [ ; ] ye sime [seem] to be 
ferer [fairer] at this tyme them at first 
and since I find you so I will remaine as of 
ould and when it fales out serve you as 
Yor verie affectionat friend and servant 
E. Cameron of L-oohell 

There is another letter of 18 October 
1700 on a similar subject written from Bun- 
chrew by Culloden 's wife, in all her let- 
ters she signs herself by her maiden name, 
Mary Inncs (daughter of Sir Robert Innes 
of Innes), and her opinions are sometimes 
expressed in no undecided fashion. 

My dearest 

we have been allarmid and ar still in a 
harie with thiving. Tyusday last about 
midnight on of yr men is ill wounded and 
his hous pilledged and we allarmid, upon 
which yr son persud; the goods was left 
but the man is thoght will not live and 
this we owe to our garisons on the on) 
hand, and our stete men on the other ; 
for the only good thing we got from 
them is the Justiciari Courts .... 
I can say no mor but that I still am, my 

Yr Ma. Innes. 

Its a harvest day all the 

countrey is in the sam taking with us, I 
men as to constant beeing allarmid by. 
willens and therfor look to it or thers no 

More Culloden Papers. 267 

A copy of a document endorsed " Scroll 
act anent two Independent Companies and 
some small garisons for rendering the peace 
of the Highlands more effeotuall 1700" will 
serve to illustrate what had been done. 
By the preamble it is shmvn that by an Act 
ot 1693 "for the Justiciary of the High- 
lands," commissions fully empowered nrght 
bo granted, excepting "the bounds lying 
v.ithin the heretable right of Justiciary 
generall pertaining to the Earle of Argile 
and other persones whose bounds were ex- 
cepted." The commissioners and deputies 
of justiciary were appointed to the end that 
"the crymes of robbery and depredation 
might be the more effectually punished and 

The two companies were to be "in 
place of a generall watch" and 
the act granted "full power and warraud 
to Captain William Grant lately of the 
Earle of Tullybardine's regiment and Cap- 
lain Alexander Campbell of Fannabb each 
ol them to levie a company" of 100 men. 
Captain Grant and 

his successors in office were to serve within 
the district benorth Dee, and the other 
companie under the command of the said 
Captain Campbell and his successors in 
office within the countreys besouth the 
breas of Athole and Angus .... 
Like as his Majestie statutes and ordains 

that from henceforth the gari- 

sonea be settled and that by de- 
tachments out of the regiment posted att 
Fort-william, viz. : A garrison of 30 men 
in number att Ruthven in Badenoch, a 
garison of the like number att Abertarff 
or Gilliewhiman [Fort- Augustus], a gari- 
son of 20 men att Invermorison and a gari- 
son of 30 men at Erkles and that by de- 
tachment out of any other of the standing 
forces there be a garison of 30 men at 
Corgarth [Corgarff] in the height of Aber- 
doonshyre and sir.klike such other grin'- 

268 More Culloden Papers. 

sons in such places of Perthshyre as com- 
missioners of Justiciary to be named by 
his Majestic shall think fitt. 

Judging by the case of Alastair Mor or 
as he described himself in a petitione 
"Allexr Mckdonall alias Alaster Mor," the 
forces of law and order may certainly have 
contributed "their endeavours and assist- 
ance in suppressing of depredations and 
robberies," but some of the heritors of Aber- 
deenshire took measures to protect them- 
selves (" Historical Papers " i. 21). Lord 
Forbes also met with difficulties even after 
Alastair had been captured. 

This famous robber, as he was certainly 
regarded outside his own immediate neigh- 
bourhood, is stated in A. Mackenzie's 
"History of the Frasers" to have been of 
the Keppoch family but related to the 
Frasers of Stratherrick. 

From a letter of the Lord Advocate to 
Culloden dated from Edinburgh 25 October 
1701 it appears that ''when Alester Moir was 
on his way from Fort-William my L. Forbes 
moved he might be sent north but the coun- 
oel did not incline it and therefor recom- 
mended it to his Lo. to send information 
and evidence against him betwixt and June 
which was not done." After this applica- 
tion was made to the "lords of justiciarie 
and charges me to bring him to a trial 
within 60 days with certification conforme 
to the act of parliament." Of this the 
Lord Advocate informed the Council and 
tl'en wrote to Lord Forbes to send informa- 
tion and evidence before 1st November 
"but tho I sent this letter by an express and 
am sure it was delivered yet no answer." 
He had also recommended that if it were 
thought better to try Alastair in the north 
this might be represented to the Council in 
November, "but you may be sure that if 
this man be not tried betwixt and the 29 
November (for then the eixtie days expire) 
the Ls. of justiciarie will set him at liberty 

More Culloden Paper*. 269 

nnd I again in treat that my L. Forbes and 
t'rodie and all concerned may know this." 
The following are from copies of letters 
vritten by tho Lord Advocate to Lord 
Forbes, 4 November 1701, and from Robert 
Forbes to Lord Forbes, 7 November 1701. 

My Lord 

I have yours of the 29th of October with 
another fiom tho Commissioners of the 
Northern District, representing the case 
of Alaster Moir and craving that he niny 
be sent North in order to his tryall. I 
could not read the letters at the Councill 
board because of some hard expressions 
in them, as that the oouncill did not de- 
sign that justice should be done upon 
him, but I represented the case fully and 
withall that unless he were tryed before 
the 29 of Novo.rr.Ler, I apprehended the 
Lords of Justiciary would be obleidged to 
set him at Liberty, And upon all the 
Councill hath ordered him to be carried 
North by a par tie of Dragoons and de- 
livered to the Magistrates of Abd. that 
he may be kept in sure firmance untill 
tryed before the justiciary for the North- 
ern district. And the Councill did also 
order me to send this line to your Lo. 
by an express that no time might be lost. 
It was also noticed that an offer was 
made to send a double of the Process be- 
fore the execution, but the Councill in 
defference to the Commissioners of Justi- 
ciary would not insert this in the order, 
But it is expected that your Lo and the 
other Commissioners will give the poor 
man a fair tryall, and that for the satis- 
faction of all you will send a double of 
his process hither before execution. 
Your Lo. may be pleased to communicate 
this to the Commissioners of Justiciary 
for an answer to their letter. I am, 

My Lord 
Your Lo most humble A obedient Servant 

sic subsc. Ja. Stewart. 
To My Lord Forbes. 

270 More Culloden Papers. 

Bdr November 7, 1701. 

My Lord 

I had your Lo on Munday last and did 
immediately wait upon My Lo Advocate 
who was very friendly as was the Chan- 
cellour, the next day the Councill sat 
when Alaster Moir was ordered to be 
transported to Abd by a troup of D";v 
goons & tryed there, but your Lo will be 
careful] to have him tryed before the 29th 
instant for then hie tyme runs out by the 
late Act of Parliament, So your Lo will 
be careffull of that since the Council 
hath been so friendly. If there can be 
anything else I can serve your Lo in ye 
may freely command me. 1 was obleidged 
to consult the Advocate which stood me 
three guineys & two dollars which your 
Lo will order in to Thomas Forbes ; I give 
my humble duty to my Lady and am 

My Lord 
Your Lo most humble Servant 

sic subsc. Robt Forbes 

Hast, hast, hast. 

To My Lord Forbes. 

A copy of the answer sent by Lora 
Forbes to the Lord Advocate dated from 
Aberdeen 12th November 1701 is preserved. 
He regretted "any hard expressions" and 
stated that "our court was up before your 
letter came" but that all were of opinion 
that "this famous robber Alaster Moir" 
was not included in the act. "Your Los. 
letter not being clear as to that point 
. . . . we thought there was no neces- 
sity of a sooner tryall of him against which 
time all our probations would have been 
ready, till yesternight by a letter from 
Edr I find his tryall is desyred should be 
before the LPth of this moneth or else to 
have the benefite of the law." He wonder- 
ed how it could be supposed proofs could 
come in in time from Lochaber and other 
distant parts; but he had ordered an in- 
dictment to be drawn up and "given hi:n 

More Culloden Papers. 271 

this day by which he will have fiftein 
clear dayes before the 29th instant. It is 
for a most inhumane and barbarous rob- 
berie of a mana house in the night time, 
wherein he with a strong partie tyed man, 
wife and child and left them so, having 
taken away all the household goods and 
plenishings to a considerable value. This 
was done within a mile of niy gate to a, 
tenant of a gentleman my neighbour as a 
preparatory to what 1 should meet with 
myself which 1 did afterwards." Ho 
bogged the Lord Advocate to make it clear 
to the Council that there was more than 
this one crime ''to prove enough as may 
perswade the councill to think it neces- 
sary that such a notorious robber should be 
cut off." 

An original letter from Lord Forbes to 
Culloden dated from Aberdeen 4th Decem- 
ber 1701 gives information of Alastair hav- 
ing been tried and convicted but that the 
court had been petitioned not to give sen- 
tence till the 16th December when he 
would be charged Avith thirteen more 
crimes "and most of them are such, as I had 
information of from you and Brody." A 
list of the witnesses to be summoned wa*> 
sent with a request that they should be M 
;il>erdeen by 15th December. "So I shall 
.say no more now only I entreat the wit- 
nesses be summoned in due forme. I doe re- 
.solve to write to all my freinds in Abd, 
Banff, Mearns, Murray, Ross and Inverness 
shires, who are upon the Commission to be 
at the court so I expect that you and aH 
your friends 1 will be makeingi ready to 
meet me here on Monday come eight days, 
but I will expect you at Castle Forbes th 
Saturday before." 

A postscript to this letter adds "Ther i* 
necessity of the pairties persuers to witt 
Bane McBane of Tumattin, Mrs -Sybella 
McKay daughter to the late Revd. John 
McBane in Inverness, WilEam Mclntosh of 
Borlim come up here against the 16th in- 

272 More Culloden Papers. 

stout, this will be trouble&om to you but 
whatever expenses ye shall be at shall be 
refunded you at meeting. Brodie will send 
you a list of the crimes against Alaster 

Meantime an address had been trans- 
mitted to the king as appears by a letter 
from the Earl of Hyndford, then secretary 
of state for Scotland, Lord Seafield being 
the other secretary. 

Whitehall 30th Deer 1701 

Having had opportunity of waiting on 
the King yesterday, I presented the ad- 
ress transmitted by you from the Com- 
missioners of Justiciary within the 
Shires of Invernes and Nairn, which his 
Maty received very graciously and re- 
turns his thanks for the same. And has 
ordered this to be signified to you 


Your most humble Servant 

The Earll of Seafield was lykways 

present at the Delyverie of your 

[To] Cullodeu 

Lord Seafield'a letter M " Culloden 
Papers" XXXVIII., the king assuring 
them of his protection "and that nothing 
will render them more acceptable to him 
than that they fall upon effectuall methods 
for secureing the peace of the countrey, 
and extirpating thefts and robberies; and 
he was very well satisfied when I informed 
him that the commission and Highland 
companies had allready been of very great 
use for these ends." 

Alaetair was not, however, without 
friends. Writing on 8th January 1702 to 
Culloden, Brodie of Brodie tells him 

Yor freind Drummuir [Alexander 

Puff] is att great pains and travel in a 

More Culloilcn Pnin'i-s. 273 

sordid and base protection of an arch 
robber. I doubt much if he would be, 
att so much pains in ane honest, bussi- 
nes, he may glorie in his shame. . . . 
I can writt no more, being trulie in dis- 
posed, and labouring under my Lord 
Forbes (I cannot call it his dessires) 
temper that I am wearie of the world. 

Lord Seafield, writing as Secretary on 
the same day from Whitehall to Lord 
Forbes, stated : 

I acknowledge I was instrumental in 
causing apprehend him, upon the account 
of the injury he did to your Lo. tennent 
and that he had the repute of being a 
common robber. I was also concerned in 
causing transmitt him, to the North, to be 
tried by the Commissioners of Jus- 
ticiary, and if he hath got a fair 
and just try all I have nothing 
to eay to it, though I own I have 
been solicited by several of my friends 
that his punishment may be altered from 
death to banishment. I have returned 
them for answer that I do not at all 
interpose in the latter but leaves it 
interely to the Lords of the Privy Coun- 
cil who can better enquire into the pro- 
ceedings of his tryall and I hear the 
Council! has had that affair allready 
under their consideration and have ap- 
pointed a committee for that effect. 

Alastair's petition to the Privy council is 
to be found in "Historical Papers" (1.24), 
together with the answer which was com- 
municated to the Magistrates of Aberdeen, 
21st January 1702, to the effect that the 
sentence of death was not then to be put 
in execution. The petition of the com- 
missioners of justiciary to the Privy Coun- 
cil to reconsider this decision is also print- 
ed; and on 26th January 1702 Lord Forbes 
wrote from Castle Forbes to the Chan- 


274 More Cullodcn Papers. 

cellour after the commutation of the sen- 
tence, as appears by a copy of his letter 
sent to Culloden. 

We have seen, at least its known to 
all, your Lops committing of the process 
to be revised and their report, as also 
the Councils approving thereof and 
ordering the Magistrates of Abd to see 
the sentence put in execution the day 
appointed, and likewise we have seen to 
the great grief and sorrow and amaze- 
ment of all honest men an order re- 
calling or revoking that. . . . There 
was never any thing that was done in 
Council! will more weaken the hands of 
those that are truely and sincerely 
affectionate to the Government and are 
in prosecution of justice, neither could 
there anything happen that could more 
encourage such barbarities or give the 
enemies of the Government more reason 
to insult over us. ... it is humbly 
supposed that the commutation will reach 
no further than as to the crymes already 
proven against him and that justice will 
not be impeded, seeing the procurator 
fiscall and the other parties injured in- 
tend yet to insist against him, yea even 
to the proving of several murders; in 
order to which he hath got an indict- 
ment for two barbarous inhumane rob- 
beries against a court to be held at Abd 
the 5th of March. . . . one of the 
crymes for which he is now endyted is 
for a most barbarous inhumane robbery, 
butchery and hamesucken done to a 
man of myne at my gate, in robbing him, 
mortally wounding him in five places, in 
tying man, wife and child and carrying 
away his horses and all that he had iu 
his house to a considerable value. He 
was in a very good temper when he was 
expecting death and confessed all that 
waa proven against him, and much more, 
tho' now he denyes; neither did he ever 
want a minister by him that understood 
his own language. 

More Culloden Papers. '275 

The document ends by a request for the 
Council to take to their consideration what 
was written "and ordain that famous man 
to be kept at Abd till his tryall." 

On the same day he wrote also to the 
Secretary and to the Lord Advocate. The 
letter to the Lord Advocate is not extant, 
but the answer is in "Historical Papers" 
(1. 27) wherein it was thought that the 
Council would not do anything to hinder 
the new trial. If there was any scruple 
that the prisoner, having been already 
condemned, could not be retried, the Loro. 
Advocate was of opinion that "it is not 
worth the noticing." 

On 16th February 1702 Lord Forbes 
wrote to Culloden from Castle Forbes that 
he was much hurried in making prepara- 
tions for the new trial "and must say that 
without you I had not been able to do any- 
thing in this affair." 

On the same date the Earl of Kintore 
wrote to [William Puff of] Dipple and 
others of the justiciary as follows : 


The Laird of Dipple 

Keith Hall 16 feb. 1702 


There being a necessity of giving a new 
inditment against Alaster More upon 
very great and atrocious Crimes and tho 
ther was some stop made by the Counsell 
of his executione at the time appoyntecl 
by the last Justiciary Court, notwith- 
standing of a true and full probatione 
made out upon him of severall great rob- 
beries and depredationes, and that the 
King's Majestie he3 been applyed to for 
a Eemissione to him wich he lies refused 
with this answer that he had not par- 
doned robbery or thefts in England or in 
Holland and would not begin with Scot- 
land so that a new tryall ie both fitt and 
necesary upon new grounds, wicK is 
hoped shall be made out against him a.i 

276 More Culloden Papers. 

fully as before. Therfore its earnastly 
entreated you will be pleased to come to 
Abd the fyfth day of March which is ap- 
pointed for the day of his tryall which 
as it will be a grait act of Justice in you 
to contribute your endeavours in punish- 
ing a person of so great Infamy and 
wickedness so must it be a great satis- 
factione to the Countrey to finde how 
ready you ar to protect them from all 
sort of oppressione and the doing of this 
will likwayes singularly oblidge, Sir, 
your Humble Servant 


On 20th February Lord Forbes was again 
at. Aberdeen when he informed Culloden 

If all had been ready as I designed 
those papers I sent you last might have 
done, that is the witnesses might have 
been charged to the fyfth of March but 
by reason the indytments could not be 
got ready you see I am obliged to make 
it to the sixt. 

Most of the witnesses lay nearer to Cul- 
loden than to Aberdeen, and Lord Forbes 
had the design of " coming to the countrey 
to see if I can. have any influence upon 
them when things are so fair,' : that is in- 
fluence upon the more important witnesses. 

I give you no more trouble but begs 
in the mean tyme that cost what it will 
you will cause be using these witnesses 
and using endeavours to get them up. 

I send you three score and ten copies 
for witnesses and six warrands for offi- 
cials which I hope may doe the business 
. . . . I send you the copy of the 
indytment which consists as you'll see of 
above 30 crimes taking those that are 
complex wherein there wns injury done 
to several persons. ... I send you 
likewise a copy of my Lord Kintore's cir- 

More Culloden Papers. 277 

cular letter to the justiciars, I shall bring 
those of the north along with me. 

The difficulty of producing the witnesses 
is brought out in a letter from Alexander 
Grant (younger of Grant) to Oulloden dated 
from Urquhart 24th February 1702. 

The Major is gone your lenth . . . . 
lie lias brought three others that are 
charged with him so ye may examine them 
ou oath and carry them along as ye find 
they may be usefull but ye may easily 
imagine the loss that poor tennante are 
at in goeing fourscore ten miles from 
there own houses this tym of the year, 
therefor since there will be enough proven 
other ways I would not desire there stay, 
I hope they may be dispensed with by my 
Lord Forbes to whom I would have writ- 
ten had I been shure of his being in In- 

In a letter dated from Castle Forbes 
27th .February 1702 Lord Forbes ex- 
pressed to "The Lady Cblloden" his 
great appreciation of her husband's 
services in the matter and asked her, 
if he had gone, to expedite the sending of 
the witnesses so as to be at Aberdeen the 
5th of March. 

There are no other documents on the sub- 
ject among the collections, to show what 
finally happened. J. Hill Burton in his 
"Lives of Lord Lovat and Duncan Forbes" 
(note page 39) states of Alastair Mor, that 
he "appears to have been in the end 
banished to the plantations by his own 

278 More CuUoden Papers. 

(8). MISCELLANEOUS 1702-1704. 

William III. died 8th March 1701/2 re- 
gretted by manj' in Scotland. "We ow 
much to his memory," wrote Lord Seafield 
to Cullodeu ("Culloden Papers" XXXIX.), 
and the following letter from Sir Harry 
limes is full of appreciation of the late 

To The Laird of Oolloden Thes 


This expro.sse was coming west with a 
letter to Drummoor about a businesse, 1 
thought to have employed you to have 
dealt with him in, but immediately after 
the letter was wrotte, Collin Innes came 
in from Edinburgh who left that place on 
Fryday afternoon, and brought me first 
the news of my Brother in law Mackers- 
tons [Macdougall of Makerston in Rox- 
burgh] death and one of his children,, 
which is a loss to his family and the rest 
of the poor young children, but alas for 
the sad news and the losee to Christen- 
dom l).v the death of our great and good 
King who dyed sabbath was eight days 
most Christianly and perfectly having 
communicatt the night before and spoke 
to the last and with his own hands in the 
last minut shutt his pleasant piercing 
eyes. All good protesttanta have cause 
to mourn, but I cannott express what I 
ought rior need I to you. Princess An 
was proclaimed att London the same day 
and Fryday last att Edinburgh about five 
aclock. All the forces are called back 
and things you may be sure in great 
confusion. Some enimies erected a bon- 
fire of joy on Arthur seatt. The Councell 
by the Advocats advice spared dispersing 
them with the Forces. The occasion of 
the Kings death was a fall from his horse 
at hunting, he broke his collar bone and 
fell in a feaver took both flem and 

More Cullochn Papers. 279 

oou[g]h, both which together soon did 
his turn. But I say no more on this 
subject. Only the Lord prevent what 
the nations deserve, and what we are 
justly threatened with att the tyme. 

My Grandmother [Jean, daughter of 
James, Lord Ross of Halkhead] is bed- 
fast since Sunday, I fear of a feaver ; 
she has great drought heatt and a pain 
in her head. This she desired to 
acquaints her daughter [Culloden's wife] 
of yesternight. I am nott well myselfc 
and no Avonder but still 
Your affectionatt and humble servant 
Harrie Innes 

Mar : 17, 1702. 

Since writting I find my grandmother 
has rested well last night and is better 
of all she complained of and is risen out 
of her bed just now. 

A letter from Lord Seafield is in support 
of Queen Anne. 

To the Laird of Cullodeu 

Whitehall Aprile 7th 


I wrote to you lately and I have now 
written to some others of our friends, I 
doe expect that you will use yor interest 
with such as you can have influence upon 
not to engage themselves in pairties, 
but that they come up to parliament 
with resolutions to act what is truely for 
the interest of the Oountrey which I am 
sure is to support the Queen's govern- 
ment which under God will preserve to us 
our Religion laws and liberties. After 
her wee have no view or prospect of any 
thing but confusion but if wee live in 
peace and quiet for some time wee may 
by the Providence of God come to some 
further settlement, I shall mind Burds- 
yaird's pretensions which I doe truely 
think are just, the only difficulty is that 
there are so many that are putting in 

280 More CuUoden Papers. 

for places in those new Levies but this I 
assure you however it goe I shall doe my 
pairt, I intreat that you may be some 
dayea att Edinr. before the meetting of 
the Parliat. that Wee may speak fully 
together, & now shall only add I am Sr 
yor affectionat humble servt 


"Burdsyairds" was son-in-law to Dun- 
can Forbes. The marriage is entered in 
the paiish register of Forres, he Robert 
Urquhart of Burdsyards, younger, and she 
Marie Forbes, daughter of the laird of Cul- 
loden. Some letters from him will appear 
hereafter. At this date he was first lieu- 
tenant (commission dated 24th June 1701) 
in Colonel Archibald Row's Regiment 
(Royal Scots Fusiliers), and on 16th Sep- 
tember 1703 had a company in the regiment 
of Lord Strathnaver, who succeeded as Earl 
of Sutherland, 4th March 1703. 

A letter of 23rd .September 1702 is from 
Lord Findlater (James, third Earl), father 
of the more famous first Earl of Seafield. 
It ia apparently intended for Culloden who, 
having represented Inverness-shire in 
Parliament (and latterly with Grant of 
tlrant) from 1689 till 1702 was standing 
again for that constituency. Lord Find- 
later had sent a letter for " my relation 
the Laird of Mackintosh. ... in your 
favour which you may read and seale with 
some fancie and then deliver to him." 
Culloden, however, was not successful, but 
represented Nairnshire from 1702 till his 
death, Hugh Rose of KiLravock being the 
other member. 

There is a blank in the correspondence 
till 1st March 1704, when the following un- 
signed and confidential communication ap- 
pears without address or endorsement. 
The matters touched upon are well known, 
as also the part played by Simon Fraser of 
Beaufort in the plot, which ultimately be- 
came a matter of party politics rather than 
of value to the exiled court. 

More Culloden Papers. 281 

Edr. 1st March 1701 

Mr Baillies [David Baillie] tryall befor 
the Councill on Thursday last was at- 
tended with the greatest croude of people 
that has been observed on any suche oc- 
casione partly out of curiostie to sie how 
Duke Hamiltoun who was adduced as 
witnes should be treated Bot Mr Baillie 
by the advyce of his lawiers prevented 
that by his owning the letters And as 
to Mr Baillies doom of infamy banish- 
ment and pillory It is thought it will 
be mitigat or the executione thereof de- 
layed for some tyme which some people 
thinks may resolve into a remission or 
off takeing of the sentence as to the 
hardest points of it Because it was 
strongly pled for him that he ought not 
to have been tryed till the Lords Comptrs. 
were present, because their Lordships 
might possibly acknowledge the ques- 
tionues put be them to Mr Baillie to 
have ben out of dewtie by simulating 
there being in the secreet that thereby 
he might be induced to make a plaine 
discovery as all magistrats and judges use 
to doe by way of expiscation in maters of 
hidden willainies and consequently if Mr 
Baillie should be found to have bot mis- 
taken the Lords their designe his <: 
was the less And albeit the above argu- 
ment was fairly pxesst in order to a de- 
lay by M. D. F. yet both himself and 
others alwayes feared there wold be too 
much of ane a<ffected mistake found on 
Mr Baillies parte Because of the flnttnes 
of his letters which tho printed with Mr 
Baillies defences yet my master being 
alwayes against the printing of them as 
a step that might tend to farther publi- 
cation and defamatione on all hands I 
cannot adventur to send you the said 
print. It is trew my master was taken 
up somewhat sharp by the Queens ad- 
vooat for pleading that Baillies tryalls 
haveing some contingencie with the plot 


282 More Culloden Papers, 

should be superceeded till the parliament 
had all under their consideration rather 
then that matters should be brock in upon 
at a broad syd Bot he was allowed to 
plead out without interruption And no 
more happened. 

And as to the plott itself the storie 
of it these three months by past hes 
changed many shapes and now at last 
and notwithstanding the Duke of 
Athols narrative thereof as to what 
consisted with his knowledge [William] 
Keith of Ludquhairne, [Colin Campbell of] 
Glenderule and Sir John Mclean [ot Mor- 
varen, fourth baronet] as they say have 
now made clean breasts tho with some 
prevarication on Keiths parte for whiche 
the Committie of the house of peers have 
declared him unworthie of the Queens 
favor tho he threw himselfe upon her 
mercy. And he with Mr [Robert] Fer- 
guson and some others are committed 
close prisoners with denyall of paper pen 
or ink etc. And all the effects of their 
discovery for any thing that yet appears 
with us is that two gentlemen of tho 
name of Murray Captaines one a brother 
of Abercairnies [John Murray] and the 
other brother to Stenhope [James Mur- 
ray] are intercommoned and 500 lib. 
sterline of reward promised to any who 
shall sease them or either of them dead 
or alyve. Bot what there part in the 
plot is not known. 

Mynd that what I wryt most be to your 
self alone other wayes will I never trouble 
you againe efter this fashionn 

Another similar document but undated as 
well as unaddressed belongs to this period, 
and also concerns the plot. 

Ther is nothing I am worse at then 
wryteing of Newest. However not only 
the report, bot some say pregnant docu- 
ments found out alsweell here as at 
court, war rands people to say that a 
formed designe of ane insurrection in 
Scotland for joyning ane invasion from 

More Cullotlen Papers- 283 

France with the first opportunity of the 
season of the yeer is plainly found out. 

Item, that albeit it is said the High- 
land Association latly snbscrivit was in 
refferance to the standing by a successor 
seperat from that of England, yet it is 
now discovered to have had a tendancie 
towards the owning of a new soveraigne 
imediatly from France. 

Item, tho [George] McK[enzie] and 
[Nieil] McLeod, Lieutenant of the foot 
guards were very long a comeing to a 
confesion befor the committy, by reasone 
of McLeod 's frequent faintings when 
eisted befor the Lords, yet ther confes- 
siones were yesternight fully made and 
sent to court, upon which and in conjunc- 
tion with what discoveries coincident with 
theirs have been alredy made at court by 
Sir John McLean (with whom it is 
thought it will goe hard) Glenderule and 
others, wise people here perswad them 
selves there must be a sudden change of 
some court ministers, specially those ac- 
cused be Queensberry, amongest whom 
are some of your friends on your north 
syde, alsweell as those by whom ye come 
in your highland way to this place. 

Item, tho the Justice Clerke [Roderick 
Mackenzie of Prestonhall] owned a letter 
in figurs put into my Lord Advocates 
[Sir Janice Steuart] hands to be comuni- 
oat to the counsell, as if that way of 
wryting were the course of his corres- 
pondence with his brother now these 
many yeirs, yet his lordship's Key is said 
not to have oppened the meaning, besyd 
that David Lindsayes figured letters that 
were in hand the tyme of parliament, are 
said to be deciffered in England, and in 
every thing confirmeing the discovery 
that is now made. 

Item, orders are issued for apprehending 
a multitude of people, some great, some 
small, in Scotland, and the mater seems 
to be so universal or gcaierall, that it will 
be saiffer to let it fall then prosecute it. 

284 More Culloden Papers. 

Duncan Forbes of Culloden died in June 
1704 and there is a letter from the 
Earl of Sutherland ("Culloden Papers" 
CCCLXVIII.) in which he states that his 
death was not only "a loss to his relations 
and friends, but to all honest men amd his 
country at this juncture." 

Another letter from the &arl has, how- 
ever, been preserved which shows a very 
real intimacy with the new laird. 

For The Laird of Oolloden att Oolloden 
Dornoch. 23d June 1704 

I have just now received yours Dear 
Sir of the 22nd instant and iam only sorie 
that you did not know me better then to 
imagine that I wanted a letter to write 
me to your father's interment, the obliga- 
tion I lay under to him & respect I had 
for him, made me think it a duty I could 
not dispense with to sihow that last mark 
of my respect of seeding that Worthy 
Patriots corpes in the grave, if it please 
God I will be at Invernes Wedsendays 
night next, nothing rejoyces me more 
than to hear that Innes & you are chose 
for Murray & Nairn, I am just now wait- 
ing upon the corpes of a very honest 
woman to be buried, not haviing a mind 
to keep your servant I have written this 
confused scrible and am with a great deal 
of sincerity 

Dear Cousin 

Your Most affectionat humble servant 


Lett this present my most humble & 
unfeigned respects to the best of women 
your Worthy Mother whom God console 
& your deserving Lady and the rest of 
my kind friends of your family, I am now 
remembering all your healths in a drimk, 
Soe dear Johnie Adieu. 

Excuse paper pen & ink and all other 
excuses this being written in a great 

More Cuttoden Papers- 28f> 

Corrections to the Original 

"Culloden Papers" 



Every document found -which was mad- 
use of in 1815 has been compared so far a.s 
possible with the printed volume. Slight 
variations of spelling have been ignored. 
Tho references are to the actual body of the 
document concerned, unless otherwise 
stated. All documents are holograph or 
autograph, except as marked. 

I. [Copy.] 

Line 10 for "your subjects" read "your 

poore subjects" 
Line 11 for "ane civill kingdome" read 

"anie civill kingdome" 
Line 15 for "with unjust extremitie" read 

"the unjust extremitie" 
Line 15 for "as are members" read "as 

an member" 


Endorsed: A lie Lre direct to the borue 
of Invernes by Pa. B. of Ross quho being 
at Court for the tyme as commissioner for 
the kirk of Scotland. 

Line 6 for "yourselves" read "you he 


Line 8 lor "Kinclewin" read "Kinclawin." 
Line 16 for "serviceable" read "stede- 



Endorsed : To the bruch of Invemes ane 
Ire directed to Sir Wm. Alexander of 
Menstrie Knyt secretarie to his Matie for 
the Kingdome of Scotland. 

286 More Culloden Papers. 

It is addressed to the bailies of Inverness 
and is dated from "Whitehall 18 March 1626. 

Line 6 for ''the Prince" read "his 


Line 8 for "instantly" read "justlie" 
Line 14 for "the provest" read "yor 

pro vest" 
Line 20 for "that subject" read ''his 

Line 24 for "Judge for your greevances" 

read "Judge or the Commissioners for 

the greevances'' 


Line 18 for "neglakt nothing quhilk you 
shall desyre" read "inlake [deficient of] 
nothing quilk shee shall desyre." 


This document has not been found. 


Addressed to the "Lord Marquis of Argyle 
or in absence of his Lo : for the Richt 
Horioll. The Lords and u there of the Com- 
mittee of Mriieys.'' The date is 14 June 

Line 5 for "and has bene" read "and has 

Line 12 for "Committees, and by" ro;ul 

"Committees hands for" 


The covering letter which accompanied 
this is given in text (page 91). 

Signatures: For "Robert Cargie baillie" 

read "Robert Baillie, 

l''or "M. Cuthbert2 baillie" 

read "Al. Cuthbert. 

For "J. J. Dunbar" road 

"J. Dunbar." 

Man C-ullodeii Ptiperg. 287 

Vin. [Printed Copy.] 

Last line but one there is a blank where 
the word "ipeople" appears. 

It was printed at Edinburgh "by Ewen 
Tailzior printer to the King's most excellent 
Majestie 1650." 


This document has not been found. 


Heading: For "Duncan" read "John." 
Line 5 for "and about" read "goin^ 


Endorsed : Protection Gen. Monk 1651. 


Last line but one for "Ladie Arderleer" 
read "Ladie Arderseer" 


See page 134, etc. 


Line 5 for "to him" read "be [by] him" 

XVn. (Copy). 

Heading: for "and Lord Herell" read 

"and Lome, hored[itaryj" 
Line 10 for "our undertaking" read "our 

present undertaking" 
Line 12 for "the grant and personal" read 

"queat [quiet] and peceable" 


Line 19 for "it I am" read "it but I am'' 

3Iore Cullothn Papers. 


There are two copies or parts of copies ot 
this document vvhicli is endorsed : Informa- 
tion to the K anent the peace of the coun 
trey 1691. 

Page 16, eleven lines from the bottom o!' 
the page where the words ''constant 
President" occur there has been written 
in the margin 

Its trew that the mater of the con- 
stant pres. sticks with that people yet, 
but the parl. wes so weill [blank] with 
other things that past that the mem- 
bers were easily induced not to put 
this anent the constant p. to the 
vote until they should know that the 
K wes satisfied anent it. 

Page 17, line 7 of second paragraph, for 
"Kilchume" read "Kilchurne" 

Line 13 of fourth paragraph, for "com- 
ander' ' read ' ' comander-governor' ' 

Page 18, line 6, for "buy armes" read "buy 
30 or 40 thousand stand of anncs that 
if need require ther may be armes where- 
with to arme such as out of affection 
will ryse in the common defence" 

Line 7 for "as to the" read "and thus 
proposal in a part answers the" 


This is a copy. 

to xxvi. 

These 5 documents have not been found. 


Line 6 for "Islandonaw" read "Island- 

Line 8 for "send one, two, or 300'' read 

"isiend out 2 or 300" 
Line 32 for "people" read "selfe" 

More Culloden Papers. 289 


Thia document has not been found. 


This is a copy. 


It is addressed to Culloden at Bunchrew. 

Not found. 


For this letter from Colonel Hill, dated 
2nd November 1690, see page 212. 


Not found. 


Addressed : Lt. Collonell Forbes of 
Brigadier Maitland's Regiment now at 

Line 10 for "Clerks, were" read "Clerks 

houses' ' 

Line 21 for "P'ett Streets" read "Pett 


Endorsed: Letter Argyll. 

Part of thia document has not been found 

Page 320, line 5 for "interraign" read 

Page 324, line 16 for "instancies" read 

Page 328, line 24 for "Matie, But" read 

"Matie, for" 
Page 328, line 30 for "there, with him he" 

read "there with him. He" 


290 More Cullodcn Papers- 


There are 4 copies of this document 
which, differ very slightly from one another. 

The first is endorsed : Memorandum 
anent & against Tarbat 1701. 

The second is endorsed : Memorandum 
ainent T. 1701. 

The third is endorsed: Memorandum 
anent Tarbat & the Crown Rents of Ro^s 

The fourth is endorsed : Memorandum 
auent T. & W. Steven 1702. 

Page 334, Hue 26, for "bnowes wnen" 
read "kuowes where" 

Page 334, lines 27 and 28, for "sterling 
out of" read (according to one copy) 
"sterling for life out of" 

Page 334, line 28, for "received 24,000 
Soots" read (according to one copy) 
"received preceding Martinmas 1700 
24,000 Scots" 

Page 334, line 30, for "700 merks of 
money" read "1700 merks money 

Page 334, line 36, for "70001." read 
"70001 Scots" 

Pag 335, line 2, read "ten merks per 
boll (communibus annis) for he does no 
less for the rest of his estate; "inde" 

Page 335, lane 5, for "allover" read 
"attour.'' After the word "jurisdic- 
tion" substitute a comma for the full 
stop, and add "ane invidious advan- 
tage to one who sought no more of this 
Government but mercy." One copy 
ends at this point with the worda, 
"whether the chapilainrie be distinct 
from any thing; set down here or not I 
cannot tell" 

Page 335, line 10, for "has done" read 
"had done" 

Page 335, line 11, for "repute as he is" 
read "repute as Tarbat is" 


Aberdeen: (1644), 23; (1693), 234. 

Abertarff: (1645), 25; (1646), 64; (1693), 267; 

(1695), 238. 

Abraham, Marjorie (Cockburne), 65. 
Abrahame, George, 19. 

,, James, counsellor, 41. 

,, Margrat (Sinclair), 59, 63. 

Abram, Alexander, burgess, 70. 
Agnew, Andrew, 44. 

,, John, 33. 

Alastair Mor (1699-1702), 262 et seq. 
Alexander, Mr, 158. 

Sir William, of Menstrie (1626), 11; 
(1627), 15. 

Alford, battle (1645), 25. 
Anderson Alexander, 64. 
' J., clerk, 178. 
,, George, servitor, 170. 
Angusson, Hugh, 184. 
Angussone, Hew, 195. 

Annand, John, minister: (1647), 83, 84, 85; (1648), 
87; (1649), 91; (1649), 101; (1650), 103; (1650), 
104; ((1661), 156, 157. 
Anne, Queen: (1702), 278. 
Archbald, James, 63, 57, 59. 
Ardnamurchan, 126. 
Argyll, 1st duke of (1701)., 261. 
,, 2nd duke of (1701), 261. 
,, Earl of: (1690), 213, 215-216; (1693), 267. 
,, Marquess of: (1644), 29-30; (1645), 24; 

(1646), 43, 72; (1658), 152. 
Arnott, Col., 230. 

Athole, Duke of: (1704), 282; (1746), 6. 
Auldearn, battle: (1645), 24, 25, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 
68, 72. 

Badenoch, 23. 

Baillie of Dunain, 3. 

Baillie, General: (1645), 24, 25; (1646), 62, 66. 

Baillie, Alexander, of Dunzean, 103. 

D., 129. 

David, 281. 

David, of Dochfour, 196, 197. 

J., 177. 

John, burgess, (1646), 54. 

John, taylor, 185. 

Robert, baillie : (1646), 71: (1650), 110; 
(1652), 118. 

Robert, burgess, 65, 

292 INDEX. 

Baillie, Will, 186. 

William, clerk, 197. 

Wm., counsellor: (1652), 118, 121. 

William, elder, burgess, 53. 

Wm., elder, and his wife, 183. 

Will, shoemaker, 183. 

Wm. (late) treasurer, 197. 

Wm., yr., 183. 

William, younger, burgess : 54, 196. 

Bee also Baillye, Bailye, BaiLzie, Baykie, 

Baillye, Robert, baillie, 92. 

Bailye, Robert, baillie: 35, 41, 42; (1652), 120. 
Bailzie, Alexander, 13. 
Bailzie, Robert, councillor, 166. 

,, William, elder, councillor, 166. 
Baine, John, joiner, 183. 
Baine : See also Bayne. 
Balveny Castle: (1649), 95, 96, 97. 
Banff: (1645), 24. 
Bannerman, James, 182. 
Barbor, Alexander, 92. 

,, Alexander, burgess, 67. 

Robert, 183, 186. 
Barbour, J., councillor, 120. 

John, 184. 

Robert, baillie, 166. 
Barbur, Robert, Dean of Gild, 197. 
Barcklay, George, 34. 
Baylzie, William, elder, 195. 
Bayn, Andrew (McThomas), 265. 
Bavne, Duncan, of Delny, 2. 
,, Donald, of Fairly, 2. 
Bealye, Hewgh: (1701), 254. 
Beauly: (1646), 27. 

,, See also Bewlie. 
Berwick-shire: (1667), 167. 
Bewlie: (1693), 235. 
Bishope, John, 182. 

Blaer, John, postmaster at Edinburgh, 228. 
Blunt, Lt.-Col.: (1652-1660), 116, 131, 132. 
Bogg, Castle of the : See Castle of the Bogg. 
Boswell, Robert: (1671), 183. 
Boyd, Dr: (1692), 224, 225, 226, 227. 
Brechin: (1645), 24. 
Breda, 167. 

Brodie of Brodie : (1646), 31, 37; (1647), 81; (1696), 
246; (1698), 248; (1701), 269; (1702), 272. 
,, Alexr., burgess, 202. 
,, Alexander, of Lethane: (1646), 31. 
Broghill, Lord : (1655), 134. 
Brora: (1658), 148. 
Brown (Duncombe), John, receiver-general of the 

excise, 261. 
Mary, 261, 
Bruce, Major, 230, 

INDEX. 293 

Buchan, General Thomas, 233. 
Bught, lands of, 46. 

Mill of, 52, 65. 

Bunchrew: 3; (1678), 171, 172; (1745), 5. 
Buntone, Capt., 215. 
Buy, Donald, post, 185. 
,, John, yr., 183. 

,, Wm. Mackenzie: See Mackenzie, Wm. (alias 

Cairnes, David, skipper: (1644), 57; (1646), 47, 59, 

65, 70. 

Caithness: (1646), 38. 
Caldell, Andrew, 151. 
Calder, Sir James, of Muirtown : (1686), 164; (1693), 


Calder, Thomas, of Sheriffmill, 164. 
Cameron of Erracht, 237. 

of Lochiel, 217. 

Sir Ewen, of Lochiel, 262, 265. 

Donald, 264. 

Duncan, horse-thief, 263, 264. 
Campbell, Colonel, 63, 72. 

Captain Alexander, of Fannabb, 267. 
Lt. Archibald, 72. 

Colin, of Glendaruel, 282, 283. 

Coline, 32, 33. 

Daniell, 63. 

George, of Ciunane, 152. 

Sir Hugh, of Calder, 238. 

J., 33. 

James, of Moy, 31. 

Mr James, commissary of Inverness, 44. 

Jammie: (1687), 179. 

John, chapman, 63. 

Sir John, of Calder, 171. 
Carbisdale: (1650), 103. 
Cardross, Lord, 211. 
Carnebuly, 221. 
Carolina, 178. 
Carse, the: (1646), 61. 
Cassilis, Earl of: (1646), 31. 
Castle Leod, 152. 

,, of the Bogg: (1649), 96. 
Castlehill: (1671), 186. 

Chanonry: (1647), 81, 83, 84; (1650), 105, 111; 
(1697), 248. 
Castle: (1649), 94. 
Chapman, Robert, 169, 184. 

,, Robert, councillor, 120, 166. 

William, 169, 170, 184. 
Charles II.: (1650), 108, 113. 
Cheyne, G., 154. 
Chisholm, Alexander: (1673), 196. 

Alexander, sheriff -deputy : (1678), 172. 

294 INDEX. 

Chisholme, A., 237. 

Alexander: (1666), 166; (1671), 182. 
John, 184. 

Clan Chattan: (1626), 10-18. 

,, ,, See also Mackintosh. 

Clanranald, Captain of, 130, 219. 
Clark, John, 202. 
Claypottis, lands of: (1646), 66. 
Clerk, Alexander, 168. 

,, ,, minister, 195. 

,, Donald, pedlar, 184. 
,, post, 186. 

Clunes, Alex., 183, 186. 
Cockburne, Alexander, indweller, 66. 
,, Alexander, wright, 77. 

,, Marjorie: See Abraham, Marjorie (Cock- 


Colkitto's Irish Levies, 23. 
Coming, Wilam, 266. 
Cook, James, 182. 
Corbat, Agnes, 67. 
,, Jaspart, 67. 
,, Win., cowper, 184. 
Corgarff: (1693), 267. 
Cowie, John, councillor, 166. 

,, John, heirs of, 184. 
Cowpland, Wm., 185. 
Cowy, J., burgess, 121. 
Cragievar, laird of, 156. 
Cragingilt, Captaine, 73. 
Crawford, Earl of: (1690), 211. 

,, John, 145. 

Cromartie, George, 1st Earl of 244 
(1649), 93; (1650), 111. 
Cromartyshire : (1665), 127, 128. 
Cruickshank, Alexander, 186. 

Alexander, slater: (1646), 52, 195. 
Cullicudden, 93. 
Culloden: (1671), 185. 

,, Accounts: (1686), 180. 

,, barony and lands, 2. 

,, estate, 5. 
Cuming, Alexr., 184. 

George, 185, 186. 
George, burgess: (1652), 121. 
George, councillor, 166. 
John, tailor, 185. 
Old John Roy, 185. 
Robert, 185. 

William: (1666), 166; (1671), 185. 
Ctuiming, Alexander, burgess, 13, 68. 
,, Alexr., post: (1671), 183. 

,, James, burgess, 68. 

,, James, yr., 68. 

,, William, sheriff-clerk, 196, 197, 
,, See also Coming. 

INDEX. 295 

Cumyns, Robert, burgoss, 121. 
Cunningham, Capt., 215. 
Cuthbert of Castlehill, elder: (1696), 240. 
,, of Castlehill, yr:: (1696), 240. 

Al., baillie: (1649), 92; (1650), 106, 108, 

110; (1652), 118, 120. 

,, Al., counseller: (1646), 41; '(1647), 84. 
,, Alexander, provost: (1666), 166; (1671), 

184; (1673), 197. 
,, Alexander, merchant burgess: (1646), 59. 

D.: (1649), 92. 

,, D., town-clerk: (1646), 35, 45. 
,, D., sheriff-depute of IS aim: (1688), 202. 
David: (1671), 186. 
,, David (son to James): (1671), 170. 
,, Donald, cordiner: (1671), 186. 
elder, burgess: (1652), 121. 
George, of Castlehill: (1688), 202; (1693), 

233, 236. 

,, Gilbert: (1644), 63. 
,, Gilbert (Standandstaines) ; (1646), 50. 
,, J., clerk: (1666), 166. 
,, James: (1646), 62. 
,, James, baillie: (1673), 197. 
,, James, (late) baillie: (1671), 184. 
,, James, clerk: (1646), 59. 
,, James, counseller: (1646), 41; (1652), 118; 

(1666), 166. 

,, James, creamer: (1671), 184. 
,, James, oi: Drakies : (1646), 32, 42; (1671), 

184; (1673), 197; (1674), 191. 
,, James, elder: (1646), 73; (1673), 195. 
,, James, town-clerk: (1671), 170, 186; 

(1673), 198. 

James (Laurenceson) : (1646), 56, 66, 68. 
,, Jasyaru: ^iOii>, iftb. 
,, Jean: (1671), 184. 
,, Jo.: (1673), 198. 
,, Jo., burgess: (1688), 202. 
,, John: (1696), 239. 
John, baillie: (1673), 197. 
John, (late) baitlie : (1671), 182. 
John, of Castlehill: (1642), 193; (1644), 

23; (1646), 42, 48, 49; (1648), 88; 

(1649), 93; (1666), 166. 
,, John, councillor: (1666), 166. 
John, of Drakies: (1689-1701)^240. 
,, John, minor, of Drakies: (1671), 186. 
,, Johne, merchand : (1671), 185. 
Jon, of Drakies: (1646), 32. 
,, Thomas, cordiner and burgess: (1646), 63. 
W., councillor: (1652), 120. 
Wm., joyner: (1671), 185. 
Wm., merchant: (1688), 202. 

296 INDEX. 

Dalkeith: (1652), 117, 120. 
Dallas : See Dollas. 
Davie, William, skipper, 70. 
Daviott: (1652-3), 131. 
Deane, General, 122, 133. 
Dempster, George, 46. 
Denham, J. : (1648), 89. 

,, J., commissioner: (1644), 30. 
Dewurt Castle: (1693), 221. 
Dick, John, shoemaker, 184. 
Dicksone, Patrike, 101. 
Dieppe, 155, 19. 

Diugwall: (1647), 83, 84; (1650), 109, 111. 
Dollas, William, of Cantray : (1646), 31, 36, 45, 53, 


Donaldson, Ro., baillie of Elgin, 195. 
Dors: (1652-3), 131. 
Douglas, Hector, of Balcoiiie : (1648), 88: (1652), 

122, 123. 

Doune, Captain, 67. 
Dow, Donald, 169. 
,, John, 263. 
,, John, joyner, 185. 
Do wart, see Dewart. 
Dowglase, Mr Robert, moderator, 86. 
Drakies, Easter: (1671), 186. 

forest of: (1674), 188. 
Drumdeavan: (1671), 185. 
Drummond, Captain, 25. 
Drumohill, Lt.-Col., 29. 
Duff, Alexander, of Drummuir, 272. 
Fiiidley, burgess, 66, 73. 
Hugh, 239. 

Major Hugh Robert, of Muirtown, 8. 
William: (1673), 198. 
Wm., baillie: (1696), 239. 
William, councillor: (1666), 166. 
William, of Dipple: (1702), 275. 
William, (late) provost: (1696), 239. 
William, skipper, 150. 
Duffe, James, 184. 

Win.: (1671), 184. 
Wm., 186. 
Duff os, Lord: (1688) 200. 
Dunain: (1654), 123. 
Dunbar, Capt., 216. 

Mrs, of Burgie, 3. 

A., baillie: (1647), 84. 

Alexander, baillie: (1646), 71; (1648), 89. 

Alexander, of Grange: (1678), 171. 

Alexr. (Johnsone), 185 . 

Alexander, provost: (1673), 197. 

Alexr. (late) provost: (1671), 183: 1673, 


Alexander, merchant burgess: (1648), 87. 
Alexr., yr.: (1671), 183. 

INDEX. 297 

Dunbar, Anna : See Forbes, Anna (Dunbar) of Cul- 


D., burgess: (1688), 202. 
,, George, master-mason and burgess, 51, 62, 


J.: (1650), 106, 108, 110. 
J., baillie: (1646), 35, 41, 42; (1649), 92; 

(1652), 118, 120. 

,, James, counsellor : (1647), 84. 
,, James (Newtonsone), (1671), 184. 
,, James, yr. : (1671), 182. 

John: (1649), 103. 
Thomas, 184. 
Duncan, G., merchant, 202. 
Duncanson, Mr, minister, 239. 
Buncombe, Anthony, of Drayton: (1701), 261. 

,, See also Brown (Buncombe). 
Bundas, Captain, 121, 122, 142. 
Bundee: (1645), 24. 

,, John (Graham), Viscount of: (1689), 206. 
Bunfermline, James (Seton), 4th Earl of: (1689-90), 

205, 206. 

presbytery: (1696), 240. 
Bunlop, James: (1651), 115. 
Bunlope, James: (1648), 88.. 
Burhame of Ommachies, rootniaister: (1646), 72. 

Elgin: (1645), 24. 

Provost of: (1648), 87. 
Eliot, Sir Gilbert: (1703), 257. 
Erchles: (1693), 267. 

Farquhar, Maister Robert: (1650), 107. 
,, See also Ferquhar. 

Ferguson, Mr Robert, 282. 

Fergusone, Alexr.,, 183. 

Ferguson's regiment, 258. 

Fergusson, Fergus, 5 et seq. 

Ferintosh : acquired by Frasers (1617), 171 ; acquired 
by Culloden, 3; distilling privilege. 4; poverty 
(1690), 205; situation, 5. 

Ferquhar, Mr llobert: (lb'49), 92. 

Fife Synod: (1696), 240. 

Findlater, Earl of: (1646), 31. 

James, 3rd Earl: (1702>, 280. 

Findley, Margaret: See McGillespie, Margaret nein 
Findley vie William. 

Finlayson, Bonald, burgess, 70. 

Finlaysone, Bonald, creamer, 186. 

Fitch, Col. Thomas: letter to John Forbes (1653), 
132; occupies Inverness (1651), 115, 116; re- 
valuation of Inverness-shire and Ross-shire 
(1652), 122. 


Forbes (Inverness): (1650), 111. 
Capt., 213. 

Captain (Argyll's regiment): (1690), 215. 
Lord: (1698), 251; Alaister Mor's trial (1701- 

1702), 268, 271, 273, 276, 277. 
10th Lord, 246. 
Win., 12th Lord, 259. 
of Philine, 4. 
Alexander: (1666), 166. 
Alex.: (1671), 186. 
Alexander, 1. 
Alexr. (Corsendae), 156. 
Alexander (Culloden), 178. 
Alexander, merchant, 197. 
Anna (Dunbar) of Culloden, 3, 174, 177. 
Arthur, of Culloden, 8. 
Sir David, of Newhall : (1690), 211; (1693), 

233, (1698), 250. 
Donald: (1671), 186. 
Duncan: (1671), 186. 
Duncan (son of Duncan, 1st of Culloden), 3, 


Duncan,' 1st of Culloden: (1633), 19; (1644), 
22; (1646), 30; Affair of Claii Chattan, 
11-15; character, 1-2; death (1654), 3; 
Farewell to Montrose (1650), 103; letter 
(1647), 85; lineage, 1, 155; marriage, 
156; Member for Inverness (1649), 99; 
petition for abatement of assessments 
(1653), 130. 

Duncan, 3rd of Culloden (1689-1704), 205; 
death (1704), 284; correspondence with 
son (1692-93), 224 et seq. ; education in 
France (1661), 156 et seq.; "Genealogy 
of the Family of Forbes," 178; letters 
from France (1663), 161, 163; letters of 
horning against Frasers (1678), 172; 
marriage, 3; Member of Parliament 
(1689-1704), 280. 

President Duncan, of Culloden : 4-7. 
Duncan George, of Culloden, 8. 
Hew: (1658), 151. 
Isobel (Corsendae), 156. 
Isobell: See Fraser, Mrs (Isobell) Forbes of 

J.; (1673), 198. 
J. : (1661-1664), 156-163. 

James (son of Duncan, 1st of Culloden), 3. 
Captain James: (1651), 115. 
James, burgess, 54, 56. 
James., of Corsindae: (1608), 2, 156. 
Janet (Corsindae) : marriage (1608), 2, 156. 
Jean (Munro) : See Munro (Jean Forbes), 

of Fbulis. 
John, of Badenley (1567), 1, 155. 

INDEX. 299 

Forbes, John, 2nd of Culloden : accession to Culloden 
(1654), 142 ; act of indemnity (1661), 152 ; 
assessments petitions (1653-55), 130, 134, 
139, 140 ; Bunchrew and Fraser dispute 
(1678), 171 et seq. ; church disorders 
(1685), 178; Commissioner for the Army 
(1651), 114; Commissioner to Parliament 
(1646), 31; Committee (1646), 34; Com- 
mittee of war (1649), 99, 100; Convener 
for Inverness-shire (1652), 122, 123; Dal- 
keith (1652), 117, 119; Edinburgh 
(1650), 104; education in France, 156; 
excise (1667), 167; friendship with Mar- 
quess of Argyll, 152 et seq. ; Inverness 
Town Council's veto against (1666) ; 
letter (1633), 19; licence to eat flesh in 
Lent (1664-5), 154; lineage, 1; losses by 
troops (1646), 69, 71; Member of Parlia- 
ment, 85, 87, 99, 153; oath of allegiance 
(1665), 3, 153; report on Inverness 
garrison (1646), 36, 38; supplication to 
the Convention of Burghs (1647), 78, 79; 
tack of excise granted (1647), 81 ; trade in 
otter skins, 113; trade in salmon, 144 et 

,, John, 4th of Cullodon (Bumper John), 4, 224 et 
seq. (marriage) 259; succession to estates 
(1704), 284. 

,, John, 6th of Culloden, 7. 

Col John, of Pittnacrieff : lineage, 3; corre- 
spondence (1690-95, 1693, 1697, 1699), 
210-223, 235, 242, 258. 

,, John, merchant burgess, 68. 

,, John, servitor, 198. 
John, tailor, 260. 

Dr Jonathan (Culloden): (1685), 177; (1698), 
249; (1701), 254. 

,, Malcolm, 155. 

,, Margaret (Corsindae), 156. 

,, Marie (Culloden) : iStee Urquhart, Marie 
(Forbes) of Burdsyards. 

,, Mary (Innes), of Culloden: (1698), 250; (1700). 

,, Patrick, 1, 155. 

Robert: (1701), 269, 270. 

,, Robert, of Milbuie, 156. 

,, Thomas: (1701), 270. 

,, Thomas, messenger: (1673), 196. 

,, William: (1658), 151. 

,, William, of Corsendae : lineage, 156. 

,, William, of Tolquhoun : (1608), 2. 
Fort- Augustus : (1685), 99. 
Fort-William, 210, 212-213, 221, 267. 
Fouler, Donald, merchant burgess: (167i;, \t * 
Fouller, David: (1671), 182. 

David, baillie: (1666), 166. 
David (late) baillie: (1673), 198, 

300 INDEX. 

Fouller, Donald, merchant burgess : (1646), 67. 

Donald, yr. : (1671), 186. 
Fowler, David, commissioner : (1652), 119. 
Fraser of Achnagairn, 4. 

,, Isobcl (Forbes) of Achnagairn, 253. 

Baillie: (1673), 197. 

of Ballindown: (1693), 237. 

of Craighouse: (1649), 93. 

of Clunvackie: (1693), 238. 

Lieutenant: (1671), 185. 

of Stratherrick : (1701), 268. 

of Struy: (1645), 24. 

A., councillor, 120. 

Alexr. : (1671), 183. 

Alexr. : (1673), 198. 

Alexander, indweller, 58, 63. 

Alexander, of Kinneries : (1688), 200; (1693), 

Alexr. (alias Lawrie) : (1671), 183. 

Alexr., minor: (1671), 183. 

Alexander, (Mackwilliam), 172. 

Alexander, (McWarran), burgess, 59. 

David, thatcher, 183. 

Donald, maltman, 186. 

Donald, smith, 184. 

Donald, of the Leys, 2. 

Donald Me Andrew : See Me Andrew, Donald 
(alias Fraser). 

Donald Roy, 185. 

Findley (bewest the water), 59, 65, 68, 69. 

Findley (Merkinch), 51. 

Findlay, burgess, 55. 

Finlay, baillie, 182. 

Frederick, 186. 

Hew, of Belladrum: (1652), 122, 123. 

Hew, of Foyir: (1648), 88. 

Hugh, of Belladrum: (1646), 31, 53; (1673), 

Col. Hugh, of Belladrum: (1649), 93, 95. 

Hugh, of Easter Leadchme : (1678), 172. 

Hugh, wife of, 182. 

James: (1655), 129. 

James, burgess: (1646), 56. 

James, cordiner, 186. 

James, shoemaker, 184. 

James, of Belladrum: (1646), 59. 

Rev. James, of Brea : (1696), 239, 240. 

Sir James, of Brea: (1645), 25; (1646), 27, 
36, 37, 38 ; (1647), 80 ; (1649), 93. 

James, of Culdowthell : (1646), 31. 

Jo., merchant, 202. 

John, 172. 

John, brewer, 184. 

John, burgess, 63. 

John, of Clunvackie: (1648), 88. 

John, of Easter Leadclune : (1678), 172, 

John, fuller, 183. 

INDBX. 301 

Eraser, John (Johnsone), 183. 

,, John, mason, 51. 

,, John, shoemaker, 184. 

,, John, smith, 185. 

,, John Dow, joiner, 183. 

,, Malcolm, of Culduthel : (1689), 206. 

,, Robert, smith, 183. 

,, Rorie, 183. 

,, Symon, 182. 

Thomas, of Struy : (1646), 31, 53, 59; (1693), 


,, Thomas (Jamesson), burgess, 63. 

,, Wm., burgess, 202. 

,, Wm., shoemaker, 184. 

,, William, of Easter Leadclune : (1678), 172. 

,, See also Lovat, Lord. 

Geddes, William, 183. 

Gilliewhiman : See Fort- Augustus. 

Glencairn, Earl of: (1653-4)-, 123; (1660), 154; 

(1690), 213. 
Glencoe, 126. 

,, Massacre of: (1692), 210, 220. 
Glenelg: (1655), 126. 
Glengarry: (1655), 23, 126. 

Castle: (1693), 221. 
Glenmoriston, Laird of, 130. 
Glenmoristone : (1674), 190, 338. 
Goodbrand, George: (1671), 184. 
Gordon, Lord: (1645), 24. 

Finlay: (1671), 183. 
,, George Gordon, 1st Duke of (1689-90), 205. 

Mr James: (1692), 224, 225. 
,, James, measson: (1671), 184. 
,, Jean, of Gordonston : (1699), 259. 
Patrick: (1671), 182. 
Patrick, lidster: (1671), 170. 
,, Sir Robert, of Gordonston (1699), 259. 
,, Mr William, factor in Camphier (1693), 229, 


Clan '(1647), 84. 
,, See also Huntly. 

Gordoun, Margaret (Sutherland) : (1646), 58. 
Gowane, George (Over Drakies) : (1646), 49. 
Graham, James, Irish rebel (1646), 45, 48, 60, 67, 68. 
,, John, Viscount of Dundee: See Dundee, 

John (Graham), Viscount. 
Grahame, J., 33. 

,, George, 92. 
Grant of Grant, 280. 
Grant, Alex., Councillor: (1646), 41; (1647), 84; 

(1652), 118; (1652), 120. 
,, Alexander, yr. of Grant: (1702), 277. 
,, Donald- (1671), 185. 
Gregorie: (1671), 182. 

302 INDEX. 

Grant, Gregory, younger: (1671), 171. 

,, James, of Gellovie ; (1695), 238. 

John, of Corimony: (1693), 235; (1695), 223, 

,, John, of Easter Elchies : (1695), 238. 

,, John, merchant: (1671), 184. 

,, Capt. William: (1693), 267. 

,, MirWiUiain: (1693), 236. 

Mr Lawghlan : (1648), 86. 

Ludovick, of Grant: (1693), 234, 235, 338. 

Mr Patrick, servitor: (1673), 196. 

,, Robert, of Gartimore: (1695), 238. 
Gray, Robert, of Arboll, 89. 
Green, Thomas, 185. 

,, John, 122. 
Gregor, Alex., 185. 

John, wright: (1646), 52. 
Grein, Thomas, shoemaker, 169. 
Grey, Oaiptain, 37. 

,, Mr George, 86 
Grey Friars (Inverness), 24. 
Grey Frieres Kirk (Inverness), 75. 
Grierson, Alexander, burgh officer, 45. 
Grigor, John, Wright : (1646), 49, 77. 
Giuder, Angus (Bochrubin), 172. 
Guthrie, Mr Alexander, commissioner, 15. 

Donald, 186. 

,, Thomas, cooper, 47, 54. 

Willdam, 54. 
Gyllen, Androu, 33. 

Hackett, Lt.-Col., Robert: (1649), 94, 95. 
Haddington-shire : (1667), 167. 
Hall, Captain, 101. 

Sir John, 224. 
Hamilton, Lt.-Col., 222. 

Duke of : (1704), 281. 
Hamiltone, Wm., 185 

Hammiltoune, Sir Fredricke : (1646), 71. 
Hay, John, Cordinar, 171. 
,, John, pewderer, 185. 
,, Mr Jon, 17. 

Helmsdale: (1656), 144; (1658), 148. 
Henderson, A. : (1651), 113. 

Wm. : (1688), 202. 
Hendrie, Alexander: (1646), 68. 

Alex., carpenter: (1671), 185. 
,, Alex., weaver: (1671), 184. 
Donald, weaver, 184. 
Finlay, 184 

Hepburn, John, Baillie : (1666), 166; (1671), 182. 
Hepburne, Baillie: (1673), 197. 
George: (1671), 184. 
James, 186. 
John, counselled (1652), 118, 120. 

INDEX. 303 

Highland Association : (1704), 283. 
Highlands, The: (1699-1702), 262. 
Hill, Col. Sir John: (1690-1695), 210 et seq. 
Hiltone, Mr George: (1655), 134. 
Holbome, Major : (1650), 106. 
Holburne's regiment : (J650), 104. 
Holmes, James, 184. 
Home, General : (1648), 88. 
Home, Colonel Robert: (1647), 81. 
Hossack, Thomas, merchant: (1698), 25Q. 
Walter, taylotr: (1671), 186. 
,, See also Tossach. 
How, Thomas, 174. 
Hume, Sir John, of Castle Hume: (1702), 261. 

,, Sir P'atrick: (1690), 217. 
Huntly, George, 1st Marquess of: (1592), 10; 

(1627), 12, 13. 
,, George, 2nd Marquess of: (1645), 25; 

(1646), 26. 

,, Lewis, Marquess of: (1649), 95, 98, 99. 
Hurry, General Sir John : (1645), 24, 25 ; (1646), 63, 

64, 65, 67, 72. 

Hustone, Mr Hector, curat : (1693), 236. 
,, Mr Thomas, curat: (1693), 236. 
Hutcheon McAlaster vie Ean Roy : See McAlaster, 


Hyetone [? Hutoune], George: (1671), 186. 
Hyndford, Earl of: (1701), 272. 

Inches, lands: (1646), 60. 

,, Wester: (1646), 60. 
Innes of Innes: (1646), 37; (1648), 87. 

Mr Berold: (1673), 196. 

Colin : (1702). 278. 

Gri&el : (1686), 164. 

Sir Harry, of Tunes: (1701), 261; (1702), 278. 

Hugh (Ahuiro's regiment): (1693), 230, 232. 

Jean (Ross) : (1702), 279. 

Sir John, of Orombie, 164. 

John, glasier: (1671)^ 185. 

John, glessenwreight : (1671), 170. 

John, glassinwryght : (1673), 195, 196. 

Johne, glazier-burgess: (1673), 196, 197. 

Mary (Forbes) of Culloden : See Forbes, 
Mary (Innes). 

Bo., baillie of Elgin: (1673), 195. 

Robert (son to John, glessenwreight) : 
(1671), 170. 

Sir Robert, of Innes, 1st bart., 164. 

Sir Robert, of Muirtown, 164. 

Robert, of Roskine : (1648), 88. 

Walter, of Inverbreky : (1652), 122, 123. 
Invergary Garrison: (1693), 238. 
Inverlochy: (1645), 24; (1655), 126. 
Invermoriston : (16937; 267. 



Invernaver : (1658), 146. 

Inverness, burgh : affair of Clan Chattan, 10-16 ; ap- 
pointment of ministers (1696), 239; assess- 
ments, petitions, 134 et seq. ; Commonwealth 
(1650), 113 et seq.; crime, fines and punish- 
ments, 169 ; excise (1650), 107 ; view of, 
17th century, 187 ; levy tor recruiting the 
army (1651), 115; losses by troops (1646), 43 
et seq. ; money demanded by Charles II. 
(1651), 114; Montrose's campaign (1645-6), 43 
et seq.; poverty (1650), 103 et seq.; repair of 
steeple (1637), 193; seige (1646), 26; stent 
roll (1671), 182-186; stent roll case (1674), 
188-197; trade with Highlanders (1647), 78, 
79; watch-money (1655), 138. 

Inverness garrison (1644), 23, 30; (1646), 31 et seq.; 
72; (1647), 78 et seq.; (1652-55), 131-141; 
(1652-1662), 116; (1693), 221. 

Inverness-shire: assessment (1653-1655), 121 et seq.; 
Committee of War (1648), 88; excise paid 
(1667), 167; militia raised (1697), 241; Plus- 
cardine's rising, 93 et seq. ; re-union with Ross- 
shire advocated (1655), 125, 126; "Time of the 
Troubles," 21, 29. 

island Donan: (1693) 221. 

Jacksone, Andrew (1671), 184. 

Jaffray, Ja. : (1628), 18. 

James II.: (1685), 199. 

Junkin, Michael, relict of: (1671), 185. 

Kar, Mr Andrew: (1648), 86. 

,, Jv, burgess, 121. 

,, See also Kerr. 
Keilloch, James, burgess, 202. 
Keilsone, Alexr., 182. 
Keith, burgess, 202. 

,, Elizabeth, of Tulloes, 1. 
,, Gideon, 156. 

William, of Ludquhairne : (1704), 282. 
Keltie, Adam, 107, 109. 
Kennedy, Hew, 99, 100. 
Ker, Colonel Gilbert: (1649), 94, 95, 96. 
Kerr, Mr Andrew: (1649), 101. 

,, See also Kar. 
Kilsyth, battle: (1645), 25. 
Kilvean, Mill of: (1646), 46, 54, 58. 
Kinbraisse, 145, 146. 
Kinnoul, Earl of: (1649), 101. 
Kiples, Wm., 183. 

Kinges Milne of Inverness: (1646), 69; (1671), 186. 
Kintore, Earl of: (1702), 275. 
Kirkhill: (1693), 238. 

INDEX. 305 

Lawer's regiment: (1650), 104. 

Lawrie, Alex: See Fraser, Alexr. (alias Lawrie). 

Leitch, Phil., 33. 

Leith, Walter: (1671), 185. 

Lermont, Sir James: (1653), 130. 

Leslie,, Alexander, 87. 

,, General David: (1647), 82; (1649), 93: 

(1650), 107, 113. 

,, George, sheriff -clerk : (1652), 122. 
Lesly, Mr, factor in Rotterdam: (1693), 230. 

George, clerk by commission: (1655), 128. 
Lestlie, Alexander, 103. 

Lilburne, Col. Robert: (1652), 117, 129, 130. 
Lindsay, David: (1704), 283. 

Ludovic: (1646), 45, 48, 60. 
Patrick, Bishop of Ross: (1626), 11. 
Lindsey, Jean, 184. 

Livingstone, Sir Thomas: See Teviot, Viscount. 
Lochaber: (1655), 127; (1681), 174; (1689), 2Q8 ; 

(1690), 218. 
Lockhart, Jo., merchant, 202. 

Johne, 183. 
Logan, John, 182. 
Lovat, Lord (1627), 13; (1644), 23; (1688), 200; 

(1693), 235; (1697), 241. 
Simon, Lord: (1697), 242; (1704), 280. 

McAlaster, Hutcheon, vie Ban Roy, 172. 
McAllester, John Dow, burgess, 57. 
McAllister, John, vie eane, 52. 

,, John Rob, reoch, 52. 

McAndrew, Donald (alias Fraser), 182. 

,, John, weaver, 185. 
McBane, Bane, of Tumattin : (1701), 271. 

Rev. John: (1701), 271. 
Macbean, Alexr., 184. 

Angus: (1671), 185. 

Rev. Angus: (1683), 201; (1688), 203, 204. 
McBean, J. (Drakies), 202. 
Mcbean, Wm. : (1673), 198. 
Macbean, Wm., elder: (1671), 185. 

William, yr. : (1671), 182. 
Mcbeane, Andro : (1646), 73. 
McBeane, Will, burgess: (1688), 202. 
Macbean and Mcbeane: See also McBane, Mackbean, 

and Mackbeane. 
McComas, Thomas vie William, maltman : (1646), 51, 


McCay, Ewen : (1699), 264. 
McClachar, Alexr., workman, 77. 
McClacher, John, town's officer, 170: 
McClay, Findley, in Drakies, 50. 
,, Malcolm, in Drakies, 50. 
McConachie, David: (1671), 185. 
,, Donald, 183. 

306 INDEX. 

McConachie, Mettle, 185. 

John: (1671), 185. 
McConchei, Johne, burgess, 121. 
McConchie (son to David), 170. 

David, 170. 

,, David, burgess, 66. 
John, 170. 

,, John vie Andrew, 186. 

McConill, Beane, burgess: (1646), 64. 
McCotter, John: (1671), 183. 
McCulloch, Mr Duncan, minister of Urquhart : (1673). 

196, 197. 

,, Thomas, 185. 
Macdonald, Clan, 45. 
,, Major, 214. 

Sir Donald: (1690), 214; (1692), 220. 

Sir James: (1652), 130; (1658), 152. 
Macdonalds of Glengarry: (1665), 165. 
Macdonell, Alexander, of Glengarry: (1689), 206. 
Coll, of Keppoch: (1690), 217; (1693), 


Macdougall of Makerston : (1702), 278. 
McEan duy, Donald, coi-diner: (1646), 57. 
McEandwi, Donald: (1671), 182. 
McFarsone, Capt. Dugall, 89, 90. 
McFerquhar, Donald, in Drakies : (1646), 50. 
McFinley, alias Fraser, John, burgess : (1646), 57. 
Macharies, lands of: (1646), 61. 
McHucheon, Willm, weaver: (1671), 183. 
McHuchon, Finlay : (1671), 185. 
McHutcheon, William McWilliam : (1678), 172. 
McGie, Sir Patrick: (1646), 71. 
McGillendericke, John: (1682), 174. 
McGillespie, Margaret nein Findley vie William : 

(1646), 58. 

McGillimichell, William: (1646), 57. 
McGilliwy, John, burgess: (1646), 62. 
McGowen, Alexr. : (1671), 185. 
Mclnchgish, Thomas: (1671), 183. 
McTnchygich, Donald, taylour: (1671), 83. 
McJames, Alexander, vie William: (1646), 57. 
McJohnsone, Wm. Ross: (1671), 182. 
McKay, Donald, horse-thief: (1699), 262 et seq. 
Mackay, General Hugh, of Scourie, 206, 244. 
McKay, Mrs Sybella : (1701), 271. 
Mackay: .See also Reay, McCay, McKeye, Makie, 


Mackbean, Jon., burgess, 121. 
Mackbeane, Donald, 202. 
Mckdonall, Alexr. : See Alaister Mor. 
Mackenzie, Capt., 215. 

of Davochmaluag : (1649), 93. 

of Gairloch: (1649), 93. 

of Kilcoy: (1696), 246. 

of Redcastle: (1649), 93; (1696), 246. 

of Suddie: (1649), 93. 



Mackenzie. Mr Alexander, of Culcovvie : (1648), 88. . 
George, 283. 

Sir George, of Tarbet, 244. 
John, of Assynt: (1701), 252. 
Kenneth, of Coul: (1652), 122. 
Roderick, of Prestonhall: (1701), 263; 

(1704), 283. 

Rorie, of iteidcastell : (1648), 88. 
Mr Simon: (1696), 246. 
Thomas, of Pluscardine : (1648), 89; 

(1649), 93, 95. 
,, See also Seaforth, Earls of. 
McKeye, Major, 214. 
Makie, Chearls, 33. 
McKilican, Andrew (Castell Street) : (1671), 184. 

Donald: (.1671), 184. 

McKiilican, Andrew (Kirk Street) : (1671), 184. 
James: (1671), 186. 
William: (1671), 185. 
William, burgess: (1671), 171. 
Mackintosh of Connage, 3. 

Alexander, of Connage: (1673), 196, 197. 
,, Donald, of Kyllachie: (1673), 196, 19V. 

Mcintoshe, James, collector: (1671), 182. 
Mclntoshe, James: (1671), 184. 

,, John, merchand: (1671), 182. 

,, John, skinner: (1671), 185. 

,, Johne (Johnsone), 195. 

Mackintosh, Lachlan, of Borlum: (1649), 92. 

,, Lachlan, of Mackintosh: (1669), 154. 

Mclntosh, Mr William, of Aberarder: (1695), 238. 
Mackintosh, William, of Borlum: (1673), 196, 197; 

(1701), 271. 
Mclntosh, William, of Kellachie : (1652), 122, 123. 

William, of Kelloquhie : (1646), 31. 
Mackmyar, Andrew (Drakies) . 50. 
Macknoyer, William, in Drakjies, 50. 
Mack-Paull, John, "bow," 52. 
Mackye, Sir Patrick. See McGie, Sir Patrick. 
McLaurin, John, minister of Kilmoden : (1696), 239. 
Maclean, Charles, 184. 
Mclean, Charles, burgess, 196, 197. 
Maclean, Charles, counciller, 366. 
Donald: (1671), 184. 
J., baillie, 239. 
James, 182. 
John, 183. 

Sir John, of Morvaren : (1704), 282, 283. 
McLeane, Alex., 129. 
Mcleane, J., 186. 

John, 129. 
William, 195. 
Macleod: (1652), 130. 

of Assynt: (1650), 103. 
of Macleod: (1692), 219. 
Lieut. Neil, 283. 

308 INDEX. 

Macmillan, Donald, burgess, 13. 
McNuyer, Thomas, 184. 
McPharquhar, John: (1671), 185. 
Macpherson of Cluny, 3. 

,, Ewen, of Cluny: (1648), 89, 90. 

,, John, of Invereshie: (1673), 196. 

McPhersone, Angus: (1671), 184. 
Macphersone, Mr David: (1648), 86. 
McPhersone, Keneth, burgess: (1652), 121. 

Win.: (1671), 185. 
Macpherson, James, beanson: (1646), 68. 

,, See also McFarsone, Makfersone, Mc- 


Mcpersone, Margaret: (1671), 186. 
McPhiper, Donald: (1646), 48. 
McRobie, Donald, 48. 

John, miller, 46, 48. 
Macrpbert, Finlay : (1650), 107. 
McSligach, Donald, tailzier, 171. 
McWarranich, Wm., 183. 
McWilliam, Alexander, 238. 
McWirrich, John, 186. 
Wm., 186. 

Mair, Mr Georg: (1688), 202. 
Maitland, Brigadier: (1700), 210. 
Maklersone, Captain, 37. 
Malloch, Mr: (1687), 179. 
Marchmont, Earl of: (1702), 261. 
Marcus, Alexander, packer: (1646), 47. 
Martiall, Gilbert (Croinbdale) : (1649), 97. 
Mathewson, Margaret nein Bean: (1646). 5J 55 
Mell, James: (1633), 19. 
Melville, Earl of: (1690), 211. 
Menzies, Sir Paol, of Kinmundie : (1661^, ".58. 
Merchand, James, 195. 
Merchand, Thomas: (1671), 185. 
Merkinch, house: (1646), 51. 

lands: (1646), 50, 62. 

Mey, Laird of, Sheriff of Caithness: (1658), 151. 
Middleton, General (1646) : 26, 27, 51, 66, 68, 73 

(1649), 94; (1654), 123. 
Mill, Elspet, 66. 
Miller, Alexander, 49. 
,, Angus, 49. 
,, James (Kilvean), 58. 
Mirries, Martin, relict of, 183. 
Mitchell, Lt.-Col. William: (1655), 124. 
Monck, General: (1651), 115; (1654), 123. 124; 

(1655), 135, 136, 139, 140. 
Moncrieff, Major: (1646), 68. 
,, See also Muncrieff. 

Monro, Colonel: (1693), 232. 

,, Commissioner: (1693), 224, 228. 

A.: (1661), 153. 
,, Alex., couper, 182. 
Sir Alexander, of Bearcrofts: (1698), 248. 



Monro, Annable : (1646), 47. 

Sir George: (1658), 147. 

Mr George, Sheriff -Clerk of Caithness: 

(1658), 147. 
Hugh, joyner, 184. 
J., writer, 202. 
E., councillor: (1652), 120. 
Thomas, burgess, 80. 
Thomas, skinner, (1671), 182. 
See also Munro. 
Montgomerie, Colonel : (165U), 106. 
Moutiily, Madame de, 155. 
Moiicrose, Marquess oi : (.1644), 23-28; (1645), 24; 

(Ib46), Ho, 96; (164U), 101; (Ib50), 103. 
Moray, Uari oi : (1020), li, 12; (1627), 15; (1628), 

10; (1646), 66. 
,, Alexander, .tiari oi : (1673), |96; (1674), 190, 

191, 192. 

,, James, J^arl oi ; murder: (1591), 10. 
,, Murclo, tfisiiop oi: (ib'3), 194. 
Moraysiiire : (100^), i<JU ; (iooo), 1^7, 128. 
ALorgau, Uoi. Tiiomas: (Ibo2), 131. 
Alorgaiie, Major-Ueii., 139, 142. 
Moore, Master: (lbb'1), 166. 
Morrey, John: (IbVl), 185. 
,, liobert: (16vi), 186. 
,, bee also Murray. 
Morrison, John, tailor, b9. 
Moydart: (1655), 126. 
Muat, Mr: (16bi), 158. 
Muirtown (Inverness) : (1646), 53. 

,, (Kinloss), 164. 

Mull: (1690), 215, 216. 
Muncrieff, Major Jon: (1644), 63. 
Munro of Foulis : (1693), 230. 

of .Nevvmore, marriage, 4. 

of Pitlundie, 3. 

Jean (Forbes) of Foulis, 3, 241. 

Johne, of Drummond : (1671), 183. 

John, of Lemlair: (1648), 88; (1649), 93; 

(1652), 123. 
Johne, messenger, 183. 
Master John, minister: (1696), 239. 
Neill, of Findone: (1648), 88. 
B., counsellor: (1652), 118. 
liobert, burgess, 65. 
Robert, of Foulis: (1652), 122, 123; 

(1658), 142; (1697), 241. 
William: (1646), 58. 
William (alias Skinner) : (1673), 195. 
See also Monro 
Murray, James (of Stenhope) : (1704), 282. 
John: (1673), 195. 

John (of Abercairnies) : (1704), 282. 
John, burgess: (1671), 170. 

310 INDEX. 

Murray, Sir Peter: (1693), 222. 

Robert (son to John): (1671), 171. 
,, See also Morrey. 
Muschet, Sir George, of Burnbank : (1661), 167. 

Nairnshire: (1665), 127, 128. 
Neilson, William, burgess: (1646), 56. 
,, Win., merchant: (1688), 202. 
Neilsone, Archibald: (1671), 186. 

John: (1671), 186. 

Ro., merchant: (1688), 202. 

W. : (1685), 177. 

Williaine, counsellor : (1646), 41. 

Will., elder's relict: (1671), 183. 

William, yr. : (1671), 183. 
Nelsoiie, \\illiam: (165U), 111. 
Mess, Loch: (1665), 128. 
Micoll, Jon, 92. 

Misbet, Sir John, of Dirleton: (1674), 188 
Noble, Alexr. : (1671), 185. 

Andrew: (1671), 183. 
North-West Isles: (1655), 126. 

Ogilvie, John, bailie of Elgin: (1673), 195. 
Ogilvy, Lord: (1649), 94. 
Orkney: (1646), 38; (1649-50), 101. 
Ormoud, Duke of: (1699), 258. 

Paseley, Master John, minister, 239. 
Paterson, Dr (Elgin), 4. 

Alexr., of Inches: (1671), 186. 

,, William, elder, 69. 

William, of Inches: (1646), 60. 

,, Sir William, Clerk of the Privy Council 
(1688), 204. 

,, William, younger, 69. 
Patersone, A., burgess, 121. 

Alexr.: (1673), 198. 

Alexr. (Bridge Street) : (1671), 182. 

,, D., counsellor, 41. 

Margaret, 185. 
R., conseller: (1647), 84; (1652), 120. 

,, William (Kirk Street): (1671), 184. 

,, William, burgess: (1671), 170. 

Patrick (Kirk Street): (1671), 183. 
Paul, Robert, 182. 

Peerson, John, cordiner: (1646), 58. 
Peirie, Alexr., 183. 
Petty, Lordship of: (1622), 10. 
Philiphaugh, Battle: (1645)> 25. 
Philpes, Jo., commissioner, 119. 
Phiper, Donald: (1646), 48. 
Pitnacrieff, Estate: (1704), 210. 


Poison, Mr David, of Kinmylies: (1695), 238: (1696). 


John, burgess (Bught) : (1646), 45, 46, 47. 
,, John, cordiner: (1646), 63. 
John, of Merkinch: (1671), 186; (1673), 195, 

196 197 

Polsone, Angus '(Bridge Street): (1671), 182. 
,, Angus, burgess: (1646), 64. 
,, D., councillor: (1652), 120. 

Johne, baillie: (1646), 35, 41, 42, 71; 

(1647), 84; (1650), 106, 108, 110. 
,, Johne, counsellor: (1652), 118, 120. 
,, John (Johnsone), 182. 
,, John (Robertsone), 182. 
,, Ro., burgess: (1652), 121. 
Polwarth, Lord: (1692-3), 224, 227. 

,, Elizabeth (Hume), the Lady: (1702), 261. 
Porrenger, Captain: (1690), 215. 
Porteous, James, merchant: (1688), 202. 
Portland, Lord: (1689), 208; (1690), 216, 217; (1699), 

258 259 

Powis, William, first Marquess of: (1699), 251. 
Primrose, Sir Archibald: (1651), 114. 

Queensberry, Duke of: (1704), 283. 

Rait, Professor R. S., 9. 
Raith, Lord: (1690), 211. 

Ramesay, Jon, agent to the borrowes : (1646), 38. 
Ramsay, Col.: (1689), 209. 
,, Lt. James, 72. 
,, Patrik, 33. 
Read, Donald: (1671), 185. 
Reay, Lord: (1697), 241. 

Donald, 1st Lord: (1642), 144; (1649), 94, 95, 

John, 2nd Lord: (1656), 144, 145, 146; (1658), 


Richie, James, 185. 

Robertson, of Inches: (1674), 188; (1696), 240. 
David, burgess: (1646), 61. 
Gilbert, burgess: (1646), 47, 61. 
Hugh, Provost: (1696), 239. 
James, younger, burgess: (1646), 67. 
John (Laurenceson) , burgess: (1646), 62. 
Marjorie (Ros) : (1646), 64. 
William: (1646), 33. 
William, of Inches: (1666), 166. 
William, treasurer: (1666), 166. 
Robertsone, D., counsellor: (1652), 118. 

David, and his son: (1671), 183. 
Gilbert (Kirk Street): (1671), 183. 
Gilbert, baillie: (1646), 41, 42, 71; (1647), 

312 INDEX. 

Robertsone, Gilbert, counsellor: (1652), 118, 120. 

Hugh (Kirk Street) : (1671), 183. 

Hugh, apotliecarie : (1673), 197. 

J., counsellor : (1646), 41. 

Ja., burgess: (1652), 121. 

James (Castell Street): (1671), 184. 

Jo., counsellor: (1647), 84. 

John, of Polsland, 183. 

John, relict of, 184. 

John Polsone, 182. 

Wm. : (1673), 198. 

Mr Wm.': (1671), 186. 

William, baillie : (1671), 185. 

Williame (Johnson), 33. 
Ros, Alexander, in Drakies, 50. 

Marjorie : See Robertson, Marjorie (Ros) . 
Robert, burgess: (1646), 62, 73. 
Mr Walter, burgess: (1646), 61. 
Walter, mason: (1646), 49, 66, 77. 
Wm., burgess: (1646), 73. 
See also Rose and Ross. 
Rose, Alexander, councillor : (1666)., 166. 

David, of Holme: (1646), 31, 45, 53, 59. 

Hew, of Kilravock: (1646), 31, 34, 59. 

Hugh, of Kilravock: (1702), 280. 

James, of Leonack : (1685), 199. 

James, of Merldnch: (1646), 42, 50, 51. 

John, of Braidley: (1646), 45, 53. 

Mr Jon, of Puttindrich : (1646), 42. 

R.: (1673), 198. 

R., baillie: (1649), 92. 

R., counseller: (1647), 84. 

R., Provost: (1652), 118, 120. 

Robert (late) Provost; (1666), 166; (1673), 


T., counseller: (1646), 41. 
Wm. : (1673), 198. 
See also Ros, Ross, Rosse. 
Ross, of Balnagown: (1697), 241. 
of Kindeace, 4. 
Baillie: (1673), 197. 
Bishop of: See Lindsay, Patrick, Bishop of 


Capt. : (1690), 214. 
Lord, of Halkhead: (1702), 279. 
Provost: (1673), 198. 
Alexr., baillie: (1671), 185. 
Alexr., carpenter: (1671), 185. 
Andrew, meason : (1671), 183. 
John: (1673), 196. 
Jon., of Braidlie: (1646), 31. 
Robert, merchand, 182. 
Walter, labourer: (1671), 184. 
William: (1673). 195. 

William, minister of Edderton : (1676), 174. 
See also Ros, Rose, Rosse, 

INDEX. 31 $ 

Rosse, Donald, fisher: (1671), 183. 
James, miller: (1671), 185. 
Mr John, of Pettendrech: (1673), 194. 
Robert (late) Provost: (1671), 183. 
Walter, apolhecarie's relict: (1671), 184. 
Walter: (1671), 184. 
See also llos. Rose, Ross. 
Rosse and Murray, Synod of: (1693), 237. 
Ross, Schyre of: (1650), 109. 

Ross-shire, Assessment: (1652), 121, 122; Assessment 
(1653), 130; Assessment (1658), 143; 
Glencairn's rising, 124; suggested re- 
union with Inverness (1655), 125, 

Rothiemurchus : (1644), 23. 
Row, Col. Archibald: (1701), 280. 
Roxburgh: (1667), 167. 
Roy, Donald, joyner, 184. 

,, Thomas, 61. 

Ruthven: (1648), 89; (1693), 221, 267. 
Ruthven Castle: (1649), 95; (1689), 210. 
Ruthven, David, factor, 150. 

Sadge, Alexr., burgess, 202. 

Schaw, A.: (1646), 33. 

Schawe, Donald, burgess: (1652), 121. 

Scheviz, Thomas, of Muirtown : (1646), 31, 53, 59 j 

(1652), 122, 123. 
,, Thomas, elder of Muirtown: (1673), 195, 196, 

Scott, David: (1671), 184. 

,, Mallcom: (1688), 202. 

Seafield, Earl of: (1701), 272; (1702), 273, 279. 
Seaforth, Earl of: (1627), 13. 
Earl of: (1640), 21. 
Earl .of: (1645), 24, 25; (1652), 130. 
Frances, Countess of: (1699-1703), 251, 253, 

256 257 

Isobel, Countess of: (1695-1701), 244 et seq. 
Kenneth, 4th Earl of: (1678-1701), 244-252. 
William, 5th Earl of: (1701), 252-257. 
Shand, John, wright : (1646), 52, 67, 77. 
Shaw, And.: (1671), 186. 

,, Andrew (Castoll Street): (1671), 185. 
,, Andrew: (1673), 198. 
Shearer, David, 186. 

Short (1646), 44. 

Simson, Alex.: (1698), 250. 

,, See also Symsone. 
Sinclair, Johnne, of f ?] Tannache, 151. 

,, Margrat: Ree Ahrahame Margrat (Sinclair). 
Sinclaire, David, 147. 

Duncan, 147. 
John: (1671), 184. 
,, Rorie, 185. 
Sinclar, John, burgess, 67. 


-314 INDEX. 

Skinnar, Jon: (1647), 82; (1649), 91. 

,, William: See Munro, William (alias Skin- 

Sligo, Donald, yr. (1671), 186. 
Smith, George, carpenter, 184. 

J.: (1667), 168. 

Squaire, Alexr. (bewest the water), 183. 
Square, Rod., merchand, 202. 
Stair, Earl of: (1692), 224. 
Steuart, James, town treasurer: (1673), 197. 
Stewart of Appin : (1692), 220. 
A.: (1646), 33. 
Alexr. (Bridge Street), 182. 
,, David, late baillie of Elgin, 195. 
,, James: (1671), 186. 
James (East Street): (1671), 185. 
,, James, councillor: (1666), 166. 
,, Sir James, Lord Advocate: (1701), 269; 

(1704), 283. 
,, Dame Jean, 171. 
,, John, Dean of Gild: (1666), 166. 
,, John, merchant burgess: (1646), 70. 
,, Johne (Bridge Street), 182. 

Johne, baillie: (1652), 118, 120. 
Jon, burgess: (1646), 73. 
,, See also Stuart. 
Steiven, Wm. (East Street), 186. 
Stevenson, William, burgess: (1646), 67. 
Stevin, William, burgess: (1646),, 65. 
Stonehaven: (1645), 24. 

Strachan, Lt.-Col. Archibald: (1649), 94, 95, 96. 
Stratherrick : (1644), 23; (1645), 24; (1695), 238. 
Strathnaver: (1649, 103; (1656), 144; (1658), 146. 

Lords: See Sutherland, Earls of (1685), 

1700, 1703). 

Strathnaver's Regiment: (1699), 258. 
Strathulrie: (1656), 145. 
Streichen, the Lady, 1. 
Struy, Little: (1646), 65. 
Stuart, Jon, merchant: (1688), 202. 
Rev. William: (1693), 234. 
See also Steuart and Stewart. 
Suenard: (1655), 126. 
Sutherland, David, 184. 

Earl of: (1645T, 24; (1646), 36, 37; 

(1649), 103. 
Hendrie, 183. 
James (Kirk Street), 183. 
James, minister: (1673), 195. 
John, 13th Earl of: (1656-5S 1 ). 3. 144-50. 
John (Lord Strathnaver), 15th Earl of: 
(1685), 199; (1700), 260; (1703), 
,, Margaret: See Gordoun. Margaret 

(Sutherland) . 
Sydserff, Archibald, 37. 
Symsone, Alex.: (1671), 183. 

INDEX. 315 

Tahin (Tain): (1650), 111. 

See also Tain and Tayne. 
Tailzor, Donald, elder, merchant burgess, 65. 
,, Findley, burgess, 65. 

Thomas, indweller, 57. 
Tain: (1658), 142. 

,, See also Tahin and Tayne. 
Tarbat. Viscount: (1690), 203, 211. 

John, Master of: (1688), 200. 
Tayler, Jo., merchant, 202. 
Taylor, Alexr., 185. 

,, John, weaver, 184. 
,, Johne (East Street), 186. 
,, Thomas, shoemaker, 182. 
Tayne (Tain): (1650), 109; (1697), 241. 

,, See also Tahin and Tain. 
Teviot, Thomas, Viscount: (1689), 207; (1690), 216; 

(1693), 235. 
Thayne, Walter, workman: (1646), 77. 

Wattie: (1650), 106. 
Theobalds: (1627), 15. 

Thiraley, William, skipper: (1646), 67, 68. 
Thomson, James (Kilvean) : (1646), 48. 
Thomsone, J., merchant: (1688), 202. 
Robert, 186. 

W., merchant: (1688), 202. 
William: (1671), 182. 
Tippermuir: (1644), 23. 
Tolquhoun, 1. 
Torwood: (1651), 114. 
Tossach, Donald, 185. 
Trent, Wm., 183. 
Trotter, John, skipper in Leith: (1646), 47, 61, 65, 


Tullibardine, Marquess of: (1697), 242. 
Tulloch, John, messenger: (1671), 183. 

,, Thomas, measone : (1671), 169, 186. 
William: (1646), 52, 64, 65, 73. 

Urquhart: (1695), 238. 

,, Marie (Forbes) of Burdsyards, 280. 

Patrick, 150. 
Robert, of Burdsyards: (1701-1703), 4, 

279, 280. 
Sir Thomas, of Cromarty, : (1648), 80; 

(1649), 93. 
Wm., relict of, 186. 
Urray, muir of: (1648), 88. 

Waus, George, 182. 

Thomas, burgess: (1646), 68, 73; (1652), 121. 
Watson, Thomas: (1666), 166. 

Thomas, collector of cess: (1673), 196, 197. 
Watsone, Donald, relict of: (1671), 182. 

,, Thomas (East Street): (1671), 186. 

316 INDEX. 

Watsoun, John burgess: (1688), 202. 

Wedderburn, Pet., 153. 

William III., 278. 

Wincester, Robert, burgess: (1671), 171. 

Winchester, James, elder, 195. 

Robert: (1671), 185. 
Worcester, battle: (1651), 115. 

Young, Donald, shoemaker, 184. 
,, Donald, tailor: (1673), 195. 
Donald, taylor (Castell Street) : (1671), 185.